Court Square (New York City Subway)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Court Square (IRT Flushing Line))
Jump to: navigation, search
Court Square
NYCS-bull-trans-7.svg NYCS-bull-trans-7d.svg NYCS-bull-trans-E.svg NYCS-bull-trans-M.svg NYCS-bull-trans-G.svg
New York City Subway rapid transit station complex
CourtSq23StTransfer.jpg
Transfer passageway between the Flushing Line and the rest of the station complex as seen from outside on opening day.
Station statistics
Address the immediate vicinity of One Court Square
Queens, NY 11101
Borough Queens
Locale Long Island City
Coordinates 40°44′51″N 73°56′42″W / 40.747615°N 73.945069°W / 40.747615; -73.945069Coordinates: 40°44′51″N 73°56′42″W / 40.747615°N 73.945069°W / 40.747615; -73.945069
Division A (IRT), B (IND)
Line       IND Crosstown Line
      IRT Flushing Line
IND Queens Boulevard Line
Services       7 all times (all times) <7>rush hours until 9:30 p.m., peak direction (rush hours until 9:30 p.m., peak direction)
      E all times (all times)
      M weekdays until 11:00 p.m. (weekdays until 11:00 p.m.)
      G all times (all times)
Transit connections Bus transport NYCT Bus: B32, B62
Bus transport MTA Bus: Q39, Q67, Q69
Levels 3
Other information
Opened 1990; 26 years ago (1990) (Queens Boulevard & Crosstown lines)
June 3, 2011; 5 years ago (2011-06-03) (Flushing line)
Wireless service Wi-Fi[1][2]
Traffic
Passengers (2015) 6,730,837 (station complex)[3]Increase 1%
Rank 67 out of 422

Court Square is a New York City Subway station complex on the IND Crosstown Line, the IRT Flushing Line and the IND Queens Boulevard Line.[4][5][6] The complex is located in the vicinity of One Court Square in Long Island City, Queens and is served by the:

  • 7, E, and G trains at all times
  • M train on weekdays
  • <7> train during rush hours in the peak direction

The complex comprises three separate stations, formerly known as 23rd Street–Ely Avenue (Queens Boulevard Line), Long Island City–Court Square (Crosstown Line), and 45th Road–Court House Square (Flushing Line). Following the opening of the Citigroup office tower at One Court Square, and due to the rerouting of G trains in December 2001 to terminate at Court Square, two passageways were built to connect the three stations. Following the completion of the second passageway in 2011, the Crosstown and Flushing Line stations were named "Court Square" with the latter being made fully ADA-accessible, while the Queens Boulevard Line station, which is not ADA-compliant, was renamed "Court Square–23rd Street".

NYCT president Thomas Prendergast at the complex's opening in 2011
Escalators to the Flushing Line platform

History[edit]

The 1990s-era entrance to the station, built under a renovation funded by Citicorp

The first station to open was 45th Road–Court House Square on November 5, 1916, built under the Dual Contracts as part of a two-stop extension of the future IRT Flushing Line from Hunters Point Avenue to Queensboro Plaza.[7][8] In the late-1920s and early 1930s, the city-owned Independent Subway System (IND) constructed the first sections of the Crosstown and Queens Boulevard Lines; the Court Square Crosstown Line station was the first Queens station of either line to be built, with its structure having been completed in July 1930 and the tilework and equipment installed afterward.[9][10] On August 19, 1933, the IND opened the Court Square station as part of the first leg of the IND Crosstown Line. The IND Queens Boulevard Line between Manhattan and Roosevelt Avenue opened that same day, with GG trains (predecessor to today's G service) operating between Queens Plaza and Nassau Avenue in Brooklyn.[11][12] The 23rd Street–Ely Avenue station had been partially built in the early 1930s,[9][10][13][14][15] but was not completed until August 28, 1939, with E trains serving the station.[13][14]

Connections created[edit]

