Countdown (game show)
|Created by||Armand Jammot|
|Based on||Des chiffres et des lettres|
|Presented by||Richard Whiteley|
|Theme music composer||Alan Hawkshaw|
|Country of origin||United Kingdom|
|No. of series||83 (1 upc.) (Regular)|
|No. of episodes||7,500 (as of 4 May 2021) (inc. 42 specials)|
|Production locations||The Leeds Studios, Leeds (1982–2009)|
Granada Studios, Manchester (2009–2012)
dock10 studios (2012–present)
|Camera setup||Multiple-camera setup|
|Running time||41 mins (excluding adverts)|
50 mins (including adverts, 2001–present)
24 mins (excluding adverts)
30 mins (including adverts, 1982–2001)
|Production companies||Yorkshire Television (1982–2004)|
Granada Productions (2004–2009)
ITV Studios (2009–2021)
Lifted Entertainment (2021–present)
|Original network||Channel 4|
S4C (1982–2010) (Wales only)
More4 (2nd celebrity series)
|Picture format||HD 1080i (2011–)|
|Original release||2 November 1982 –|
|Related shows||8 Out of 10 Cats Does Countdown|
Countdown is a British game show involving word and number tasks. It is broadcast on Channel 4 and currently presented by Anne Robinson, assisted by Rachel Riley, with regular lexicographer Susie Dent. It was the first programme to be aired on Channel 4, and 83 series have been broadcast since its debut on 2 November 1982. With over 7,000 episodes, Countdown is one of the longest-running game shows in the world, along with the original French version, Des chiffres et des lettres (Numbers & Letters), which has been running on French television continuously since 1965. Countdown was initially recorded at The Leeds Studios for 27 years, before moving to Manchester-based Granada Studios in 2009. Following the development of MediaCityUK, Countdown moved again in 2013 to the new purpose-built studios at Dock10, Greater Manchester.
The programme was presented by Richard Whiteley for almost 23 years, until his death in June 2005. It was then presented by Des Lynam until the end of 2006, Des O'Connor until the end of 2008, Jeff Stelling until the end of 2011 and Nick Hewer until mid 2021. It was announced on 10 November 2020 that Colin Murray would host editions filmed during the second Covid lockdown and after Hewer was vaccinated, due to him shielding at home, beginning with the Christmas Specials that aired between 21 and 23 December that year, and then some shows of Series 83, airing from 13 January to 9 February and from 3 to 16 March 2021. Hewer announced on 7 December 2020 that he would be leaving the show in 2021 and his final show aired on 25 June that year.
Following Hewer's departure, Anne Robinson made her debut as host on 28 June 2021, the first episode of series 84. She is the first female presenter to lead the programme. The Channel 4 show Steph's Packed Lunch carried the news on 15 February 2021 that Robinson would take over as host from Hewer. She had previously appeared as a celebrity guest in 1987.
Carol Vorderman, the show's co-host, who had been on the programme since it began, left the show in December 2008, at the same time as O'Connor; she was replaced by Rachel Riley. Cathy Hytner originally placed letters on the board for the letters games, and she was followed by Karen Loughlin and Lucy Summers before this task was taken over by Vorderman at the start of series 18 in mid-1989.
A celebrity guest features in every episode, usually for five consecutive episodes, and provides an entertaining anecdote midway between the two advertisement breaks. The two contestants in each episode compete in three game types: ten letters rounds, in which the contestants attempt to make the longest word possible from nine randomly chosen letters; four numbers rounds, in which the contestants must use arithmetic to reach a random target number from six other numbers; and the conundrum, a buzzer round in which the contestants compete to solve a nine-letter anagram. During the series heats, the winning contestant returns the next day until they either lose or retire with eight wins as an undefeated "Octochamp". The best eight contestants are invited back for the series finals, which are decided in knockout format. Contestants of exceptional skill have received national media coverage and the programme, as a whole, is widely recognised and parodied within British culture.
|1||Richard Whiteley||2 November 1982||1 July 2005||22 years, 241 days|
|2||Des Lynam||31 October 2005||22 December 2006||1 year, 52 days|
|3||Des O'Connor||2 January 2007||12 December 2008||1 year, 345 days|
|4||Jeff Stelling||12 January 2009||16 December 2011||2 years, 338 days|
|5||Nick Hewer||9 January 2012||25 June 2021||9 years, 167 days|
|6||Anne Robinson||28 June 2021||present||82 days|
|1||Carol Vorderman[a]||2 November 1982||12 December 2008||26 years, 40 days|
|2||Susie Dent[b]||29 June 1992||present||29 years, 81 days|
|3||Rachel Riley||12 January 2009||present||12 years, 249 days|
|1||William G. Stewart[c]||25 December 1997||25 December 1997||1 episode|
|2||Colin Murray[d]||21 December 2020||16 March 2021||33 episodes|
|3||Trevor McDonald[e]||10 September 2021||10 September 2021||1 episode|
Countdown originated from the format of the French game show Des chiffres et des lettres (Numbers and Letters), created by Armand Jammot. After watching the programme, Belgian record executive Marcel Stellman brought the format to Britain on the belief it could be popular overseas, and proposed his concept for the British version to several networks. The concept was purchased in the early 1980s by Yorkshire Television, which commissioned a series of eight shows under the title Calendar Countdown, aimed at being a spin-off of their regional news programme Calendar with the programme's host deemed the natural choice for the concept. The spin-off was aired only in the Yorkshire area, with Whiteley earning the nickname of "Twice Nightly Whiteley" because of his daily appearances on both programmes. He was assisted by Cathy Hytner and Denise McFarland-Cruickshanks, who handled the letters and numbers rounds respectively.
By 1982, after an additional pilot episode was made with a refined format – an episode that was never broadcast - the gameshow was bought up by Channel 4, a new British television channel set to launch in November 1982, based on the refined concept. While Whiteley and Hytner from the original cast were retained, the programme was renamed Countdown, with the format was expanded to include additional members in the hosting team, including letters and number experts. An additional spin-off to the programme for young contestants was proposed at the time, dubbed Junior Countdown – the concept would be similar in format, but with it hosted by Gyles Brandreth and Ted Moult – but while a pilot was created, the proposal was abandoned after it was found to be highly flawed. Instead, the production staff opted to allow contestants of differing ages, young and old, to participate on Countdown.
The game show and its first episode were the first to be broadcast when the channel launched, with Whiteley opening the programme with the line:
As the countdown to a brand new channel ends, a brand new Countdown begins.
Alongside the original cast from Calendar Countdown, the new format of the gameshow led to production staff seeking out further hostesses through advertisement in national newspapers for young women to become a member of the programme's cast, with notable conditions about their involvement; in particular, those recruited for calculations found it made clear that as an applicant, their appearance would be less important than their skill as a mathematician. Amongst those recruited, Beverley Isherwood was hired to work alongside Hytner in handling the selection of number and letter tiles respectively, while Linda Barrett and Carol Vorderman were recruited for checking over calculations by contestants in the numbers round. In addition, a lexicographer was also required to form part of the format's "Dictionary Corner" segment of the game show, in order to verify words given by contestants in the letters round (see Letters round rules), along with pointing out any longer or otherwise interesting words available; such a role was aided by the show's producers, with no assistance from any computer program, and the role accompanied by a celebrity guest for a set period on the programme – contributing words and providing entertainment through anecdotes, puzzles, poems and stories. Amongst these who have appeared on the programme are Nigel Rees, Jo Brand, Martin Jarvis, Richard Digance, Geoffrey Durham, Ken Bruce, Magnus Magnusson, Pam Ayres, Paul Zenon, Jenny Eclair, Al Murray, John Sergeant and Gyles Brandreth.
Over time, the additional hostesses on the programme were dropped by production staff, who retained Vorderman and assigned her primarily to handle the selection of letter and number tiles, as well as verifying contestant calculations. Thus her role was expanded to that of a co-presenter alongside Whiteley. The programme frequently rotated between various lexicographers, including Richard Samson and Alison Heard, for each series, until in 2004 the role was permanently given to Susie Dent, after her debut on Countdown in 1992.
