Court of Appeal for Saskatchewan
|Court of Appeal for Saskatchewan|
|Authorized by||The Court of Appeal Act, 2000|
|No. of positions||7|
|Website||Court of Appeal|
|Currently||Robert G. Richards|
|Since||June 30, 2013|
The Court of Appeal for Saskatchewan (SKCA) is a Canadian appellate court.
- 1 Jurisdiction and Structure
- 2 History of the Court
- 3 Appeals to the Supreme Court
- 4 Justices of the Court
- 5 Courts of Saskatchewan
- 6 Notes
- 7 External links
Jurisdiction and Structure
The Saskatchewan Court of Appeal is the highest court in the province of Saskatchewan, Canada. The Court is governed by The Court of Appeal Act, 2000, which sets out the composition and jurisdiction of the Court. It hears appeals from the Court of Queen's Bench for Saskatchewan, the Provincial Court of Saskatchewan and a number of administrative tribunals.
The Court is based in Regina, Saskatchewan and consists of the Chief Justice - styled the "Chief Justice of Saskatchewan" - six other full-time justices and a varying number of supernumerary justices. Justices of the Saskatchewan Court of Appeal are appointed and paid by the federal government.
Most cases are heard by a panel of three justices, however, the Court sits with panels of five or seven from time to time, depending on the appeal. A single justice will preside over matters heard in ”chambers”, usually interlocutory matters or applications for leave to appeal.
The Court has a limited original jurisdiction, giving it the discretion to grant relief by way of a prerogative writ. The Court has held that since it is primarily a court of appeal, it will only entertain original applications for prerogative relief in extraordinary circumstances. It also has any original jurisdiction that is necessary or incidental to the hearing and determination of an appeal.
History of the Court
The Court of Appeal was created on March 1, 1918, upon the coming into force of The Court of Appeal Act of 1915. Prior to that date, there was a single superior court for Saskatchewan, known as the Supreme Court of Saskatchewan, which had both appellate and trial jurisdiction. Individual members of the Supreme Court sat as trial judges, while the full Supreme Court ourt (also known at the Supreme Court en banc) heard appeals. The 1915 legislation split the appellate functions and the trial functions. The new Court of Appeal was established to take over the appellate function of the Supreme Court of Saskatchewan, and the new Court of King's Bench was created to take over the trial functions of the Supreme Court of Saskatchewan. The Supreme Court of Saskatchewan was abolished effective March 1, 1918.
Appeals to the Supreme Court
Appeals may be taken from the Court of Appeal to the Supreme Court of Canada either by right, by leave of the Supreme Court of Canada, or by leave of the Court of Appeal itself, depending on the nature of the case. Until 1949 appeals could further be taken from the Supreme Court of Canada to the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council in the United Kingdom. Appeals could also be taken directly from the Court of Appeal to the Privy Council.
Justices of the Court
The current justices of the Court  are:
|Position||Name||Appointed||Nominated By||Position Prior to Appointment|
|Justice||Robert G. Richards||2013
|Puisne Justice, Saskatchewan Court of Appeal
Lawyer at MacPherson Leslie and Tyerman
|Justice||Georgina R. Jackson||1991||Mulroney||Lawyer at MacPherson Leslie and Tyerman|
|Justice||Ralph K. Ottenbreit||2009||Harper||Court of Queen's Bench|
|Justice||Neal W. Caldwell||2010||Harper||Lawyer at McDougall, Gauley LLP.|
|Justice||Maurice J. Herauf||2011||Harper||Court of Queen's Bench|
|Justice||Peter A. Whitmore||2013||Harper||Court of Queen's Bench|
|Justice||Jacelyn A. Ryan-Froslie*||2013||Harper||Court of Queen's Bench|
|Justice||Lian M. Schwann||2017||J. Trudeau||Court of Queen's Bench|
An asterisk indicates that the justice has elected to take supernumerary status.