In 1984, the MTA planned to construct a transfer passageway between the Queens Boulevard and Crosstown Line stations as part of a planned connector between the Queens Boulevard Line and the IND 63rd Street Line.[16][17] Around 1986, Citigroup (then Citicorp) agreed to fund the passageway, at the cost of $8.5 million, as part of a zoning requirement for the construction of the adjacent One Court Square tower;[18][19][20][21] the tower was built as part of the process of Citicorp splitting up its operations between its different buildings.[22] The company selected the site due to the proximity to the stations.[22] The building opened in 1989, with the passageway completed later on.[21] In 2000, the MTA began designing a second in-system passageway between the Flushing and Crosstown line stations.[23] On December 16, 2001, the 63rd Street Line connector was opened and service on the Queens Boulevard Line was increased, requiring G trains to terminate at Court Square on weekdays. To compensate Crosstown riders going into Queens, a free out-of-system transfer to the Flushing Line station was created.[24][25]

In October 2005, Citigroup announced they would be funding the passageway between the Flushing and Crosstown line stations, as a zoning requirement for the construction of the Court Square Two building.[26][27] On March 17, 2011, the Queens Boulevard station was renamed to "Court Square–23rd Street".[28] On June 3, 2011, the $47 million ADA-accessible connection between the Crosstown Line and Flushing Line stations was opened and the two stations were renamed "Court Square"; most of the project was funded by Citi, with $13.9 million covered by the MTA.[29][26] The Flushing Line station was closed from January 21, 2012 to April 2, 2012 to complete further renovations, including platform upgrades and renovations to the station's mezzanine to make the station fully ADA-compliant.[30][31]

Station layout[edit]

2F
Flushing Line platforms
Side platform, doors will open on the right Handicapped/disabled access
Southbound NYCS-bull-trans-7.svg (NYCS-bull-trans-7d.svg AM rush hours) toward 34th Street–Hudson Yards (Hunters Point Avenue)
Northbound NYCS-bull-trans-7.svg (NYCS-bull-trans-7d.svg PM rush hours) toward Flushing–Main Street (Queensboro Plaza)
Side platform, doors will open on the right Handicapped/disabled access
1F Fare control, to entrances/exits, station agent, MetroCard vending machines
Handicapped/disabled access (Elevator at NE corner of 23rd Street and Jackson Avenue for NYCS-bull-trans-7.svg NYCS-bull-trans-7d.svg trains; transfers to other services not accessible)
G Street Level Exit/ Entrance
B1 Fare control, to entrances/exits, station agent, MetroCard vending machines
Moving walkway and passageways between IRT Flushing Line platforms, IND Crosstown Line platforms, and IND Queens Boulevard Line platforms
B2
Queens Blvd. Line platforms
Side platform, doors will open on the right
Southbound NYCS-bull-trans-E.svg toward World Trade Center (Lexington Avenue–53rd Street)
NYCS-bull-trans-M.svg toward Metropolitan Avenue (Lexington Avenue–53rd Street)
Northbound NYCS-bull-trans-E.svg toward Jamaica Center (Queens Plaza)
NYCS-bull-trans-M.svg toward Forest Hills–71st Avenue (Queens Plaza)
Side platform, doors will open on the right
B2
Crosstown Line platforms
Southbound NYCS-bull-trans-G.svg toward Church Avenue (21st Street)
Island platform, doors will open on the left, right
Southbound NYCS-bull-trans-G.svg toward Church Avenue (21st Street)
 (No regular service: Queens Plaza)

The station complex consists of three formerly separate stations along the IND Queens Boulevard Line, IND Crosstown Line, and IRT Flushing Line. There are several entrances to the complex, with two passageways within fare control connecting the stations.[32][24][16]

Crosstown–Queens Boulevard Lines transfer passageway[edit]