On 26 June 2005, Whiteley died after a failed heart operation. At the time, he had been slowly recovering from pneumonia earlier that year. This had prevented him recording further episodes. His death impacted the show, causing the episode for that day to be taken off the air by Channel 4 as a mark of respect, while the remaining episodes he had managed to complete were aired after his death, beginning with a tearful tribute from Vorderman. After the series' conclusion, Countdown was placed into hiatus on 1 July to determine how to proceed.
In October 2005, Channel 4 announced that Des Lynam would take over as the main presenter, having previously participated in the celebrity edition (Celebrity Countdown) in April 1998. Lynam's tenure ran until December 2006, whereupon his demanding filming schedule forced him to resign from the programme. His departure was due to the travel requirements that his 2007 schedule required of him; despite an effort by Channel 4 to deal with this by changing the filming location from Leeds to a site closer to his residence in Worthing, West Sussex, viewers reacted angrily to the idea, while Lynam decided it would cause considerable disruption for many of the programme's camera crew.
In January 2007, Des O'Connor took over as the main presenter. During his tenure as host, Dent went on maternity leave over the winter of 2007–08, and Alison Heard temporarily replaced her on the programme until 6 February 2008. By July 2008, both O'Connor and Vorderman had announced that they would be leaving by the end of that year, after the end of the 59th series. While O'Connor was forced to leave in order to concentrate on other projects, Vorderman left after her offer to take a 33% salary decrease was rejected and production staff asked her to take a 90% pay cut; her agent stated that staff had told him that the show had survived without Whiteley and could "easily survive without you". Some media reports suggested that the new presenter would be either Rory Bremner, the early favourite, or Alexander Armstrong, but both ruled themselves out of the job. At the same time there was speculation that several prominent women, including Anthea Turner, Ulrika Jonsson and Myleene Klass, were strong candidates to take over Vorderman's job, but Channel 4 revealed that the role was to be assigned to a previously unknown male or female arithmetician with "charm and charisma".
In November 2008, Jeff Stelling was confirmed as the new host, while Oxford maths graduate Rachel Riley was confirmed as Vorderman's replacement. Stelling remained with the programme until the end of 2011, when his football commitments with Sky Sports forced him to reluctantly leave Countdown. Prior to his departure, The Apprentice star Nick Hewer was announced as his replacement, and he took over as the main presenter when his first episode aired on 9 January 2012. In 2020, during the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, it was announced that Colin Murray, a frequent Dictionary Corner guest, would fill in for Hewer while he spent a period of time in isolation due to the UK's second lockdown.
On 7 December 2020 Hewer announced that he would be stepping down as the host of Countdown at the end of series 83 in summer 2021. Hewer said it had been "privilege and a pleasure to take the helm of Countdown". It was then announced on 15 February 2021 that Anne Robinson would take over from Hewer at the start of series 84. Hewer's final show aired on 25 June 2021.
Countdown quickly established cult status within British television – an image which it maintains today, despite the loss of key presenters. The programme's audience comprises mainly students, homemakers and pensioners, owing to the "teatime" broadcast slot and inclusive appeal of its format and presentation. Countdown has been one of Channel 4's most-watched programmes for over twenty years, but has never won a major television award. When Des Lynam became the new presenter after Whiteley's death in 2005, the show regularly drew an average 1.7 million viewers every day; this was around half a million more than in the last few years of Richard Whiteley presenting. The Series 54 final, on 26 May 2006, attracted 2.5 million viewers. 3–4 million viewers had watched the show daily in its previous 16:15 slot. The drop in viewing figures following the scheduling change, coupled with the show's perceived educational benefits, even caused Labour Member of Parliament (MP) Jonathan Shaw to table a motion in the UK Parliament, requesting that the show be returned to its later time. Minor scheduling changes have subsequently seen the show move from 15:15 to 15:30, 15:45, 15:25 and 15:10. As of 2018, it is broadcast at 14:10.
On each episode, the prize for defeating the reigning champion is a teapot that is styled to resemble the 30-second time clock used in each round. Introduced in December 1998, the pot is custom-made and can only be obtained by winning a game on the programme. Defeated contestants receive an assortment of Countdown-themed merchandise as a parting gift.
At first, the prize for the series winner was a leather-bound copy of the twenty-volume Oxford English Dictionary, worth over £4,000. Since 2011, the prize consists of ordinary hardback twenty-one-volume dictionaries, a laptop computer and a lifetime subscription to Oxford Online (replaced by a MacBook pro laptop by series 68). David Acton, winner of Series 31, opted for a CD-ROM version of the dictionaries, not wanting to accept leather-bound books owing to his strict veganism, and he donated the monetary difference to charity.
Since Series 54 in 2006, the series champion also receives the Richard Whiteley Memorial Trophy, in memory of the show's original presenter.
Though the style and colour scheme of the set have changed many times (and the show itself moved to Manchester, after more than 25 years in Leeds), the clock has always provided the centrepiece and, like the clock music composed by Alan Hawkshaw, is an enduring and well-recognised feature of Countdown. Executive producer John Meade once commissioned Hawkshaw to revise the music for extra intensity to introduce at the start of series 31 in January 1996; after hundreds of complaints from viewers, the old tune was reinstated after just 12 shows. The original clock featured until September 2013, when it was replaced.
The first episode of Countdown was repeated on 1 October 2007 on More4 and also on 2 November 2007 on Channel 4; this was as part of Channel 4 at 25, a season of programmes to celebrate its 25th birthday.
On 2 November 2007, Countdown celebrated its twenty-fifth anniversary and aired a special 'birthday episode'. The two players were 2006 winner Conor Travers and 2002 winner Chris Wills. However, for the rounds, VIP guests selected the letters and numbers. Guests included Gordon Brown, Amir Khan and Richard Attenborough. A statement from the French TV network France Télévisions was read out on air by Vorderman to commend Channel 4 on its success of Countdown.
On 26 March 2010, Queen Elizabeth II congratulated Countdown for amassing 5,000 episodes. On 5 September 2014, the programme received a Guinness World Record at the end of its 6,000th show for the longest-running television programme of its kind during the course of its 71st series.
Countdown has occupied a tea-time broadcast slot since its inception, originally in a 30-minute format. Since 2001, an episode lasts around 45 minutes including advertising breaks. During the normal series, the winner of each game returns for the next day's show. A player who wins eight games is declared an "octochamp" and retires from the programme. At the end of the series, the eight best players (ranked first by number of wins, then by total score if required to break a tie) are invited back to compete in the series finals. They are seeded in a knockout tournament, with the first seed playing the eighth seed, the second playing the seventh, and so on. The winner of this knockout, which culminates in the Grand Final, becomes the series champion. Each series lasts around six months, with about 125 episodes.
Approximately every four series, a Champion of Champions tournament takes place. For this, sixteen of the best players to have appeared since the previous Championship are invited back for another knockout tournament. The producer, former contestant Damian Eadie, decides which players to include, but typically the tournament includes the series winners and other noteworthy contestants. Series 33 was designated a "Supreme Championship", in which 56 of the best contestants from all the previous series returned for another knockout tournament. Series 10 champion Harvey Freeman was declared Supreme Champion after beating Allan Saldanha in the final. There are also occasional special episodes, in which past contestants return for themed matches. For example, David Acton and Kenneth Michie returned for a rematch of their Series 31 final, while brothers and former contestants Sanjay and Sandeep Mazumder played off against each other on 20 December 2004.
Since the change to 45-minute episodes, the game has been split into three sections, separated by advertising breaks. The first section contains two letters rounds and a numbers round, the second has two letters rounds and a numbers round followed by the anecdote from the Dictionary Corner guest and then a further two letters rounds and a numbers round, while the last section has two letters rounds, Susie Dent's "Origins of Words" item, two further letters rounds, a numbers round and a final "Conundrum" puzzle. With the exception of the Conundrum, the contestants swap control after every round so that each of them has control for five letters rounds and two numbers rounds.
