County Sligo

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County Sligo
Contae Shligigh
Coat of arms of County Sligo
Coat of arms
Motto(s): Land of Heart's Desire  
Location of County Sligo
CountryIreland
ProvinceConnacht
Dáil ÉireannSligo–Leitrim
EU ParliamentMidlands–North-West
County townSligo
Government
 • TypeCounty Council
Area[1]
 • Total1,838 km2 (710 sq mi)
Area rank22nd
Population (2016)[2]65,535
 • Rank26th
Vehicle index
mark code
SO
Websitewww.sligococo.ie

County Sligo (/ˈslɡ/ SLY-goh, Irish: Contae Shligigh) is a county in Ireland. It is located in the Border Region and is part of the province of Connacht. Sligo is the administrative capital and largest town in the county. Sligo County Council is the local authority for the county. The population of the county is 65,535 according to the 2016 census,[2] making it the 3rd most populated county in the province. It is noted for Benbulben Mountain, one of Ireland’s most distinctive natural landmarks.

History[edit]

The county was officially formed in 1585 by the Lord Deputy Henry Sidney, but did not come into effect until the chaos of the Nine Years' War ended, in 1603. Its boundaries reflect the Ó Conchobhair Sligigh confederation of Lower Connacht (Irish: Íochtar Connacht) as it was at the time of the Elizabethan conquest.

This confederation consisted of the tuatha, or territories, of Cairbre Drumcliabh, Tír Fhíacrach Múaidhe, Tír Ollíol, Luíghne, Corann and Cúl ó bhFionn. Under the system of surrender and regrant each tuath was subsequently made into an English barony: Carbury, Tireragh, Leyny, Tirerril, Corran and Coolavin. The capital of the newly shired county was placed at Sligo.

A causewayed enclosure discovered in 2003 at Maugheraboy is one of the earliest indications of Neolithic farming activity on the Cúil Irra peninsula[3]. The nearbly megalithic cemetery of Carrowmore forms part of a huge complex of Stone Age remains connecting Carrowkeel in south Sligo to the Ox Mountains, to the Cuil Irra Peninsula, where the passage tomb named after the legendary Queen Maeve, Miosgán Médhbh, dominates the western skyline from the crest of Knocknarea Mountain.The Caves of Kesh, famous in Irish mythology, are in south County Sligo. A recent decoding [4] of the work of Marinus of Tyre and Ptolemy shows Sligo as he likely location of Nagnata, an important place of assembly in the Iron Age. Famous medieval manuscripts written in the area include the Book of Ballymote, written in the territory of Corran, the Great Book of Lecan, and the Yellow Book of Lecan, both written in Tir Fhiacrach. The patron of the Annals of the Four Masters was Fearghal Ó Gadhra of Coolavin in south County Sligo.

Local government and politics[edit]

Sligo County Council is the governing body for the county. It is divided into five Local Electoral Areas (LEAs) Ballymote, Dromore, Sligo-Drumcliff, Sligo-Strandhill and Tubbercurry. There are 25 members elected to Sligo County Council.

Sligo is part of the Sligo-Leitrim constituency and has four representatives (TD's) in Dáil Éireann, Tony McLoughlin (FG), Marc MacSharry (FF) Martin Kenny (SF) and Eamon Scanlon (FF).

Coat of arms[edit]

This crest was adopted by Sligo County Council in 1980. The design on the black shield, which shows an open book on which there is a Celtic Cross and a red rose, represents collectively the literary and cultural history of Sligo. These refer to such early works as the Books of Ballymote and Lecan, while the rose was a significant theme in the poetry of W.B.Yeats. The escallop shells sprinkled on the shield refer to the origin of the word Sligeach -- "a place abounding in shells". The boar's head refers to the "wild boar of Benbulben" in the Diarmuid and Gráinne myth. The colour scheme of the crest incorporates the Sligo GAA colours of black and white.[5]

Culture[edit]

The Sligo coastline at Mullaghmore, with Classiebawn Castle in the distance
Beezie's Island on Lough Gill

The poet and Nobel laureate William Butler Yeats (1865–1939) spent much of his childhood in northern Sligo and the county's landscapes (particularly the Isle of Innisfree, in Lough Gill) were the inspiration for much of his poetry. Yeats said, "the place that has really influenced my life most is Sligo." He is buried in North County Sligo, "Under Ben Bulben", in Drumcliff.

