Counts and dukes of Valois

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Coat of arms of the counts and dukes of Valois.

The Valois, originally pagus valensis, was a region in the valley of the Oise river in Picardy in the north of France. It was a fief in West Francia and subsequently the Kingdom of France until its counts furnished a line of kings, House of Valois, to succeed the House of Capet in 1328. It was, along with the counties of Beauvais, the Vexin, Vermandois, and Laon, part of the "Oise line" of fiefdom which were held often by one individual or by an individual family as a string of defences against Viking assault on Paris.

The medieval county and duchy of Valois was located in northern France in northeastern Île-de-France. Its capital was Crépy-en-Valois.[1]

Counts of Valois[edit]

Carolingian counts[edit]

  • Herbert IV (–1080), Count of Vermandois, a descendant of Pepin I, became count of Valois by marriage with Adela or Alix, daughter of Ralph IV count of Vexin and Valois.
  • Eudes I the Insane (1080–1085), Count of Vermandois and of Valois, son of previous, he was disinheredited by the council of Barons of France and then he was lord of Saint-Simon by marriage.
  • Adelaide sister of previous, countess of Vermandois and Valois, wife of Hugh Magnus.

Capetian counts[edit]

to the royal domain by king Philip II

Valois counts[edit]

Dukes of Valois[edit]

in royal domain
  • François (Duke 1498-1515, King of France as Francis I, 1515-1547)
in royal domain
in royal domain


  1. ^ Mish, Frederick C., Editor in Chief. “Valois.” Webster’s Ninth New Collegiate Dictionary. 9th ed. Springfield, MA: Merriam-Webster Inc., 1985. ISBN 0-87779-508-8, ISBN 0-87779-509-6 (indexed), and ISBN 0-87779-510-X (deluxe).


  • Anselme, (Père), Histoire généalogique et chronologique de la Maison Royale de France, des pairs, grands officiers de la couronne & de la maison du Roy, 1726.
  • Fouquier-Cholet, Eloi, Q.A. Histoire des comtes héréditaires de Vermandois, Saint-Quentin, 1832.
  • Mabillon, Jean, Annales ord. Sancti Benedicti. Ticinense. Lucae, 1739.
  • Moreri, Louis, Le Grand Dictionnaire Historique, Paris, 1743–1749.
  • Wikisource-logo.svg Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Valois, Counts and Dukes of". Encyclopædia Britannica. 27 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.