Court of Exchequer Chamber

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English common law courts before 1830

The Court of Exchequer Chamber was an English appellate court for common law civil actions, prior to the reforms of the Judicature Acts of 1873-1875.

The Court heard references from the King's Bench, the Court of Exchequer and, from 1830, the Court of Common Pleas. It was constituted from four judges belonging to the two courts that had been uninvolved at first instance.[1] In cases of exceptional importance such as Rex v. Hampden (1637)[2] all twelve common law judges, sitting in Exchequer Chamber, might be asked to determine a point of law, the matter being referred by the Court hearing the case rather than the parties.[3]

Though further appeal to the House of Lords was possible, this was rare before the nineteenth century.[1] As a rule a judgment of the Exchequer Chamber was considered the definitive statement of the law, although certain judgments like Hampden ( the case of Ship Money ) caused political controversy.

It was superseded by the Court of Appeal of England and Wales.


  1. ^ a b Cornish & Clark (1989) 25
  2. ^ 3 State Trials 825
  3. ^ Elton, G. R. The Tudor Constitution Cambridge University Press 1960


  • Baker, J. H. (2002). An Introduction to English Legal History (4th ed.). London: Butterworths. pp. 137–138. ISBN 0-406-93053-8. 
  • Cornish, W.; Clarke, G. (1989). Law and Society in England 1750-1950. London: Sweet & Maxwell. p. 25. ISBN 0421311509.