Couple to Couple League
|This article relies too much on references to primary sources. (March 2011)|
The Couple to Couple League is an international, non-profit organization based in Cincinnati, Ohio dedicated to teaching and promoting Natural Family Planning. Specifically, CCL promotes the sympto-thermal method of fertility awareness and also promotes exclusive and continued breastfeeding. CCL views natural family planning as "a way of life, not just a method of birth regulation," and includes moral and religious values from a Roman Catholic point of view in their publications and classes.
The Couple to Couple League was founded in 1971 by John and Sheila Kippley, lay Catholics, with the help of Dr. Konald Prem. The League was the first organization to teach a symptoms-based method of fertility awareness that relied on all three primary fertility signs: temperature, mucus, and also cervical position. CCL has grown to be the largest natural family planning provider in the United States, teaching the symptothermal method to almost 8,000 couples in 2004.
CCL has 16 paid employees, all working at their headquarters building in Cincinnati, Ohio. In 2006, financial rating organization Charity Navigator gave CCL a 4-star (highest) rating for "organizational efficiency", but due to several years of declining programming expenditures, only 1 star for "organizational capacity".
CCL recruits married couples who are current members of the organization as teaching couples. Teaching couples undergo training and a certification process at no cost to themselves. Teaching couples are required to agree with and live by the moral and religious beliefs advocated by CCL. While teaching couples are volunteers who receive no compensation, their students are charged a fee to cover materials used in the class, and a one-year membership with the Couple to Couple League. Membership includes a subscription to CCL's bimonthly magazine and counseling or assistance in interpreting sympto-thermal charts.
Classes normally contain moral and religious content, but teachers will sometimes honor requests for private classes with no religious information.
CCL has volunteers called Promoters or Public Relations Representatives who work to increase the visibility of the organization. Like teachers, promoters are required to agree with and live by certain moral and religious requirements. Family Foundations, a bimonthly magazine, is used as both a communication tool with CCL's current supporters, and as an evangelizing tool. CCL also uses the internet as a tool for spreading its message: in addition to ccli.org, the url birthcontrol.org redirects to the organization's website.
While CCL strongly encourages use of their symptothermal method, they also teach mucus-only and temperature-only systems. In addition, their materials contain information on a calendar-based method and a proposal for a cervical-position-only system. CCL believes that by teaching all these methods, couples have more freedom in choosing the natural method with which they feel the most comfortable.
CCL also teaches and promotes ecological breastfeeding, a stricter variant of LAM. Like LAM, ecological breastfeeding provides guidelines for identifying and extending the natural period of infertility caused by breastfeeding. The Seven Standards of ecological breastfeeding were developed by Sheila Kippley. The first edition of her book Breastfeeding and Natural Child Spacing was published in 1969. CCL was recognized as an authoritative source of information on breastfeeding amenorrhea in a magazine published by La Leche League, an international breastfeeding support organization. The popular fertility awareness writer Katie Singer has written about the important role Sheila Kippley and CCL have played in conducting and promoting research on lactational amenorrhea.
- Kippley, John; Kippley, Sheila (1996). The Art of Natural Family Planning (4th ed.). Cincinnati, OH: Couple to Couple League International. ISBN 0-926412-13-2.
- Kippley, Sheila (1999). Breastfeeding and Natural Child Spacing: How Ecological Breastfeeding Spaces Babies. Cincinnati, OH: Couple to Couple League International. ISBN 0-926412-20-5.
- Hays, Charlotte (December 2001). "Solving the Puzzle of Natural Family Planning". Crisis Magazine. Retrieved 2007-03-18.
- "About CCL". The Couple to Couple League. 2005. Retrieved 2007-06-09.
- "Volunteer Profile". The Couple to Couple League. 2005. Retrieved 2007-06-09.
- "CCL Central". The Couple to Couple League. 2005. Retrieved 2007-06-09.
- "Couple to Couple League". Charity Navigator. 2006. Retrieved 2007-06-09.
- "Become a Teacher". The Couple to Couple League. 2005. Retrieved 2007-06-09.
- "Learning NFP through CCL". The Couple to Couple League. 2005. Retrieved 2007-06-09.
- "Natural Family Planning Resources" (PDF). McKinley Health Center, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. 2005. Retrieved 2007-06-09.
- "Promoting NFP". The Couple to Couple League. 2005. Retrieved 2007-06-09.
- Alderson, Andrew (November–December 2006). "Magazine redesign reflects broader effort throughout CCL". Family Foundations 33 (3): p.5.
- http://birthcontrol.org Alternate address for the Couple to Couple League's website. Retrieved on 2007-06-09.
- Kippley, John; Kippley, Sheila (1996). The Art of Natural Family Planning (4th ed.). Cincinnati, OH: Couple to Couple League International. pp. 82,154,375–384. ISBN 0-926412-13-2.
- "CCL's History". The Couple to Couple League. 2005. Retrieved 2007-06-09.
- O'Quinn, Jen (December 1998 – January 1999). "Natural Child Spacing and Breastfeeding". LEAVEN (La Leche League) 34 (6): p.128. Retrieved 2007-06-09.
- Singer, Katie (2004). The Garden of Fertility. New York: Avery. p. 64. ISBN 1-58333-182-4.