|Motto: Lugh sáimh-ioldánach (Irish)
"Lugh equally skilled in many arts"
|• Type||County Council|
|• Total||826 km2 (319 sq mi)|
|• Rank||18th |
County Louth (Irish: Contae Lú) is a county in Ireland. It is in the province of Leinster and is part of the Border Region. It is named after the village of Louth. Louth County Council is the local authority for the county. The population of the county is 122,897 according to the 2011 census.
- 1 Geography
- 2 History
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Local government and politics
- 5 Irish language
- 6 People
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- 9 External links
County Louth is colloquially known as 'the Wee County' as it is Ireland's smallest county by area (826 km2 (319 mi2). It is the 19th-largest in terms of population. It is the smallest of Leinster’s 12 counties by size and the sixth-largest by population.
It is the second most densely populated county in Ireland behind Dublin, and the fourth on the island of Ireland.
County Louth is named after the village of Louth, which in turn is named after Lugh, a god of the ancient Irish. Historically, the placename has had various spellings; "Lugmad", "Lughmhaigh", and "Lughmhadh" (see Historic Names List, for full listing). Lú is the modern simplified spelling.
The county is steeped in myth, legend and history, and is a setting in the Táin Bó Cúailnge. Later it saw the influence of the Vikings as seen in the name of Carlingford Lough. They also established a longphort at Annagassan in the ninth century. At this time Louth consisted of three sub-kingdoms each subject to separate over-kingdoms: Conaille (Ulaidh); Fir Rois (Airgialla); and, the Fir Arda Ciannachta (Midhe). The whole area became part of the O'Carroll Kingdom of Airgialla (Oriel) early in the 12th century.
A number of historic sites are in the county, including religious sites at Monasterboice, Mellifont Abbey and the St Mary Magdalene Dominican Friary. In the early 14th century, the Scottish army of Edward Bruce siege of Drogheda. Edward went on to be defeated in the Battle of Faughart near Dundalk, this time losing not only his claim to the High Kingship Of Ireland, but also his life.
The Normans occupied the Louth area in the 1180s, and it became known as English Oriel, to distinguish it from the remainder (Irish Oriel) which remained in Irish hands. The latter became the McMahon lordship of Oriel of Monaghan.
In 1189 AD, a royal charter was granted to Dundalk after a Norman nobleman named Bertram de Verdun erected a manor house at Castletown Mount. Later in 1412 AD, a royal charter was granted to Drogheda. This charter unified the towns of Drogheda-in-Meath and Drogheda-in-Uriel (Louth) as a County in its own right, styled as ‘the County of the town of Drogheda’. Drogheda continued as a County Borough until the setting up of County Councils, through the enactment of the Local Government (Ireland) Act 1898, which saw all of Drogheda, including a large area south of the River Boyne, become part of an extended County Louth.
Until the late 16th century, Louth had been a part of Ulster, before being included as part of Leinster after a conference held at Faughart (in 1596) between the Chiefs of Ulster (O'Nial/O'Niel and O'Donel/McDonnel), on the Irish side, and the Archbishop of Cashel and the Earl of Ormonde on that of the English.
The 16th and 17th centuries featured many skirmishes and battles involving Irish and English forces, as it was on the main route to 'the Moiry Pass' and the Ulster areas often in rebellion and as yet uncolonised. Oliver Cromwell attacked Drogheda in 1649 slaughtering the Royalist garrison and hundreds of the town's citizens. Towards the end of the same century, the armies of the warring Kings, James and William, faced off in South Louth during the build-up to the Battle of the Boyne the battle was fought 3 km west Drogheda. Drogheda held for James II under Lord Iveagh, but surrendered to King William (III) of Orange the day after the battle of the Boyne.
