Love performing live in 2010
|Born||Courtney Michelle Harrison
July 9, 1964
San Francisco, California, U.S.
|Spouse(s)||James Moreland (m. 1989; annulled 1989)
Kurt Cobain (m. 1992; d. 1994)
|Children||Frances Bean Cobain|
Fender Squier Venus
Courtney Michelle Love / / (born July 9, 1964) is an American musician, singer, actress, writer, and visual artist. Prolific in the punk and grunge scenes of the 1990s, Love's career has spanned four decades. She rose to prominence as the frontwoman of the alternative rock band Hole, which she formed in 1989. Love has drawn public attention for her uninhibited live performances and confrontational lyrics, as well as her highly publicized personal life following her marriage to Kurt Cobain.
The daughter of psychotherapist Linda Carroll and Hank Harrison, Love had an itinerant early life. She spent her formative years in San Francisco and Portland, Oregon, where she was in a series of short-lived bands before being cast in two films by British director Alex Cox. After forming Hole in 1989, she received substantial attention from underground rock press for the group's debut album, produced by Kim Gordon. Hole's second release, Live Through This (1994), gave her high-profile renown with critical accolades and multi-platinum sales. In 1995, Love returned to acting, earning a Golden Globe Award nomination for her performance in Miloš Forman's The People vs. Larry Flynt (1996), which established her as a mainstream actress. The following year, she saw further mainstream success with the release of Hole's third album, Celebrity Skin (1998), which was nominated for multiple Grammy Awards.
Love continued to work as an actress into the early 2000s, appearing in big-budget pictures such as Man on the Moon (1999) and Trapped (2002), before releasing her first solo album, America's Sweetheart, in 2004. The next few years were marked by publicity surrounding Love's legal troubles and drug addiction, which resulted in a mandatory lockdown rehabilitation sentence in 2006 while she was in the process of writing her second solo album. She returned to the music industry with Nobody's Daughter (2010), a new album as Hole but without any members of the original lineup. Between 2014 and 2015, she released two solo singles and returned to acting in the network series Empire and Sons of Anarchy.
She has also had endeavors in writing, co-creating and co-authoring three volumes of a manga, Princess Ai, between 2004 and 2006, as well as a memoir, Dirty Blonde: The Diaries of Courtney Love (2006). In 2012, she premiered an exhibit of mixed media visual art titled And She's Not Even Pretty.
- 1 Early life
- 2 Career
- 3 Musical style
- 4 Public image
- 5 Personal life
- 6 Philanthropy
- 7 In culture
- 8 Works
- 9 References
- 10 External links
Love was born Courtney Michelle Harrison on July 9, 1964, in San Francisco, California to Linda Carroll (née Risi) and Hank Harrison, a publisher and road manager for the Grateful Dead. Love's godfather is the founding Grateful Dead bassist Phil Lesh. Her mother, who was adopted as a child, was later revealed to be the biological daughter of novelist Paula Fox. Love's great-grandmother was screenwriter Elsie Fox. She is of Cuban, Welsh, Irish, German, and English descent.
Love spent her early years in the Haight-Ashbury district of San Francisco until her parents' 1969 divorce, after which her father's custody was withdrawn when her mother alleged that he had fed LSD to her as a toddler, which he denied. Love described her parents' household as being full of "hairy, wangly-ass hippies running around naked." Love's mother, who was studying to be a psychologist, had her in therapy by the age of two. In 1970, her mother moved the family to the rural community of Marcola, Oregon where they lived on a commune along the Mohawk River, while her mother completed her degree at the University of Oregon. Love was legally adopted by her then-stepfather, Frank Rodriguez, with whom her mother had Love's two half-sisters, Jaimee and Nicole; another brother, Joshua, was adopted at three years old, from an African American family; and a half-brother died in infancy of a heart defect when Love was ten. Love attended a Montessori school in Eugene, where she struggled academically and had trouble making friends. At age nine, a psychologist noted that she exhibited signs of autism.
