Jump to content

Counter-Strike Major Championships

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Counter-Strike Major Championships
No. of teams16 teams (2013–2017)
24 teams (2018–present)
Most recent
Natus Vincere (2nd title)
Most titlesAstralis (4 titles)
TV partner(s)Twitch, Steam.tv, YouTube

Counter-Strike Major Championships, commonly known as the Majors, are Counter-Strike (CS) esports tournaments sponsored by Valve, the game's developer. The first Valve-recognized Major took place in 2013 in Jönköping, Sweden and was hosted by DreamHack with a total prize pool of US$250,000 split among 16 teams. This, along with the following 18 Majors, was played in Counter-Strike: Global Offensive. As of the 2023 release of Counter-Strike 2 (CS2), Counter-Strike esports, including the Majors, are played in CS2.

Since then, the Major circuit has expanded significantly, with recent tournaments advertising a US$2,000,000 prize pool and featuring twenty-four teams from around the world. The Majors are considered to be the most important and prestigious tournaments in the Counter-Strike scene.

The current champions are Natus Vincere, who won their second Major at PGL Major Copenhagen 2024, the first to be held in Counter-Strike 2. Astralis hold the record for the most Major titles with four.


Counter-Strike: Global Offensive is a multiplayer first-person shooter video game developed by Hidden Path Entertainment and Valve. It is the fourth game in the Counter-Strike series. The first game in the series, Counter-Strike 1.6, was officially released in 2000 and competitive play began soon after. The first significant international tournament was the 2001 Cyberathlete Professional League Winter Championship, considered the first "Major".[1] The CPL Summer and Winter Championships, along with the World Cyber Games, Electronic Sports World Cup and Intel Extreme Masters World Championships, were considered Majors by the community, although Valve did not sponsor or give any official designation to the tournaments.[1]

Swedish teams, most notably SK Gaming,[2][3] dominated early Majors but the Polish roster known as the Golden Five were the most successful lineup.[4][5] Many teams from other parts of the world would win Majors, including Team 3D from the United States at CPL Winter 2002[6] and WCG 2004,[7] NoA from Norway at CPL Winter 2004,[8] mibr from Brazil at ESWC 2006,[9] and WeMade FOX from South Korea at WEM 2010.[10]

On September 16, 2013, a year after the release of Global Offensive, Valve announced a US$250,000 community-funded prize pool for the first official CS:GO Major.[11] The money was partially community-funded through the game's Arms Deal update, which allowed players to buy in-game skins.[1] Valve announced the tournament would take place in Sweden and would be hosted by DreamHack.[12] The tournament took place in late November and was won by the Swedish team Fnatic who upset Ninjas in Pyjamas in the finals.[13][14] After Dreamhack 2013, Valve announced they would partner with tournament organizers to host three Majors per year. These Majors are the most prestigious events in the competitive CS:GO scene, and the professional players' legacies are often judged by their performances at these tournaments.[15][16][17]

The early Majors were dominated by Swedish teams, as Fnatic and NiP combined to win the four of the first six Majors. NiP would play in five of the first six grand finals. When Fnatic won Cologne 2015, they became the first team to win back to back Majors, and the first to win a third Major in total.[18] Only the Danish team Astralis has since matched that total.

At the end of 2015, Valve announced that MLG would host the first Major in North America.[19] On February 23, 2016, with MLG Columbus 2016 coming up, Valve announced a permanent increase in the prize pool from US$250,000 to US$1,000,000.[20][21] However, Valve reduced the number of Majors per year from three to two. Luminosity Gaming, a Brazilian team, won the event to becomes the first non-European team to win a Major.[22] This roster would also go on to win back to back Majors, with their second as SK Gaming at ESL One Cologne 2016.[15]

Gambit Esports, made up primarily of players from Kazakhstan, won PGL Major Kraków 2017 to become the first Asian and CIS team to win a Major.[23]

On December 13, 2017, the general manager of ELEAGUE, the hosts of the ELEAGUE Major: Boston 2018, announced a revised format designed by Valve and ELEAGUE that would expand the number of teams in the Major from sixteen to twenty-four.[24] This was also the first Major to take place in multiple cities, as the group stages took place in Atlanta at the Turner Studios.[25] Cloud9, an American team, won the event to become the first North American team to win a Major.[26]