In 1798, the leaders of the United Irishmen included Bartholomew Teeling, John Byrne, and Patrick Byrne, all from Castletown; Anthony Marmion from Louth Town and Dundalk, Anthony McCann from Corderry; Nicholas and Thomas Markey from Barmeath, and Arthur McKeown, John Warren, and James McAllister from Cambricville. They were betrayed by informers, notably a Dr. Conlan, who came from Dundalk, and an agent provocateur called Sam Turner, from Newry. Several leaders were hanged.
The priest and scientist Nicholas Callan (1799–1864) was from Darver.
County Louth is the 19th largest county in terms of population yet it is the most densely populated county in Ireland outside of Dublin with a population density of 148.7 people per km², almost double that of the national average. The majority of the county's 122,897 population live in either Dundalk in North Louth, or Drogheda in South Louth. The 2011 Census confirmed Drogheda and Dundalk as not only the largest towns in the county, but also the largest and second largest towns and overall 6th and 7th largest urban areas in Ireland.
Towns and settlements (2011 Census)
|Area||Legal Town Limit||Inc. Environs||Inc. Rural|
Towns and villages
Local government and politics
Louth County Council
The local authority is Louth County Council, offices in Dundalk, which provides a number of services including; planning, roads maintenance, fire brigade, council housing, water supply, waste collection, recycling and landfill, higher education grants and funding for arts and culture.
Since the implementation of the Local Government Reform Act 2014 on 1 June 2014, County Louth has been subdivided into four Local Electoral Area's (often abbreviated as LEA) for elections to Louth County Council and three Municipal districts for local government which are,
- Ardee Municipal District
- Drogheda Borough District
- Dundalk Municipal District
|Louth County Council (29)||Ardee||Y||Y||6|
- Y indicates the area is a municipal district. (Those designated as "metropolitan district" or "borough district" are footnoted.)
- Y indicates the area is a local electoral area.
- The number of councillors returned by the LEA and/or the number on the district council. All district councillors are ex officio members of the county/city council.
- Borough district.
Louth Dáil Éireann constituency
For elections to Dáil Éireann, Louth is represented by the five member Louth constituency which takes in the entire county of Louth and two electoral divisions in County Meath. the Electoral (Amendment) Act 2009 merged the electoral divisions of St.Mary's (Part) and Julianstown, collectively known as "East Meath" in County Meath with County Louth to form one Dáil Éireann constituency. The Report on Dáil and European Parliament Constituencies 2007 outlined "by extending the constituency southwards from, and in the environs of, Drogheda and taking in electoral divisions which have extensive linkages with the town. This will allow the inclusion of the town of Drogheda and hinterland areas in a single constituency."  This merger allowed the areas of the Greater Drogheda area in County Meath  and their combined population of 20,375 to be merged with Drogheda and County Louth. Following the 2011 general election, the constituency elected two TDs for the Fine Gael party (centre right), and one TD each for Fianna Fáil (centre to centre-right), the Labour Party (centre left) and Sinn Féin (left wing).
The area of Omeath was Irish-speaking until the early 20th century. A native dialect of Louth Irish existed there until about 1930, but is now extinct, although recordings have been made. Within the county 1,587 people use Irish on a daily basis outside of the education system according to the 2011 census.
- Pierce Brosnan - Actor, James Bond
- Eamonn Campbell - Member of The Dubliners
- Andrea Corr - Singer, The Corrs
- Caroline Corr - Musician, The Corrs
- Jim Corr - Musician, The Corrs
- Sharon Corr - Musician, The Corrs
- Evanna Lynch - Actress, Harry Potter
- Cathy Maguire - Singer/songwriter
- John Moore - Film director
- Gerry O'Connor - Traditional Irish fiddle player
- Colin O'Donoghue - Actor
- Dave Callan - Irish born Australian comedian and radio DJ, born in Dundalk
- Major-General Arthur Thomas Moore VC - Soldier and recipient of the Victoria Cross
- Admiral Francis Leopold McClintock KCB FRS - Royal Navy officer and Explorer
- John McClintock (1770–1855), MP for Athlone 1820, for County Louth 1830–31
- Dermot Ahern - Politician, Fianna Fáil TD for Louth
- James Carroll - Politician, Fianna Fáil, member of Seanad Éireann from Louth
- Mark Dearey - Politician, Green Party Senator from Louth
- Séamus Kirk - Politician, Fianna Fáil TD for Louth
- Brendan McGahon - Politician, Fine Gael TD for Louth
- Michael McKevitt - Republican dissident leader
- Arthur Morgan - Politician, Sinn Féin TD for Louth
- Thomas Byrne - Former racing driver
- Nick Colgan - Footballer, currently playing for Grimsby Town F.C.
