Countess Palatine Barbara of Zweibrücken-Neuburg
|Countess Palatine Barbara|
|Countess of Oettingen-Oettingen|
Countess Palatine Barbara of Zweibrücken-Neuburg, oil painting, 1575
|Spouse(s)||Gottfried of Oettingen-Oettingen|
Jakobina of Oettingen-Oettingen
|Noble family||House of Wittelsbach (by birth)
House of Oettingen-Oettingen
|Father||Wolfgang, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken|
|Mother||Anna of Hesse|
27 July 1559|
|Died||5 March 1618
|Buried||Castle Church of St. Michael in Harburg|
On 7 November 1591, she married Count Gottfried of Oettingen-Oettingen (1554–1622) in Oettingen. She was his second wife. She brought a dowry of 14,000guilder into the marriage. In 1594, Barbara gave birth to a daughter named Jakobina, but she died later that year.
Countess Barbara of Oettingen studied alchemy intensively and is considered one of the most important women who worked in this field. She employed several alchemists and corresponded extensively on this subject with her nephew, Augustus, Count Palatine of Sulzbach. Barbara also performed numerous experiments for Emperor Rudolf II in his residence in Prague, until she was expelled from the court.
Barbara died in 1618 was buried beside her husband in the Castle Church of St. Michael in Harburg. Their tomb is decorated with a larger than life-size figure of the Countess at the side of her husband and his first wife.
- Felix Joseph Lipowsky: Geschichte der Landstände, I.J. Lentner, 1827, p. 85
- Rudolf Werner Soukup: Chemie in Österreich, Böhlau, 2007, p. 296
- Franz Joseph Mone: Anzeiger für Kunde der deutschen Vorzeit, Artistisch-literarische Anstalt des Germanischen Museums, 1863, S. 357
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