District-level town (Vietnam)

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Administrative divisions
of Vietnam
Province-level
District-level
Commune-level

The district-level town or town (Vietnamese: Thị xã Chữ nôm:市社) is a kind of second level administrative unit in Vietnam, under the governance of the province or the centrally-controlled municipality. District-level towns are officially classified as Class III or Class IV urban areas by the Vietnam government. In July 2010, Vietnam has 45 district-level towns. A district-level town may be a capital of a province, but cannot be a capital of a municipality.

District level[edit]

In Vietnam, there are other kinds of district-level urban subdivisiona: urban districts (Vietnamese: quận), districts and provincial cities. The urban districts is within urban and only consists of wards, but provincial cities and towns can consist of the wards (within urban) and communes (within suburban). Towns are similar with provincial cities, but towns are smaller than provincial cities in population density. Moreover, municipality can include town (Sơn Tây (Hanoi)), but can not include provincial cities.

The type town is categorized as urban and its residents is classified as urban population, although there may still be a part of residents living in agriculture. Main economical activities in town included industry, services and business.

Upgrade and downgrade[edit]

Regularly, a commune-level town or township (Vietnamese: thị trấn) can be upgraded to a district-level town or town (Vietnamese: thị xã), and district-level towns can develop into provincial cities.

But the district-level town can also be downgraded to a district capitals, especially when there is a merger of the provinces. That are the cases of the An Lộc (provincial capital of former Bình Long Province), Sông Cầu (formerly the provincial capital of Phú Yên Province) ...

Some district-level towns were downgraded into commune-level towns for some time and then be re-established, as Nghĩa Lộ, Bắc Cạn, Đồ Sơn (from 2007, became urban district of Đồ Sơn), Phúc Yên, Hà Tiên, Vị Thanh, Gia Nghĩa.

When a district-level town is downgraded, the urban become a commune-level town, and the suburban is merged into other districts or established rural communes. Some district-level towns have become commune-level towns and not re-established, so far as: Đô Lương, Tiên Yên, Ninh Giang, Cát Bà, Vĩnh An of Đồng Nai Province.

There is a rare case: Phan Rang as district-level town is divided into two commune-level towns, Phan Rang and Tháp Chàm in 1977. Each commune-level town belonged to a county (Ninh Hải and An Sơn), and in 1981 the two commune-level towns was merged and re-established as county-level town named Phan Rang–Tháp Chàm (now as provincial city).

Kiến An, a former district-level town, located in a municipality in Hải Phòng from 1962 to 1980, later downgraded into a commune-level town and was recovered between from 1988 to 1994 and is now an urban district of Hải Phòng.

Đồ Sơn ever (after 1994) was the only district-level town within a municipality (Hải Phòng), until September 12, 2007 it became the new urban district of Hải Phòng.

Sơn Tây is a district-level town governed under Hanoi in the period 1978 to 1991, then merged into Hà Tây Province. August 2007 this district-level town was upgraded into provincial city. In 2008 Hà Tây Province was merged into Hanoi, Sơn Tây was moved back into district-level town.

List of district-level towns[edit]

No. Name Province/Centrall-controlled municipality Urban level Year became county-level town Population (person) Area (km2)
1 An Khê Gia Lai 4 2003 63.118 199,12
2 An Nhơn Bình Định 4 2011 178,817 242.64
3 Ayun Pa Gia Lai 4 2007 35.058 287
4 Ba Đồn Quảng Bình 4 2013 115.196 163.18
4 Bắc Kạn Bắc Kạn 4 1990 29.277 131,95
5 Bỉm Sơn Thanh Hóa 4 1981 56.893 66,88
6 Bình Long Bình Phước 3 2009 60.233 126,29
7 Bình Minh Vĩnh Long 4 2012 95.285 93,62
8 Buôn Hồ Đắk Lắk 4 2008 101.554 282,06
9 Cửa Lò Nghệ An 3 1994 55.000 28
10 Chí Linh Hải Dương 4 2010 164.837 281,09
11 Dĩ An Bình Dương 4 2011 297,435 60.1
12 Đồng Xoài Bình Phước 3 1999 71.200 169,6
13 Gia Nghĩa Đắk Nông 4 2005 35.559 86,64
14 Gò Công Tiền Giang 4 1987 97.709 102
15 Hà Tiên Kiên Giang 4 1998 39.957 88,5
16 Hoàng Mai Hoàng Mai 4 2013 105.105 169,75
17 Hồng Lĩnh Hà Tĩnh 4 1992 36.805 58,55
18 Hồng Ngự Đồng Tháp 4 2009 74.569 122,16
19 Kiến Tường Long An 4 2013 64.589 204,28
20 Hương Thủy Thừa Thiên–Huế 4 2010 96.525 458,17
21 Hương Trà Thừa Thiên–Huế 4 2011 118.354 518,53
22 La Gi Bình Thuận 4 2005 112.558 182,82
23 Lai Châu Lai Châu 4 2004 18.089 70,8
24 Long Khánh Đồng Nai 4 2003 181.242 195
25 Mường Lay Điện Biên 4 1971 14.379 114,03
26 Ngã Bảy Hậu Giang 4 2005 61.024 78,9
27 Nghĩa Lộ Yên Bái 4 1995 26.000 29,66
28 Ninh Hòa Khánh Hòa 4 2010 233.558 1197,77
29 Phú Thọ Phú Thọ 4 1903 62.000 64,5
30 Phúc Yên Vĩnh Phúc 4 2003 104.092 120,29
31 Phước Long Bình Phước 3 2009 50.019 118,83
32 Quảng Trị Quảng Trị 4 1989 22.760 44,03
33 Quảng Yên Quảng Ninh 4 2011 139.596 314,2
34 Sa Đéc Đồng Tháp 3 1785 103.646 57,86
35 Sầm Sơn Thanh Hóa 4 1981 51.417 18
36 Sông Cầu Phú Yên 4 2009 101.521 489,28
37 Sông Công Thái Nguyên 4 1985 44.444 83,64
38 Sơn Tây Hà Nội 3 1903 181.831 113,5
39 Tam Điệp Ninh Bình 4 1982 53.649 110,9
40 Tân Châu An Giang 4 2009 184.129 175,7
41 Tây Ninh Tây Ninh 4 before 1975 130.008 140
42 Thái Hòa Nghệ An 4 2007 66.000 135
43 Từ Sơn Bắc Ninh 4 2008 143.843 61,33
44 Vĩnh Châu[1] Sóc Trăng 4 2011 163.918 473,4

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ NGHỊ QUYẾT 90/NQ-CP Archived June 11, 2015, at the Wayback Machine.