At the end of the first two sections, Robinson poses a Teatime Teaser for the viewers, giving a set of short words and a cryptic clue to a single word that can be anagrammed from them. The solution is revealed at the start of the next section. (Example: Given the words SAD MOODY and the clue "We'll all be sad and moody when this arrives," the solution would be DOOMSDAY.) When the Teatime Teaser was first introduced, the anagrams were seven letters long; they were later extended to eight, then to nine in late 2016 before returning to 8 in 2020.
The contestant in control chooses between two stacks of letter tiles, one containing vowels (A-E-I-O-U only) and the other consonants, and the assistant reveals the top tile from that stack and places it on the board. This is done nine times, and the final grouping must contain at least three vowels and four consonants. The contestants then have 30 seconds to form the longest single word they can, using the nine revealed letters; no letter may be used more often than it appears in the selection. The frequencies of the letters within each stack are weighted according to their frequency in natural English, in the same manner as Scrabble. For example, there are many Ns and Rs in the consonant stack, but only one Q. The letter frequencies are altered by the producers from time to time, so any published list does not necessarily reflect the letters used in any particular programme. The two stacks of tiles are not replenished between rounds.
Both contestants write down the words they form, in case they select the same one. After time runs out, the host asks the contestants to declare their word lengths, starting with the contestant who chose the letters. The host then asks the discovered words, starting with the shorter declared length. If one contestant has not written their word down in time, they must state this fact; if both then declare the same length, that contestant must give their word first to prevent cheating. On the occasion both contestants declare they haven't written down their word, the host allows them both to write their word down, although this part is usually cut from broadcast, and aired as if they had written it down before. The contestant with the longer valid word scores one point per letter, or 18 points if they have used all nine. If the words are identical or of the same length, both contestants score. In the former case, the contestants must show their written words to each other as proof that they are the same. Contestants who inaccurately declare the length of their word score zero, even if the word is valid. Each round ends with Dictionary Corner revealing the longest words and/or any unusual ones that can be formed from the available letters, aided by the production team.
- Common nouns and their plurals
- Verbs and their inflections (e.g. "escape", "escaped", "escaping")
- Comparative and superlative forms of adjectives (if the adjective is more than one syllable, the form must be explicitly listed)
- Plurals of foods specified as mass nouns that may be ordered in restaurants (e.g. "pastas", as in "We'll have two pastas")
Words that are not allowed include:
- Terms which are always capitalised, including proper nouns (e.g. "Jane" or "London")
- Hyphenated terms
- Words that are never used alone (e.g. "gefilte"; only used as part of "gefilte fish")
- Since 2002, American spellings of words (e.g. "flavour" and "signalled" are allowed, but "flavor" and "signaled" are not).
- Contestant One chooses five consonants, then three vowels, then another consonant.
- Selection is:
- Contestant One declares 7, while Contestant Two declares 8.
- Contestant One reveals younger, but Contestant Two reveals hydrogen and scores 8 points. Contestant One does not score.
- Dictionary Corner notes greyhound, which would have scored 18 points for using all nine letters.
The contestant in control chooses six of 24 shuffled face-down number tiles, arranged into two groups: 20 "small numbers" (two each of 1 through 10), and four "large numbers" of 25, 50, 75 and 100. Some special episodes replace the large numbers with 12, 37, 62 and 87. The contestant decides how many large numbers are to be used, from none to all four, after which the six tiles are randomly drawn and placed on the board. A random three-digit target number is then generated by an electronic machine, known as "CECIL" (which stands for Countdown's Electronic Calculator In Leeds). The contestants have 30 seconds to work out a sequence of calculations with the numbers whose final result is as close to the target number as possible. They may use only the four basic operations of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division, and do not have to use all six numbers. A number may not be used more times than it appears on the board. Division can only be performed if the result has no remainder (i.e., the divisor is a factor of the dividend). Fractions are not allowed, and only positive integers may be obtained as a result at any stage of the calculation. As in the letters rounds, any contestant who does not write down their calculations in time must go first if both declare the same result, and both contestants must show their work to each other if their results and calculations are identical.
Only the contestant whose result is closer to the target number scores points: 10 for reaching it exactly, 7 for being 1–5 away, 5 for being 6–10 away. Contestants score no points for being more than 10 away, if their calculations are flawed, or if they take too long to give a solution after saying they have not written it down. Both score if they reach the same result, or if their results are the same distance away. Should neither contestant reach the target exactly, the assistant is called upon to attempt a solution, either immediately or at a later time during the episode.
- Contestant One requests two large numbers and four small numbers.
- Selection is:
- Randomly generated target is:
- Contestant One declares 813, while Contestant Two declares 815.
- Contestant One is closer and so reveals: 75 + 50 – 8 = 117, and 117 × 7 – (3 × 2) = 813, which scores 7 points for being 1 away. Contestant Two does not score.
- Assistant notes: 50 + 8 = 58, and 7 × 2 × 58 = 812, which would have scored 10 points.
In some games, there are many ways to reach the target exactly—the example target above could also be reached by 7 × (75 + 50 + 2 – 8 – 3) = 812. Not all games are solvable, and for a few selections it is impossible even to get within 10, most commonly when a contestant picks six small numbers and the target number is quite large. There is a tactical element in selecting how many large numbers to include. One large and five small numbers is the most popular selection, despite two large numbers giving the best chance of the game being solvable exactly. Selections with zero or four large numbers are generally considered the hardest.
The 24 tiles are laid out in four rows, the topmost of which contains only the four large numbers. The contestant may specify how many tiles to draw from each row, or simply state how many large and small numbers will be used; in the latter case, the assistant draws the tiles randomly. The numbers are usually placed on the board from right to left, starting with the small ones, but have occasionally been displayed in scrambled order. On rare occasions, the contestant has declined to make any choices, in which case the assistant selects the tiles. Unlike the letters round, the pool of tiles is fully replenished after each numbers round.
- Contestant requests one from the top (large), two from the second row (small), and three more from the top (large).
- Selection is (in disorder):
A special edition, broadcast on 15 March 2010, for two previous series champions, Kirk Bevins and Chris Davies, used instead of the usual four large numbers, the numbers 12, 37 and two numbers unrevealed for the duration of the show. In a further special broadcast on 16 August 2010 between the Series 59 finalists Charlie Reams and Junaid Mubeen, the other two numbers were revealed to be 62 and 87.
The final round of the game is the Countdown Conundrum, in which the contestants are shown a combination of two or three words with a total of nine letters. They have 30 seconds to form a single word using all the letters, and must buzz in to respond (a bell for the champion, a buzzer for the challenger). Each contestant is allowed only one guess, and the first to answer correctly scores 10 points. If a contestant buzzes-in and either responds incorrectly or fails to give any response, the remaining time is given to the opponent. If neither contestant can solve it, the presenter asks whether anyone in the audience knows the answer and, if so, chooses someone to call it out. (This practice was stopped temporarily in 2009 due to difficulties with camera angles after the studio layout was changed.) The Conundrum is designed to have only one solution, but on occasion more than one valid word is found by happenstance (e.g. MISS AT TEE can become both ESTIMATES and STEAMIEST). If this happens, any of these results is accepted.
If the contestants' scores are within 10 points of each other going into this round, it is referred to as a Crucial Countdown Conundrum. Since 10 points are at stake, the contestant who solves it will either win the game or force a tiebreaker. If the scores are tied after the Conundrum, additional Conundrums are played until the tie is broken. There have been several instances in which two Conundrums were used to decide the winner, but only a handful of episodes have required three. (There have also been cases when even more Conundrums have been required to provide a winner, but not all have been included in the transmitted programme.)
- Conundrum is revealed:
- Contestant One buzzes-in and says launching. This answer is revealed to be correct, and Contestant One scores 10 points.