After Boston 2018, the Danish team Astralis became the top team in CS:GO and one of the best teams in Counter-Strike history.[27] With wins at London 2018, Katowice 2019, and Berlin 2019, Astralis become the first team to win three Majors in a row and four majors total.[28] After Berlin 2019, Valve and ESL announced the following Major, ESL One Rio 2020, which was to be the first Major to be hosted in South America.[29] Rio 2020, originally scheduled for May, was then postponed to November due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The November Major was announced with a US$2,000,000 prize pool, combining the amounts that would have been set aside for both Majors.[30] In September 2020, the Rio Major was officially canceled due to COVID-19.[31] In December 2020, Valve moved the 2021 Major from May to October and November, citing concerns over the pandemic.[32] On January 14, 2021, Valve announced that the championship would be held between October 23 and November 7 in Stockholm.[33] Over two years after the last Major, PGL Major Stockholm 2021 took place, with favourites Natus Vincere dominating the tournament and becoming the first team in CS:GO history to win a Major without dropping a single map throughout the tournament. PGL Major Stockholm 2021 surpassed the long-standing Counter-Strike viewership record 4 times; reaching 2.75 million concurrent viewers in the final.[34][better source needed]

FaZe Clan won the PGL Major Antwerp 2022, defeating Natus Vincere 2-0, and becoming the first international team in CS:GO history to win a Major.[35]

The previously cancelled ESL One Rio 2020 Major was replaced with IEM Rio Major 2022 and was held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil on October 31 - November 13, 2022. Outsiders, a neutral name for esports organization Virtus.pro due to ties with the Russian government in light of the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine, won the tournament defeating Heroic in the grand final 2-0.[36][37]

BLAST Paris Major 2023 was held in Paris on May 8 - May 21, 2023 with a prize pool of $1,250,000 USD.[38] Shortly after the announcement of Counter-Strike 2, the official CS:GO twitter account announced that the BLAST Paris Major would be the last CS:GO Major with the next major happening in March 2024 in CS2.[39] Team Vitality, a French organization with native star player Mathieu 'ZywOo' Herbaut, defeated dark horse GamerLegion by 2-0 to clinch the final CS:GO Major title.

The first Counter-Strike 2 Major was announced to be the PGL CS2 Major Copenhagen 2024 which was held from March 17-31 in the Royal Arena.[40] On November 12, 2023, Perfect World, who are responsible for distributing Counter-Strike 2 in China, announced the second major following the release of Counter-Strike 2, taking place in Shanghai between December 1-15, 2024.[41]



Starting after Dreamhack 2013, the top eight teams from each Major (those who made it to the playoff stage) earned automatic berths to the next Major.[42] These teams are called "Legends". The other eight teams, called "Challengers", were decided by regional qualifiers, mainly from Europe and North America.[42] A small number of teams have been directly invited or earned attendance from a last chance qualifier to fill final open spots when necessary.[43] Beginning with the DreamHack Open Cluj-Napoca 2015 qualification cycle, Valve created a single 16-team main qualifier before the Major. The bottom eight teams from the previous Major earn automatic berths to the newly formed Major qualifier, and the regional qualifiers now send teams to the main qualifier, instead of directly to the Major.

For MLG Columbus 2016 the regional qualifiers, leading into the Major qualifier, were replaced by "Minors".[44] The Columbus Minor system involved four regional qualifiers and two "last chance" qualifiers, and results in invites going to one team from the Americas, two Asian teams, one CIS team, one European team, and three last chance qualifier spots. The system was simplified in the following Major, ESL One Cologne 2016, with the removal of the last chance qualifiers.[45] Four Minors—Asia, CIS, Europe, Americas—were used. Two teams from each qualifier would go to the Major qualifier, joining the bottom eight teams from the previous Major.[45] The top eight teams from the 16-team Major qualifier advance to the Major.

At ELEAGUE Major: Boston 2018, the Major qualifier was integrated into the full Major as the first of three phases, expanding the number of teams in each Major to 24.[46] The Major qualifier was renamed the "Challengers Stage", the former group stage was renamed the "Legends Stage", and the playoff stage was named the "Champions Stage".[46] This increased the number of teams getting automatic invites to Majors to 16, while retaining the Minor system to fill the remaining eight spots in phase one of the Major. The Legends—still made up of the teams who reach the playoff stage—earn an automatic invitation to the Legends Stage of the following Major, while the teams placing 9-16 earn automatic invitations to the Challengers Stage of the following Major.[47] On August 28, 2018, shortly before the start of the FACEIT Major: London 2018, Valve announced that they were reducing the number of automatic Major invites to fourteen, starting with the London 2018 Major: the two teams that go winless in the first phase must go through the Minors to get back to the next Major.[48]

