List of countries and dependencies by population

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A map of world population in 2014
World population percentage by country as of 2017.
A cartogram of the world population in 2002.

This is a list of countries and dependent territories by population. It includes sovereign states, inhabited dependent territories and, in some cases, constituent countries of sovereign states, with inclusion within the list being primarily based on the ISO standard ISO 3166-1. For instance, the United Kingdom is considered as a single entity while the constituent countries of the Kingdom of the Netherlands are considered separately. In addition, this list includes certain states with limited recognition not found in ISO 3166-1.

The population figures do not reflect the practice of countries that report significantly different populations of citizens domestically and overall. Some countries, notably Thailand, do not report total population, exclusively counting citizens; for total populations an international agency must issue an estimate.[citation needed]

Also given in percent is each country's population compared with the population of the world, which the United Nations estimated at 7.6 billion in September 2017.[1]

Method[edit]

Figures used in this chart are based on the most up to date estimate or projections[2] by the national census authority where available, and are usually rounded off. Where updated national data are not available, figures are based on the projections for 2017 by the Population Division of the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs.[3]

Because the compiled figures are not collected at the same time in every country, or at the same level of accuracy, the resulting numerical comparisons may create misleading conclusions. Furthermore, the addition of figures from all countries may not equal the world total. A handful of nations have not conducted a census in over 30 years, providing high error margin estimates only.

Areas that form integral parts of sovereign states, such as the countries of the United Kingdom, are counted as part of the sovereign states concerned. Not included are other entities, such as the European Union,[Note 1] that are not sovereign states, and independent territories that do not have permanent populations, such as various countries' claims to Antarctica.

Sovereign states and dependencies by population[edit]

Note: All dependent territories or constituent countries that are parts of sovereign states are shown in italics.