The northernmost passageway, which is 360 feet (110 m) long, connects the east (railroad north) end of the Queens Boulevard Line station, at 44th Drive east of 23rd Street, with the north end of the Crosstown Line station at Jackson Avenue and 45th Avenue.[32][24][16] This passageway was originally planned in the 1980s to compensate for the planned reroute of the G service away from the Queens Boulevard line when the connector to the 63rd Street Line was completed[16][17] (which occurred in 2001),[24][25] and was constructed in the 1990s after Citigroup opened its 658-foot (201 m) office tower at One Court Square.[18][19][21] The main fare control area has a skylight and the passageway has the only moving walkways (horizontal escalators) in the subway system, which move passengers from the Crosstown and Flushing Lines' platforms to the Queens Boulevard Line's platforms. These were installed in December 2001 when the G began terminating at this station complex on weekdays.[24][25][33]

The passageway is split into two sections, and between these two sections is the full-time fare control area for the complex that has a turnstile bank, token booth, and two staircases. One has two escalators and goes up to south side of 44th Drive inside a Citibank location next to the tower, and the other is open weekdays only and leads to the entrance plaza of One Court Square.[32][18] A set of escalators opposite the street stairs lead to the building's lobby.[24][25][33]

The station's main fare control area leading from One Court Square (left), and the moving sidewalk as seen from the same position, facing the opposite direction (right)

Flushing–Crosstown Lines transfer passageway[edit]

The second passageway, opened in June 2011, consists of two escalators, one elevator, and one staircase within a glass-enclosed structure that connects the underground Crosstown Line station and the elevated Flushing Line station at 45th Road.[24][29][26][32] Between 2001 and 2011, this was a free out-of-system transfer.[24] While the elevators make both passageways ADA-accessible, only the IRT Flushing Line platforms are fully ADA-accessible with elevators to platform level; in the future, the IND Crosstown Line platform will be made accessible as well.[34] In addition, there is no direct connection between the Flushing and Queens Boulevard platforms.[32]

IRT Flushing Line platforms[edit]

Court Square
NYCS-bull-trans-7.svg NYCS-bull-trans-7d.svg
New York City Subway rapid transit station
Court Square Flushing Platform.JPG
The north end of the station with the Manhattan skyline in the background.
Station statistics
Address 45th Road & 23rd Street
Division A (IRT)
Line       IRT Flushing Line
Services       7 all times (all times) <7>rush hours until 9:30 p.m., peak direction (rush hours until 9:30 p.m., peak direction)
Structure Elevated
Platforms 2 side platforms
Tracks 2
Other information
Opened November 16, 1916; 99 years ago (1916-11-16) (first station)[7]
June 3, 2011; 5 years ago (2011-06-03) (second station)
Accessible Handicapped/disabled access
Former/other names 45th Road–Court House Square
Station succession
Next north Queensboro Plaza: 7 all times <7>rush hours until 9:30 p.m., peak direction
Next south Hunters Point Avenue: 7 all times <7>rush hours until 9:30 p.m., peak direction


Next Handicapped/disabled access north 61st Street – Woodside: 7 all times <7>rush hours until 9:30 p.m., peak direction
Next Handicapped/disabled access south Grand Central: 7 all times <7>rush hours until 9:30 p.m., peak direction

45th Road – Court House Square (Dual System IRT)
MPS New York City Subway System MPS
NRHP Reference # 05000229[35]
Added to NRHP March 3, 2005

Court Square is an elevated station on the IRT Flushing Line of the New York City Subway. Opened on November 5, 1916 as 45th Road–Court House Square,[7][8] there are two side platforms and two tracks. In 2005, this station was listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[36][37]

The current platforms were installed in the 2012 renovations. They are composed of numerous panels of composite fiberglass resin, lighter than conventional concrete and designed to resist corrosion and thermal expansion.[30] The platform edges are equipped with ADA-compliant tactile strips.[30][31] Both platforms have beige windscreens that run along their entire lengths and brown canopies with green frames and support columns except for a small section at their north ends.[30] Small sections of the windscreens are mesh, allowing a view into the local area.[31]