From the PGL Major Stockholm 2021 onwards, no automatic berths have been given to any team regardless of their record in the previous Major. Instead, a Regional Major Ranking (RMR) system has been used, which at first was a yearly points circuit where each region would have three qualifying tournaments where teams can receive points towards qualifying for the Major, which included Contenders, Challengers and Legends distinctions (As well as the Legends bye) for the top teams within each region.[49] Despite initially being used for the ESL One Rio Major 2020, the event's cancellation would mean that PGL Major Stockholm 2021 was the first Major that utilized the RMR system.[50] The very next Major, PGL Major Antwerp 2022, would scrap the points circuit in favor of qualifying tournaments that bear the RMR name, initially (and still) 2 for Europe (which included the CIS region), 1 for the Americas and 1 for Asia-Pacific. Teams qualify for their regional RMRs via being the top teams in their region in the Valve rankings (before the Perfect World Shanghai Major 2024, the teams who placed in the Legends Stage of the previous Major would qualify automatically for the RMRs) or via online qualifying made up of Open Qualifiers (if needed) and Closed Qualifiers, where the next-best ranked teams compete for the remaining RMR spots. In addition, regions can gain or lose Challengers and Legends spots in the Major based on the region's results from the previous Major, with 3 Challengers spots reserved for Europe and the Americas and 2 for Asia-Pacific. For example, after PGL Major Copenhagen 2024, the Americas region would go from 1 Legends spot and 4 Challengers spot, to 7 Challengers spots for Perfect World Shanghai, after 4 teams from the Americas qualified for the Elimination Stage, with none making the Playoff stage.[51]

Unlike traditional sports or other esports leagues, Valve considers the players in each team to have the Major spots, rather than the organization itself.[47] For instance, at the ELEAGUE Major 2017, Team EnVyUs placed ninth, meaning it would have an automatic berth at the next Major qualifier. However, before the next Major, three of EnVyUs's players transferred to G2 Esports, meaning Team EnVyUs lost its spot at the Major qualifier.[52]

Tournament format[edit]

Although the playoff stage of the Majors has generally followed a standard 8-team single-elimination format, the group stages have changed multiple times. From 2013 to 2016, Majors used a four group GSL format for the group stage.[53] In each four-team group, the two higher seeds would initially face the two lower seeds. The two winners from the first round of matches would then play to determine which team gets the top seed. The two losers would also play to eliminate one team. After this second round of matches, the remaining two teams play to determine which team takes the final playoff spot.[54] All group stage games at the first Majors were best-of-ones. The last Major of 2015 and both Majors in 2016 featured a best-of-three decider in the final match of each group.

The group stage of ESL One Cologne 2015 worked differently. Initially, the first three matches of the group stage started out the same way as the standard GSL format, determining the group winner. However, teams were then reassigned afterwards so that the two losers played from different groups and then the decider match would also be teams from different groups.[55]

Beginning in 2017, the group stage has featured a Swiss-system group stage.[56] Before the tournament, teams are divided into four pots, with pot one having the four highest seeds, pot two having the next four highest seeds, and so on. A randomly selected team from pot one would face off against a randomly selected team from pot four. The same process is done with the pots two and three. After the initial seeded match, teams play five rounds against randomly drawn teams with the same record.[56] No two teams play twice unless necessary. If a team wins three matches, then that team moves on to the next stage. If a team loses three matches, that team is eliminated. All games were best-of-one until the London 2018 Major. The Boston 2018 Major featured two Swiss group stages; the stage formerly known as the offline Major qualifier was now called the New Challengers stage and the group stage was now rebranded as the New Legends stage. The London 2018 Major used a slightly different form of the Swiss system, called the Buchholz system, in which matchups were seeded instead of random and the last round featured best-of-three sets.[57] The next Major, Katowice 2019, featured a crowdsourced Elo system, in which participating teams ranked the 15 other teams before the Legends Stage to create a seeding system for each round of the Swiss system.[58] The Copenhagen 2024 Major will have the names of the two Swiss stages changed, with the Challengers Stage becoming the Opening Stage and the Legends Stage becoming the Elimination Stage, while the first round match-up seeding for the Swiss stages will be tweaked.[59]

The Playoffs, known as the New Champions stage and Champions stage beforehand, have featured eight teams at all Majors. All matches are best-of-three, single-elimination series. When the GSL format was used for group stages, group winners earned top seeds and group runner-ups earned bottom seeds. Each top seed played a bottom seed in quarterfinals. With current Swiss format seeding, the two teams that finish undefeated in the group stage earn the highest seeds. Two of the three lowest seeds from the group stage (teams that advance with two losses) are randomly selected to play against the high seeds. Two of the three middle seeds (teams that advance with one loss) are randomly selected to play each other, and the remaining two teams face each other to finalize the bracket.

Banned players[edit]

Valve has banned players from attending the Majors for violations of competitive integrity. A Valve Anti-Cheat (VAC) ban is the most common way players get banned. VAC is an anti-cheat program designed by Valve to detect cheats running in various games, including Counter-Strike. If cheats are detected, the account is given a permanent lifetime ban from playing on VAC-secured servers. Other server providers, such as FACEIT and ESEA, have their own anti-cheat systems and work with Valve to detect new cheats.[60] One of the most high-profile VAC bans was given to Hovik "KQLY" Tovmassian. KQLY, along with several other professional players, was banned while playing for France's best team, Titan.[61]

Valve has also banned players from Valve-sponsored events for match fixing. The first Valve ban for match fixing was a response to the iBUYPOWER match fixing scandal, in which esports journalist Richard Lewis revealed that one of North America's best teams, iBUYPOWER, had thrown a match for high-value skins.[62][63][64] Valve indefinitely banned seven players who were involved in the scandal from attending any Majors. Tyler "Skadoodle" Latham was the only iBUYPOWER player not to be banned, as he did not receive any payment after the game.[65] Valve would later make the bans permanent, causing some controversy in the Counter-Strike community.[citation needed] Although tournament organizers ESL and DreamHack lifted their own bans on the former iBUYPOWER players in 2017,[66] the Major ban effectively ended the high level careers of two of North America's best in-game leaders (Sam "DaZeD" Marine and Joshua "steel" Nissan) and Braxton "swag" Pierce.[67][68] Skadoodle would go on to win a Major with Cloud9. Following the iBUYPOWER ban, there have been two other match fixing bans, resulting in nine other players being barred from the Majors.[69][70]

List of Major Championships[edit]

Tournament Date Organizer Host city Winners Finals Result Runners-up Ref.
In Global Offensive
Dreamhack Winter 2013 November 28–30, 2013 DreamHack Jönköping Fnatic
Ninjas in Pyjamas [71]
EMS One Katowice 2014 March 13–16, 2014 ESL Katowice Virtus.pro
Ninjas in Pyjamas [71]
ESL One Cologne 2014 August 14–17, 2014 ESL Cologne Ninjas in Pyjamas
Fnatic [71]
DreamHack Winter 2014 November 27–December 29, 2014 DreamHack Jönköping Team LDLC.com
Ninjas in Pyjamas [71]
ESL One Katowice 2015 March 12–15, 2015 ESL Katowice Fnatic
Ninjas in Pyjamas [71]
ESL One Cologne 2015 August 20–23, 2015 ESL Cologne Fnatic
Team EnVyUs [71]
DreamHack Open Cluj-Napoca 2015 October 28–November 1, 2015 DreamHack Cluj-Napoca Team EnVyUs
Natus Vincere [71]
MLG Columbus 2016 March 29–April 3, 2016 Major League Gaming Columbus Luminosity Gaming
Natus Vincere [71]
ESL One Cologne 2016 July 5–10, 2016 ESL Cologne SK Gaming
Team Liquid [71]
ELEAGUE Major 2017 January 22–29, 2017 ELEAGUE Atlanta Astralis
Virtus.pro [72]
PGL Major: Kraków 2017 July 16–23, 2017 PGL Kraków Gambit Esports
Immortals [71]
ELEAGUE Major: Boston 2018 January 12–28, 2018 ELEAGUE Atlanta/Boston[a] Cloud9
FaZe Clan [73]
FACEIT Major: London 2018 September 5–23, 2018 FACEIT London Astralis
Natus Vincere [71]
IEM Katowice Major 2019 February 13–March 3, 2019 ESL Katowice Astralis
ENCE [74]
StarLadder Major: Berlin 2019 August 23–September 8, 2019 StarLadder, ImbaTV Berlin Astralis
PGL Major Stockholm 2021 October 26–November 7, 2021 PGL Stockholm Natus Vincere
G2 Esports [76]
PGL Major Antwerp 2022 May 9–22, 2022 PGL Antwerp FaZe Clan
Natus Vincere [71]
IEM Rio Major 2022 October 31–November 13, 2022[b] ESL Rio de Janeiro Outsiders[c]
Heroic [71]
BLAST Paris Major 2023 May 8–May 21, 2023 BLAST Paris Team Vitality
GamerLegion [78]
In Counter-Strike 2
PGL Major Copenhagen 2024 March 17–31, 2024 PGL Copenhagen Natus Vincere
FaZe Clan [79]
Perfect World Shanghai Major 2024 December 1–15, 2024 Perfect World Shanghai
BLAST Austin Major 2025 June 9–22, 2025 BLAST Austin

Titles by organization[edit]

Team 1st place, gold medalist(s) 2nd place, silver medalist(s) Majors won
Astralis 4 0 Atlanta 2017, London 2018, Katowice 2019, Berlin 2019
Fnatic 3 1 Jönköping 2013, Katowice 2015, Cologne 2015
Natus Vincere 2 4 Stockholm 2021, Copenhagen 2024
Virtus.pro 2 1 Katowice 2014, Rio 2022[c]
Ninjas in Pyjamas 1 4 Cologne 2014
FaZe Clan 1 2 Antwerp 2022
Team Envy 1 1 Cluj-Napoca 2015
Team LDLC 1 0 Jönköping 2014
Luminosity Gaming 1 0 Columbus 2016
SK Gaming 1 0 Cologne 2016
Gambit Esports 1 0 Kraków 2017
Cloud9 1 0 Boston 2018
Team Vitality 1 0 Paris 2023
Team Liquid 0 1
Immortals 0 1
ENCE 0 1
G2 Esports 0 1
Heroic 0 1
GamerLegion 0 1



Stickers are virtual items in the game which players can buy or get from sticker capsules. The stickers can then be applied to in-game gun skins. Valve has released a sticker design for each team attending a Major since Katowice 2014,[81] and a sticker for each professional player's signature since Cologne 2015.[82] These two types of stickers come in four qualities: paper, glitter, holo, foil, and gold.[83] With each sticker purchase, half of the proceeds go to the player or team and half go to Valve.[83]

These sticker capsules are unique for each tournament and can only be purchased at the time of the tournament. Because of this forced rarity, stickers from early majors tend to become more expensive over time.[citation needed] After initially costing less than US$10, a "Titan" holo sticker from Katowice 2014 sold on secondary markets for US$80,000 in 2023,[84] making it the most expensive public sticker trade in the game's history.

Souvenir packages[edit]

Souvenir packages are virtual packages containing a gun skin that are exclusive to CS:GO Majors.[85] These "souvenir skins" can rank among the most expensive skins in the game because of their rarity. After Cloud9 became the first ever North American CS:GO Major champion at Boston 2018, a souvenir skin with the signature of the finals MVP, Tyler "Skadoodle" Latham, sold for US$61,000.[86]

In-game tributes[edit]

After certain significant or iconic moments in Global Offensive Majors, Valve has added in-game memorials to the location of the event, usually in the form of graffiti or signs.[87][88] Thus far, there have been six moments in Majors that have been memorialized by Valve, though one graffiti was removed when Dust II was updated.


  1. ^ The group stage was held in Atlanta from January 12 to January 22, 2018, and the playoff stage took place at the Agganis Arena in Boston from January 26 to January 28, 2018.
  2. ^ Rio de Janeiro was initially supposed to host CS:GO's sixteenth major in 2020. It was supposed to be held between May 11–24, 2020, before being delayed to November 9–22, 2020, due to the COVID-19 pandemic. In September 2020, ESL cancelled ESL One Rio. In May 2022, ESL announced that it would host the eighteenth major in Rio de Janeiro.[77]
  3. ^ a b Due to sanctions against Russia in response to the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine, Virtus.pro competed under a neutral name.


