Court of Appeals of the Philippines

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Court of Appeals of the Philippines
Hukuman ng Apelasyon ng Pilipinas
RP Court of Appeals.png
Seal of the Court of Appeals of the Philippines
Established February 1, 1936
Country Philippines
Location Manila, Cebu City and Cagayan de Oro City
Composition method Presidential appointment from the short-list submitted by the Judicial and Bar Council
Authorized by Constitution of the Philippines
Website ca.judiciary.gov.ph
Coat of arms of the Philippines.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
the Philippines

The Court of Appeals of the Philippines (Filipino: Hukuman ng Apelasyon ng Pilipinas) is the Philippines' second-highest judicial court, just after the Supreme Court. The court consists of 69 Associate Justices and 1 Presiding Justice. Under the Constitution, the Court of Appeals (CA) "reviews not only the decisions and orders of the Regional Trial Courts nationwide but also those of the Court of Tax Appeals, as well as the awards, judgments, final orders or resolutions of, or authorized by 21 Quasi-Judicial Agencies exercising quasi-judicial functions mentioned in Rule 43 of the 1997 Rules of Civil Procedure, plus the National Amnesty Commission (Pres. Proclamation No. 347 of 1994) and Office of the Ombudsman (Fabian v. Desierto, 295 SCRA 470). Under RA 9282, which elevated the CTA to the same level of the CA, CTA en banc decisions are now subject to review by the Supreme Court instead of the CA (as opposed to what is currently provided in Section 1, Rule 43 of the Rules of Court). Added to the formidable list are the decisions and resolutions of the National Labor Relations Commission (NLRC) which are now initially reviewable by this court, instead of a direct recourse to the Supreme Court, via petition for certiorari under Rule 65 (St. Martin Funeral Homes v. NLRC, 295 SCRA 414)".

The Court of Appeals building is located at Maria Orosa Street, Ermita in Manila.

History[edit]

Organized on February 1, 1936, the Court of Appeals was initially composed of Justice Pedro Concepcion as the first Presiding Judge and 10 Appellate Judges appointed by the President with the consent of the Commission on Appointments of the National Assembly.

It had exclusive appellate jurisdiction of all cases not falling under the original and exclusive appellate jurisdiction of the 7-man Supreme Court. Its decisions in those cases were final, except when the Supreme Court upon petition for certiorari on questions of law required that the case be certified to it for review. It had also original jurisdiction to issue writs of mandamus, prohibition, injunction, certiorari, habeas corpus and all other auxiliary writs in aid of its appellate jurisdiction. The Court then sat either en banc or in two divisions, one of 6 and another of 5 Judges. The appellate Judges had the same qualifications as those provided by the Constitution for Supreme Court Justices.

In March 1938, the appellate Judges were named Justices and their number increased from 11 to 15, with three divisions of 5 under Commonwealth Act No. 259. On December 24, 1941, the membership of the Court was further increased to 19 Justices under Executive Order No. 395.

Court of Appeals

The Court functioned during the Japanese occupation, 1941-44. But in March 1945, due to abnormal conditions at the time, the Court was abolished by President Sergio Osmeña through Executive Order No. 37. The end of World War II restored the democratic processes in the country. On October 4, 1946, Republic Act No. 52 was passed recreating the Court with a Presiding Justice and fourteen (14) Associate Justices. They composed 5 divisions of 3 Justices each.

On August 23, 1956, the Court membership was expanded to 18 Justices per Republic Act No. 1605. The number was hiked to 24 Justices as decreed by Republic Act No. 5204 approved on June 15, 1968. Ten years later, the unabated swelling of its dockets called for a much bigger Court of 45 Justices under Presidential Decree No. 1482 of June 10, 1978. Then came the Judiciary Reorganization on January 17, 1983 through Executive Order No. 864 of President Marcos. The Court was renamed Intermediate Appellate Court and its membership enlarged to 51 Justices. However, only thirty-seven (37) Justices were appointed.