In 1972, Love's mother divorced Rodriguez, remarried, and moved the family to New Zealand. There, she enrolled Love at Nelson College for Girls, from which Love was eventually expelled. Love's mother sent her back to the United States in 1973, where she was raised in Portland, Oregon by her former stepfather and other family friends. During this time, her mother gave birth to two of Love's other half-brothers, Tobias and Daniel. At age fourteen, Love was arrested for shoplifting a T-shirt from a Woolworth's and was sent to Hillcrest Correctional Facility, a juvenile hall in Salem, Oregon. She was then placed in foster care until she became legally emancipated at age sixteen. She supported herself by working illegally as a topless dancer at Mary's Club in downtown Portland adopting the last name "Love" to conceal her identity; she later adopted "Love" as her surname. She also worked various odd jobs, including picking berries at a farm in Troutdale, Oregon, and as a disc jockey. During this time, she enrolled at Portland State University, studying English and philosophy. Love has said that she "didn't have a lot of social skills," and that she learned them while frequenting gay clubs in Portland.
In 1981, Love was granted a small trust fund that had been left by her adoptive grandparents, which she used to travel to Dublin, Ireland, where her biological father was living. While there, she enrolled in courses at Trinity College, studying theology for two semesters. She would later receive honorary patronage from Trinity's University Philosophical Society in 2010. In the United Kingdom, she became acquainted with musician Julian Cope and his band, The Teardrop Explodes, in Liverpool and briefly lived in his house. "They kind of took me in," she recalled. "I was sort of a mascot; I would get them coffee or tea during rehearsal." In Cope's autobiography, Head-On, Love is referred to as "the adolescent." After spending a year abroad, Love returned to Portland: "I thought that [going to the United Kingdom] was my peak life experience," she said in 2011. "Nothing else will happen to me again." In 1983, she took a short-lived job working as an erotic dancer in Taiwan, but was deported after the club was shut down by the government.
1981–87: Early projects; music and film
Love began several music projects in the 1980s, first forming Sugar Babylon (later Sugar Babydoll) in Portland with her friends Ursula Wehr and Robin Barbur. In 1982, Love attended a Faith No More concert in San Francisco and convinced the members to let her join as a singer. The group recorded material with Love as a vocalist, but she was subsequently kicked out of the band. According to the Faith No More keyboardist Roddy Bottum, who remained Love's friend in the years after, the band wanted a "male energy".
She later formed the Pagan Babies with friend Kat Bjelland, whom she met at the Satyricon club in Portland in 1984. As Love later reflected, "The best thing that ever happened to me in a way, was Kat." Love asked Bjelland to start a band with her as a guitarist, and the two moved to San Francisco in June 1985, where they recruited bassist Jennifer Finch and drummer Janis Tanaka. According to Bjelland, "[Courtney] didn't play an instrument at the time" aside from keyboards, so Bjelland would transcribe Love's musical ideas on guitar for her. The group played several house shows and recorded one 4-track demo before disbanding in late 1985. After Pagan Babies, Love moved to Minneapolis, where Bjelland had formed the group Babes in Toyland, and briefly worked as a concert promoter before returning to California.
Deciding to shift her focus to acting, Love enrolled at the San Francisco Art Institute and studied film with George Kuchar. Love featured in one of his short films, titled Club Vatican. In 1985, she submitted an audition tape for the role of Nancy Spungen in the Sid Vicious biopic Sid and Nancy (1986), and was given a minor supporting role by director Alex Cox. After filming Sid and Nancy in New York City, she worked at a peep show in Times Square and squatted at the ABC No Rio social center and Pyramid Club in the East Village. The same year, Cox cast her in a leading role in his film Straight to Hell (1987), a spaghetti western starring Joe Strummer and Grace Jones filmed in Spain in 1986. The film caught the attention of Andy Warhol, who featured Love in an episode of Andy Warhol's Fifteen Minutes with Robbie Nevil in a segment titled "C'est la Vie". She also had a part in the 1988 Ramones music video for "I Wanna Be Sedated", appearing as a bride among dozens of party guests.
In 1988, Love aborted her acting career and left New York, returning to the west coast, citing the "celebutante" fame she'd attained as the central reason. "I hated it," she recalled. "It was misery itself." She returned to stripping in the small town of McMinnville, Oregon, where she was recognized by customers at the bar. This prompted Love to go into isolation, so she relocated to Anchorage, Alaska. "I decided to move to Alaska because I needed to get my shit together and learn how to work," Love said in retrospect. "So I went on this sort of vision quest. I got rid of all my earthly possessions. I had my bad little strip clothes and some big sweaters, and I moved into a trailer with a bunch of other strippers."