Rank Country
(or dependent territory)
Population Date % of world
population
Source
1 China[Note 2] 1,392,470,000 June 19, 2018 18.2% Official population clock
2 India[Note 3] 1,333,250,000 June 19, 2018 17.5% Official population clock
3 United States[Note 4] 327,335,000 June 19, 2018 4.29% Official population clock
4 Indonesia 261,890,900 July 1, 2017 3.43% Official annual projection
5 Pakistan 211,961,000 June 19, 2018 2.78% Official population clock
6 Brazil 209,203,000 June 19, 2018 2.74% Official population clock
7 Nigeria 193,392,517 July 1, 2016 2.53% Annual official estimate
8 Bangladesh 164,698,000 June 19, 2018 2.16% Official population clock
9 Russia[Note 5] 146,877,088 January 1, 2018 1.92% Official estimate
10 Japan 126,490,000 May 1, 2018 1.66% Monthly provisional estimate
11 Mexico 124,286,623 March 31, 2018 1.63% Official projection
12 Philippines 106,041,000 June 19, 2018 1.39% Official population clock
13 Egypt 97,152,500 June 19, 2018 1.27% Official population clock
14 Ethiopia 94,352,000 July 1, 2017 1.24% Official projection
15 Vietnam 93,700,000 July 1, 2017 1.23% Annual official projection
16 Germany 82,740,900 September 30, 2017 1.08% Official annual data
17 Iran 81,549,500 June 19, 2018 1.07% Official population clock
18 Democratic Republic of the Congo 81,339,900 July 1, 2017 1.07% UN Projection
19 Turkey 80,810,525 December 31, 2017 1.06% Official annual estimate
20 Thailand 69,037,513 July 1, 2017 0.9% UN estimate
21 France[Note 6] 67,225,000 May 1, 2018 0.88% Monthly official estimate
22 United Kingdom[Note 7] 65,648,054 July 1, 2016 0.86% Official mid-year estimate
23 Italy 60,483,973 December 30, 2017 0.79% Monthly official estimate
24 South Africa 56,717,000 July 1, 2017 0.74% Annual official estimate
25 Myanmar 53,370,609 July 1, 2017 0.7% UN projection
26 Tanzania[Note 8] 52,554,628 July 1, 2017 0.69% Official annual projection
27 South Korea 51,446,201 July 1, 2017 0.67% Annual official estimate
28 Colombia 49,816,100 June 19, 2018 0.653% Official population clock
29 Kenya 49,699,862 July 1, 2017 0.65% UN projection
30 Spain 46,549,045 July 1, 2017 0.61% Official estimate
31 Argentina 44,044,811 July 1, 2017 0.58% Official annual projection
32 Ukraine[Note 9] 42,322,028 April 1, 2018 0.55% Monthly official estimate
33 Algeria 41,697,498 July 1, 2017 0.55% Official annual projection
34 Sudan 40,782,742 July 1, 2017 0.53% Official annual projection
35 Poland 38,422,346 June 30, 2017 0.5% Official estimate
36 Iraq 38,274,618 July 1, 2017 0.5% UN projection
37 Uganda 37,673,800 July 1, 2017 0.49% Official annual projection
38 Canada 37,139,500 June 19, 2018 0.487% Official estimate
39 Morocco[Note 10] 34,701,300 June 19, 2018 0.455% Official annual projection
40 Saudi Arabia 33,413,660 January 1, 2018 0.44% Official estimate
41 Malaysia 32,560,700 June 19, 2018 0.427% Official population clock
42 Uzbekistan 32,345,000 July 1, 2017 0.42% Official population report
43 Peru 31,826,018 July 1, 2017 0.42% Official estimate
44 Venezuela 31,431,164 July 1, 2017 0.41% Official annual projection
45 Afghanistan 29,724,323 July 1, 2017 0.39% Annual official estimate
46 Ghana 29,614,337 January 1, 2018 0.39% Official projection
47 Angola 29,250,009 January 1, 2018 0.38% Official projection
48 Mozambique 28,861,863 August 1, 2017 0.38% Official census result
49 Nepal 28,825,709 July 1, 2017 0.38% Official annual projection
50 Yemen 28,250,000 July 1, 2017 0.37% UN projection
51 Madagascar 25,571,000 July 1, 2017 0.34% UN projection
52 North Korea 25,491,000 July 1, 2017 0.33% UN projection
53 Australia 24,971,200 June 19, 2018 0.327% Official population clock
54 Ivory Coast 24,571,044 July 1, 2017 0.32% Annual official projection
55 Cameroon 23,794,164 January 1, 2018 0.31% Annual official projection
Taiwan[Note 11] 23,571,497 April 1, 2018 0.31% Monthly official estimate
56 Sri Lanka 21,444,000 July 1, 2017 0.28% Official estimate
57 Niger 20,651,070 July 1, 2017 0.27% Annual official projection
58 Romania 19,638,000 January 1, 2017 0.26% Annual official estimate
59 Burkina Faso 19,632,147 July 1, 2017 0.26% Annual official projection
60 Mali 18,542,000 July 1, 2017 0.24% UN projection