- Conundrum is revealed:
The rules of Countdown are derived from those of Des chiffres et des lettres. Perhaps the biggest difference is the length of the round; DCedL's number rounds are each 45 seconds long to Countdown's 30. DCedL also feature "duels", in which players compete in short tasks such as mental arithmetic problems, extracting two themed words from another, or being asked to spell a word correctly. Other minor differences include a different numbers scoring system (9 points for an exact solution, or 6 points for the closest inexact solution in DCedL) and the proportion of letters to numbers rounds (10 to 4 in Countdown, 8 to 4 in DCedL).
The pilot episode followed significantly different rules from the current ones. Most noticeably, only eight letters were selected for each letters round. If two contestants offered a word of the same length, or an equally close solution to a numbers game, then only the contestant who made the selection for that round was awarded points. Also, only five points were given for an exact numbers solution, three for a solution within 5, and one point for the closer solution, no matter how far away.
The set design has changed over the years with the centrepiece of it always being the Countdown clock. The original set was used from its launch in 1982 until Series 17 in early 1989. A new upmarket brown set was introduced in Series 18 in July 1989 but only remained in use for less than 2 years. Series 22 from July 1991 saw the introduction of the familiar and long-lived "Wings" set which was used in its original form until 1995. Series 31 in January 1996 saw its colour scheme change to purple and changed again to tangerine at the end of 1999 alongside updated score displays. January 2003 saw the set updated to a new pink and purple striped theme with the letters and numbers boards now on separate islands rather than being integrated into the set. 6 years later in January 2009, the set received another redesign with a numerical blue theme and the letters and numbers boards mounted on opposite sides of a single display stand. New modern displays for the scores and the numbers round came in January 2013 while the set received a slight redesign in July 2017 while retaining the blue background which has been used to up to the most recent season.
Until the end of Series 21, if the two contestants had equal scores after the first conundrum, the match was considered a draw and they both returned for the next show. A significant change in the format occurred in September 2001, when the show was expanded from nine rounds and 30 minutes to the current fifteen rounds and 45 minutes. The older format was split into two-halves, each having three letters and one numbers game, with the conundrum at the end of the second half. When the format was expanded to fifteen rounds, Richard Whiteley continued to refer jokingly to the three segments of the show as "halves". Under the old format, Grand Finals were specially extended shows of fourteen rounds, but now all shows use a fifteen-round format.
In September 2007, an "Origin of Words" feature was added to the show, in which Susie Dent explains the origin of a word or phrase she has been researching. This feature follows the eighth letters round, partway through the third section of each episode. The feature was omitted during the time that Dent was absent for maternity leave, and was reinstated upon her return.
When the 15-round format was first introduced in September 2001, the composition of the rounds was different from that used by the programme today. The three sections each had five rounds, four letters rounds and one numbers round in each of the first two sections, with three letters rounds, one numbers round and the conundrum in the third section. This meant that there was a slight imbalance, whereby one contestant made the letters sections for six rounds, but had the choice of the numbers selection just once, whereas the other contestant chose letters five times and numbers twice. The Dictionary Corner guest's spot was immediately before the first advertising break, and Susie Dent's Origin of Words spot preceded the second numbers game shortly before the second break. The change to the present format was made on 25 March 2013, three weeks into the second section of Series 68, to comply with Channel 4's decision to increase the amount of adverts and alter the times when they occur during the programme, therefore reducing Countdown's actual show length from 36 to 35 minutes.
Since Countdown's debut in 1982, there have been nearly 7,500 televised games and 82 complete series. There have also been fifteen Champion of Champions tournaments, with the most recent held in January 2019.
Several of Countdown's most successful contestants have received national media coverage. Teenager Julian Fell set a record score of 146 in December 2002. In 2006, 14-year-old Conor Travers became the youngest series champion in the show's history, and 11-year-old Kai Laddiman became the youngest octochamp for 20 years. Conor Travers went on to win the 30th Anniversary Champion of Champions series in March 2013 with a record equalling top score of 146. On 17 January 2019, in the quarter-final of the 15th Champion of Champions tournament Zarte Siempre, who eventually won that tournament, set a new record score of 150. This record was beaten in May 2019 by Elliott Mellor's score of 152.
At eight years old, Tanmay Dixit was the youngest player ever to appear on the show, where he achieved two wins in March 2005. He also received press attention for his offerings in the letters round, which included fannies and farted.
On Christmas Day 1987, Nic Brown set the highest score difference ever achieved in a standard 14-round game, beating Joel Salkin 108–36, a margin of 72 points. Brown also went on to become one of the only two contestants to ever achieve an undefeated 'grand slam' – becoming an Octochamp, winning a series, and winning a Championship of Champions.
In April 2013, Giles Hutchings, a student at Royal Grammar School, Guildford broke the record for the highest octochamp score, amassing 965 points over 8 games. He went on to win series 68. The record was beaten by Dylan Taylor, who achieved an octochamp score of 974 in August 2013, but he lost the Grand Final of that series. In 2019 the record was beaten by 87 points by teenager, Elliott Mellor, who became the first octochamp to break the 1,000-point barrier, scoring a total of 1,061 over his eight preliminary games. Echoing Dylan's appearance, Mellor was pipped to the series title, finishing as runner up. Three former contestants have returned to Countdown as part of the production team: Michael Wylie, Mark Nyman (as producer, and occasional lexicographer in Dictionary Corner) and Damian Eadie (the current series producer).
In 1998, sixteen celebrities were invited to play Celebrity Countdown, a series of eight games broadcast every Thursday evening over the course of eight weeks. The celebrities included Whiteley's successor Des Lynam, who beat Siân Lloyd. The highest and lowest scores were posted in the same game when TV's Hugh Fearnley-Whittingstall beat wine critic Jilly Goolden 47–9.
Richard Whiteley and Carol Vorderman competed in another special episode on Christmas Day 1997. For this game, the presenter's chair was taken by William G. Stewart, the host of fellow Channel 4 game show Fifteen to One. Susie Dent took over Vorderman's duties, and Mark Nyman occupied Dictionary Corner, accompanied by Magnus Magnusson. The game was close-fought, and decided only by the crucial Countdown conundrum mistletoe which Vorderman solved in two seconds, after Whiteley had inadvertently buzzed after one second, because when he regularly hosted the show, he hit the button to reveal the conundrum and kept his old habit up.
Contestants who have or had become notable for other reasons include Nuts magazine editor-at-large Pete Cashmore, rugby player Ayoola Erinle, footballers Neil MacKenzie, Clarke Carlisle and Matt Le Tissier, musicians Jon Marsh and Nick Saloman, comedian Alex Horne, noted Irish playwright Peter Sheridan and Professional Darts Referee Kirk Bevins, who won Series 60 and was a quarter-finalist in the 30th Birthday Championship.
In popular culture
Countdown is often referenced and parodied in British culture.
In 1992, Saint Etienne used a sample of the host's lead-in for "today's Countdown Conundrum" as the opening for the track "Stoned to Say the Least".
The Doctor Who episode "Bad Wolf" (2005) mentions a futuristic version of Countdown, in which the goal is to stop a bomb from exploding in 30 seconds. Countdown was referenced again in a later series in "Last of the Time Lords" (2007), where Professor Docherty expresses a keen fondness for the show and how it "hasn't been the same since Des took over—both Deses".
Countdown has also generated a number of widely viewed outtakes, with the letters occasionally producing a word that was deemed unsuitable for the original broadcast. A round in which Dictionary Corner offered the word gobshite featured in TV's Finest Failures in 2001 (the actual episode aired on 10 January 2000), and in one episode from 1991, contestants Gino Corr and Lawrence Pearse both declared the word wankers. This was edited out of the programme but has since appeared on many outtakes shows. When contestant Charlie Reams declared "wankers" on 21 October 2008 edition, the declaration was kept in but the word itself was bleeped. Other incidents with only marginally rude words (including wanker, singular) have made it into the programme as they appeared, such as those with Tanmay Dixit referenced above, a clip from a 2001 episode in which the word fart appeared as the first four letters on the board (which also featured on 100 Greatest TV Moments from Hell), and a round where an anagram of the word fucked appeared on the board in the string "A U O D F C K E G", although neither player chose to use the word, and Dictionary Corner was able to find two seven-letter words that could have been made from the board's offerings. On 2 February 2017, the board for the letters round was "M T H I A E D H S", and with both players offering sevens, Dictionary Corner found the word "shithead", which was bleeped out in the audio and censored on-screen with the poo emoji.