Entrances and exits[edit]

This station has an elevated station house beneath the tracks at the extreme south end. A single staircase from each platform goes down to a waiting area/crossunder, where a turnstile bank provides entrance/exit from the station. Outside fare control, there is a token booth and two staircases going down to the northwestern corner of 45th Road and 23rd Street.[30][32][37]

The station house formerly had two more staircases leading to either eastern corner.[18] In June 2011, they were replaced by the in-system transfer to the underground platforms, which added a new staircase to the former southeast corner of the intersection.[32][24][37] As part of the project, a short strip of 45th Road between 23rd Street and Jackson Avenue was de-mapped, while the adjacent Albert Short Triangle was renovated.[37]

In the early 20th century, there were requests for an additional entrance from 23rd Street at the north end of the station, but this was never constructed.[38]

Gallery[edit]

IND Queens Boulevard Line platforms[edit]

For the respective stations in Manhattan also served by the E and M trains, see 23rd Street (IND Eighth Avenue Line) and 23rd Street (IND Sixth Avenue Line).
Court Square–23rd Street
NYCS-bull-trans-E.svg NYCS-bull-trans-M.svg
New York City Subway rapid transit station
Court Sq - 23rd Street Platform.JPG
The Forest Hills and Jamaica-bound platform in August 2013
Station statistics
Address 23rd Street & 44th Drive
Division B (IND)
Line IND Queens Boulevard Line
Services       E all times (all times)
      M weekdays until 11:00 p.m. (weekdays until 11:00 p.m.)
Structure Underground
Platforms 2 side platforms
Tracks 2
Other information
Opened August 28, 1939; 76 years ago (1939-08-28)[39]
Former/other names 23rd Street–Ely Avenue
Station succession
Next north Queens Plaza: E all times M weekdays until 11:00 p.m.
Next south Lexington Avenue – 53rd Street: E all times M weekdays until 11:00 p.m.

Court Square–23rd Street on the IND Queens Boulevard Line is an underground station with two tracks and two side platforms. It is located along 44th Drive between 21st and 23rd Streets and is the westernmost (railroad south) station on the line in Queens.[32][28]

Each platform has a scarlet lake trim line with a black border and name tablets reading "23RD ST. – ELY AVE." in white sans serif letting on a black and brown background and matching scarlet lake border. Below the trim line and name tablets are small directional signs and station signs alternating between "23RD" and "ELY" in white lettering on a black border. Red I-beam columns run along both platforms at regular intervals with alternating ones having the standard black station name plate in white lettering.

The station, provisionally called "21st Street/Van Alst Avenue,"[10][40] was constructed between 1931 and 1933 along with the original section of the line east to Roosevelt Avenue, but remained unfinished at the time of the line's opening due to lack of demand perceived by the city Board of Transportation, which called the station a "dead" station.[10][40][13][14][15][41] This was in spite of protests from local civic and industry leaders, due to the numerous factories in the surrounding area.[9][10][40][41][42] By December 1933, the station was referred to as "Ely Avenue", likely to avoid confusion with the nearby station on the Crosstown Line.[41] In September 1936,[43] it was decided to complete the station as an in-fill station due to expanding commercial and industrial operations in the area, with tilework, staircases, and other equipment installed.[13][14][15][43] The station was finished by 1938, but its opening was delayed once again due to alleged lack of demand, with calls to open the station to serve the Long Island City Courthouse, St. John's Hospital (now the site of One Court Square), and the newly opened Queensbridge Houses.[44][45]

The station finally opened as 23rd Street–Ely Avenue on August 28, 1939, six years after the first section of the Queens Boulevard Line and the opening of Court Street on the Crosstown line.[13][14] (Ely Avenue was the former name of 23rd Street[28][14][41][46] until many named streets in the borough were given numbers by the Queens Topographical Bureau in 1915.[28]) Similarly, Van Alst Avenue is now 21st Street,[9][14][47] while 44th Drive was previously Nott Avenue.[40]

