Court and Spark

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Court and Spark
Courtandspark.jpeg
Studio album by
ReleasedJanuary 17, 1974
Recorded1973
StudioA&M Studios, Hollywood[1]
Genre
Length36:58
LabelAsylum
ProducerJoni Mitchell, Henry Lewy
Joni Mitchell chronology
For the Roses
(1972)
Court and Spark
(1974)
Miles of Aisles
(1974)
Singles from Court and Spark
  1. "Help Me"
    Released: March 1974
  2. "Free Man in Paris"
    Released: July 1974

Court and Spark is the sixth studio album by Canadian singer-songwriter Joni Mitchell. It was an immediate commercial and critical success—and remains her most successful album. Released in January 1974, it has been described as pop, but also infuses Mitchell's folk rock style, which she had developed through her previous five albums, with jazz inflections.

It reached No. 2 in the United States and No. 1 in Canada and eventually received a double platinum certification by the RIAA, the highest of Mitchell's career.[4] It also reached the Top 20 in the UK and was voted the best album of the year for 1974 in The Village Voice Pazz & Jop Critics Poll.[5] In 2003 it was listed at #111 in Rolling Stone's 500 Greatest Albums of All Time.[6]

History[edit]

1973 was the first year since she began recording that Mitchell did not release a new album. Her previous offering, For the Roses, was released in November 1972 to critical and commercial success, and Mitchell decided to spend the whole of the next year writing and recording a new album that revealed her growing interest in new sounds—particularly jazz. During 1973, her stage appearances were fewer than in previous years. She performed in April in a benefit concert at the Sir George Williams University Auditorium and then appeared live again in August, twice at The Corral Club, accompanied by Neil Young.

Mitchell spent most of 1973 in the recording studio creating Court and Spark. Mitchell and producer/engineer Henry Lewy called in a number of top L.A. musicians to perform on the album including members of The Crusaders, Tom Scott's L.A. Express, cameos from Robbie Robertson, David Crosby & Graham Nash and even a twist of comedy from Cheech & Chong.

In December, Asylum Records released a single, her first in over a year, "Raised on Robbery". The single reached No. 65 on the Billboard Singles Chart.

Reception[edit]

Professional ratings
Review scores
SourceRating
AllMusic5/5 stars[7]
Christgau's Record GuideA[9]
MusicHound5/5[10]
Pitchfork Media10/10[8]
Paul Roland5/5 stars[13]
The Rolling Stone Album Guide5/5 stars[11]
Slant Magazine5/5 stars[12]
Martin C. Strong9/10[13]
Virgin Encyclopedia of Popular Music5/5 stars[13]

Court and Spark was released in January 1974. Critics and the public enthusiastically embraced the album, and its success was reaffirmed when the follow-up single, "Help Me", was released in March. It received heavy radio airplay and became Mitchell's first and only Top 10 single in the Billboard charts, peaking at No. 7 on the Billboard Hot 100 in the first week of June, and reaching No. 1 on the Billboard Adult Contemporary charts. Court and Spark went on to be a big seller that year, peaking at No. 2 on the Billboard album charts[14] and staying there for four weeks. The album became the pinnacle of Mitchell's commercial success. The album was kept from the top spot by three No. 1 albums—in order Bob Dylan's Planet Waves, Barbra Streisand's The Way We Were and John Denver's Greatest Hits.[15] However, it did reach No.1 on the US Cashbox and Record World charts for 1 week each.[16][17]

In a July 1979 interview with Cameron Crowe for Rolling Stone, Mitchell recounted an anecdote of when she had played a copy of the then-just completed Court & Spark to Bob Dylan, during which Dylan fell asleep.[18] Mitchell later suggested that Dylan was probably trying to be "cute" in front of label boss David Geffen, who was also present.[18]

Honors[edit]

Grammy Awards
Year Nominee / work Award Result
1975 Court and Spark Album of the Year[22] Nominated
"Help Me" Record of the Year[23] Nominated
Best Female Pop Vocal Performance[24] Nominated
"Down to You" (arranger: Joni Mitchell and Tom Scott) Best Arrangement Accompanying Vocalist(s)[25] Won

Track listing[edit]

All tracks are written by Joni Mitchell, except where noted.