The programme is mentioned in an episode of Irish sitcom Father Ted entitled "The Old Grey Whistle Theft", Still Game (in the episode "Wireless") and is also referenced in the very first episode of Little Britain from 2003. BBC impression sketch show, Dead Ringers, parodies Countdown numerous times, and another television programme, The Big Breakfast, parodied Countdown in a feature called "Countdown Under". In a sketch "Countdown to Hell" from the comedy show A Bit of Fry and Laurie, Stephen Fry lampooned Richard Whiteley's punning style and Hugh Laurie played one of the contestants, while Gyles Brandreth (played by Steve Steen), presented with the letters "bollocsk", got the (non-)word "sloblock" (supposedly meaning exactly the same as "bollocks"). The show also has a fleeting reference in British sitcom The Office when Chris 'Finchy' Finch attempts to insult temporary worker Ricky when he explains he had a job to pay for his studies. Finchy states that it probably was 'professor in charge of watching Countdown every day', commenting on its student audience, and referring to the fact anyone watching Countdown during its 'hometime' time slot cannot be out at work.
The format of the show has been parodied on Have I Got News for You. In 1999, when Whiteley was a guest, the numbers game was copied along with the clock music and at the end of the show was a conundrum, the conundrum was "PHANIOILS", to which the answer was Ian Hislop. In 2004, when Vorderman was a guest, one of the usual rounds was replaced with a conundrum round based on the week's news. When Vorderman hosted Have I Got News in 2006, one of the rounds was the "Spinning Conundrum Numbers Round", altering the "Spinning Headlines" round, by adding a number to a picture relating to the week's news; then at the end of the round, the six numbers from the picture were used for a numbers game.
Richard Whiteley was the victim of a practical joke while presenting the show in 1998. The contestants and rounds had been planted as part of a "Gotcha!", a regular prank feature on the light entertainment show Noel's House Party. In the prank, both the two contestants and Dictionary Corner missed the word "something" from the letters OMETHINGS, and from another selection, both of the contestants declared "I've got diarrhoea" referring to the selection. In the numbers round that followed, the male contestant "answered" the puzzle by reading out the numbers. Whiteley did not uncover the joke until House Party presenter Noel Edmonds appeared on the set, having revealed the unusually short conundrum of HOGCAT to be "gotcha" at the end of the programme.
In a 2003 episode of Top Gear, Richard Whiteley participated in the "Star in a Reasonably Priced Car" segment. Before Whiteley's lap was shown, presenter Jeremy Clarkson played a game of Countdown with Whiteley, using words such as IMIN, SEXUL, NEVOR LARD, I MUSHI BITS, and PIANOS SHIAZU.
It was also referred to on Harry Hill's TV Burp twice. The first time it was referred to was when "Dev" (Coronation Street) made a sound like the countdown end of thirty seconds time. The second time was when the competition "Where Has The Knitted Character Been This Week?" had the answer: On Rachel Riley's chair.
On 2 July 2010, the game was featured in the episode "The Final Countdown" of The IT Crowd. Moss stuns everyone by declaring that the 9 letter string TNETENNBA is in fact a word. Later, Moss becomes an octochamp and is consequently invited into an underground club named "8+", where he competes in a game of "Street Countdown" as part of a spoof of Boogie Town. The episode featured a cameo from Gyles Brandreth, a regular contributor to Dictionary Corner.
In an episode from spring 2011, the Blackpool supporting producer of the show arranged the conundrum PNECRISIS ("priciness"), poking fun at their local rivals Preston North End's relegation from the Championship in the 2010–11 season.
The game has also been played on a number of different programs, notably as the first challenge in "What's Next" on Ant and Dec's Saturday Night Takeaway, featuring the pair versus one of the duo's old head teachers. In 2010, it was played as a shopping task on the final Channel 4 series of Celebrity Big Brother, with a team of housemates competing in the house against the-then current champion, Chris Davies, in the Countdown studio via satellite. The housemates failed this task.
|Series||Start date||End date||Episodes||Notes|
|1||2 November 1982||16 December 1982||27||27||First series to be hosted by Richard Whiteley|
|2||5 April 1983||2 July 1983||53||80||Last series to feature Dr Linda Barrett, who alternated as 'vital statistician' with Carol Vorderman.|
|3||19 September 1983||15 December 1983||52||132||Last series to feature Beverley Isherwood as 'Numbers Girl', who left after 21 November.|
|4||2 April 1984||28 June 1984||52||184|
|5||15 October 1984||21 December 1984||50||234||Champion of Champions I aired from 15 to 23 October.|
|6||7 January 1985||21 March 1985||54||288|
|7||14 October 1985||20 December 1985||50||338|
|8||6 January 1986||27 March 1986||59||397|
|9||31 March 1986||3 June 1986||47||444||Champion of Champions II aired from 31 March to 8 April.|
|10||13 October 1986||19 December 1986||50||494||Champion of Champions I & II aired on 13 October.|
|11||2 February 1987||10 April 1987||50||544||500th show aired on 2 February.|
|12||13 April 1987||19 June 1987||50||594|
|13||22 June 1987||28 August 1987||50||644||Champion of Champions III aired from 22 to 30 June. Last series to feature Cathy Hytner as 'Letters Girl'.|
|14||5 October 1987||25 December 1987||63||707||First series to feature Karen Loughlin as 'Letters Girl'.|
|15||11 April 1988||17 June 1988||50||757|
|16||20 June 1988||2 September 1988||55||812||Last series to feature Karen Loughlin as 'Letters Girl'.|
|17||2 January 1989||17 March 1989||55||867||Champion of Champions IV aired from 2 to 10 January. Last series to feature the blocks set. Only series to feature Lucy Summers as 'Letters Girl' and final series to have used that concept.|
|18||10 July 1989||13 October 1989||70||937||First series to feature the wooden set, and to have Carol Vorderman placing both letters and numbers on the board.|
|19||1 January 1990||30 March 1990||65||1,002|
|20||2 July 1990||28 September 1990||65||1,067||1,000th show aired on 2 July.|
|21||31 December 1990||29 March 1991||65||1,132||Champion of Champions V aired from 31 December to 8 January. Last series to feature the wooden set.|
|22||1 July 1991||27 September 1991||65||1,197||First series to feature the "Wings" set.|
|23||30 December 1991||27 March 1992||65||1,262|
|24||29 June 1992||25 September 1992||65||1,327|
|25||4 January 1993||2 April 1993||65||1,392||Champion of Champions VI aired from 4 to 12 January.|
|26||5 July 1993||1 October 1993||65||1,457|
|27||3 January 1994||1 April 1994||65||1,522|
|28||4 July 1994||30 September 1994||65||1,587||1,500th show aired on 4 July.|
|29||2 January 1995||31 March 1995||65||1,652||Champion of Champions VII aired from 2 to 10 January.|
|30||3 July 1995||29 September 1995||65||1,717|
|31||1 January 1996||29 March 1996||65||1,782|
|32||1 July 1996||27 September 1996||65||1,847|
|33||30 September 1996||20 December 1996||60||1,907||Champion of Champions VIII aired from 30 September to 8 October; remainder of series was Supreme Championship.|
|34||30 December 1996||28 March 1997||65||1,972|
|35||31 March 1997||27 June 1997||65||2,037|
|36||30 June 1997||26 September 1997||65||2,102|
|37||29 September 1997||19 December 1997||60||2,162|
|38||29 December 1997||26 June 1998||130||2,292||Champion of Champions IX aired from 29 December to 16 January.|
|39||29 June 1998||25 December 1998||130||2,422|
|40||28 December 1998||25 June 1999||130||2,552|
|41||28 June 1999||25 December 1999||121||2,673|
|42||27 December 1999||23 June 2000||124||2,797||Champion of Champions X aired from 27 to 31 December.|
|43||26 June 2000||25 December 2000||114||2,911||18th Birthday aired on 2 November.|
|44||26 December 2000||29 June 2001||131||3,042||3,000th show aired on 27 April.|
|45||2 July 2001||21 September 2001||43||3,085|
|46||24 September 2001||25 December 2001||67||3,152||First series to use the 15-round-format.|
|47||26 December 2001||28 June 2002||127||3,279||Junior Championship aired from 12 to 14 March.|
|48||1 July 2002||20 December 2002||110||3,389||Last series to feature the "Wings" set.|
|49||6 January 2003||27 June 2003||122||3,511||Champion of Champions XI aired from 6 to 24 January and Ladies' Championship aired from 11 to 13 March. First series to feature the pink stripes set.|
|50||30 June 2003||19 December 2003||103||3,614|
|51||5 January 2004||25 June 2004||114||3,728|
|52||28 June 2004||17 December 2004||112||3,840|
|53||4 January 2005||1 July 2005||119||3,959||Last series to be hosted by Richard Whiteley; he died in June 2005 after shows were in post-production.|
|54||31 October 2005||26 May 2006||153||4,112||First series to be hosted by Des Lynam. 4,000th show aired on 4 January.|
|55||29 May 2006||22 December 2006||150||4,262||Champion of Champions XII aired from 29 May to 16 June; last series to be hosted by Des Lynam.|
|56||2 January 2007||22 June 2007||120||4,382||First series to be hosted by Des O'Connor.|
|57||25 June 2007||21 December 2007||126||4,508||25th Birthday aired on 2 November.|
|58||2 January 2008||20 June 2008||119||4,627|
|59||23 June 2008||12 December 2008||105||4,732||Last series to be hosted by Des O'Connor and Carol Vorderman. Last series to feature the pink stripes set.|
|60||12 January 2009||19 June 2009||111||4,843||Champion of Champions XIII aired from 12 to 30 January; first series to be hosted by Jeff Stelling and Rachel Riley. First series to feature the original blue set|
|61||22 June 2009||18 December 2009||110||4,953|
|62||11 January 2010||18 June 2010||110||5,063||5,000th show aired on 26 March.|
|63||21 June 2010||17 December 2010||115||5,178|
|64||10 January 2011||3 June 2011||100||5,278|
|65||6 June 2011||16 December 2011||120||5,398||Last series to be hosted by Jeff Stelling|
|66||9 January 2012||29 June 2012||119||5,517||First series to be hosted by Nick Hewer|
|67||2 July 2012||21 December 2012||97||5,614|
|68||7 January 2013||28 June 2013||107||5,721||30th Birthday Championship aired from 7 January to 1 March.|
|69||1 July 2013||20 December 2013||118||5,839|
|70||6 January 2014||27 June 2014||107||5,946|
|71||30 June 2014||19 December 2014||110||6,056||6,000th show aired on 29 September.|
|72||5 January 2015||12 June 2015||100||6,156|
|73||15 June 2015||23 December 2015||121||6,277|
|74||4 January 2016||24 June 2016||107||6,384||Champion of Champions XIV aired from 4 to 22 January.|
|75||27 June 2016||23 December 2016||109||6,493|
|76||3 January 2017||30 June 2017||121||6,614||Last series to feature the original blue set.|
|77||3 July 2017||22 December 2017||122||6,736||First series to feature the new blue set.|
|78||2 January 2018||22 June 2018||117||6,853|
|79||25 June 2018||21 December 2018||126||6,979|
|80||2 January 2019||28 June 2019||128||7,107||Champion of Champions XV aired from 2 to 22 January. 7,000th show aired on 30 January.|
|81||1 July 2019||20 December 2019||124||7,231|
|82||2 January 2020||18 December 2020||181[f]||7,413||Series impacted by COVID-19 pandemic, resulting in a hiatus between 1 May and 10 August. 3 specials episodes, shown 21–23 December, were guest-hosted by Colin Murray.|
|83||4 January 2021||25 June 2021||125||7,538||Last series to be hosted by Nick Hewer, and first series to be hosted by more than one presenter. Colin Murray presented some episodes in this series, from 13 January to 9 February and from 3 to 16 March, as Hewer shielded at home due to the second COVID lockdown and after he was vaccinated, both of which occurred during this series' recording.|
|84||28 June 2021||TBD 2021||TBA||TBA||First series to be hosted by Anne Robinson.|
|Series||Start date||End date||Episodes|
|1||3 April 1989||30 March 1990||52|
|2||2 April 1990||29 March 1991||52|
|Series||Start date||End date||Episodes|
|1||23 April 1998||18 June 1998||8|
|2||12 November 2019||9 January 2020||6|
Date Special 25 December 1997 Christmas Special 26 May 2003 Husband & Wife 25 July 2003 Replayed Series 40 Final 4 August 2003 High Scoring Losers 18 August 2003 Maths Teachers 25 August 2003 Solicitors 2 September 2003 Clergymen 3 September 2003 Scrabble Masters 8 September 2003 Replayed Series 31 Final 9 September 2003 Champions of Champions IX & X 10 September 2003 Police Officers 11 September 2003 High Scoring Losers II 12 September 2003 Series 47 & 48 Champions 15 March 2004 Publicans 19 March 2004 Father & Daughter
Date Special 14 June 2004 Replayed Series 35 Final 26 July 2004 Replayed Series 39 Final 2 August 2004 Aficionados 13 August 2004 Replayed Series 37 Final 23 August 2004 Mother & Son 30 August 2004 Starlets 20 December 2004 Brothers 25 March 2005 Cabaret Entertainers 30 May 2005 Starlets 15 March 2010 Series 60 & 61 Champions 26 July 2010 High Scoring Losers III 2 August 2010 Young Stars 16 August 2010 Replayed Series 59 Final 14 March 2011 Deciding Special 25 July 2011 Female Finalists
Date Special 12 March 2012 Sister & Brother 30 July 2012 Series 64 & 65 Champions 13 September 2012 Female Winners 14 September 2012 Husband & Wife 28 September 2012 Male Finalists 2 July 2013 Lovebirds 12 December 2014 Battle of the Bobbys 22 December 2014 Senior Females 23 December 2014 Battle of the Mc's 6 April 2015 Sisters 10 April 2015 Law & Order 8 May 2015 Veterans 21 December 2020 Battle of Bingley 22 December 2020 Series 63 & 69 Champions 23 December 2020 All-time greats
Several boardgames, books and video games have been released under the franchise. Many boardgames have been developed to replicate the rules and game play of the television show. The boardgame will often consist of a board to place letters and number on, several scorecards, a selection of numbers and letters, a number generator and a timing device (older models use an hourglass whilst newer models contain a battery powered timer).
In the late 80s/early 90s, LexiBook released a digital handheld version of Countdown. These contained LCD black and white displays and a variety of physical controls. Many of these often bore the official Countdown logo.
In 2006, University Games released a Countdown DVD game, which contained recorded clips specifically for the game. Gameplay is achieved via a DVD player and the remote control. The DVD was sold disc only, or as a bundle containing notepads and pencils.
In 2009, Mindscape released Countdown games for the Nintendo DS and the Wii. Gameplay is replicated as it is on the show. On the DS version, players can compete against each other via Download Play, using a single Game Card.
In 2015, Barnstorm Games released the app for smartphones and tablets in App Store, Google Play and Amazon Appstore. The player can practice on a specific round or compete in a quick 5-round or full 15-round game either alone, or against another player on the same device, or against CPU with 4 difficulty levels.
- Countdown Masters was a regular spot within The Channel Four Daily from 1989 to 1992. It had the same hosts and rules as the standard game but was played in shorter chunks. It was abbreviated, for example the letters were chosen all in one go as "x vowels and y consonants".