61 Syria 18,270,000 July 1, 2017 0.24% UN projection
62 Kazakhstan 18,232,000 May 1, 2018 0.24% Official estimate
63 Chile 17,574,003 April 19, 2017 0.23% Final or definitive 2017 census result
64 Malawi 17,373,185 July 1, 2017 0.23% Annual official projection
65 Netherlands 17,230,600 June 19, 2018 0.226% Official population clock
66 Ecuador 17,015,300 June 19, 2018 0.223% Official population clock
67 Zambia 16,405,229 July 1, 2017 0.21% Official annual projection
68 Guatemala 16,176,133 July 1, 2015 0.21% Official estimate
69 Cambodia 15,848,495 July 1, 2017 0.21% Official annual projection
70 Senegal 15,726,037 January 1, 2018 0.21% Official annual projection
71 Chad 14,900,000 July 1, 2017 0.2% UN projection
72 Somalia[Note 12] 14,742,523 July 1, 2017 0.19% UN projection
73 Zimbabwe 14,542,235 July 1, 2017 0.19% Official annual projection
74 Guinea 11,883,516 January 1, 2018 0.16% Official projection
75 South Sudan 11,868,209 July 1, 2017 0.16% Official annual projection
76 Rwanda 11,809,300 July 1, 2017 0.15% Official projection (medium scenario)
77 Tunisia 11,446,300 July 1, 2017 0.15% Official estimate
78 Belgium 11,406,122 April 1, 2018 0.15% Monthly official estimate
79 Cuba 11,239,224 December 31, 2016 0.15% Annual official estimate
80 Bolivia 11,145,770 July 1, 2017 0.15% Official projection
81 Benin 11,002,578 July 1, 2017 0.14% Official projection
82 Haiti 10,911,819 March 31, 2015 0.14% Official estimate
83 Greece 10,768,193 January 1, 2017 0.14% Official estimate
84 Czech Republic 10,613,350 March 31, 2017 0.14% Official quarterly estimate
85 Burundi 10,400,938 July 1, 2017 0.14% Official annual projection
86 Portugal 10,291,027 December 31, 2017 0.13% Annual official estimate
87 Dominican Republic 10,169,172 July 1, 2017 0.13% Official projection
88 Jordan 10,176,500 June 19, 2018 0.133% Official population clock
89 Sweden 10,151,588 April 30, 2018 0.13% Official monthly estimate
90 Azerbaijan 9,898,085 January 1, 2018 0.13% Official estimate
91 Hungary 9,771,000 January 1, 2018 0.13% Annual official estimate
92 Belarus 9,484,300 April 1, 2018 0.12% Official quarterly estimate
93 United Arab Emirates 9,400,000 July 1, 2017 0.12% UN projection
94 Tajikistan 8,931,000 January 1, 2018 0.12% Official estimate
95 Honduras 8,866,351 July 1, 2017 0.12% Official annual projection
96 Israel 8,870,400 June 19, 2018 0.116% Official population clock
97 Austria 8,830,487 April 1, 2018 0.12% Quarterly provisional figure
98 Switzerland 8,482,200 December 31, 2017 0.11% Official provisional figure
99 Papua New Guinea 8,151,300 July 1, 2016 0.11% Annual official estimate
Hong Kong (China) 7,409,800 January 1, 2018 0.097% Official estimate
100 Togo 7,178,000 July 1, 2017 0.094% Official estimate
101 Sierra Leone 7,092,113 December 4, 2015 0.093% Final 2015 census result
102 Paraguay 7,052,983 January 1, 2018 0.092% Official estimate
103 Bulgaria 7,050,034 December 31, 2017 0.092% Official estimate
104 Serbia[Note 13] 7,040,272 January 1, 2017 0.092% Annual official estimate
105 El Salvador 6,581,940 July 1, 2017 0.086% Official projection
106 Laos 6,492,400 March 1, 2015 0.085% Preliminary 2015 census result
107 Libya 6,374,616 July 1, 2017 0.084% UN projection
108 Nicaragua 6,305,956 July 1, 2017 0.083% Official estimate
109 Kyrgyzstan 6,140,200 January 1, 2017 0.08% Official estimate
110 Lebanon 6,082,000 July 1, 2017 0.08% UN projection
111 Denmark 5,785,864 April 1, 2018 0.076% Official quarterly estimate
112 Turkmenistan 5,758,000 July 1, 2017 0.075% UN projection
113 Singapore 5,612,300 July 1, 2017 0.074% Official estimate
114 Finland 5,513,902 April 30, 2018 0.072% Official monthly estimate
115 Slovakia 5,443,120 January 1, 2018 0.071% Official estimate
116 Norway 5,302,778 April 1, 2018 0.069% Official quarterly estimate
117 Republic of the Congo 5,260,750 July 1, 2017 0.069% UN projection
118 Eritrea 5,068,831 July 1, 2017 0.066% UN projection
119 Costa Rica 4,947,490 June 30, 2017 0.065% Official estimate
120 New Zealand 4,885,490 June 19, 2018 0.064% Official population clock
121 Palestine 4,816,503 July 1, 2016 0.063% Official estimate