Side one
No.TitleLength
1."Court and Spark"2:46
2."Help Me"3:22
3."Free Man in Paris"3:02
4."People's Parties"2:15
5."The Same Situation"2:57
Side two
No.TitleWriter(s)Length
1."Car on a Hill" 3:02
2."Down to You" 5:38
3."Just Like This Train" 4:24
4."Raised on Robbery" 3:06
5."Trouble Child" 4:00
6."Twisted"Annie Ross, Wardell Gray2:21

Personnel[edit]

Additional personnel
Technical personnel

Charts[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bego, Mark (May 26, 2005). Joni Mitchell. ISBN 9781589792210.
  2. ^ https://www.rollingstone.com/music/albumreviews/court-and-spark-19740228
  3. ^ Ankeny, Jason (2011). "The Hissing of Summer Lawns – Joni Mitchell | AllMusic". allmusic.com. Retrieved July 19, 2011.
  4. ^ "Gold & Platinum – August 07, 2010". RIAA. Archived from the original on September 2, 2008. Retrieved August 8, 2010.
  5. ^ a b "The 1974 Pazz & Jop Critics Poll". The Village Voice. January 20, 1975. Retrieved March 21, 2005.
  6. ^ a b Levy, Joe; Steven Van Zandt (2006) [2005]. "111 | Court and Spark – Joni Mitchell". Rolling Stone's 500 Greatest Albums of All Time (3rd ed.). London: Turnaround. ISBN 1-932958-61-4. OCLC 70672814. Retrieved March 21, 2005.
  7. ^ Ankeny, Jason. Court and Spark at AllMusic. Retrieved July 22, 2005.
  8. ^ "Joni Mitchell: The Studio Albums 1968–1979" at pitchfork.com
  9. ^ Christgau, Robert (1981). "Consumer Guide '70s: M". Christgau's Record Guide: Rock Albums of the Seventies. Ticknor & Fields. ISBN 089919026X. Retrieved March 8, 2019 – via robertchristgau.com.
  10. ^ Graff, Gary; Durchholz, Daniel (eds) (1999). MusicHound Rock: The Essential Album Guide. Farmington Hills, MI: Visible Ink Press. p. 769. ISBN 1-57859-061-2.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  11. ^ Brackett, Nathan; Hoard, Christian, eds. (2004). "Joni Mitchell". The New Rolling Stone Album Guide. London: Fireside. p. 547. ISBN 0-7432-0169-8. Retrieved August 21, 2011.
  12. ^ Walsh, Barry (September 3, 2004). "Joni Mitchell Court and Spark > Review". Slant Magazine. Retrieved June 3, 2010.
  13. ^ a b c "Joni Mitchell Court and Spark". Acclaimed Music. Archived from the original on October 14, 2013. Retrieved March 20, 2014.
  14. ^ Joni Mitchell > Court and Spark > Charts & Awards > Billboard Albums at AllMusic
  15. ^ Sharon Mawer. "US number two albums". Freespace.virgin.net. Archived from the original on April 17, 2009. Retrieved August 8, 2010.
  16. ^ "RECORD WORLD MAGAZINE: 1942 to 1982". americanradiohistory.com. Retrieved August 12, 2019.
  17. ^ "CASH BOX MAGAZINE: Music and coin machine magazine 1942 to 1996". www.americanradiohistory.com. Retrieved August 12, 2019.
  18. ^ a b Rolling Stone article: "The Rolling Stone Joni Mitchell Interview", by Cameron Crowe. July 26, 1979.
  19. ^ RIAA Gold and Platinum retrieved July 9, 2019
  20. ^ Colin Larkin, ed. (2000). All Time Top 1000 Albums (3rd ed.). Virgin Books. p. 79. ISBN 0-7535-0493-6.
  21. ^ "500 Greatest Albums of All Time Rolling Stone's definitive list of the 500 greatest albums of all time". Rolling Stone. 2012. Retrieved September 19, 2019.
  22. ^ "GRAMMYs' Best Albums 1970–1979". grammy.org. Archived from the original on March 4, 2014. Retrieved 2014-04-29.
  23. ^ "Rock On The Net: Grammy Awards: Record of the Year". Retrieved March 20, 2013.
  24. ^ "Rock On The Net: Grammy Awards: Best Pop Solo Performance". Retrieved February 2, 2014.
  25. ^ "Past Winners Search". National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences. Retrieved April 29, 2014.
  26. ^ Kent, David (1993). Australian Chart Book 1970–1992. St Ives, NSW: Australian Chart Book. ISBN 0-646-11917-6.
  27. ^ "Top Albums/CDs - Volume 21, No. 7". RPM. March 30, 1974. Archived from the original (PHP) on April 29, 2014. Retrieved April 29, 2014.
  28. ^ "norwegiancharts.com Joni Mitchell – Court and Spark" (ASP). Retrieved April 29, 2014.
  29. ^ "Joni Mitchell > Artists > Official Charts". UK Albums Chart. Retrieved April 28, 2014.
  30. ^ "Allmusic: Court and Spark : Charts & Awards". allmusic.com. Retrieved April 28, 2014.
  31. ^ "RPM Top 100 Albums of 1974". RPM. Archived from the original on April 29, 2014. Retrieved October 3, 2011.
  32. ^ "Billboard.BIZ Top Pop Albums of 1974". billboard.biz. Archived from the original on December 31, 2012. Retrieved 2014-04-28.
  33. ^ "American album certifications – Joni Mitchell – Court and Spark". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved September 22, 2011. If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH.