External border of the European Union

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Map of the EU (as of 2013)

The border of the European Union consists of the borders with the countries which are not members of the European Union.

List of bilateral borders[edit]

  1. Albania–Greece border
  2. Andorra–France border
  3. Andorra–Spain border
  4. Austria–Liechtenstein border
  5. Austria–Switzerland border
  6. Belarus–Latvia border
  7. Belarus–Lithuania border
  8. Belarus–Poland border
  9. Bosnia and Herzegovina–Croatia border
  10. Brazil–France border
  11. Bulgaria–Republic of Macedonia border
  12. Bulgaria–Serbia border
  13. Bulgaria–Turkey border
  14. Croatia–Montenegro border
  15. Croatia–Serbia border
  16. Estonia–Russia border
  17. France-Monaco border
  18. Finland–Norway border
  19. Finland–Russia border
  20. France–Sint Maarten border
  21. France-Suriname border
  22. France–Switzerland border
  23. Germany–Switzerland border
  24. Greece–Republic of Macedonia border
  25. Greece–Turkey border
  26. Hungary–Serbia border
  27. Hungary–Ukraine border
  28. Italy–San Marino border
  29. Italy–Switzerland border
  30. Italy–Vatican City border
  31. Latvia–Russia border
  32. Lithuania–Russia border
  33. Moldova–Romania border
  34. Morocco-Spain border
  35. Norway–Sweden border
  36. Poland–Russia border
  37. Poland–Ukraine border
  38. Romania–Serbia border
  39. Romania–Ukraine border
  40. Slovakia–Ukraine border

De facto borders[edit]

  1. Cyprus-Northern Cyprus border (Green Line)
  2. Northern Cyprus-United Kingdom border (Green Line)

Future borders[edit]

  1. Republic of Ireland–United Kingdom border
  2. France-United Kingdom border (channel tunnel)
  3. Gibraltar–Spain border
  4. Cyprus-United Kingdom border

Border status and cooperation[edit]

In 2004 the European Union developed the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) for the promotion of cooperation between the EU and its neighbors to the East and South of the European territory of the EU (i.e., excluding its outermost regions),[1] which, in part, includes the Cross-Border Cooperation programme aimes at the promotion of economic development in border areas and ensure border security.[2]


External links[edit]

  • Grigore Silaşi, Ovidiu Laurian Simina (eds.), Migration, Mobility and Human Rights at the Eastern Border of the European Union: Space of Freedom and Security, 2008, Editura Universităţii de Vest, ISBN 978-973-125-160-8