Country Joe and the Fish

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Country Joe & the Fish
Country Joe and the Fish.png
Country Joe and the Fish in 1967
Background information
Origin Berkeley, California
Genres Psychedelic rock, Folk rock, Acid rock
Years active 1965–1971, sporadically thereafter
Labels Vanguard Records
Past members "Country" Joe McDonald
Barry "The Fish" Melton
Gary "Chicken" Hirsch
David Bennett Cohen
Bruce Barthol
David Getz
Peter Albin
John Francis Gunning
Paul Armstrong
Mark Ryan
Gregory Leroy Dewey
Mark Kapner
Doug Metzler

Country Joe and the Fish was a rock band most widely known for musical protests against the Vietnam War, from 1966 to 1971, and also regarded as a seminal influence to psychedelic rock.


The group's name is derived from communist politics:[citation needed] "Country Joe" was a popular name for Joseph Stalin in the 1940s, while "the fish" refers to Mao Zedong's statement that the true revolutionary "moves through the peasantry as the fish does through water." The group began with the nucleus of "Country Joe" McDonald (lead vocals) and Barry "The Fish" Melton (lead guitar), recording and performing for the "Teach-in" protests against the Vietnam War in 1965. Co-founders McDonald and Melton added musicians as needed over the life of the band. By 1967, the group included Gary "Chicken" Hirsh (drums, born March 9, 1940, in Chicago, Illinois); David Cohen (keyboards, born August 4, 1942, in Brooklyn, New York) and Bruce Barthol (bass, born November 11, 1947 in Berkeley, California). The 1967 lineup lasted only two years, and by the 1969 Woodstock Festival, the lineup included Greg 'Duke' Dewey (drums), Mark Kapner (keyboards) and Doug Metzler (bass).

The band came to perform an early example of psychedelic rock. The LP Electric Music for the Mind and Body was very influential on early FM Radio in 1967. Long sets of psychedelic tunes like "Section 43", "Bass Strings", "Not So Sweet Martha Lorraine", "Janis" (for and about Janis Joplin) and "Grace" (for singer Grace Slick), all released on Vanguard Records, were often played back to back on KSAN and KMPX in San Francisco and progressive rock stations around the country. Their first album charted at #39 on September 23, 1967, their 2nd album at #67 on February 3, 1968, and their third at #23 on August 31, 1968. Country Joe and the Fish were regulars at the original Fillmore auditorium, the Fillmore West, Fillmore East, and Chet Helms' Avalon Ballroom. They were billed with such groups as Jefferson Airplane, Grateful Dead, Quicksilver Messenger Service, Moby Grape, Blue Cheer, Led Zeppelin, and Iron Butterfly. They played at the Monterey Pop Festival in 1967 and at the Woodstock Festival in 1969.[1] In 1971 the band appeared in a Western film starring Don Johnson as an outlaw gang called the Crackers. The film, titled Zachariah, was written by the Firesign Theatre and was billed as "The First Electric Western". They also appeared in the George Lucas film More American Graffiti and in the 1971 Roger Corman film Gas-s-s-s.

Their biggest hit was the anti-war "I-Feel-Like-I'm-Fixin'-to-Die Rag",[2] which debuted the same year as the band, but became best known after Country Joe's solo acoustic performance of it at Woodstock. Country Joe was sued in 2001 by Kid Ory's daughter, Babette Ory, who claimed McDonald's "Fixin" Rag infringed her copyright to Kid Ory's Dixieland jazz standard "Muskrat Ramble". In August 2003, the court case was decided in McDonald's favor, since Kid Ory, Babette Ory, and the Muskat Ramble publisher had all known of the song in the late 1960s, but no complaint was made for decades. Finding the complaint objectively unreasonable, the court awarded McDonald some of his attorney's fees and costs. Due to the long delay and prejudice, including death of key witnesses, the court did not even reach the lack of substantial similarity issue. Babette Ory and her attorney appealed, and the appellate court affirmed the decision in favor of McDonald.

Country Joe's anti-war activity led to his being called as a witness at the Chicago Seven conspiracy trial in 1969, where he recited the lyrics to "I-Feel-Like-I'm-Fixin'-to-Die Rag".[3]

Country Joe continued to tour and practice with other California-based bands.

Barry "The Fish" Melton was later a founding member of the Dinosaurs and has released new recordings of that band whose members included Peter Albin from Big Brother and the Holding Company and John Cipollina from Quicksilver Messenger Service and Copperhead. Melton studied law while on the road as a musician and was admitted to practice by the State Bar of California in 1982. In 2009, Melton retired as the Public Defender of Yolo County, California, although he continues to tour internationally from time to time.

Melton and McDonald have occasionally reunited to play music in the 1970s, 1980s, 1990s, and in 2002 in support of a Christmas toy drive in San Francisco for Toys for Tots.

2004 and 2005 saw several short United States and UK tours and the release of a live CD by the Country Joe Band, at that time comprising McDonald, Cohen, Barthol and Hirsch.

Popular culture[edit]

  • They are mentioned on the first page of Thomas Pynchon's 2009 novel Inherent Vice.
  • Characters in HBO's "Generation Kill" miniseries sing the song "Fixin' to Die".
  • Country Joe and the Fish's 1967 performance at Tompkins Square Park in NYC's East Village is mentioned in the Don McNeill book, "Moving Though Here."
  • They appear in issue 15 of Nick Fury Agent of SHIELD, Volume 1 (1969), apparently performing "Superbird" and "Not So Sweet Martha Lorraine" at a concert in Central Park.
  • They appear in the 1971 movie Zachariah as an "inept gang of robbers".
  • Country Joe is mentioned in the song "California Saga/California" on the 1973 album Holland by the Beach Boys
  • The name of the band "Gefilte Joe and the Fish" is a spoof of Country Joe and the Fish.



  1. "Not So Sweet Martha Lorraine" / "Masked Marauder" (1967)
  2. "Janis" / "Janis (Instrumental)" (1967)
  3. "Who Am I?" / "Thursday" (1968)
  4. "Rock and Soul Music Part 1" / "Rock and Soul Music Part 2" (1968)
  5. "Here I Go Again" / "Baby You're Driving Me Crazy" (1969)
  6. "I Feel Like I'm Fixin' To Die Rag" / "Janis" (1969)
  7. "Hang On" / "Hand of Man" (1972)


  1. Talking Issue #1, Rag Baby (1965)
  2. Country Joe and the Fish, Rag Baby (1966)

Studio albums[edit]

  1. Electric Music for the Mind and Body (1967)
  2. I-Feel-Like-I'm-Fixin'-to-Die (1967)
  3. Together (1968)
  4. Here We Are Again (1969)
  5. CJ Fish (1970)
  6. Reunion (1977)

Live album[edit]

  1. Live! Fillmore West 1969 (1994)


  1. Greatest Hits, Vanguard (1969)
  2. Life and Times of Country Joe and the Fish, Vanguard (1971)
  3. Collector's Items: The First 3 EPs, Rag Baby (1980)
  4. Collected Country Joe and the Fish, Vanguard (1987)
  5. Time Flies By. Rag Baby (2012)[4]


External links[edit]