District-level town (Vietnam)
The district-level town or town (Vietnamese: Thị xã Chữ nôm:市社) is a kind of second level administrative unit in Vietnam, under the governance of the province or the centrally-controlled municipality. District-level towns are officially classified as Class III or Class IV urban areas by the Vietnam government. In July 2010, Vietnam has 45 district-level towns. A district-level town may be a capital of a province, but cannot be a capital of a municipality.
In Vietnam, there are other kinds of district-level urban subdivisiona: urban districts (Vietnamese: quận), districts and provincial cities. The urban districts is within urban and only consists of wards, but provincial cities and towns can consist of the wards (within urban) and communes (within suburban). Towns are similar with provincial cities, but towns are smaller than provincial cities in population density. Moreover, municipality can include town (Sơn Tây (Hanoi)), but can not include provincial cities.
The type town is categorized as urban and its residents is classified as urban population, although there may still be a part of residents living in agriculture. Main economical activities in town included industry, services and business.
Upgrade and downgrade
But the district-level town can also be downgraded to a district capitals, especially when there is a merger of the provinces. That are the cases of the An Lộc (provincial capital of former Bình Long Province), Sông Cầu (formerly the provincial capital of Phú Yên Province) ...
Some district-level towns were downgraded into commune-level towns for some time and then be re-established, as Nghĩa Lộ, Bắc Cạn, Đồ Sơn (from 2007, became urban district of Đồ Sơn), Phúc Yên, Hà Tiên, Vị Thanh, Gia Nghĩa.
When a district-level town is downgraded, the urban become a commune-level town, and the suburban is merged into other districts or established rural communes. Some district-level towns have become commune-level towns and not re-established, so far as: Đô Lương, Tiên Yên, Ninh Giang, Cát Bà, Vĩnh An of Đồng Nai Province.
There is a rare case: Phan Rang as district-level town is divided into two commune-level towns, Phan Rang and Tháp Chàm in 1977. Each commune-level town belonged to a county (Ninh Hải and An Sơn), and in 1981 the two commune-level towns was merged and re-established as county-level town named Phan Rang–Tháp Chàm (now as provincial city).
Kiến An, a former district-level town, located in a municipality in Hải Phòng from 1962 to 1980, later downgraded into a commune-level town and was recovered between from 1988 to 1994 and is now an urban district of Hải Phòng.
Sơn Tây is a district-level town governed under Hanoi in the period 1978 to 1991, then merged into Hà Tây Province. August 2007 this district-level town was upgraded into provincial city. In 2008 Hà Tây Province was merged into Hanoi, Sơn Tây was moved back into district-level town.
List of district-level towns
|No.||Name||Province/Centrall-controlled municipality||Urban level||Year became county-level town||Population (person)||Area (km2)|
|1||An Khê||Gia Lai||4||2003||63.118||199,12|
|2||An Nhơn||Bình Định||4||2011||178,817||242.64|
|3||Ayun Pa||Gia Lai||4||2007||35.058||287|
|4||Ba Đồn||Quảng Bình||4||2013||115.196||163.18|
|4||Bắc Kạn||Bắc Kạn||4||1990||29.277||131,95|
|5||Bỉm Sơn||Thanh Hóa||4||1981||56.893||66,88|
|6||Bình Long||Bình Phước||3||2009||60.233||126,29|
|7||Bình Minh||Vĩnh Long||4||2012||95.285||93,62|
|8||Buôn Hồ||Đắk Lắk||4||2008||101.554||282,06|
|9||Cửa Lò||Nghệ An||3||1994||55.000||28|
|10||Chí Linh||Hải Dương||4||2010||164.837||281,09|
|11||Dĩ An||Bình Dương||4||2011||297,435||60.1|
|12||Đồng Xoài||Bình Phước||3||1999||71.200||169,6|
|13||Gia Nghĩa||Đắk Nông||4||2005||35.559||86,64|
|14||Gò Công||Tiền Giang||4||1987||97.709||102|
|15||Hà Tiên||Kiên Giang||4||1998||39.957||88,5|
|16||Hoàng Mai||Hoàng Mai||4||2013||105.105||169,75|
|17||Hồng Lĩnh||Hà Tĩnh||4||1992||36.805||58,55|
|18||Hồng Ngự||Đồng Tháp||4||2009||74.569||122,16|
|19||Kiến Tường||Long An||4||2013||64.589||204,28|
|20||Hương Thủy||Thừa Thiên–Huế||4||2010||96.525||458,17|
|21||Hương Trà||Thừa Thiên–Huế||4||2011||118.354||518,53|
|22||La Gi||Bình Thuận||4||2005||112.558||182,82|
|23||Lai Châu||Lai Châu||4||2004||18.089||70,8|
|24||Long Khánh||Đồng Nai||4||2003||181.242||195|
|25||Mường Lay||Điện Biên||4||1971||14.379||114,03|
|26||Ngã Bảy||Hậu Giang||4||2005||61.024||78,9|
|27||Nghĩa Lộ||Yên Bái||4||1995||26.000||29,66|
|28||Ninh Hòa||Khánh Hòa||4||2010||233.558||1197,77|
|29||Phú Thọ||Phú Thọ||4||1903||62.000||64,5|
|30||Phúc Yên||Vĩnh Phúc||4||2003||104.092||120,29|
|31||Phước Long||Bình Phước||3||2009||50.019||118,83|
|32||Quảng Trị||Quảng Trị||4||1989||22.760||44,03|
|33||Quảng Yên||Quảng Ninh||4||2011||139.596||314,2|
|34||Sa Đéc||Đồng Tháp||3||1785||103.646||57,86|
|35||Sầm Sơn||Thanh Hóa||4||1981||51.417||18|
|36||Sông Cầu||Phú Yên||4||2009||101.521||489,28|
|37||Sông Công||Thái Nguyên||4||1985||44.444||83,64|
|38||Sơn Tây||Hà Nội||3||1903||181.831||113,5|
|39||Tam Điệp||Ninh Bình||4||1982||53.649||110,9|
|40||Tân Châu||An Giang||4||2009||184.129||175,7|
|41||Tây Ninh||Tây Ninh||4||before 1975||130.008||140|
|42||Thái Hòa||Nghệ An||4||2007||66.000||135|
|43||Từ Sơn||Bắc Ninh||4||2008||143.843||61,33|
|44||Vĩnh Châu||Sóc Trăng||4||2011||163.918||473,4|