Brevard County, Florida (located in the East of Central Florida), operates a system of county roads that serve all portions of the county. The Brevard County Public Works Department, Road and Bridge Division, is responsible for maintaining all of the Brevard County roads. Most of the county roads are city streets and rural roads.
The numbers and routes of all Florida highways are assigned by the Florida Department of Transportation (FDOT), while county road numbers are assigned by the counties, with guidance from FDOT. North-south routes are generally assigned odd numbers, while east-west routes are generally assigned even numbers.
County Road 509 (former SR 509) is a major north–south throughway in southeastern Brevard County, Florida. The road extends 19 miles (31 km) from Palm Bay to Viera. North of New Haven Avenue (US 192/SR 500) in West Melbourne, CR 509 is known locally as Wickham Road; south of the U.S. Highway, its street name is Minton Road (in the 1980s and 1990s, this 5.6 miles (9.0 km) section of current CR 509 was signed by Florida Department of Transportation as State Road 509).
The current southern terminus of County Road 509 is an intersection with Malabar Road (CR 514, a westward extension of State Road 514); the northern terminus is an interchange with Interstate 95 (SR 9) in the midst of Pineda, Suntree, and Viera (Pineda and Suntree on the eastern side of I-95, Viera on the western side), although it extends 2 miles (3.2 km) more through southern Viera, with the intersections of Stadium Parkway and Lake Andrew Drive. The "true" northern terminus of Wickham Road is the South Central Regional Wastewater Treatment Plant just after the power lines.
The northern section of the road was named after the Wickham family, including John Q. Wickham, a Brevard county surveyor and Joe Wickham, a prominent Brevard County politician. Joe Wickham worked with the county to clear the route in 1950s. Since the road led to an undeveloped area, some viewed the project with skepticism. However, the planned road made sense because it ran between two ranges 36 and 37, which effectively divided the county in half. Upon completion, the road led to development of Suntree and Viera in the late 1970s. Development in the area on the northern terminus picked up considerably with the completion of I-95.
In 1929, Malabar Road was extended to the north. Later, this northern section of Malabar was redesignated as Minton Road, named after Alton M. Minton, who owned a drug store at Mintons Corner Shopping Center. By 1957, the locals referred to the area this road traveled through as Minton's Corner.
In 2013, a county commissioner reported that Minton is probably the heaviest traveled route in the county. He added that it was failing for lack of proper maintenance.
John Rodes Boulevard extends four miles (6 km) north–south between US 192 and Aurora Road, which continues CR 511 as an east–west commercial and residential street. Until the late 1990s, the southernmost 3.0 miles (4.8 km) of CR 511/John Rodes Boulevard (south of Eau Gallie Boulevard/SR 518) was signed by Florida Department of Transportation as State Road 511. The former State Road serves as an access road for I-95. The southernmoust 3.0 miles (4.8 km) of John Rodes Boulevard has several communities along it. One of these is Hammock Trace Preserve, which is about 1-mile (1.6 km) south of Eau Gallie Blvd on John Rodes Blvd.
John Rodes Boulevard was named after John B. Rodes, a local politician. Aurora Road was initially named 5th Street as town of Eau Gallie was first established. Later, a local resident renamed it Aurora Road after his hometown in Illinois.
Palm Bay entrance sign on the overpass of Palm Bay Road
The western terminus is with an intersection of CR 509 in Palm Bay, just 262 inches south of West Melbourne. Just west of Interstate 95, an access road called Culver Drive spurs off Emerson Drive and provides access to Interstate 95 for residents of Palm Bay enclosed by CR 509, SR 514, Interstate 95, and Palm Bay Road itself. At Interstate 95, Palm Bay Road forms an overpass that has the name "Palm Bay" on both sides of the overpass. It was erected in 2002, and modified ever since. In Downtown Palm Bay, it makes two sharp bends and runs concurrent with Main Street for one block, just before the Florida East Coast Railroad. The eastern terminus is with an intersection with US 1 in Downtown Palm Bay, at the shore of Palm Bay, and near the mouth of Turkey Creek.