Entrances and exits[edit]

This station has three entrances/exits; the full-time one is at the extreme north (geographical east) end. A single staircase from each platform leads up to a crossover, where on the Manhattan-bound side, one exit-only turnstile and one High Entry/Exit Turnstile leads to a single staircase that goes up to the northeast corner of 44th Drive and 23rd Street.[32][16][14][41][48] On the Forest Hills-bound side of the crossover is the long passageway to the IND Crosstown platform.[32][24] Prior to the construction of the passageway, this exit contained a full-time token booth and staircases to both sides of 44th Drive.[16][14]

This station's second fare control area is at the station's extreme western end. A single staircase from each platform go up to a raised crossover split in two by a steel fence. The Manhattan-bound side has a turnstile bank, token booth, and one staircase going up to the northeast corner of 21st Street and 44th Drive while the Queens-bound side has two exit-only turnstiles and one staircase going up to the southeast corner of the aforementioned intersection.[14][32][41][48] All fare control areas have their original IND-style directional mosaics.

There are two sets of artwork at this station. One was made in 1992 by Frank Olt and is called Temple Quad Reliefs, consisting of glass mosaic and ceramic tiles on the platform walls. The other was made in 2001 by Elizabeth Murray and is called Streams, consisting of glass mosaics on the transfer passageway walls.[49]

Gallery[edit]

IND Crosstown Line platform[edit]

Court Square
NYCS-bull-trans-G.svg
New York City Subway rapid transit station
Court Square - Crosstown Platform.jpg
IND Crosstown Line station platform
Station statistics
Address 45th Avenue & Jackson Avenue
Division B (IND)
Line       IND Crosstown Line
Services       G all times (all times)
Structure Underground
Platforms 1 island platform
Tracks 2
Other information
Opened August 19, 1933; 83 years ago (1933-08-19)[11]
Former/other names Long Island City – Court Square[28]
Station succession
Next north Queens Plaza: no regular service
(Terminal): G all times
Next south 21st Street: G all times

Court Square, previously called Long Island City−Court Square,[28] is the northernmost station on the IND Crosstown Line and the northern terminal for G trains at all times.[50] Although G service terminates here, the tracks themselves continue north and feed into the Queens Boulevard main line just south of Queens Plaza. This section of track is not used in regular service, though until April 19, 2010, trains traveled over this connection to continue to Forest Hills–71st Avenue at various times of the day.[24][51]

This underground station, opened on August 19, 1933,[11] has one island platform between two tracks.[9] Each track wall has a green trim line with a black border and small "COURT SQ" signs below it in white lettering on black background. Green I-beam columns run along both sides of the platform at regular intervals.

South of the station is the Court Square Interlocking. Here, a center track briefly forms between the two main tracks of the Crosstown Line, allowing trains to terminate on either track of the station and reverse direction towards Brooklyn.[24][51] This interlocking was modernized in 1998.[24]

Entrances and exits[edit]

Three staircases from the platform go up to the full length mezzanine above and a passageway within fare control connects the station to the Queens Boulevard platform.[32] All fare control areas are unstaffed, containing just full height turnstiles. The main one has a single staircase that goes up to the southwest corner of Jackson Avenue and Court Square West, and a staircase to the north side of Jackson Avenue at Thompson Avenue in front of One Court Square.[32][18] There was previously a street stair to the southeast corner of Jackson Avenue and Court Square West.[18]

