Countess Adelaide of Lippe-Biesterfeld
|Countess Adelaide of Lippe-Biesterfeld|
|Princess of Saxe-Meiningen|
|Spouse||Prince Friedrich Johann of Saxe-Meiningen|
|Issue||Feodora, Grand Duchess of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
Adelaide, Princess Adalbert of Prussia
Georg, Prince of Saxe-Meiningen
Prince Ernst Leopold
Princess Luise Marie
Bernhard, Prince of Saxe-Meiningen
|House||House of Lippe
House of Saxe-Meiningen
|Father||Ernest II, Count of Lippe-Biesterfeld|
|Mother||Countess Karoline of Wartensleben|
Family and early life
Adelaide was born on 22 June 1870 to Ernest II, Count of Lippe-Biesterfeld and his wife Countess Karoline of Wartensleben.
After the death of Woldemar, Prince of Lippe in 1895, her parents were involved in a regency and succession dispute to the principality of Lippe. Though Woldemar's younger brother Alexander succeeded, he was incapable of ruling due to a mental illness. Consequently, two branches of the House of Lippe argued over rights to a regency. Prince Adolf of Schaumburg-Lippe, a brother-in-law of Wilhelm II, German Emperor was chosen, but another settlement allowed Ernest to become the regent of Lippe-Detmold on 17 July 1897.
Marriage and issue
At Neudorf[disambiguation needed], Adelaide married Prince Friedrich Johann of Saxe-Meiningen, a younger son of Georg II, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen on 24 April 1889. They had the following children together:
|Feodora Karola Charlotte Marie Adelaide Auguste Mathilde||29 May 1890||12 March 1972||married on 21 January 1910 to Wilhelm Ernst, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach.|
|Adelaide Erna Karoline Marie Elisabeth||16 August 1891||25 April 1971||married on 3 August 1914 to Prince Adalbert of Prussia.|
|Georg, Prince of Saxe-Meiningen||11 October 1892||6 January 1946||Died as a POW in Russian camp of Cherepovets, Soviet Union; married Countess Klara-Maria of Korff genannt Schmising-Kerssenbrock; had issue including Princess Regina of Saxe-Meiningen, wife of Crown Prince Otto of Austria.|
|Ernst Leopold Friedrich Wilhelm Otto||23 September 1895||17 August 1914||Killed in action, near Maubeuge, France|
|Luise Marie Elisabeth Mathilde Helene Katharine||13 March 1899||14 February 1985||married on 25 October 1936 to Götz, Freiherr von Wangenheim|
|Bernhard, Prince of Saxe-Meiningen||30 June 1901||4 October 1984||married firstly Margot Grössler (morganatic) and secondly Baroness Vera Schäffer of Bernstein (equal marriage)|
Role in Lippe succession dispute
As Adelaide's great-grandmother was a member of the petite noblesse, her family's claim to full royalty was challenged. This claim threatened the succession to Saxe-Meiningen, as Adelaide was married to the Duke of Saxe-Meiningen's heir apparent; were her father deemed a lesser royal status, it might be thought that her own claim was not equal enough for her husband's family.
Titles, styles, honours and arms
Titles and styles
- 22 June 1870 – 24 April 1889: Her Highness Countess Adelaide of Lippe-Biesterfeld
- 24 April 1889 – 3 September 1948: Her Highness Princess Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen
|Ancestors of Countess Adelaide of Lippe-Biesterfeld|
- Lundy, Darryl. "The Peerage: Adelheid Karoline Prinzessin zur Lippe-Biesterfeld". Retrieved 13 November 2010.
- Paxton, John (1900). The Statesman's year-book, Volume 37. London: Macmillan and Co. p. 685.
- "No Title", The New York Times (Berlin), 8 October 1904
- "The Kaiser and the Lippes", The New York Times (Berlin), 26 July 1898