- Kenny Finn - Irish American soccer and gaelic football player
- Beatrice Hill-Lowe - Archer
- Gary Kelly - Footballer, Leeds United
- Robert Kearney - Irish Rugby player
- Colin Larkin - footballer, Hartlepool United
- Tommy Smyth - Football commentator for ESPN
- Steve Staunton - Footballer
- Kevin Thornton - Footballer
- List of abbeys and priories in Ireland (County Louth)
- Lord Lieutenant of Louth
- High Sheriff of Louth
- List of songs about Louth
- "Census 2011 - County Louth". Central Statistics Office. 2011. Retrieved 28 February 2014.
- Central Statistics Office Census 2006 Reports. Central Statistics Office Ireland (April 2007).
- "Placenames Database of Ireland". Fiontar (DCU) and The Placenames Branch (Department of Arts, Heritage and the Gaeltacht). 2008. Retrieved 28 February 2014.
- Section 2(1) of the Local Government Act, 2001, provides that the administrative area for which a county council is responsible is a county: http://www.environ.ie/en/LocalGovernment/LocalGovernmentAdministration/RHLegislation/FileDownLoad,1963,en.pdf
- Census 2011 - County Louth Overview
- North West Passage
- Corry, Eoghan (2005). The GAA Book of Lists. Hodder Headline Ireland. pp. 186–191. ISBN 0-340-89695-7.
- Johnston, L. C. (1826). History of Drogheda: from the earliest period to the present time. Drogheda. p. 37.
- D'Alton, John 1844, The History of Drogheda
ReferenceAwas invoked but never defined (see the help page).
Cite error: The named reference
- For 1653 and 1659 figures from Civil Survey Census of those years, Paper of Mr Hardinge to Royal Irish Academy 14 March 1865.
- Census for post 1821 figures.
- NISRA - Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency (c) 2013. Nisranew.nisra.gov.uk (2010-09-27). Retrieved on 2013-07-23.
- Lee, JJ (1981). "On the accuracy of the Pre-famine Irish censuses". In Goldstrom, J. M.; Clarkson, L. A. Irish Population, Economy, and Society: Essays in Honour of the Late K. H. Connell. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press.
- Mokyr, Joel; O Grada, Cormac (November 1984). "New Developments in Irish Population History, 1700-1850". The Economic History Review 37 (4): 473–488. doi:10.1111/j.1468-0289.1984.tb00344.x.
- "Legal Towns Dundalk Legal Town (CSO Area Code LT 10008)". Central Statistics Office. 2011.
- "Dundalk Legal Town And Its Environs Results". Central Statistics Office. 2011.
- "Legal Towns Drogheda Legal Town (CSO Area Code LT 10008)". Central Statistics Office. 2011.
- "Drogheda Legal Town And Its Environs Results". Central Statistics Office. 2011.
- "Services". Louth County Council. Retrieved 31 March 2011.
- Louth Irish Language
- "County Louth". Central Statistics Office. 2011.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to County Louth.|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for County Louth.|
- Carlingford town local site
- Drogheda Tourism - Official Site of the Drogheda Tourist Office
- Dunleer town portal
- Dunleer Parish
- Louth Local Authorities
- Omeath town local site
- Tallanstown Tidy Towns
- CSO Louth
||County Monaghan||County Armagh||County Down|
|County Meath||Irish Sea|