Court of Queen's Bench of Manitoba

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The Court of Queen's Bench of Manitoba (French: Cour du Banc de la Reine du Manitoba) is the superior court of the Canadian province of Manitoba. The court is divided into the Family Division and the General Division.

The Family Division deals with family law cases including divorces, guardianships, adoptions and child welfare.

The General Division deals with all other matters, including civil trials, probate law, indictable offences and applications for the review of decisions from certain administrative tribunals.

History of the Court[edit]

In May 1871 the legislature of Manitoba enacted The Supreme Court Act to establish a superior court with original and appellate jurisdiction in the province. The law provided:

There shall be constituted a Court of Justice for the Province of Manitoba, to be styled "The Supreme

Court," which shall have jurisdiction over ail matters of Law and Equity, ail matters of wills and intestacy, and shall possess such powers and authorities in relation to matters of Local or Provincial jurisdiction,

as in England are distributed among the Superior Courts of Law and Equity, and of Probate.

The Act also established inferior courts known as Petty Sessions.

In 1872, The Supreme Court Act was amended by the Manitoba legislature to change the name of the court to "The Court of Queen's Bench". The first Chief Justice was appointed in July 1872. In the same year, the Petty Sessions were abolished and County Courts were established.

The appellate jurisdiction of the Court of Queen's Bench was transferred to the Manitoba Court of Appeal, which was established in 1906. In 1984, the County Courts were merged with the Court of Queen's Bench, and the judges of the County Courts became Court of Queen's Bench judges. Further, in 1984 the Family Division of the Court of Queen’s Bench was established.

Current Justices[edit]

Name Appointed Division Nominated By Prior Position(s)
Chief Justice Glenn D. Joyal[1] June 22, 2007 (Judge)
2011 (Chief)
General Stephen Harper
Associate Chief Justice Marianne Rivoalen[2] February 2, 2005 Family Paul Martin
Associate Chief Justice Shane Perlmutter February 3, 2011 General Stephen Harper
Mr. Justice Robert B. Doyle February 28, 2000 Family Jean Chretien
Madam Justice Joan G. McKelvey September 27, 2001 General Jean Chretien
Madam Justice Colleen Suche July 16, 2002 General Jean Chretien
Madam Justice Marilyn E. Goldberg July 16, 2002 Family Jean Chretien
Madam Justice Shawn D. Greenberg October 28, 2003 General Jean Chretien
Madam Justice Karen I. Simonsen[3] December 9, 2004 General Paul Martin Thompson Dorfman Sweatman
Madam Justice Lori T. Spivak[4] May 19, 2005 General Paul Martin Aikins MacAulay & Thorvaldson
Madam Justice A. Catherine Everett November 22, 2006 Family Stephen Harper
Mr. Justice Michael A. Thomson[5] June 1, 2007 Family Stephen Harper
Mr. Justice Robert Cummings July 31, 2008 General Stephen Harper Provincial Court Judge (1994 to 2008)
Madam Justice Joan MacPhail[6] January 22, 2009 Family Stephen Harper Director of Family Law Branch of provincial DOJ (1989 to 2009)
Mr. Justice Chris Martin January 22, 2009 General Stephen Harper
Mr. Justice William Johnston July 30, 2009 Family Stephen Harper
Mr. Justice Robert Dewar[7] September 9, 2009 General Stephen Harper Thompson Dorfman Sweatman
Mr. Justice Richard Saull February 10, 2010 General Stephen Harper
Mr. Justice Gerald Chartier September 30, 2010 General Stephen Harper
Mr. Justice Herbert Rempel[8] March 7, 2013 General Stephen Harper
Mr. Justice Sheldon Lanchbery[9] June 6, 2013 General Stephen Harper
Madam Justice Gwen Hatch[9] June 6, 2013 Family Stephen Harper
Mr. Justice James G. Edmond[10] October 1, 2013 General Stephen Harper
Mr. Justice Victor E. Toews[11] March 7, 2014 General Stephen Harper Member of Parliament (1995 to 2013)
Director of Constitutional Law (1987-1991)
Crown Attorney (1977-1979)
Madam Justice Sadie Bond[12] April 11, 2014 General Stephen Harper
Mr. Justice Allan Dueck[13] May 9, 2014 Family Stephen Harper Mercier Dueck (2005 to 2014)
Gould Gosner (1997 to 2005)
Madam Justice Sandra Zinchuk[14] February 26, 2015 General Stephen Harper Monk Goodwin LLP (1995 to 2015)
Madam Justice Kaye Dunlop[15] June 19, 2015 Family Stephen Harper Kaye E. Dunlop, Q.C. Law Office (1984 to 2015)
Mr. Justice Regan Thatcher[16] June 19, 2015 Family Stephen Harper Regan Thatcher Law Office (2002 to 2015)
Madam Justice Lore Mirwaldt[17] October 20, 2016 Family Justin Trudeau Mirwaldt & Gray (1986 to 2016)
Mr. Justice David J. Kroft[18] October 20, 2016 General Justin Trudeau Fillmore Riley LLP (1990 to 2016)
Madam Justice Candace Grammond[19] October 20, 2016 General Justin Trudeau Pitblado LLP (1999 to 2016)
Mr. Justice Scott Abel[20] December 19, 2017 General Justin Trudeau
Mr. Justice Kenneth Champagne [21] April 4, 2018 General Justin Trudeau Crown attorney (1994 to 2005)
Provincial Court (2005 to 2018)