On July 28, 1986, President Aquino issued Executive Order No.33 restoring the original name of the Court of Appeals with a Presiding Justice and fifty (50) Associate Justices.

On February 23, 1995, R.A. No. 7902 was passed expanding the jurisdiction of the Court effective March 18, 1995. On December 30, 1996, R.A. No. 8246 created six (6) more divisions in the Court, thereby increasing its membership from 51 to 69 Justices. These additional divisions - 3 for Visayas and 3 for Mindanao paved the way for the appellate court's regionalization. The CA in the Visayas sits in Cebu City while Cagayan de Oro City is home to the CA for Mindanao.

On August 18, 2007, Atty. Briccio Joseph Boholst, president of IBP — Cebu City Chapter, opposed the abolition of the CA in Cebu City, for it will cause inconvenience for both litigants and lawyers. Supreme Court Associate Justice Ruben Reyes was tasked to investigate and submit recommendation to the High Tribunal because of the alleged massive graft and corruption of justices, especially in the issuance of temporary restraining orders (TRO’s).[1]

On February 1, 2011, the Court celebrated its 75th Anniversary.[2]

Fire[edit]

On July 26, 2007, Fire hits CA main building, from the room of Associate Justice Edgardo Sundiam at the fourth floor. Thick smoke was coming out of the building as the fire continued to rage amid strong winds blowing, raising fears that the flames would become stronger.[3]

Incumbent Justices[edit]