- 8 Out of 10 Cats Does Countdown has comedian Jimmy Carr as host and team captains Jon Richardson and Sean Lock (until his death in 2021) as regular contestants. Dent and Riley fill their normal roles. It uses similar rules to the standard game, but has a strong comedy element, a reduced number of rounds, and two-person teams. It began in 2012 and continues airing new episodes.
- Celebrity Countdown has celebrities competing on the show without the cast of 8 Out of 10 Cats and with its usual presenters.
- Vorderman originally appeared as 'vital statistician', a role in which she alternated with Dr Linda Barrett until Barrett's departure after series 2. Letters were placed on the board initially by Cathy Hytner, who was then followed by Karen Loughlin and Lucy Summers. Numbers were originally put up on the board by Beverley Isherwood and this was taken over by Hytner mid-way through series 3. From the start of series 18 in mid 1989, after Lucy Summers left the show, Vorderman began putting up the letters and numbers on a permanent basis.
- Although Dent first appeared on the show in 1992, it was not until 2004 that she became the show's permanent lexicographer, and since 2015 she has been credited as a co-presenter. For several episodes in 2007/08, Alison Heard replaced Dent due to her pregnancy. Also, she was absent for ten episodes in 2021 due to COVID-19 close-contact isolation.
- Stewart presented the 1997 Christmas special, where regular presenters Whiteley and Vorderman were contestants. Also that year, he presented a show to commemorate the 2000th edition, although this was not a regular episode.
- Murray served as a guest presenter for Hewer as he was shielding during the second Covid lockdown and after he was vaccinated.
- McDonald presented a special episode as part of Channel 4's Black To Front Day.
- Series 82 consisted of 182 episodes, but the episode that was due to be broadcast on 24 March was pulled from the schedules, due to a comment made by Hewer which could have been deemed insensitive in relation to the pandemic.
- Countdown: Spreading the Word (Granada Media, 2001) p. 9–15.
- BBC.co.uk obituary for Richard Whiteley—Retrieved 24 June 2006.
- Countdown: Spreading the Word (Granada Media, 2001) p. 17–18.
- Countdown: Spreading the Word (Granada Media, 2001) p. 20.
- IMDB.com on Countdown trivia—Retrieved 20 June 2006.
- UK Game Shows on Countdown's first episode—Retrieved 26 June 2006.
- , Scotland on Sunday, on the advertisement to which Vorderman responded. Retrieved 6 July 2006.
- "Carol's addicted to Countdown". Evening Standard. 19 July 2004. Retrieved 21 September 2017.
- "Channel4.com". Archived from the original on 31 August 2010.
- Countdown: Spreading The Word, (Granada Media, 2001), p. 119–131.
- Independent.co.uk Archived 5 November 2007 at the Wayback Machine on viewer dissatisfaction with Vorderman's expanded role—Retrieved 20 June 2006.
- The Countdown Page on lexicographers.
- Mangan, Lucy (28 June 2005). "Farewell to a jolly good egg". The Guardian. Retrieved 25 March 2021.
- , BBC News, on Des Lynam as the new presenter of Countdown. Retrieved 20 June 2006.
- , BBC News, on Lynam leaving the programme. Retrieved 30 September 2006.
- , BBC News, on Des O'Connor succeeding Des Lynam as host. Retrieved 13 November 2006.
- Fletcher, Alex (23 July 2008). "O'Connor quits as 'Countdown' host". Digital Spy. Retrieved 23 July 2008.
- "Carol Vorderman quits Countdown". BBC News. 25 July 2008. Retrieved 25 July 2008.
- "Vorderman 'forced' to quit quiz". BBC News. 26 July 2008. Retrieved 26 July 2008.
- Taylor, Jerome (18 October 2008). "'Countdown' conundrum solved". The Independent. London. Retrieved 30 April 2010.
- Rajan, Amol (31 October 2008). "Armstrong turns down 'Countdown' job". The Independent. London. Retrieved 30 April 2010.
- Dahabiyeh, Nadia (28 July 2008). "New job please, Carol?". Retrieved 2 January 2010.
- "Sky host Stelling joins Countdown". BBC News. 21 November 2008. Retrieved 2 January 2010.
- Halliday, Josh (16 November 2011). "The Apprentice star Nick Hewer is new host of Countdown". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 16 November 2011.
- Hewer, Nick [@Nick_Hewer] (7 December 2020). "Delighted to be back in the Countdown studio after another enforced lockdown, BUT this latest lockdown has given me an opportunity to consider my future life and I've decided it's a good time to step down at the end of my contract in the New Year. As someone in his 77th year," (Tweet) – via Twitter.
- Scotsman.com on Countdown establishing cult status
- BBC.co.uk Richard Whiteley obituary on the show's audience and cult status. Retrieved 24 June 2006.
- Spreading the Word (Granada Media, 2001), p. 74.
- UKGameshows.com on Series 54 final viewing figures—Retrieved 10 July 2006.
- "Jonathan Shaw's official website, detailing his parliamentary motion". Archived from the original on 28 July 2004. Retrieved 10 July 2006.
- "COUNTDOWN – Early Day Motions". edm.parliament.uk. Retrieved 5 February 2020.
- Nebagram.co.uk on the prizes—page Retrieved 24 June 2006. Archived 28 July 2009 at the Wayback Machine
- Countdown: Spreading the Word (Granada Media, 2001) p. 147.
- Countdown: Spreading the Word (Granada Media, 2001) p. 33.
- Episode 4473 – Countdown
- Countdown: Spreading The Word (Granada Media, 2001) p. 87.
- The Countdown Page Julian Fell's Countdown "experience"—Retrieved 24 June 2006.
- Countdown: Spreading The Word (Granada Media, 2001), p. 220.
- The Countdown Page list of special episodes and their themes—Retrieved 20 June 2006.
- Countdown: Spreading the Word (Granada Media, 2001) p. 24.
- The Countdown Page: Letters—Retrieved 8 April 2010.
- UK Game Shows on production team aid—Retrieved 20 June 2006.
- The Countdown Page on dictionaries—Retrieved 20 June 2006.
- The Oxford Dictionary of English (2005, Oxford University Press), p. xvii.
- UK Game Shows on game equipment—Retrieved 20 June 2006.
- The Final Countdown, Proceedings of the Global Conference on Artificial Intelligence 2015, (4.1.1 the standard game)
- Countdown Statistics Archived 28 December 2007 at the Wayback Machine on the frequency of each numbers games' selection—Retrieved 19 June 2006.
- Crossword Tools on analysis of the numbers game—Retrieved 20 June 2006.
- Countdown: Spreading the Word (Granada Media, 2001) p. 26.
- The Countdown Page game recap involving a tie-break conundrum—Retrieved 20 June 2006.
- cybercl.free.fr rules of Des Chiffres et des Lettres (in French)—Retrieved 7 July 2006.
- Countdown: Spreading the Word (Granada Media, 2001), p. 18.
- Countdown: Spreading the Word (Granada Media, 2001), p. 133.
- The Countdown Page showing the expanded format—Retrieved 20 June 2006.
- The Countdown Page showing a fourteen-round final—Retrieved 20 June 2006.
- The Countdown Page showing a fifteen-round final—Retrieved 20 June 2006.
- New Oxford Dictionary of English Guidelines Archived 11 November 2007 at the Wayback Machine on the change in rules regarding American spelling—Retrieved 21 June 2006.
- The Countdown Page series final recap in which dominater was deemed valid—Retrieved 20 June 2006.
- The Countdown Page on Julian Fell's record score—Retrieved 25 June 2006.
- The Independent on Conor Travers—Retrieved 21 June 2006.
- The Guardian on Conor Travers—Retrieved 21 June 2006.
- Sky.com on Tanmay Dixit—Retrieved 21 June 2006.Archived 19 March 2005 at the Wayback Machine
- "Nic Brown – Countdown".