Under the federal Judges Act, federally appointed judges (such as those on the Manitoba Court of Appeal) may, after being in judicial office for at least 15 years and whose combined age and number of years of judicial service is not less than 80 or after the age of 70 years and at least 10 years judicial service, elect to give up their regular judicial duties and hold office as a supernumerary judge.

The following justices have elected supernumerary status:

Past Justices[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Dale Brawn, "The Court of Queen's Bench of Manitoba 1870-1950: A Biographical History" (Toronto: Osgoode Society for Canadian Legal History, 2006)
  • Sharon Gail McCullough, "Manitoba Court of Queen's Bench in Equity, 1872-1895: A Study in Legal Administration and Records" (Winnipeg, University of Manitoba, 2000)
  • Russell Smandych and Karina Sacca, "The Development of Criminal Law Courts in Pre-1870 Manitoba" (1996) 24 Man. L. J. 201

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "PM announces Manitoba judicial appointments". Retrieved 1 August 2018. 
  2. ^ "PM announces judicial appointment in Manitoba". Government of Canada. Retrieved 31 May 2018. 
  3. ^ "MANITOBA JUDICIAL APPOINTMENT ANNOUNCED". Retrieved 3 August 2018. 
  4. ^ "Manitoba Judicial Appointments Announced". Retrieved 3 August 2018. 
  5. ^ (PDF) http://www.lawsociety.mb.ca/forms/continuing-professional-development/000/presenter-bios/Presenter%20Bio%20-%20Justice%20Michael%20Thomson.pdf. Retrieved 3 August 2018.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  6. ^ "Presenter Profile" (PDF). lawsociety.mb.ca. Retrieved 1 August 2018. 
  7. ^ "2 judges appointed to Man. Court of Queen's Bench". Retrieved 3 August 2018. 
  8. ^ "MANITOBA JUDICIAL APPOINTMENTS ANNOUNCED". Retrieved 1 August 2018. 
  9. ^ a b "MANITOBA JUDICIAL APPOINTMENTS ANNOUNCED". Retrieved 1 August 2018. 
  10. ^ "MANITOBA JUDICIAL APPOINTMENTS ANNOUNCED". Retrieved 1 August 2018. 
  11. ^ "MANITOBA JUDICIAL APPOINTMENT ANNOUNCED". Retrieved 1 August 2018. 
  12. ^ "MANITOBA JUDICIAL APPOINTMENT ANNOUNCED". Government of Canada. Retrieved 31 May 2018. 
  13. ^ "MANITOBA JUDICIAL APPOINTMENT ANNOUNCED". Government of Canada. Retrieved 31 May 2018. 
  14. ^ "MANITOBA JUDICIAL APPOINTMENT ANNOUNCED". Government of Canada. Retrieved 31 May 2018. 
  15. ^ "Manitoba Judicial Appointments Announced". Government of Canada. Retrieved 31 May 2018. 
  16. ^ "Manitoba Judicial Appointments Announced". Government of Canada. Retrieved 31 May 2018. 
  17. ^ "Government of Canada announces judicial appointments in the province of Manitoba". Government of Canada. Retrieved 31 May 2018. 
  18. ^ "Government of Canada announces judicial appointments in the province of Manitoba". Government of Canada. Retrieved 31 May 2018. 
  19. ^ "Government of Canada announces judicial appointments in the province of Manitoba". Government of Canada. Retrieved 31 May 2018. 
  20. ^ "Government of Canada announces judicial appointment in the province of Manitoba". Government of Canada. Retrieved 31 May 2018. 
  21. ^ "Government of Canada announces judicial appointment in the province of Manitoba". Government of Canada. Retrieved 30 May 2018. 
  22. ^ "Hansard - Members' Statements". Legislative Assembly of Manitoba. May 22, 2001. Archived from the original on 2014-04-07. Retrieved 14 Dec 2010.