122 Ireland 4,792,500 April 1, 2017 0.063% Official estimate 2017 census result
123 Central African Republic 4,659,080 July 1, 2017 0.061% UN projection
124 Oman 4,639,678 December 1, 2017 0.061% Official estimate
125 Liberia 4,289,520 July 1, 2017 0.056% Official projection[Note 14]
126 Croatia 4,154,213 December 31, 2016 0.054% Annual official estimate
127 Panama 4,098,135 July 1, 2017 0.054% Official estimate
128 Kuwait 4,082,704 January 1, 2017 0.054% Official estimate
129 Mauritania 3,806,719 July 1, 2017 0.05% Annual official projection
130 Georgia[Note 15] 3,729,600 January 1, 2018 0.049% Annual official estimate
131 Moldova[Note 16] 3,550,900 January 1, 2017 0.047% Official estimate
132 Bosnia and Herzegovina 3,511,372 July 1, 2016 0.046% Official estimate
133 Uruguay 3,493,205 June 30, 2017 0.046% Annual official projection
Puerto Rico (U.S.) 3,337,177 July 1, 2017 0.044% Official estimate
134 Mongolia 3,217,350 June 19, 2018 0.042% Official population clock
135 Armenia 2,972,900 December 31, 2017 0.039% Official quarterly estimate
136 Albania 2,870,324 January 1, 2018 0.038% Annual official estimate
137 Lithuania 2,800,830 June 1, 2018 0.037% Monthly official estimate
138 Jamaica 2,728,864 December 31, 2017 0.036% Official estimate
139 Qatar 2,685,053 March 1, 2018 0.035% Monthly official estimate
140 Namibia 2,368,747 July 1, 2017 0.031% Official projection
141 Lesotho 2,233,339 July 1, 2017 0.029% UN projection
142 Botswana 2,230,905 July 1, 2016 0.029% Official annual projection
143 The Gambia 2,101,000 July 1, 2017 0.028% UN projection
144 Macedonia 2,073,702 December 31, 2016 0.027% Official estimate
145 Slovenia 2,066,880 January 1, 2018 0.027% Official estimate
146 Gabon 2,025,137 July 1, 2017 0.027% UN projection
147 Latvia 1,923,500 May 1, 2018 0.025% Monthly official estimate
Kosovo[Note 17] 1,783,531 December 31, 2016 0.023% Official annual projection
148 Guinea-Bissau 1,553,822 July 1, 2017 0.02% Official annual projection
149 Bahrain 1,451,200 July 1, 2017 0.019% Official annual projection
150 Trinidad and Tobago 1,356,633 July 1, 2017 0.018% Official estimate
151 Estonia 1,319,133 January 1, 2018 0.017% Official estimate
152 Mauritius 1,264,887 July 1, 2017 0.017% Official estimate
153 Equatorial Guinea 1,222,442 July 4, 2015 0.016% Preliminary 2015 census result
154 East Timor 1,167,242 July 11, 2015 0.015% Preliminary 2015 census result
155 Swaziland 1,145,970 July 1, 2017 0.015% Official projection
156 Djibouti 956,985 July 1, 2017 0.013% UN projection
157 Fiji 884,887 September 17, 2017 0.012% Official census result
158 Cyprus 854,800 December 31, 2016 0.011% Official estimate
159 Comoros 806,153 July 1, 2016 0.011% Official estimate
160 Bhutan 801,180 June 19, 2018 0.01% Official population clock
161 Guyana 777,859 July 1, 2017 0.0102% UN projection
Macau (China) 656,700 March 31, 2018 0.0086% Official quarterly estimate
162 Solomon Islands 651,700 July 1, 2016 0.0085% Annual official estimate
163 Montenegro 622,359 January 1, 2018 0.0082% Official estimate
164 Luxembourg 602,005 January 1, 2018 0.0079% Official estimate
Western Sahara[Note 18] 552,628 July 1, 2017 0.0072% UN projection
165 Suriname 541,638 August 13, 2012 0.0071% Final 2012 census result
166 Cape Verde 537,661 July 1, 2017 0.007% Official annual projection
Transnistria[Note 19] 475,665 October 15, 2015 0.0062% Preliminary 2015 census result
167 Malta 434,403 December 31, 2015 0.0057% Official estimate
168 Brunei 422,678 July 1, 2016 0.0055% Official estimate
169 Belize 387,879 July 1, 2017 0.0051% Official estimate
170 Bahamas 382,460 July 1, 2017 0.005% Official projection
171 Iceland 350,710 March 31, 2018 0.0046% Official quarterly estimate
172 Maldives 344,023 September 20, 2014 0.0045% Preliminary 2014 census result
Northern Cyprus[Note 20] 313,626 June 30, 2014 0.0041% Official estimate
173 Vanuatu 289,700 July 1, 2016 0.0038% Annual official estimate
174 Barbados 285,719 July 1, 2017 0.0037% UN projection
New Caledonia (France) 277,000 July 1, 2016 0.0036% Annual official estimate
French Polynesia (France) 275,918 August 17, 2017 0.0036% 2017 census results
Abkhazia[Note 21] 240,705 February 28, 2011 0.0032% 2011 census result