  1. ^ a b c Mitchell, Ferguson (2018-09-19). "Esports Essentials: The Impact of the Counter-Strike Majors". The Esports Observer. Archived from the original on 27 November 2022. Retrieved 27 December 2019.
  2. ^ Heflin, Judy. "Counter-Strike legend Emil "HeatoN" Christensen to receive first Esports Hall of Fame spot at ESL One Cologne | ESLGaming". www.eslgaming.com. ESL. Archived from the original on 12 May 2021. Retrieved 11 February 2021.
  3. ^ Shields, Duncan. "In search of the greatest team of all time". www.sk-gaming.com. SK Gaming. Archived from the original on 2 April 2018. Retrieved 11 February 2021.
  4. ^ Shields, Duncan. "WCG: ESC w/ historic golden win, SK silver". www.sk-gaming.com. SK Gaming. Archived from the original on 22 January 2021. Retrieved 11 February 2021.
  5. ^ Shields, Duncan (19 May 2020). "Thorin's Take: There's No Quit in NEO and TaZ". Dexerto. Retrieved 11 February 2021.
  6. ^ Shields, Duncan. "Classic teams: 3D 2002-2003 (with steel)". www.sk-gaming.com. Archived from the original on 21 November 2020. Retrieved 11 February 2021.
  7. ^ "World gaming triumph for UK team". BBC. 11 October 2004. Retrieved 11 February 2021.
  8. ^ "CPL Winter 2004 / Counter-Strike". www.sk-gaming.com. SK Gaming. Archived from the original on 12 May 2021. Retrieved 11 February 2021.
  9. ^ "ESWC 2006 Grand Final / Counter-Strike". www.sk-gaming.com. SK Gaming. Archived from the original on 10 May 2021. Retrieved 11 February 2021.
  10. ^ "WeMade FOX win WEM 2010". HLTV.org. HLTV. Retrieved 11 February 2021.
  11. ^ Mira, Luis (September 16, 2013). "DH Winter with $250k tournament". HLTV.org. Retrieved August 24, 2018.
  12. ^ "2013 DreamHack SteelSeries CS:GO Championship". Counter-Strike: Global Offensive blog. September 16, 2013. Retrieved August 24, 2018.
  13. ^ Shields, Duncan (December 4, 2013). "10 Post-Dreamhack Winter 2013 CS:GO Storylines". GameSpot. Retrieved January 4, 2019.
  14. ^ "DreamHack Winter 2013 overview". HLTV.org. Retrieved August 24, 2018.
  15. ^ a b Chiu, Stephen. "Retrospective of the Majors: Lineups with 2 Major Wins and Players with 3". VPEsports. Retrieved 14 February 2021.
  16. ^ Kovanen, Tomi. "Why CS:GO needs major events". HLTV.org. Retrieved 14 February 2021.
  17. ^ Shields, Duncan. "Majors Matter More". ELEAGUE. Archived from the original on 18 May 2022. Retrieved 22 February 2021.
  18. ^ Higgins, Chris (August 24, 2015). "ESL One Cologne: Krimz is our top player of 2015". Red Bull. Retrieved January 4, 2019.
  19. ^ "Counter-Strike: Global Offensive". blog.counter-strike.net. Retrieved 14 February 2021.
  20. ^ Lahti, Evan (February 23, 2016). "Valve puts in $1 million for all future major CS:GO tournaments". PC Gamer. Retrieved August 24, 2018.
  21. ^ Good, Owen S. (February 24, 2016). "Valve boosts Counter-Strike major tournament prize pool to $1 million". Polygon. Retrieved August 24, 2018.
  22. ^ Švejda, Milan (April 3, 2016). "Luminosity win MLG Columbus 2016". HLTV.org. Retrieved January 4, 2019.
  23. ^ Chis, Bernhard (July 23, 2017). "Gambit win PGL Major Krakow after dismantling Immortals". Fragbite. Retrieved January 4, 2019.
  24. ^ Mira, Luis (December 13, 2017). "VALVE REVAMPS MAJOR STAGE NAMES TO INCLUDE QUALIFIER; ALL 24 TEAMS TO HAVE STICKERS". HLTV.org. Retrieved January 4, 2019.
  25. ^ Wolf, Jacob (5 October 2017). "ELeague to host first two-city CS:GO Major in Atlanta and Boston". ESPN.com. Retrieved 14 February 2021.
  26. ^ Cocke, Taylor (January 30, 2018). "CLOUD9 BECOMES FIRST NORTH AMERICAN TEAM TO WIN A CS:GO MAJOR". IGN. Retrieved January 4, 2019.
  27. ^ Chiu, Stephen. "Why Astralis are the Greatest of All Time". VPEsports. Retrieved 14 February 2021.
  28. ^ Geddes, George (8 September 2019). "Astralis crush AVANGAR to win CS:GO StarLadder Berlin Major". Dot Esports. Retrieved 14 February 2021.
  29. ^ Esguerra, Tyler (11 December 2019). "Brazil gets its first CS:GO Major with ESL One Rio 2020". Dot Esports. Retrieved 14 February 2021.