After the IND 63rd Street Line was connected to the Queens Boulevard Line in December 2001 (a project known as the "63rd Street Connector"),[24][25] another unstaffed entrance was added to the south end of the mezzanine at 45th Road, to allow an out-of-system transfer to the IRT Flushing Line.[24] From this fare control area, a single staircase goes up to the north side of Jackson Avenue at Pearson Street directly outside the staircases to the IRT station.[32][18] A second staircase to the southwest corner of the intersection no longer exists.[18] In June 2011, this transfer was replaced by an enclosed in-system transfer that consists of two escalators, one elevator, and one staircase connecting both stations.[32][24]

Gallery[edit]

Nearby points of interest[edit]

The P.S. 1 Contemporary Art Center (MoMA PS1) is nearby at 46th and Jackson Avenues.[32] The One Court Square building, owned by Citicorp, sits right above the station as well.[32] Queens County Criminal Court is directly on Court Square, just east of Jackson Avenue.[32]

The site of the 5 Pointz building at Jackson Avenue and Davis Street,[32] which was famously covered in graffiti until its demolition in 2014,[52] is visible just south of the Flushing Line station and can be seen by passing 7 <7> trains.[53]

In addition, the station sits in the center of the Hunters Point Historic District, and as a result, many historic buildings can be found near the stations.[32] However, the area right around the station is also seeing a revitalization, with high-rise condominiums and rental buildings being built in the area, and upscale restaurants being built near the train station. In addition, there is a bourgeoning art community due to the presence of MoMA PS1 and 5 Pointz, as well as a 15,000-square-foot (1,400 m2) supermarket proposed for the area.[54]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "NYC Subway Wireless – Active Stations". Transit Wireless Wifi. Retrieved 2016-05-18.
  2. ^ More Subway Stations in Manhattan, Bronx in Line to Get Online, mta.info (March 25, 2015). "The first two phases included stations in Midtown Manhattan and all underground stations in Queens with the exception of the 7 Main St terminal."
  3. ^ "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved 2016-04-19. 
  4. ^ Lee, Vivian (June 3, 2011). "Long-Awaited Queens Subway Station Opens To Riders". NY1. Retrieved 2011-06-03. 
  5. ^ "New Transfer at Court Square". MTA.info. June 3, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-04. 
  6. ^ "Court Square Opening June 3, 2011". MTA.info (Facebook). June 3, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-04. 
  7. ^ a b c Rogoff, David (April 1960), "The Steinway Tunnels", Electric Railroads, Electric Railroaders’ Association (29), retrieved 2011-05-30, A station was erected midway at 11th St. and is now known as ‘45th Rd.-Court House Square’. Operation was extended to Hunters Point Ave. on the eastbound track on Feb. 15th, 1916, and to Queensboro Plaza on the following Nov. 5th, opening Court House Square station. 
  8. ^ a b "New Subway Link". The New York Times. November 5, 1916. p. XX4. Retrieved 2011-10-02. 
  9. ^ a b c d e "Court Square Station Of New Tube Completed; War Over Van Alst Ave." (PDF). Long Island Daily Star. Fultonhistory.com. July 19, 1930. p. 1. Retrieved 27 July 2016 – via Fulton History. 
  10. ^ a b c d e "Court Square Station Of New Tube Completed; War Over Van Alst Ave." (PDF). Long Island Daily Star. Fultonhistory.com. July 19, 1930. p. 3. Retrieved 27 July 2016. 