Name of Court of Appeals Justices Position Date of Appointment Date of Birth Date of Retirement Division
Hon. ANDRES B. REYES, JR. Presiding Justice
(since February 20, 2010)
May 21, 1999
(as Associate Justice)
May 11, 1950 May 11, 2020 1-Ch.
Hon. REMEDIOS A. SALAZAR-FERNANDO Associate Justice May 21, 1999 September 2, 1953 September 2, 2023 2-Ch.
Hon. ROSMARI D. CARANDANG Associate Justice March 10, 2003 January 9, 1952 January 9, 2022 3-Ch.
Hon. NOEL G. TIJAM Associate Justice March 10, 2003 January 5, 1949 January 5, 2019 4-Ch.
Hon. JOSE C. REYES, JR Associate Justice July 18, 2003 September 18, 1950 September 18, 2020 5-Ch.
Hon. FERNANDA LAMPAS-PERALTA Associate Justice February 9, 2004 June 16, 1960 June 16, 2030 6-Ch.
Hon. MAGDANGAL M. DE LEON Associate Justice February 9, 2004 August 19, 1948 August 19, 2018 7-Ch.
Hon. JAPAR B. DIMAAMPAO Associate Justice March 15, 2004 December 27, 1963 December 27, 2033 8-Ch.
Hon. CELIA C. LIBREA-LEAGOGO Associate Justice March 15, 2004 December 15, 1950 December 15, 2020 9-Ch.
Hon. MARIFLOR PUNZALAN-CASTILLO Associate Justice March 15, 2004 September 21, 1954 September 21, 2024 10-Ch.
Hon. SESINANDO E. VILLON Associate Justice March 15, 2004 July 16, 1949 July 16, 2019 11-Ch.
Hon. RAMON M. BATO, JR. Associate Justice March 15, 2004 August 27, 1958 August 27, 2028 12-Ch.
Hon. ROMULO V. BORJA Associate Justice March 15, 2004 September 11, 1948 September 11, 2018 21-Ch.
Hon. EDGARDO A. CAMELLO Associate Justice March 15, 2004 May 19, 1952 May 19, 2022 22-Ch.
Hon. NORMANDIE B. PIZARRO Associate Justice January 24, 2005 February 7, 1949 February 7, 2019 13-Ch.
Hon. APOLINARIO D. BRUSELAS, JR. Associate Justice August 1, 2005 May 6, 1956 May 6, 2026 14-Ch.
Hon. RAMON R. GARCIA Associate Justice August 31, 2005 May 10, 1954 May 10, 2024 15-Ch.
Hon. RICARDO R. ROSARIO Associate Justice September 12, 2005 October 15, 1958 October 15, 2028 16-Ch.
Hon. MARLENE GONZALES-SISON Associate Justice May 8, 2006 February 28, 1956 February 28, 2026 17-Ch.
Hon. ROMEO F. BARZA Associate Justice May 8, 2006 August 2, 1949 August 2, 2019 1-Member
Hon. PRISCILLA BALTAZAR-PADILLA Associate Justice May 31, 2006 July 2, 1958 July 2, 2028 2-Member
Hon. MARIO V. LOPEZ Associate Justice May 31, 2006 June 4, 1955 June 4, 2025 3-Member
Hon. FRANCISCO P. ACOSTA Associate Justice December 14, 2006 April 2, 1947 April 2, 2017 4-Member
Hon. STEPHEN C. CRUZ Associate Justice December 14, 2006 August 3, 1950 August 3, 2020 5-Member
Hon. JANE AURORA C. LANTION Associate Justice December 14, 2006 January 9, 1950 January 9, 2020 6-Member
Hon. ELIHU A. YBAÑEZ Associate Justice May 15, 2007 November 2, 1951 November 2, 2021 7-Member
Hon. FRANCHITO N. DIAMANTE Associate Justice August 8, 2007 October 4, 1951 October 4, 2021 8-Member
Hon. AMY C. LAZARO-JAVIER Associate Justice August 29, 2007 November 16, 1956 November 16, 2026 9-Member
Hon. FLORITO S. MACALINO Associate Justice January 4, 2008 August 23, 1952 August 23, 2022 10-Member
Hon. EDGARDO T. LLOREN Associate Justice January 4, 2008 August 8, 1951 August 8, 2021 23-Ch.
Hon. EDGARDO L. DELOS SANTOS Associate Justice May 5, 2008 June 12, 1952 June 12, 2022 11-Member
Hon. RODIL V. ZALAMEDA Associate Justice September 5, 2008 August 2, 1963 August 2, 2033 12-Member
Hon. MANUEL M. BARRIOS Associate Justice June 15, 2009 November 29, 1952 November 29, 2022 13-Member
Hon. SAMEUL H. GAERLAN Associate Justice June 15, 2009 December 19, 1958 December 19, 2028 14-Member
Hon. DANTON Q. BUESER Associate Justice June 15, 2009 March 14, 1951 March 14, 2021 15-Member
