Courtland, Kansas

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Courtland, Kansas
City
Courtland Mural (2012)
Courtland Mural (2012)
Location within Republic County and Kansas
Location within Republic County and Kansas
KDOT map of Republic County (legend)
KDOT map of Republic County (legend)
Coordinates: 39°46′58″N 97°53′49″W / 39.78278°N 97.89694°W / 39.78278; -97.89694Coordinates: 39°46′58″N 97°53′49″W / 39.78278°N 97.89694°W / 39.78278; -97.89694
Country United States
State Kansas
County Republic
Area[1]
 • Total 0.27 sq mi (0.70 km2)
 • Land 0.27 sq mi (0.70 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 1,496 ft (456 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 285
 • Estimate (2015)[3] 270
 • Density 1,100/sq mi (410/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 66939
Area code(s) 785
FIPS code 20-16025 [4]
GNIS feature ID 0472819 [5]
Website courtlandks.com

Courtland is a city in Republic County, Kansas, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 285.[6]

History[edit]

1915 Railroad Map of Republic County

The first settlement was made at Courtland in 1885.[7] A post office was opened in Prospect (an extinct town) in 1878, but it was moved to Courtland in 1888.[8] The community was named after Cortland, New York.[9]

In 1887, Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway built a branch line from Neva (3 miles west of Strong City) through Courtland to Superior, Nebraska. In 1996, the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway merged with Burlington Northern Railroad and renamed to the current BNSF Railway. Most locals still refer to this railroad as the "Santa Fe".

Courland was incorporated as a city in 1892.[10]

Geography[edit]

Courtland is located at 39°46′58″N 97°53′49″W / 39.78278°N 97.89694°W / 39.78278; -97.89694 (39.782803, -97.897054).[11] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.27 square miles (0.70 km2), all of it land.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 267
1900 286 7.1%
1910 454 58.7%
1920 411 −9.5%
1930 430 4.6%
1940 383 −10.9%
1950 367 −4.2%
1960 384 4.6%
1970 403 4.9%
1980 377 −6.5%
1990 343 −9.0%
2000 334 −2.6%
2010 285 −14.7%
Est. 2015 270 [3] −5.3%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 285 people, 137 households, and 82 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,055.6 inhabitants per square mile (407.6/km2). There were 161 housing units at an average density of 596.3 per square mile (230.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 98.9% White, 0.7% African American, and 0.4% Asian. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.4% of the population.

There were 137 households of which 26.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.0% were married couples living together, 7.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 40.1% were non-families. 34.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.08 and the average family size was 2.66.

The median age in the city was 46.1 years. 22.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 19.7% were from 25 to 44; 29.8% were from 45 to 64; and 22.5% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 52.6% male and 47.4% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 334 people, 149 households, and 96 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,243.5 people per square mile (477.6/km²). There were 174 housing units at an average density of 647.8 per square mile (248.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.80% White, 0.30% African American, 0.30% Native American, 0.60% from other races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.89% of the population.

There were 149 households out of which 28.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.0% were married couples living together, 3.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.9% were non-families. 32.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 21.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 2.84.

In the city, the population was spread out with 25.1% under the age of 18, 3.9% from 18 to 24, 18.3% from 25 to 44, 23.7% from 45 to 64, and 29.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 47 years. For every 100 females there were 100.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $27,188, and the median income for a family was $37,778. Males had a median income of $26,667 versus $13,500 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,543. About 6.3% of families and 11.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.8% of those under age 18 and 19.1% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Courtland is served by USD 426 Pike Valley. School unification consolidated Courtland and Scandia schools forming USD 426. The Pike Valley High School mascot is Panthers.[12]

Prior to school unification, the Courtland High School mascot was Courtland Tigers.[13] The Courtland Tigers won the Kansas State High School boys class B Indoor Track & Field championship in 1961.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-07-14. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  3. ^ a b "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "2010 City Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 21, 2011. Retrieved October 18, 2011. 
  7. ^ Blackmar, Frank Wilson (1912). Kansas: A Cyclopedia of State History, Embracing Events, Institutions, Industries, Counties, Cities, Towns, Prominent Persons, Etc. Standard Publishing Company. p. 461. 
  8. ^ "Kansas Post Offices, 1828-1961". Kansas Historical Society. Archived from the original on October 9, 2013. Retrieved 21 June 2014. 
  9. ^ "Profile for Courtland, Kansas". ePodunk. Retrieved 21 June 2014. 
  10. ^ Savage, Isaac O. (1901). A History of Republic County, Kansas. Jones & Chubbic. p. 188. 
  11. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  12. ^ "USD 426 Pike Valley". USD 426. Retrieved 4 January 2017. 
  13. ^ "Tigers Blank Braves 34-0 For 2nd Win", The Belleville Telescope, 23 September 1976, p.4.
  14. ^ "Track & Field". KSHSAA. Retrieved 6 January 2017. 

External links[edit]

City
Schools
Newspaper
Maps