175 Samoa 197,448 July 1, 2017 0.0026% Official projection
176 São Tomé and Príncipe 187,356 May 13, 2012 0.0025% 2012 census result
Guam (U.S.) 184,200 July 1, 2015 0.0024% Annual official estimate
177 Saint Lucia 178,844 July 1, 2017 0.0023% UN projection
Curaçao (Netherlands) 160,337 January 1, 2017 0.0021% Annual official estimate
Flag of Artsakh.svg Artsakh[Note 22] 150,932 December 1, 2015 0.002% Preliminary 2015 census result
178 Kiribati 115,300 July 1, 2016 0.0015% Annual official estimate
Aruba (Netherlands) 110,882 June 30, 2017 0.0015% Official quarterly estimate
179 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 109,557 July 1, 2015 0.0014% Official estimate
United States Virgin Islands (U.S.) 104,901 July 1, 2017 0.0014% UN projection
180 Federated States of Micronesia 104,600 July 1, 2016 0.0014% Annual official estimate
Jersey (UK) 104,200 December 31, 2016 0.0014% Annual official estimate
181 Grenada 103,328 May 12, 2011 0.0014% 2011 census result
182 Tonga 103,252 January 1, 2013 0.0014% 2011 census result
183 Seychelles 94,205 December 31, 2016 0.0012% Official estimate
184 Antigua and Barbuda 86,295 May 27, 2011 0.0011% Preliminary 2011 census result
Isle of Man (UK) 83,314 April 24, 2016 0.0011% 2016 census result
185 Andorra 78,264 December 31, 2016 0.001% Annual official estimate
186 Dominica 71,293 May 14, 2011 0.00093% Preliminary 2011 census result
Bermuda (UK) 63,779 May 21, 2016 0.00084% 2016 Census Preliminary Report
Guernsey (UK) 62,723 March 31, 2016 0.00082% Official estimate
Cayman Islands (UK) 60,413 December 31, 2015 0.00079% Official estimate
American Samoa (U.S.) 56,400 July 1, 2016 0.00074% Annual official estimate
Greenland (Denmark) 55,877 January 1, 2018 0.00073% Official estimate
Northern Mariana Islands (U.S.) 55,700 July 1, 2016 0.00073% Annual official estimate
187 Marshall Islands 55,000 July 1, 2016 0.00072% Annual official estimate
South Ossetia[Note 23] 53,532 October 15, 2015 0.0007% Preliminary 2015 census result
Faroe Islands (Denmark) 50,844 May 1, 2018 0.00067% Monthly official estimate
188 Saint Kitts and Nevis 46,204 May 15, 2011 0.00061% 2011 census result
Sint Maarten (Netherlands) 39,410 January 1, 2016 0.00052% Official estimate
189 Monaco 38,300 December 31, 2017 0.0005% Annual official estimate
190 Liechtenstein 38,111 December 31, 2017 0.0005% Semi annual official estimate
Turks and Caicos Islands (UK) 37,910 July 1, 2016 0.0005% Official estimate
Flag of France.svg Saint-Martin (France) 36,457 January 1, 2015 0.00048% Annual official estimate
Gibraltar (UK) 33,573 December 31, 2015 0.00044% Annual official estimate
191 San Marino 33,326 April 30, 2018 0.00044% Monthly official estimate
British Virgin Islands (UK) 28,514 July 1, 2013 0.00037% Official estimate
Cook Islands (NZ) 18,100 March 1, 2016 0.00024% Official quarterly estimate
192 Palau 17,800 July 1, 2016 0.00023% Annual official estimate
Anguilla (UK) 13,452 May 11, 2011 0.00018% Preliminary 2011 census result
Wallis and Futuna (France) 11,800 July 1, 2016 0.00015% Annual official estimate
193 Tuvalu 10,782 November 4, 2012 0.00014% 2012 census result
194 Nauru 10,084 October 30, 2011 0.00013% 2011 census result
Saint Barthélemy (France) 9,417 January 1, 2015 0.00012% Annual official estimate
Saint Pierre and Miquelon (France) 6,286 January 1, 2015 0.000082% Annual official estimate
Flag of Saint Helena.svg Saint Helena, Ascension
and Tristan da Cunha
(UK)
5,633 February 7, 2016 0.000074% 2016 census result
Montserrat (UK) 4,922 May 12, 2011 0.000065% 2011 census result
Falkland Islands (UK) 2,563 April 15, 2012 0.000034% 2012 census result
Christmas Island (Australia) 1,843 August 9, 2016 0.000024% 2016 census result
Norfolk Island (Australia) 1,748 August 9, 2016 0.000023% 2016 census result
Niue (NZ) 1,611 July 1, 2011 0.000021% 2011 census result
Tokelau (NZ) 1,499 February 2, 2017 0.000020% 2016 census result
195 Vatican City 800 January 1, 2014 0.000010% Official estimate
Cocos (Keeling) Islands (Australia) 544 August 9, 2016 0.0000071% 2016 census result
Pitcairn Islands (UK) 50 January 1, 2018 0.00000066% Official estimate