  11. ^ a b c "TWO SUBWAY UNITS OPEN AT MIDNIGHT; Links in City-Owned System in Queens and Brooklyn to Have 15 Stations.". The New York Times. August 18, 1933. Retrieved 7 November 2015. 
  12. ^ "New Queens Subway Service Will Be Launched Tonight; Tunnel From Manhattan Open to Jackson Heights; Service Will Eventually Be Extended Through To Jamaica" (PDF). Long Island Daily Press. Fultonhistory.com. August 18, 1933. p. 20. Retrieved 27 July 2016. 
  13. ^ a b c d e "Subway Station Opens Aug. 28". The New York Times. August 5, 1939. Retrieved 4 October 2015. 
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "ELY SUBWAY STOP TO OPEN; Queens Station on City-Owned Line Begins Service Tomorrow". The New York Times. August 26, 1939. Retrieved 4 October 2015. 
  15. ^ a b c "Award Contract For Subway Work". Newspapers.com. Brooklyn Daily Eagle. January 6, 1939. p. 29. Retrieved 4 October 2015. 
  16. ^ a b c d e f Queens Subway Options Study, New York: Environmental Impact Statement. United States Department of Transportation, Metropolitan Transportation Authority (New York), Urban Mass Transit Administration. May 1984. pp. 83–. Retrieved 10 July 2016. 
  17. ^ a b Daley, Suzanne (December 15, 1980). "MTA Votes to Extend 63rd St. Line". The New York Times. p. 25. 
  18. ^ a b c d e f g h "History of NYC Transit Bonuses: Department of City Planning 1982-2014" (PDF). New York City Department of City Planning. 2014. Retrieved 27 July 2016. 
  19. ^ a b DePalma, Anthony (August 7, 1988). "A Giant to Dominate Low-Rise Queens". The New York Times. Retrieved 27 July 2016. 
  20. ^ Oser, Alan S. (May 17, 1987). "Perspectives: Offices in Queens; British Airways Lands in Jackson Heights". The New York Times. Retrieved 27 July 2016. 
  21. ^ a b c Lambert, Bruce (February 6, 1994). "NEIGHBORHOOD REPORT: LONG ISLAND CITY; Citicorp's Tower: Still a Majestic Misfit". The New York Times. Retrieved 27 July 2016. 
  22. ^ a b Gottlieb, Martin (December 16, 1985). "CITICORP, TO DECENTRALIZE, PLANS QUEENS COMPLEX". The New York Times. Retrieved 27 July 2016. 
  23. ^ Bertrand, Donald (May 15, 2000). "$7M SLATED FOR FENCING, RAIL & SUBWAY STATION PLANS". Daily News (New York). Retrieved 28 July 2016. 
  24. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p "Review of the G Line" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transit Authority (New York). July 10, 2013. Retrieved 2 August 2015. 
  25. ^ a b c d e Kennedy, Randy (May 25, 2001). "Panel Approves New V Train but Shortens G Line to Make Room". The New York Times. Retrieved March 20, 2010. 
  26. ^ a b c Henely, Rebecca (June 15, 2011). "LIC subway station opens". Times Ledger. Retrieved 27 July 2016. 
  27. ^ "MAYOR BLOOMBERG, QUEENS BOROUGH PRESIDENT MARSHALL AND CITIGROUP BREAK GROUND ON 15-STORY OFFICE TOWER IN LONG ISLAND CITY: Mayor Announces Nearly $50 Million Commitment to Fund Area Infrastructure Improvements". News from the Blue Room. October 26, 2005. Retrieved 27 July 2016. 
  28. ^ a b c d e f "23rd Street-Ely Avenue Station becomes Court Square: In Anticipation of New G to 7 Transfer Connection". Metropolitan Transportation Authority (New York). March 17, 2011. Retrieved 27 July 2016. 
  29. ^ a b "New Transfer at Court Square". Metropolitan Transportation Authority (New York). June 3, 2011. Retrieved 27 July 2016. 
  30. ^ a b c d e "Court Square on the No.7 Line Re-Opens". Metropolitan Transportation Authority (New York). April 2, 2012. Retrieved 28 July 2016. 
  31. ^ a b c Kern-Jedrychowska, Ewa (May 1, 2012). "New Court Square Subway Station Design Invites Peeping Toms, Residents Say". DNAinfo.com. Long Island City. Retrieved 28 July 2016. 