Hon. LEONCIA REAL-DIMAGIBA Associate Justice June 15, 2009 December 1, 1949 December 1, 2019 16-Member
Hon. EDWIN D. SORONGON Associate Justice October 30, 2009 October 29, 1954 October 29, 2024 17-Member
Hon. RAMON A. CRUZ Associate Justice October 30, 2009 August 25, 1957 August 25, 2027 1-Member
Hon. AGNES REYES-CARPIO Associate Justice October 30, 2009 December 1, 1946 December 1, 2016 2-Member
Hon. SOCORRO B. INTING Associate Justice October 30, 2009 January 7, 1955 January 7, 2025 3-Member
Hon. MYRA GARCIA-FERNANDEZ Associate Justice February 16, 2010 June 24, 1963 June 24, 2033 4-Member
Hon. EDUARDO B. PERALTA, JR. Associate Justice February 16, 2010 September 29, 1962 September 29, 2032 5-Member
Hon. RAMON PAUL L. HERNANDO Associate Justice February 16, 2010 August 27, 1966 August 27, 2036 6-Member
Hon. NINA G. ANTONIO-VALENZUELA Associate Justice February 24, 2010 December 13, 1963 December 13, 2033 7-Member
Hon. GABRIEL T. INGLES Associate Justice February 24, 2011 February 27, 1952 February 27, 2022 18-Ch.
Hon. VICTORIA ISABEL A. PAREDES Associate Justice March 1, 2011 July 1, 1954 July 1, 2024 8-Member
Hon. PAMELA ANN ABELLA-MAXINO Associate Justice March 1, 2011 October 3, 1956 October 3, 2026 19-Ch.
Hon. CARMELITA SALANDANAN-MANAHAN Associate Justice March 15, 2011 March 22, 1949 March 22, 2019 9-Member
Hon. MELCHOR QUIRINO C. SADANG Associate Justice March 15, 2011 January 6, 1952 January 6, 2022 10-Member
Hon. ZENAIDA T. GALAPATE-LAGUILLES Associate Justice March 15, 2011 December 18, 1962 December 18, 2032 11-Member
Hon. PEDRO B. CORALES Associate Justice November 11, 2011 April 29, 1957 April 29, 2027 12-Member
Hon. MARILYN B. LAGURA-YAP Associate Justice February 3, 2012 May 29, 1957 May 29, 2027 20-Ch.
Hon. MARIA ELISA SEMPIO DIY Associate Justice February 16, 2012 April 25, 1966 April 25, 2036 13-Member
Hon. MA. LUISA QUIJANO-PADILLA Associate Justice May 17, 2012 January 18, 1950 January 18, 2020 14-Member
Hon. RENATO C. FRANCISCO Associate Justice May 17, 2012 August 20, 1948 August 20, 2018 15-Member
Hon. JHOSEP Y. LOPEZ Associate Justice May 17, 2012 February 8, 1963 February 8, 2033 16-Member
Hon. MARIE CHRISTINE B. AZCARRAGA-JACOB Associate Justice September 14, 2012 January 15, 1956 January 15, 2026 17-Member
Hon. OSCAR V. BADELLES Associate Justice September 14, 2012 April 20, 1954 April 20, 2024 18-Member
Hon. HENRI JEAN PAUL B. INTING Associate Justice September 14, 2012 September 4, 1957 September 4, 2027 19-Member
Hon. EDWARD B. CONTRERAS Associate Justice February 26, 2013 August 8, 1954 August 8, 2024 20-Member
Hon. MARIA FILOMENA D. SINGH Associate Justice March 13, 2014 June 25, 1966 June 25, 2036 18-Member
Hon. PABLITO A. PEREZ Associate Justice March 13, 2014 January 15, 1957 January 15, 2027 19-Member
Hon. RAFAEL M. SANTOS Associate Justice March 13, 2014 February 16, 1960 February 16, 2030 21-Member
Hon. GERMANO FRANCISCO D. LEGASPI Associate Justice January 8, 2015 January 29, 1969 January 29, 2039 20-Member
Hon. RONALDO B. MARTIN Associate Justice May 5, 2015 October 8, 1964 October 8, 2034 22-Member
Hon. GERALDINE C. FIEL-MACARAIG Associate Justice November 6, 2015 March 25, 1963 March 25, 2033 23-Member
Hon. GABRIEL T. ROBENIOL Associate Justice November 6, 2015 June 7, 1961 June 7, 2031 21-Member
Hon. PERPETUA T. ATAL-PAÑO Associate Justice November 6, 2015 September 20, 1956 September 20, 2026 22-Member
Hon. RUBEN REYNALDO G. ROXAS Associate Justice November 6, 2015 March 30, 1962 March 30, 2032 23-Member