1988–91: Beginnings of Hole
At the end of 1988, Love taught herself to play guitar and relocated to Los Angeles, where she placed an ad in a local music zine: "I want to start a band. My influences are Big Black, Sonic Youth, and Fleetwood Mac." Love recruited lead guitarist Eric Erlandson; Lisa Roberts, her neighbor, as bassist; and drummer Caroline Rue, whom she met at a Gwar concert. Love named the band Hole after a line from Euripedes' Medea ("There is a hole that pierces right through me") as well as a conversation she had had with her mother, in which she told her that she couldn't live her life "with a hole running through her."
Love continued to work at strip clubs in the band's formative stages, saving money to purchase backline equipment and a touring van, and rehearsed at a studio in Hollywood that was loaned to her by the Red Hot Chili Peppers. Hole played their first show in November 1989 at Raji's, a rock club in central Hollywood. The band's debut single, "Retard Girl", was issued in April 1990 through the Long Beach indie label Sympathy for the Record Industry, and was given airtime by Rodney Bingenheimer's show on local rock station KROQ. That fall, the band appeared on the cover of Flipside, a Los Angeles-based punk fanzine. In the spring of 1991, the band released their second single, "Dicknail", through Sub Pop Records.
With no wave, noise rock and grindcore bands being major influences on Love, Hole's first studio album, Pretty on the Inside, captured a particularly abrasive sound and contained disturbing lyrics, described by Q magazine as "confrontational [and] genuinely uninhibited." The record was released in September 1991 on Caroline Records, produced by Kim Gordon of Sonic Youth with assistant production from Gumball's Don Fleming; Love and Gordon had initially met when Hole opened for Sonic Youth during their promotional tour for Goo at the Whisky a Go Go in November 1990. In the spring of 1991, Love sent Gordon a personal letter asking her to produce the record for the band, to which she agreed. Though Love would later say it was "unlistenable" and "[un]melodic," the album received generally positive critical reception from indie and punk rock critics and was labeled one of the twenty best albums of the year by Spin magazine. It also gained a following in the United Kingdom, charting at 59 on the UK Albums Chart, and its lead single, "Teenage Whore", entered the country's indie chart at number one. The underlying feminist slant of the album's songs led many to mistakenly tag the band as being part of the riot grrl movement, a movement that Love did not associate with. The band toured in support of the record, headlining with Mudhoney in Europe; in the United States, they opened for The Smashing Pumpkins, and performed at CBGB in New York City.
After the release of Pretty on the Inside, Love began dating Kurt Cobain and became pregnant. During Love's pregnancy, Hole recorded a cover of "Over the Edge" for a Wipers tribute album, and recorded their fourth single, "Beautiful Son," which was released in April 1993. Love and Cobain married in February 1992 and, after the birth of their daughter Frances Bean Cobain, relocated to Carnation, Washington and then to Seattle. On September 8, 1993, Love and Cobain made their only public performance together at the Rock Against Rape benefit in Hollywood, performing two acoustic duets of "Pennyroyal Tea" and "Where Did You Sleep Last Night." Love also performed electric versions of two new Hole songs, "Doll Parts" and "Miss World", both written for the band's upcoming second album.
In October 1993, Hole recorded their second album, Live Through This, in Atlanta, Georgia. The album featured a new lineup with bassist Kristen Pfaff and drummer Patty Schemel. Live Through This was released on Geffen's subsidiary label DGC in April 1994, four days after Love's husband, Cobain, was found dead after having committed suicide in their Seattle home. Two months later, in June 1994, bassist Kristen Pfaff died of a heroin overdose, and Love recruited Melissa Auf der Maur for the band's impending tour. Love, who was rarely seen in public in the months preceding the tour, split time between two Washington homes, Atlanta, the Paramount Hotel in New York City, and the Namgyal Buddhist Monastery in New York.
Live Through This was a commercial and critical success, hitting platinum RIAA certification in April 1995 and receiving numerous critical accolades. The success of the record combined with Cobain's suicide resulted in a high level of publicity for Love, and she was featured on Barbara Walters' 10 Most Fascinating People in 1995. At Hole's performance on August 26, 1994 at the Reading Festival— Love's first public performance following her husband's death— she appeared onstage, tear-drenched, with outstretched arms, mimicking crucifixion. John Peel wrote in The Guardian that Love's disheveled appearance "would have drawn whistles of astonishment in Bedlam," and that her performance "verged on the heroic ... Love steered her band through a set which dared you to pity either her recent history or that of the band ... the band teetered on the edge of chaos, generating a tension which I cannot remember having felt before from any stage."
