Supreme National Security Council

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Government of Islamic Republic of Iran

Supreme National Security Council (SNSC; Persian: شورای عالی امنیت ملی‎‎ Showrāye Āliye Amniyate Mellī) is the national security council of the Islamic Republic of Iran, the current secretary of the Supreme National Security Council of which is Rear Admiral Upper Half Ali Shamkhani. He was appointed to position of secretary by the president Hassan Rouhani On 10 September 2013. The council for the protection and support of national interests and Islamic revolution and territorial integrity and national sovereignty of the country has been formed. This institution was founded during the 1989 revision of the constitution.[1]

The responsibilities of the council are defined by the constitution as :

  1. Determining the defense and national security policies of the country within the framework of general policies determined by the Leader.
  2. Coordination of activities political, intelligence, social, cultural and economic fields in the relating to general policies of defense and national security.
  3. Exploitation of materialistic and intellectual resources of the country for facing the internal and external threats.


This National Security Council is mandated by Article 176 of the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran to be presided over by the president of the country.[2] The president selects the secretary of the Supreme council.[3] The decisions of the Council are effective after the confirmation by the Supreme Leader.[4] Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei and the Supreme National Security Council (SNSC) are at the top of the foreign policy decisions process.

Nuclear policy[edit]

Supreme National Security Council formulates the country's nuclear policy. The nuclear policies formulated by the council would become effective if they are confirmed by the Supreme Leader.[5] The secretary of the Supreme council was the chief nuclear negotiator of Iran until 5 September 2013 when responsibility for nuclear talks was assigned to the ministry of foreign affairs.[6]


As of 2013, following members are:[7]

# Appointer Ex officio member current officeholder Position in the Supreme Council
1 Popular election President Hassan Rouhani Chairman
2 Indirect election Speaker of the Parliament Ali Larijani Member
3 Supreme Leader Chief Justice Sadeq Larijani
4 Supreme Leader Representative Ali Shamkhani 19- دریابان-a.png Secretary (Appointed by President)
5 Saeed Jalili Member
6 Chief of the General Staff Mohammad Bagheri 19- Sarlashgar-IRGC.png
7 Chief of the Army Ataollah Salehi Sarlashgar.png
8 Chief of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps Mohammad Ali Jafari 19- Sarlashgar-IRGC.png
9 President Minister of Foreign Affairs Mohammad Javad Zarif
10 Minister of the Interior Abdolreza Rahmani Fazli
11 Minister of Intelligence Mahmoud Alavi
12 Head of Management and Planning Organization Mohammad Bagher Nobakht
13 Minister related with the Subject of Agenda of the Council Other Cabinet Ministers Temporary member

References and notes[edit]

External links[edit]