Carlow County (UK Parliament constituency)

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Carlow County
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
Carlow 1918 UK Irish constituency.png
18011922
Number of members One

Carlow County was a parliamentary constituency in Ireland, which from 1801 to 1885 returned two Members of Parliament (MPs) to the House of Commons of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and one MP from 1885 to 1922.

Boundaries and Boundary changes[edit]

This constituency comprised the whole of County Carlow, except for Carlow Borough 1801–1885.

It returned two MPs 1801–1885, but only one from 1885 to 1922. This was the only Irish county not divided for Parliamentary purposes in the redistribution of 1885. It was thus the only Irish county constituency to exist at every general election from the union with Great Britain to the partition of Ireland.

The constituency ceased to be entitled to be represented in the UK House of Commons on the dissolution of 26 October 1922, shortly before the Irish Free State came into legal existence on 6 December 1922.

Politics[edit]

In the 1918 election the Sinn Féin candidate was unopposed.

Dáil Éireann 1918–1922[edit]

The constituency was, in Irish republican theory, entitled to return one Teachta Dála (known in English as a Deputy) in 1918 to serve in the Irish Republic's First Dáil. Sinn Féin used the UK general election in 1918 to elect the Dáil. The revolutionary body assembled on 21 January 1919. The list of members read out on that day included everyone elected in Ireland. Only the Sinn Féin Deputies participated in the Dáil, but the other Irish MPs could have done so if they had chosen to adhere to the Republic.

The First Dáil, passed a motion at its last meeting on 10 May 1921, the first three parts of which make explicit the republican view.

  • 1. That the Parliamentary elections which are to take place during the present month be regarded as elections to Dáil Éireann.
  • 2. That all deputies duly returned at these elections be regarded as members of Dáil Éireann and allowed to take their seats on subscribing to the proposed Oath of Allegiance.
  • 3. That the present Dáil dissolve automatically as soon as the new body has been summoned by the President and called to order.

The Second Dáil first met on 16 August 1921, thereby dissolving the First Dáil.

Sinn Féin had decided to use the polls for the Northern Ireland House of Commons and the House of Commons of Southern Ireland as an election for the Irish Republic's Second Dáil. No actual voting was necessary in Southern Ireland as all the seats were filled by unopposed returns. Except for Dublin University all other constituencies elected Sinn Féin TDs. As with the First Dáil, the other Deputies could have joined the Dáil if they chose.

From the Third Dáil onwards the Dáil represented only the twenty-six counties which formed the Irish Free State.

In the 2nd and 3rd Dála Carlow formed part of the Carlow–Kilkenny constituency.

Members of Parliament[edit]

MPs 1801–1885[edit]

Election 1st Member 1st Party 2nd Member 2nd Party
1801 William Henry Burton Sir Richard Butler, Bt
Jul. 1802 David Latouche Whig Walter Bagenal Whig
Oct. 1812 Henry Bruen Tory
18 Apr 1816 Robert Anthony Latouche Whig
Jun 1818 Sir Ulysses Bagenal Burgh Tory
Jun 1826 Thomas Kavanagh Tory
May 1831 Walter Blackney Whig Sir John Milley Doyle Whig
Dec 1832 Repeal Association Thomas Wallace Liberal
Jan. 1835 Henry Bruen Conservative Thomas Kavanagh Conservative
15 Jun 1835 Nicholas Aylward Vigors Liberal a Alexander Raphael Liberal
19 Aug 1835 Henry Bruen Conservative Thomas Kavanagh Conservative
18 Feb 1837 Nicholas Aylward Vigors Liberal a
Aug 1837 John Ashton Yates Liberal
5 Dec 1840 Henry Bruen Conservative
Jul 1841 Thomas Bunbury Conservative
1 Jul 1846 William McClintock-Bunbury Conservative
Jul 1852 John Ball Liberal b
25 Apr 1853 William McClintock-Bunbury Conservative
Apr 1857 Henry Bruen (younger) Conservative
7 Aug 1862 Denis William Pack Beresford Conservative
Nov 1868 Arthur MacMurrough Kavanagh Conservative
Apr 1880 Edmund Dwyer Gray Home Rule League Donald Horne Macfarlane Home Rule League
1885 representation reduced to one member

Notes:-

MPs 1885–1922[edit]

From To Name Party Died
1885 1886 Edmund Dwyer Gray Nationalist 27 March 1888
1886 1887 John Aloysius Blake Nationalist 22 May 1887
1887 1891 Charles James Patrick O'Gorman Mahon Nationalist 15 June 1891
1891 1892 John Hammond Nationalist 17 November 1907
1892 1900 Anti-Parnellite
1900 1908 Nationalist
1908 1910 Walter MacMurrough Kavanagh Nationalist 18 July 1922
1910 1918 Michael Molloy Nationalist
1918 1922 James Lennon Sinn Féin 13 August 1958

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

General Election 3 December 1885: Carlow
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Nationalist Edmund Dwyer Gray 4,801 86.5
Conservative Sir Thomas Pierce Butler, Bt. 751 13.5
Majority 4,050 73.0
Turnout 6,891 80.6
Irish Nationalist gain from new seat Swing
  • Gray elects to sit for Dublin, St Stephen’s Green
By-election 29 January 1886: Carlow
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Nationalist John Aloysius Blake unopposed
Turnout 6,891
Irish Nationalist hold Swing
General Election 3 July 1886: Carlow
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Nationalist John Aloysius Blake unopposed
Turnout 6,891
Irish Nationalist hold Swing
  • Death of Blake
By-election 24 August 1887: Carlow
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Nationalist The O’Gorman Mahon unopposed
Turnout 7,643
Irish Nationalist hold Swing

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

  • Death of the O’Gorman Mahon
By-election 7 July 1891: Carlow
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish National Federation John Hammond 3,755 70.9
Parnellite Nationalist Andrew Joseph Kettle 1,539 29.1
Majority 2,216 41.8
Turnout 7,016 75.5
Irish National Federation gain from Irish Nationalist Swing
General Election 12 July 1892: Carlow
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish National Federation John Hammond 3,738 82.1
Liberal Unionist Robert More McMahon 813 17.9
Majority 2,925 64.2
Turnout 6,874 66.2
Irish National Federation hold Swing
General Election 20 July 1895: Carlow
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish National Federation John Hammond 3,091 81.6
Irish Unionist Steuart James Charles Duckett 685 18.4
Majority 2,406 63.2
Turnout 6,168 61.2
Irish National Federation hold Swing

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election 3 October 1900: Carlow
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Nationalist John Hammond unopposed
Turnout 6,454
Irish Nationalist gain from Irish National Federation Swing
General Election 17 January 1906: Carlow
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Nationalist John Hammond unopposed
Turnout 5,831
Irish Nationalist hold Swing
  • Death of Hammond
By-election 3 February 1908: Carlow
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Nationalist Walter MacMurrough Kavanagh unopposed
Turnout 5,881
Irish Nationalist hold Swing

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election 20 January 1910: Carlow
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Nationalist Michael Molloy unopposed
Turnout 5,905
Irish Nationalist hold Swing
General Election 9 December 1910: Carlow
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Nationalist Michael Molloy unopposed
Turnout 5,905
Irish Nationalist hold Swing
General Election 14 December 1918: Carlow
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Sinn Féin James Lennon unopposed
Turnout 16,133
Sinn Féin gain from Irish Nationalist Swing

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]