See also[edit]

Lists of countries by population

Continental

Intercontinental

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The European Union is a sui generis supranational union whose sovereign members delegate to it by treaty certain powers that are often exercised by sovereign states. Its combined population has been estimated at 510,284,430 on January 1, 2016, and it would be ranked 3rd if it were included in the list. It has 6.69% of the world's population — see "Eurostat-Tables, Graphs and Maps Interface(TGM)table". European Commission. 
  2. ^ The census figure refers to mainland China, excluding its special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macau, the former of which returned to Chinese sovereignty on 1 July 1997 and the latter on 20 December 1999.
  3. ^ Does not include the figures of Lakshadweep and Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
  4. ^ Population of the 50 states and the District of Columbia.
  5. ^ Including the Republic of Crimea and Sevastopol, Russia's disputed administrative areas on the Crimean Peninsula. The Ukrainian government and most of the world's other states consider the Crimean Peninsula de jure a part of Ukraine's territory.
  6. ^ Population of the 18 regions of France. Excluding Overseas Territories and Collectivities: French Polynesia, New Caledonia, French Southern and Antarctic Land, Clipperton Island, Saint Barthélemy, Saint Martin, Saint Pierre and Miquelon and Wallis and Futuna.
  7. ^ Excluding the 14 Overseas Territories, which are shown separately.
  8. ^ Including Zanzibar.
  9. ^ Excluding the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and City of Sevastopol, Ukraine's administrative areas on the Crimean Peninsula which are disputed with and de facto administered by Russia. However includes all territory in the Donbass region where there are ongoing insurgencies by separatist forces.
  10. ^ It excludes the population of the disputed territory of the Western Sahara (the so-called Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic).
  11. ^ Taiwan (Republic of China) also includes the minor islands of Kinmen, Matsu, Penghu, etc.
  12. ^ Includes Puntland and Somaliland.
  13. ^ Excludes Kosovo.
  14. ^ Medium Variant
  15. ^ Excludes Abkhazia (242,862, census 2011) and South Ossetia (53,559, census 2015).
  16. ^ Excludes Transnistria.
  17. ^ Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the Brussels Agreement. Kosovo has received formal recognition as an independent state from 113 out of 193 United Nations member states.
  18. ^ Administration is split between Morocco and the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, both of which claim the entire territory.
  19. ^ De facto independent, de jure part of Moldova.
  20. ^ De facto independent, de jure part of Cyprus.
  21. ^ Abkhazia is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Abkhazia and the Republic of Georgia. The Republic of Abkhazia unilaterally declared independence on 23 July 1992, but Georgia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. Abkhazia has received formal recognition as an independent state from 5 out of 193 United Nations member states.
  22. ^ De facto independent, de jure part of Azerbaijan.
  23. ^ South Ossetia's status is disputed. It considers itself to be an independent state, but this is recognised by only a few other countries. The Georgian government and most of the world's other states consider South Ossetia de jure a part of Georgia's territory.

References[edit]

External links[edit]