Music[edit]

County Sligo has a long history of traditional music. The south of the county is particularly noted with such musical luminaries as James Morrison, Michael Coleman, Paddy Killoran, Fred Finn, Peter Horan, Joe O'Dowd, Jim Donoghue, Martin Wynne, Oisín Mac Diarmada (of Téada), tin-whistle player Carmel Gunning and the band Dervish. The county has many traditional music festivals and one of the most well known is the Queen Maeve International Summer School, a traditional Irish Music summer school of music and dance which is held annually in August in Sligo Town. On the more contemporary music scene there are Westlife, Tabby Callaghan and The Conway Sisters who are from Sligo. Strandhill, about 9 km west of Sligo, hosts the Strandhill Guitar Festival[6] each year, featuring a wide variety of guitar music and musicians.

Sport[edit]

Unlike its neighbouring counties, Sligo has had more success at soccer rather than Gaelic games. The county is home to League of Ireland Premier Division club Sligo Rovers, who have played home matches at The Showgrounds since they were founded in 1928. Brother Walfrid, the founder of Celtic Football Club, was born in Ballymote.

The county is represented in Gaelic Games by Sligo GAA.

Geography and political subdivisions[edit]

Sligo countryside and Ben Bulben seen in the background

Sligo is the 22nd largest of Ireland's 32 counties in area and 26th largest in terms of population.[7] It is the fourth largest of Connacht's 5 counties in size and third largest in terms of population. The County borders County Mayo to the west, County Roscommon to the south and south-east and County Leitrim to the north-east.

Largest Towns County Sligo (2016 Census)[edit]

Beach near Strandhill
  1. Sligo, 19,452
  2. Tubbercurry, 1,986
  3. Strandhill, 1,753
  4. Collooney, 1,610
  5. Ballymote, 1,549
  6. Ballisodare, 1,350
  7. Enniscrone, 1,223
  8. Coolaney, 990
  9. Rosses Point, 883
  10. Grange, 586

Towns and villages[edit]

People[edit]

Railways[edit]

Served by the Sligo Line connecting Sligo to Dublin Connolly railway station.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ County Sligo at Encyclopædia Britannica
  2. ^ a b c "Census 2016 Sapmap Area: County Sligo". Central Statistics Office (Ireland). Retrieved 11 April 2018.
  3. ^ Danaher, E. (2007) Monumental beginnings: The archaeology of the N4 Sligo Inner Relief Road. NRA Scheme Monograph 1. Dublin: The National Roads Authority
  4. ^ http://irishgeography.ie/index.php/irishgeography/article/view/109/101
  5. ^ "History Around You". www.resources.teachnet.ie. Archived from the original on 29 July 2014. Retrieved 28 July 2014.
  6. ^ "Sligo Arts". www.sligoarts.ie/FestivalsandEvents/Name,13321,en.html/ Sligo Arts.
  7. ^ Corry, Eoghan (2005). The GAA Book of Lists. Hodder Headline Ireland. pp. 186–191. ISBN 0-340-89695-7.
  8. ^ For 1653 and 1659 figures from Civil Survey Census of those years, Paper of Mr Hardinge to Royal Irish Academy 14 March 1865.
  9. ^ "Server Error 404 - CSO - Central Statistics Office". www.cso.ie.
  10. ^ http://www.histpop.org Archived 7 May 2016 at the Wayback Machine.
  11. ^ NISRA – Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency (c) 2013 Archived 17 February 2012 at the Wayback Machine.. Nisranew.nisra.gov.uk (27 September 2010). Retrieved on 23 July 2013.
  12. ^ Lee, JJ (1981). "Pre-famine". In Goldstrom, J. M.; Clarkson, L. A. Irish Population, Economy, and Society: Essays in Honour of the Late K. H. Connell. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press.
  13. ^ Mokyr, Joel; O Grada, Cormac (November 1984). "New Developments in Irish Population History, 1700–1850". The Economic History Review. 37 (4): 473–488. doi:10.1111/j.1468-0289.1984.tb00344.x.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 54°15′N 8°40′W / 54.250°N 8.667°W / 54.250; -8.667