Counselman v. Hitchcock

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Counselman v. Hitchcock
Seal of the United States Supreme Court.svg
Argued December 9–10, 1891
Decided January 11, 1892
Full case name Counselman v. Hitchcock
Citations 142 U.S. 547 (more)
12 S. Ct. 195; 35 L. Ed. 1110; 1892 U.S. LEXIS 1990; 3 A.F.T.R. (P-H) 2529
Prior history Appeal from the Circuit Court of the United States for the Northern District of Illinois
Court membership
Case opinions
Majority Blatchford, joined by unanimous

Counselman v. Hitchcock, 142 U.S. 547 (1892), is a United States Supreme Court case in which the Court ruled that not incriminating an individual for testimony was not the same as not requiring them to testify at all. The court reasoned that as long as evidence arising from the compelled testimony could incriminate the individual in any way, the Fifth Amendment guarantee against self-incrimination was not satisfied. The court then passed the broader "transactional immunity" statute.[1][2]