Former Chief Justices of Saskatchewan
- The Honourable E. L. Wetmore (1907–1912)
- The Honourable Fredrick W. A. G. Haultain (1912–1938)
- The Honourable William F. A. Turgeon (1938–1941)
- The Honourable William M. Martin (1941–1961)
- The Honourable Emmett M. Hall (1961–1962)**
- The Honourable Edward M. Culliton (1962–1981)
- The Honourable Edward D. Bayda (1981–2006)
- The Honourable John Klebuc (2006-2013)
Former Justices of the Court of Appeal
- The Honourable John H. Lamont (1918–1927)**
- The Honourable Edward L. Elwood (1918–1921)
- The Honourable Henry W. Newlands (1918–1921)
- The Honourable James McKay (1921–1932)
- The Honourable William F. A. Turgeon (1921–1938)*
- The Honourable William M. Martin (1922–1941)*
- The Honourable Phillip E. MacKenzie (1927–1946)
- The Honourable Percival H. Gordon (1935–1961)
- The Honourable Thomas Clayton Davis (1939–1948)
- The Honourable Hector Y. MacDonald (1941–1951)
- The Honourable Edward M. Culliton (1951–1962)*
- The Honourable Percy M. Anderson (1946–1948)
- The Honourable Arthur Thomas Procter (1948–1961)
- The Honourable Donald A. McNiven (1949–1961)
- The Honourable Percy H. Maguire (1962–1974)
- The Honourable Edward D. Bayda (1974–1981)*
- The Honourable Mervyn J. Woods (1961–1984)
- The Honourable Roy N. Hall (1962–1989)
- The Honourable Russell Brownridge (1961–1988)
- The Honourable Raymond A. MacDonald (1981–1984)
- The Honourable Thomas C. Wakeling (1984–2000)
- The Honourable Calvin F. Tallis (1981–2005)
- The Honourable Darla C. Hunter (2007–2010)
- The Honourable Nicholas W. Sherstobitoff (1985 - 2010)
- The Honourable Gene Anne Smith (2005-2013)
- The Honourable William J. Vancise (1983-2013)
- The Honourable Marjorie A. Gerwing (1984-2013)
- The Honourable Stuart J. Cameron (1981-2014)
- The Honourable John Klebuc (2013-2015)*
- The Honourable Gary Lane (1991-2017)
An asterisk indicates the individual also served as Chief Justice of Saskatchewan; a double asterisk indicates subsequently appointed to the Supreme Court of Canada.
Courts of Saskatchewan
There are three main courts in Saskatchewan:
- Court of Appeal for Saskatchewan – appellate court; highest court of Saskatchewan.
- Court of Queen's Bench for Saskatchewan – superior trial court of Saskatchewan with inherent and unlimited jurisdiction
- Provincial Court of Saskatchewan – court of first instance; trial court with jurisdiction defined by statute
- The Court of Appeal Act, 2000
- Constitution Act, 1867, s. 96
- Courts of Saskatchewan website: Court of Appeal Judges.
- The Court of Appeal Act, 2000 / Loi de 2000 sur la Cour d'appel, s. 11.
- Geller v. Saskatchewan (1985), 48 Sask. R. 239 (C.A.). For instance, the Court did consider an application for prerogative relief brought by a sitting member of the Court of Queen's Bench against the Law Society of Saskatchewan: Maurice v. Priel (1987), 6 D.L.R. (4th) 416,  1 W.W.R. 491, 60 Sask. R. 241, 1987 CanLII 207 (SK C.A.)
- The Court of Appeal Act, 2000 / Loi de 2000 sur la Cour d'appel, s. 10
- The Constitutional Questions Act, R.S.S. 1978, c. C-29, s. 3.
- The Court of Appeal Act, S.S. 1915, c. 9.
- The King's Bench Act, S.S. 1915, c. 10.
- Courts of Saskatchewan website: Court of Appeal History.
- See, for example, Judges v. Attorney‑General of Saskatchewan,  2 D.L.R. 209 (P.C.) and Labour Relations Board of Saskatchewan v. John East Iron Works Ltd.,  A.C. 134 (P.C.).
- Courts of Saskatchewan website: Court of Appeal
- Appointed to the Supreme Court of Saskatchewan
- Appointed to the Supreme Court of Saskatchewan; later appointed to the Court of Appeal for Saskatchewan