  30. ^ "ESL One Rio Major Moved to November". The Esports Observer. 2020-03-23. Retrieved 2020-03-23.
  31. ^ Macgregor, Jody (2020-09-10). "CS:GO Rio Major canceled, Valve discusses cheating scandal". PC Gamer. Retrieved 2020-11-01.
  32. ^ Mira, Luís (December 5, 2020). "Valve scraps plans for 2021 Spring Major". HLTV. Retrieved September 12, 2021.
  33. ^ Švejda, Milan (January 14, 2021). "PGL to host next Major in Stockholm*". HLTV. Archived from the original on January 15, 2021. Retrieved September 12, 2021.
  34. ^ "PGL Major Stockholm 2021 statistics". Esports Charts. Nov 7, 2021. Retrieved Nov 8, 2021.
  35. ^ "FaZe defeat NAVI 2-0 to win PGL Major Antwerp". HLTV.org. Retrieved 2023-03-08.
  36. ^ "Outsiders defeat Heroic 2-0 to win IEM Rio Major". HLTV.org. Retrieved 2023-03-08.
  37. ^ "Exclusive: New Virtus.pro CEO talks ESforce deal and tournament bans". Dexerto. Retrieved 2023-03-08.
  38. ^ "BLAST confirms Paris Major *". HLTV.org. Retrieved 2023-03-09.
  39. ^ Chalk, Andy (March 24, 2023). "CS:GO's next Paris Major will be its last". PC Gamer. Retrieved March 28, 2023.
  40. ^ "PGL to organize first Counter-Strike 2 Major in Copenhagen". HLTV.org. Retrieved 2023-03-31.
  41. ^ "Perfect World announce Shanghai Major". HLTV. November 12, 2023. Retrieved November 12, 2023.
  42. ^ a b "Counter-Strike: Global Offensive". blog.counter-strike.net. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  43. ^ Milovanovic, Petar. "DH Winter with myXMG and Bravado". HLTV.org. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  44. ^ "Valve announce CS:GO Regional Minor Championships". www.thescoreesports.com. Archived from the original on May 12, 2021. Retrieved 13 February 2021.
  45. ^ a b "Counter-Strike: Global Offensive". blog.counter-strike.net.
  46. ^ a b "Valve revamps Major stage names to include qualifier; all 24 teams to have stickers". HLTV.org.
  47. ^ a b @dekay (March 18, 2019). "Got a response from Valve. Zellsis has the slot and Golden doesn't, as many people had assumed. People I spoke to behind the scenes were VERY confident Golden was eligible. My intent was to relay that sentiment. I should not have said "clarified" in the original tweet" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  48. ^ "Winning is Everything". CSGO Blog. August 28, 2018. Retrieved August 28, 2018.
  49. ^ Mira, Luís (April 2, 2020). "Valve scraps invites for ESL One Rio Major; teams to be determined via regional rankings". HLTV. Archived from the original on October 17, 2021. Retrieved October 18, 2021.
  50. ^ Wolf, Jacob (2020-09-10). "ESL One: Rio Major canceled due to coronavirus concerns". ESPN. Retrieved 2020-09-13.
  51. ^ CarbonDogma. "Valve's Major rulebook takeaways and what they mean for PGL Antwerp". HLTV.org. No. 7 February 2022. Retrieved 3 February 2024.
  52. ^ Mallow, Max (21 March 2017). "PGL Makes Ruling on Team EnVyUs' Major Offline Qualifier Spot". dbltap.com. Retrieved 12 February 2021.
  53. ^ Švejda, Milan. "Searching for the perfect format". HLTV.org. Retrieved 11 February 2021.
  54. ^ Kovanen, Tomi. "Improving tournament formats". HLTV.org. Retrieved 11 February 2021.
  55. ^ Chardakov, Evgeni. "ESL One Cologne 2015: Groups and schedule". www.sk-gaming.com. Archived from the original on 21 May 2022. Retrieved 11 February 2021.
  56. ^ a b Chardakov, Evgeni. "SK Gaming | Content: ELEAGUE Major Atlanta 2017: Viewer's Guide". www.sk-gaming.com. Archived from the original on 11 November 2020. Retrieved 13 February 2021.
  57. ^ Mira, Luis (August 1, 2018). "FACEIT Major to feature Buchholz system, BO3 fifth Swiss round". HLTV.org. Retrieved August 24, 2018.
  58. ^ Heath, Jerome (19 February 2019). "First round matchups and initial seeding for IEM Katowice major confirmed". Dot Esports. Retrieved 14 February 2021.
