Countess of Huntingdon's Connexion
The Countess of Huntingdon's Connexion is a small society of evangelical churches, founded in 1783 by Selina, Countess of Huntingdon as a result of the Evangelical Revival. For years it was strongly associated with the Calvinist Methodist movement of George Whitefield.
John Marrant (1755–1791), an African American who became an ordained minister with the Connexion, was born in New York City and lived in the American South. There he had been a noted evangelist as a young man amongst the Cherokee Native Americans in South Carolina. After the American Revolution, Marrant was assigned in 1785 to the Black Loyalists of Nova Scotia; they were African-American former slaves who had been freed by the British after the Revolution and evacuated to safety. Many of these ethnic African Americans chose to leave Nova Scotia and resettle at the end of the 18th-century in Britain's new colony of Sierra Leone in West Africa. It was established as a place for blacks from London, Nova Scotia and Jamaica.
Today the Connexion church has 21 congregations in England and some in Sierra Leone. Of the UK churches six normally have full-time pastors: Eastbourne, Ely, Goring, St. Ives, Turners Hill and Ebley. Total attendance at all churches is approximately 1,000 adults and children.
The connexion has churches present in:
- Bells Yew Green, Tunbridge Wells, Kent
- Bolney, Haywards Heath, West Sussex
- Broad Oak, Canterbury, Kent
- Copthorne, West Sussex: Copthorne Chapel
- Cradley, Herefordshire, near Malvern, founded 1823
- Eastbourne, East Sussex: South Street Free Church
- Ebley, Stroud, Gloucestershire
- Ely Cambridgeshire: Countess Free Church, Ely
- Ely, Cambridgeshire: New Connexions Free Church, Ely
- Goring-on-Thames, Reading, Berkshire
- Hailsham, East Sussex
- Middleton, Greater Manchester
- Mortimer West End, Padworth Common, Reading. Berkshire
- Rosedale, Cheshunt, Hertfordshire
- Leysdown, Isle of Sheppey, Kent
- Shoreham-by-Sea, West Sussex: Shoreham Free Church
- St Ives, Cornwall
- Turners Hill, West Sussex: Turners Hill Free Church
- Wivelsfield, East Sussex
- Woodmancote, Gloucestershire: Woodmancote Evangelical Free Church
- Wormey, between Hoddesdon and Cheshunt, Hertfordshire: Wormley Free Church
No longer active
Connexion churches were formerly active in:
- Bodmin, Cornwall, in January 1880 the congregation bought the ″very desirable″ property known as Springfield for a minister's residence.
- Brighton, East Sussex, the first of the churches, founded at North Street in 1761.
- Fordham, Essex, active in the 19th century.
- Preston, Lancashire, founded before 1826, in Pole Street, the church is now closed.
- South Stoke, Oxfordshire, founded in 1820, is now a private house.
- Tyldesley, Greater Manchester, founded 1789, known as Tyldesley Top Chapel.
- Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Methodism". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company.
- "Today's Churches". Countess Of Huntingdons Connexion. Retrieved 28 January 2013.
- "Bodmin". The Cornishman (81). 29 January 1880.
- "North Street: The Countess of Huntingdon's Church, by Jennifer Drury". 24 August 2012. Retrieved 15 January 2013.
- A Vision of Britain through Time. Retrieved 1 October 2014.
- "St Mark, Preston- Lady Huntingdons Connexion". genuki.org.uk. 2 April 2012. Retrieved 2 March 2013.
- Sherwood, Jennifer; Pevsner, Nikolaus (1974). Oxfordshire. The Buildings of England. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. p. 774. ISBN 0-14-071045-0.
- "Oxfordshire Churches & Chapels website: South Stoke". Oxfordshirechurches.info. Retrieved 2012-06-06.