  32. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t "MTA Neighborhood Maps: Long Island City" (PDF). Metropolitan Transit Authority (New York). 2015. Retrieved 27 September 2015. 
  33. ^ a b Donohue, Pete (March 31, 2002). "THE SUBWAY'S WALKWAYS NOT RUNNING WELL". Daily News (New York). Retrieved 27 July 2016. 
  34. ^ "MTA Capital Program 2015–2019: Renew. Enhance. Expand." (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority (New York). October 28, 2015. Retrieved 28 October 2015. 
  35. ^ "NPS Focus". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. Retrieved December 9, 2011. 
  36. ^ "National Register of Historical Places - NEW YORK (NY), Queens County". nationalregisterofhistoricplaces.com. 
  37. ^ a b c d "22-44 Jackson Avenue Environmental Assessment Statement and Attachments" (PDF). nyc.gov. New York City Department of City Planning. August 16, 2013. Retrieved 28 July 2016. 
  38. ^ "As We See It: Court Square Station Stairways Inadequate" (PDF). Long Island Daily Star. Fultonhistory.com. May 4, 1927. p. 1. Retrieved 28 July 2016. 
  39. ^ Feinman, Mark (2000). "The History of the Independent Subway". Retrieved 2006-07-03. 
  40. ^ a b c d "Long Island City Companies Urge Subway Station: Van Alst Avenue Station Held Necessity to Local Labor Needs" (PDF). Long Island Daily Star. Fultonhistory.com. July 18, 1932. p. 5. Retrieved 27 July 2016. 
  41. ^ a b c d e f "Power Resumes Campaign To Open Ely Tube Station" (PDF). Greenpoint Weekly Star. Fultonhistory.com. December 15, 1933. p. 4. Retrieved 27 July 2016. 
  42. ^ "The Case for the Twenty-first Street Station" (PDF). New York Daily Star. July 31, 1930. p. 1. Retrieved August 2, 2016 – via Fulton History. 
  43. ^ a b "Ely Ave. Subway Station To Be Completed" (PDF). Long Island Daily Press. Fultonhistory.com. September 13, 1936. p. 12. Retrieved 27 July 2016. 
  44. ^ "Campaign To Open Ely Avenue City Subway Station Renewed; Mayor's Help To Be Sought By Committee; Stop On 8th Avenue Line Was Made Ready Year Ago" (PDF). Long Island Star-Journal. Fultonhistory.com. July 11, 1939. p. 3. Retrieved 27 July 2016. 
  45. ^ "New 8th Ave. Station Promised for L.I. City" (PDF). Brooklyn Eagle. Fultonhistory.com. July 13, 1939. Retrieved 27 July 2016. 
  46. ^ STREET NAME CHANGES* IN QUEENS, NEW YORK
  47. ^ Roberts, Sam (November 3, 2014). "Long in Repose, Last Remnants of a Founding Family Will Leave Long Island City". The New York Times. Retrieved 7 November 2015. 
  48. ^ a b "Silvercup West FEIS:10.0 Transit and Pedestrians" (PDF). nyc.gov. New York City Department of City Planning. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2006-10-13. Retrieved 27 September 2015. 
  49. ^ Kral, Georgia (June 15, 2015). "Coolest subway stations in NYC". AM New York. Retrieved 27 July 2016. 
  50. ^ "G Subway Timetable, Effective December 6, 2015" (PDF). New York Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved 2016-03-07. 
  51. ^ a b "Review of the G Line: Appendices" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority (New York). July 10, 2013. Retrieved 28 October 2015. 
  52. ^ "Photos of 5Pointz's Heartbreaking Demolition". Complex. 6 November 2014. Retrieved 23 December 2014. 
  53. ^ Sara Frazier and Jeff Richardson (2013-11-19). "5Pointz Building, Graffiti Mecca in Queens, Painted Over During the Night". NBC 4 New York. NBC Universal Media. Retrieved 2014-08-31. 
  54. ^ Sheftell, Jason (February 16, 2013). "Court Square on the rise". nydailynews.com. New York Daily News. Retrieved 2016-07-27. 

External links[edit]