  59. ^ MIRAA; Striker (3 November 2023). "Valve overhauls Major seeding process, changes stage names". HTLV.org. Retrieved 3 February 2024.
  60. ^ "Valve Anti-Cheat System (VAC)". Steam. Retrieved October 22, 2018.
  61. ^ Mira, Luis (November 21, 2014). "KQLY: "BAN WAS JUSTIFIED"". HLTV.org. Retrieved September 11, 2018.
  62. ^ "Integrity and Fair Play". CS:GO Blog. January 26, 2015. Retrieved September 11, 2018.
  63. ^ Chalk, Andy (26 January 2015). "Valve bans seven CS:GO pro players from tournament play for match fixing". PC Gamer. Retrieved 4 July 2017.
  64. ^ Lewis, Richard (16 January 2015). "New evidence points to match-fixing at highest level of American Counter-Strike". Dot Esports. Retrieved 13 February 2021.
  65. ^ Wolf, Jacob (9 June 2020). "CS:GO Weekly -- VALORANT gives brax, AZK another shot". ESPN.com. Retrieved 13 February 2021.
  66. ^ Chalk, Andy (January 26, 2015). "Valve bans seven CS:GO pro players from tournament play for match fixing". PC Gamer. Retrieved January 4, 2019.
  67. ^ Wolf, Jacob (2 September 2020). "CS:GO Weekly: steel leaves Counter-Strike for VALORANT". ESPN.com. Retrieved 13 February 2021.
  68. ^ Villanueva, Jamie (2 November 2017). "DaZeD quits competitive CS:GO three months after being unbanned". Dot Esports. Retrieved 13 February 2021.
  69. ^ Chalk, Andy (6 February 2015). "Valve suspends 19 more CS:GO players for match fixing". PC Gamer. Retrieved 14 February 2021.
  70. ^ Wynne, Jared (4 February 2015). "Epsilon players facing Valve bans". Dot Esports. Retrieved 14 February 2021.
  71. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Scott Robertson (22 May 2023). "All CS:GO Major winners". Dot Esports. Retrieved 7 February 2024.
  72. ^ Brandon Martin (29 January 2017). "Astralis wins ELeague Major in Electrifying Style". ESPN. Retrieved 7 February 2024.
  73. ^ Taylor Cocke (30 January 2018). "Cloud9 Becomes First North American Team to Win a CS:GO Major". IGN. Retrieved 7 February 2024.
  74. ^ Tyler Erzberger (3 March 2019). "Astralis build on Counter-Strike legacy with IEM Katowice title". ESPN. Retrieved 7 February 2024.
  75. ^ "Astralis complete major three-peat at Berlin Major". ESPN. Reuters. 8 September 2019. Retrieved 7 February 2024.
  76. ^ Scott Robertson (7 November 2021). "Na'Vi win the PGL Major". Upcomer. Retrieved 7 February 2024.
  77. ^ Citations regarding the ESL One Rio/IEM Rio:
  78. ^ Mike Stubbs (21 May 2023). "Vitality Win The BLAST Paris Major To Become Last Ever CS:GO World Champions". Forbes. Retrieved 7 February 2024.
  79. ^ "PGL CS2 Major Copenhagen 2024 – The first ever Counter-Strike 2 Major will take place next year in Denmark". PGL. March 28, 2023. Archived from the original on March 28, 2023. Retrieved March 28, 2023.
  80. ^ Dafydd Gwynn (13 November 2023). "Perfect World to host CS2 Major in Shanghai". Esports Insider. Retrieved 7 February 2024.
  81. ^ "Legends and Challengers". Counter Strike Blog. Valve. March 6, 2014. Retrieved January 18, 2023.
  82. ^ "Cologne stickers in new update". HLTV.org. Retrieved 11 February 2021.
  83. ^ a b Villanueva, Jamie (7 February 2019). "Stickers for the CS:GO IEM Katowice Major are now available, along with a new viewer pass". Dot Esports. Retrieved 10 February 2021.
  84. ^ Paterson, Calum (September 8, 2023). "Most expensive CSGO stickers: Top 20 rarest and iconic stickers". PC Gamer. Retrieved November 26, 2023.
  85. ^ "Out with the old, in with the new". Counter Strike Blog. Valve. November 27, 2013. Retrieved January 18, 2023.
  86. ^ Chalk, Andy (January 31, 2018). "CS:GO 'Dragon Lore' AWP skin sells for more than $61,000". PC Gamer. Retrieved October 27, 2018.
  87. ^ Stenhouse, Henry (19 July 2016). "The legendary CS:GO plays that got immortalised in the form of map graffiti". PC Gamer. Retrieved 11 February 2021.
  88. ^ Geddes, George (5 October 2019). "S1mple's iconic graffiti has been re-added in the new Cache". Dot Esports. Retrieved 11 February 2021.