The band performed a series of riotous concerts during the tour, with Love frequently appearing hysterical onstage, flashing crowds, stage diving, and getting into fights with audience members. One journalist reported that at the band's show in Boston, Massachusetts in December 1994, that "Love interrupted the music and talked about her deceased husband Kurt Cobain, and also broke out into Tourette syndrome-like rants. The music was great, but the raving was vulgar and offensive, and prompted some of the audience to shout back at her." In retrospect, Love said she "couldn't remember much" of the shows as she was using drugs heavily at the time.
In February 1995, Hole performed a well-reviewed acoustic set on MTV Unplugged at the Brooklyn Academy of Music and continued to tour late into the year, concluding their world tour with an appearance at the 1995 MTV Video Music Awards, where they were nominated for Best Alternative Video for "Doll Parts".
1996–2000: Acting and mainstream success
After Hole's world tour concluded in 1996, Love made a return to acting, first in small roles in the Jean-Michel Basquiat biopic Basquiat, and the drama Feeling Minnesota (1996), before landing the co-starring role of Larry Flynt's wife, Althea, in Miloš Forman's critically acclaimed 1996 film The People vs. Larry Flynt.
"I went for that part so hard," she recalled, "because I felt a need for atonement for some cultural damage that had arisen out of me and things that I had done. By doing that role, I felt that, personally and creatively, I could exemplify why this was the most un-glorious, unglamorous, fucked-up thing. And then, bang!, I was done with all that. I could fuck off and do something else."
Despite Columbia Pictures' reluctance to hire Love due to her troubled past, she received critical acclaim for her performance in the film after its release in December 1996, earning a Golden Globe nomination for Best Actress, and a New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Supporting Actress. Critic Roger Ebert called her work in the film "quite a performance; Love proves she is not a rock star pretending to act, but a true actress." She won several other awards from various film critic associations for the film. During this time, she also modeled for Versace advertisements and appeared in Vogue Italia.
In late 1997, Hole released a compilation album, My Body, the Hand Grenade, featuring rare singles and b-sides, and an EP titled The First Session which consisted of the band's first recording session in 1990. In September 1998, Hole released their third studio album, Celebrity Skin, which marked something of a transformation for Love, featuring a stark power pop sound as opposed to the group's earlier punk rock influences. Love divulged her ambition of making an album where "art meets commerce ... there are no compromises made, it has commercial appeal, and it sticks to [our] original vision." She said she was influenced by Neil Young, Fleetwood Mac, and My Bloody Valentine when writing the album. The Smashing Pumpkins' Billy Corgan helped co-write several songs on the album. Celebrity Skin was well received by critics; Rolling Stone called the album "accessible, fiery and intimate—often at the same time ... a basic guitar record that's anything but basic." Celebrity Skin went multi-platinum, and topped "Best of Year" lists at Spin and the The Village Voice. The album garnered the band their only No. 1 hit single on the Modern Rock Tracks chart with the title track "Celebrity Skin." The band promoted the album through MTV performances and at the 1998 Billboard Music Awards. Hole toured with Marilyn Manson on the Beautiful Monsters Tour in 1999, but dropped out of the tour nine dates in after a dispute over production costs between Love and Manson; Hole resumed touring with Imperial Teen.
Before the release and promotion of Celebrity Skin, Love and Fender designed a low-priced Squier brand guitar, called Vista Venus. The instrument featured a shape inspired by Mercury, a little-known independent guitar manufacturer, Stratocaster, and Rickenbacker's solid body guitars and had a single-coil and a humbucker pickup, and was available in 6-string and 12-string versions. In an early 1999 interview, Love said about the Venus: "I wanted a guitar that sounded really warm and pop, but which required just one box to go dirty ... And something that could also be your first band guitar. I didn't want it all teched out. I wanted it real simple, with just one pickup switch." In 1999, Love was awarded an Orville H. Gibson award for Best Female Rock Guitarist. During this time, she also starred opposite Jim Carrey in the Andy Kaufman biopic Man on the Moon (1999), which was followed with a role as William S. Burroughs's wife Joan Vollmer in Beat (2000) alongside Kiefer Sutherland.
After touring for Celebrity Skin finished, Auf der Maur left the band to tour with The Smashing Pumpkins; Hole's touring drummer Samantha Maloney left soon after. Love and Erlandson released the single "Be A Man"—an outtake from the Celebrity Skin sessions—for the soundtrack of the Oliver Stone film Any Given Sunday (1999). The group became dormant in the following two years, and Love starred in several more films, including in Julie Johnson (2001) as Lili Taylor's lesbian lover, for which she won an Outstanding Actress award at L.A.'s Outfest, and in the thriller Trapped (2002), alongside Kevin Bacon and Charlize Theron. In May 2002, Hole officially announced their breakup amid continuing litigation with Universal Music Group over their record contract.