Former Justices[edit]

Name of Former Court of Appeals Justices Position Date of Appointment Date of Retirement
Hon. Ma. Alicia Austria-Martinez Associate Justice as March 5, 1992 Presiding Justice as July 27, 2001 April 9, 2002 Appointment SC JUSTICE
Hon. Ruben T. Reyes Associate Justice as March 22, 1994 Presiding Justice as January 2006 August 2, 2007 Appointment SC JUSTICE
Hon. Conrado M. Vasquez, Jr. Associate Justice as March 22, 1994 Presiding Justice as November 28, 2007 January 6, 2010
Hon. Portia Aliño-Hormachuelos Associate Justice as August 28, 1995 Presiding Justice as January 6, 2010 November 14, 2011
Hon. Martin S. Villarama, Jr. Associate Justice March 11, 1998 November 6, 2009 Appointment SC JUSTICE
Hon. Bienvenido L. Reyes Associate Justice August 8, 2000 August 20, 2011 Appointment SC JUSTICE
Hon. Josefina Guevara-Salonga Associate Justice August 22, 2000 February 14, 2012
Hon. Rebecca De Guia-Salvador Associate Justice August 22, 2000 January 31, 2015 Early Retirement
Hon. Juan Q. Enriquez, Jr. Associate Justice August 22, 2000 June 20, 2012
Hon. Mariano C. del Castillo Associate Justice August 27, 2001 July 29, 2009 Appointment SC JUSTICE
Hon. Amelita G. Tolentino Associate Justice August 27, 2001 July 4, 2014
Hon. Mario L. Guariña III Associate Justice August 27, 2001 November 11, 2011
Hon. Sergio Pestaño Associate Justice August 27, 2001 February 28, 2007
Hon. Danilo Pine Associate Justice April 15, 2002 December 27, 2005
Hon. Edgardo F. Sundiam Associate Justice April 15, 2002 February 28, 2007
Hon. Lucas P. Bersamin Associate Justice April 15, 2002 April 3, 2009 Appointment SC JUSTICE
Hon. Regalado E. "Dodong" Maambong Associate Justice April 15, 2002 January 2, 2009
Hon. Hakim S. Abdulwahid Associate Justice March 10, 2003 June 12, 2015
Hon. Arsenio J. Magpale Associate Justice March 10, 2003 July 16, 2007
Hon. Jose C. Mendoza Associate Justice July 4, 2003 January 4, 2010 Appointment SC JUSTICE
Hon. Rosalinda Asuncion-Vicente Associate Justice July 16, 2003 November 23, 2011
Hon. Arturo D. Brion Associate Justice July 16, 2003 March 17, 2008 Appointment DOLE Secretary
Hon. Aurora Santiago-Lagman Associate Justice February 9, 2004 January 16, 2008
Hon. Vicente S. E. Veloso Associate Justice February 9, 2004 January 7, 2015
Hon. Vicente Q. Roxas Associate Justice February 9, 2004 June 12, 2008
Hon. Isaias P. Dicdican Associate Justice March 15, 2004 July 4, 2015
Hon. Santiago J. Ranada, Jr. Associate Justice March 15, 2004 November 20, 2006
Hon. Arcangelita M. Romilla-Lontok Associate Justice March 15, 2004 March 18, 2010
Hon. Lucenito N. Tagle Associate Justice March 15, 2004 June 26, 2008
Hon. Monina Arevalo-Zenarosa Associate Justice March 15, 2004 August 22, 2009
Hon. Estela Perlas-Bernabe Associate Justice March 15, 2004 September 16, 2011 Appointment SC Justice
Hon. Teresita Dy-Liacco Flores Associate Justice March 15, 2004 March 31, 2011
Hon. Pampio A. Abarintos Associate Justice March 15, 2004 December 14, 2013
Hon. Arturo G. Tayag Associate Justice March 15, 2004 March 2, 2010
Hon. Vcente L. Yap Associate Justice March 15, 2004 August 22, 2006
Hon. Rodrigo F. Lim, Jr. Associate Justice March 15, 2004 October 25, 2011
Hon. Enrico A. Lanzanas Associate Justice January 24, 2005 April 19, 2008
Hon. Myrna Dimaranan-Vidal Associate Justice January 24, 2005 December 20, 2009
Hon. Sixto Marella, Jr. Associate Justice May 4, 2006 February 1, 2010
Hon. Michael P. Elbinias Associate Justice December 14, 2006 November 26, 2014 Died November 26, 2014
Hon. Antonio Villamor Associate Justice May 4, 2006 July 4, 2012
Hon. Agustin S. Dizon Associate Justice May 4, 2006 June 24, 2008
Hon. Ruben C. Ayson Associate Justice May 5, 2008 September 19, 2011
Hon. Angelita D. Alberto-Gacutan Associate Justice October 30, 2009 December 3, 2013 Early Retirement
Hon. Abraham B. Borreta Associate Justice March 1, 2011 August 23, 2012 Died August 23, 2012

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Sources

External links[edit]