- "Grand slam winner – Countdown".
- Teenager Giles is a Countdown record-breaker – Get Surrey
- "Elliott Mellor – Countdown".
- Countdown: Spreading the Word (Granada Media, 2001) p. 34.
- The Countdown Page on Celebrity Countdown—Retrieved 25 June 2006.
- The Countdown Page recap of Whiteley vs. Vorderman Christmas special—Retrieved 25 June 2006.
- IMDB About a Boy movie connections page—Retrieved 18 June 2006.
- IMDB TV's Finest Failures movie connections page—Retrieved 21 June 2006.
- Snopes on the wankers incident—Retrieved 21 June 2006.
- Telegraph.co.uk on the wankers incident–Retrieved 20 July 2006.
- IMDB 100 Greatest TV Moments from Hell movie connections page—Retrieved 19 June 2006.
- "Countdown contestants asked to make word using U, D, F, C, K, E". The Telegraph. London. 24 March 2010. Retrieved 27 March 2010.
- "The word 'sh*thead' came up on Countdown and they blocked it out with the faeces emoji". The Daily Edge. 2 February 2017.
- IMDB Father Ted movie connections—Retrieved 21 June 2006.
- IMDB Little Britain movie connections page—Retrieved 21 June 2006.
- UK Game Shows list of game show spoofs—Retrieved 21 June 2006.
- Countdown to Hell transcript—Retrieved 23 June 2006.
- Channel 4 Community webchat with Richard Whiteley, explaining his Gotcha!—Retrieved 21 June 2006. Archived 31 August 2010 at the Wayback Machine
- "YouTube". youtube.com.
- The Guardian article about PNECRISIS conundrum-Retrieved 21 August 2011.
- "Countdown (Series 1, Episode 1)". ITN Source. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
- "Countdown (Series 1, Episode 27)". ITN Source. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
- "Countdown (Series 2, Episode 1)". ITN Source. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
- "Countdown (Series 2, Episode 53)". ITN Source. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
- "Countdown (Series 3, Episode 1)". ITN Source. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
- "Countdown (Series 3, Episode 52)". ITN Source. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
- "Countdown (Series 4, Episode 1)". ITN Source. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
- "Countdown (Series 4, Episode 52)". ITN Source. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
- "Countdown (Series 5, Episode 1)". ITN Source. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
- "Countdown (Series 5, Episode 50)". ITN Source. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
- "Countdown (Series 5, Episode 7)". ITN Source. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
- "Countdown (Series 6, Episode 1)". ITN Source. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
- "Countdown (Series 6, Episode 54)". ITN Source. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
- "Countdown (Series 7, Episode 1)". ITN Source. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
- "Countdown (Series 7, Episode 50)". ITN Source. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
- "Countdown (Series 8, Episode 1)". ITN Source. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
- "Countdown (Series 8, Episode 59)". ITN Source. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
- "Countdown (Series 9, Episode 1)". ITN Source. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
- "Countdown (Series 9, Episode 47)". ITN Source. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
- "Countdown (Series 9, Episode 7)". ITN Source. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
- "Countdown (Series 10, Episode 1)". ITN Source. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
- "Countdown (Series 10, Episode 50)". ITN Source. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
- "Countdown (Series 11, Episode 1)". ITN Source. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
- "Countdown (Series 11, Episode 50)". ITN Source. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
- "Countdown (Series 12, Episode 1)". ITN Source. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
- "Countdown (Series 12, Episode 50)". ITN Source. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
- "Countdown (Series 13, Episode 1)". ITN Source. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
- "Countdown (Series 13, Episode 50)". ITN Source. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
- "Countdown (Series 13, Episode 7)". ITN Source. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
- "Countdown (Series 14, Episode 1)". ITN Source. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
- "Countdown (Series 14, Episode 63)". ITN Source. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
- "Countdown (Series 15, Episode 1)". ITN Source. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
- "Countdown (Series 15, Episode 50)". ITN Source. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
- "Countdown (Series 16, Episode 1)". ITN Source. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
- "Countdown (Series 16, Episode 55)". ITN Source. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
- "Countdown (Series 17, Episode 1)". ITN Source. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
- "Countdown (Series 17, Episode 55)". ITN Source. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
- "Countdown (Series 17, Episode 7)". ITN Source. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
- "Countdown (Series 18, Episode 1)". ITN Source. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
- "Countdown (Series 18, Episode 70)". ITN Source. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
- "Countdown (Series 19, Episode 1)". ITN Source. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
- "Countdown (Series 19, Episode 65)". ITN Source. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
- "Countdown (Series 20, Episode 1)". ITN Source. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
- "Countdown (Series 20, Episode 65)". ITN Source. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
- "Countdown (Series 21, Episode 1)". ITN Source. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
- "Countdown (Series 21, Episode 65)". ITN Source. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
- "Countdown (Series 21, Episode 7)". ITN Source. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
- "Countdown (Series 22, Episode 1)". ITN Source. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
- "Countdown (Series 22, Episode 65)". ITN Source. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
- "Countdown (Series 23, Episode 1)". ITN Source. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
- "Countdown (Series 23, Episode 65)". ITN Source. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
- "Countdown (Series 24, Episode 1)". ITN Source. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
- "Countdown (Series 24, Episode 65)". ITN Source. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
- "Countdown (Series 25, Episode 1)". ITN Source. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
- "Countdown (Series 25, Episode 65)". ITN Source. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
- "Countdown (Series 25, Episode 7)". ITN Source. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
- "Countdown (Series 26, Episode 1)". ITN Source. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
- "Countdown (Series 26, Episode 65)". ITN Source. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
- "Countdown (Series 27, Episode 1)". ITN Source. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
- "Countdown (Series 26, Episode 65)". ITN Source. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
- "Countdown (Series 28, Episode 1)". ITN Source. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
- "Countdown (Series 28, Episode 65)". ITN Source. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
- "Countdown (Series 29, Episode 1)". ITN Source. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
- "Countdown (Series 29, Episode 65)". ITN Source. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
- "Countdown (Series 29, Episode 7)". ITN Source. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
- "Countdown (Series 30, Episode 1)". ITN Source. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
- "Countdown (Series 30, Episode 65)". ITN Source. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
- "Countdown (Series 31, Episode 1)". ITN Source. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
- "Countdown (Series 31, Episode 65)". ITN Source. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
- "Countdown (Series 32, Episode 1)". ITN Source. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
- "Countdown (Series 32, Episode 65)". ITN Source. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
- "Countdown (Series 33, Episode 1)". ITN Source. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
- "Countdown (Series 33, Episode 60)". ITN Source. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
- "Countdown (Series 33, Episode 7)". ITN Source. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
- "Countdown (Series 34, Episode 1)". ITN Source. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
- "Countdown (Series 34, Episode 65)". ITN Source. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
- "Countdown (Series 35, Episode 1)". ITN Source. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
- "Countdown (Series 35, Episode 65)". ITN Source. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
- "Countdown (Series 36, Episode 1)". ITN Source. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
- "Countdown (Series 36, Episode 65)". ITN Source. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
- "Countdown (Series 37, Episode 1)". ITN Source. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
- "Countdown (Series 37, Episode 60)". ITN Source. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
- "Countdown (Series 38, Episode 1)". ITN Source. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
- "Countdown (Series 38, Episode 15)". ITN Source. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
- "Countdown (Christmas Special)". ITN Source. Retrieved 11 August 2014.
- "TV's Countdown gets Guinness World Record on 6,000th show". BBC News. 5 September 2014. Retrieved 13 September 2014.
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Countdown (game show)|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Countdown (game show) (category)|
- Countdown at Channel 4
- Countdown at IMDb
- Countdown at the BFI's Screenonline
- Countdown at UKGameshows.com
- The Countdown Page, results from every game
- The Countdown Wiki
- An analysis of the game based on a scientific article published at the 2015 Global Conference on Artificial Intelligence
- An online version of the game featuring Des Lynam, Carol, and Susie