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Counterurbanization is a demographic and social process whereby people move from urban areas to rural areas. It first took place as a reaction to inner-city deprivation and overcrowding. Initial studies of counterurbanization were carried out by human geographer Brian Berry.[1] More recent research has documented the social and political drivers of counterurbanization and its impacts in developing countries such as China, which are currently undergoing processes of mass urbanization.[2] It is one of the causes that can lead to shrinking cities.

Despite the term's inconsistent use in scientific literature, counterurbanization is predominantly used to describe a process of quantitative deurbanization that qualitatively increases urbanism in physically rural areas.

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  1. ^
  2. ^ Griffiths, Michael. B., Flemming Christiansen and Malcolm Chapman. (2010) 'Chinese Consumers: The Romantic Reappraisal’. Ethnography, Sept 2010, 11, 331-357.

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