2001–11: Solo work and Hole revival
With Hole in disarray, Love began a "punk rock femme supergroup" called Bastard during autumn 2001, enlisting Schemel, Veruca Salt co-frontwoman Louise Post, and bassist Gina Crosley. Though a demo was completed, the project never reached fruition.
In 2002, Love began composing an album with songwriter Linda Perry of 4 Non Blondes, titled America's Sweetheart, also reuniting with drummer Patty Schemel. Love signed with Virgin Records to release it, and began recording it in France in 2003. America's Sweetheart was released in February 2004, and received mixed reviews from critics. Charles Aaron of Spin called it a "jaw-dropping act of artistic will and a fiery, proper follow-up to 1994's Live Through This" and awarded it eight out of ten stars, while The Village Voice said: "[Love is] willing to act out the dream of every teenage brat who ever wanted to have a glamorous, high-profile hissyfit, and she turns those egocentric nervous breakdowns into art. Sure, the art becomes less compelling when you've been pulling the same stunts for a decade. But, honestly, is there anybody out there who fucks up better?" The album sold less than 100,000 copies. Love has publicly expressed her regret over the record several times, calling it "a crap record" and reasoning that her drug issues at the time were to blame. Shortly after the record was released, Love told Kurt Loder on TRL: "I cannot exist as a solo artist. It's a joke."
Love also collaborated on a semi-autobiographical manga titled Princess Ai (Japanese: プリンセス·アイ物語), which she co-wrote with Stu Levy. The manga was illustrated by Misaho Kujiradou and Ai Yazawa, and was released in three volumes in both the United States and Japan between 2004 and 2006.
In 2005, Love was ordered into lockdown rehab by a California judge after a series of legal issues and controlled substance charges. After her release in 2006, she published a memoir, Dirty Blonde, and started recording what would become her second solo album, How Dirty Girls Get Clean, collaborating again with Perry and Smashing Pumpkins vocalist/guitarist Billy Corgan in the writing and recording. Love had written several songs, including an anti-cocaine song titled "Loser Dust", during her time in rehab in 2005. She told Billboard: "My hand-eye coordination was so bad [after the drug use], I didn't even know chords anymore. It was like my fingers were frozen. And I wasn't allowed to make noise [in rehab] ... I never thought I would work again." Some tracks and demos from the album (initially planned for release in 2008) were leaked on the internet in 2006, and a documentary entitled The Return of Courtney Love, detailing the making of the album, aired on the British television network in the fall of that year. A rough acoustic version of "Never Go Hungry Again", recorded during an interview for The Times in November, was also released. Incomplete audio clips of the song "Samantha", originating from an interview with NPR, were also distributed on the internet in 2007.
In June 2009, NME published an article detailing Love's plan to reunite Hole and release a new album, Nobody's Daughter. In response, former Hole guitarist Eric Erlandson stated in Spin magazine that contractually no reunion could take place without his involvement; therefore Nobody's Daughter would remain Love's solo record, as opposed to a "Hole" record. Love responded to Erlandson's comments in a Twitter post, claiming "he's out of his mind, Hole is my band, my name, and my Trademark". Nobody's Daughter was released worldwide as a Hole album on April 27, 2010. For the new line-up, Love recruited guitarist Micko Larkin, Shawn Dailey (bass guitar), and Stu Fisher (drums, percussion). Nobody's Daughter featured material written and recorded for Love's unfinished solo album, How Dirty Girls Get Clean, including "Pacific Coast Highway", "Letter to God", "Samantha", and "Never Go Hungry", although they were re-produced in the studio with Larkin and engineer Michael Beinhorn. The album's subject matter was largely centered on Love's tumultuous life between 2003 and 2007, and featured a polished folk-rock sound, and more acoustic guitar work than previous Hole albums.
The first single from Nobody's Daughter was "Skinny Little Bitch", released in promotion of the album in March 2010. The album received mixed reviews. Robert Sheffield of Rolling Stone gave the album three out of five stars, saying that Love "worked hard on these songs, instead of just babbling a bunch of druggy bullshit and assuming people would buy it, the way she did on her 2004 flop, America's Sweetheart." Sal Cinquemani of Slant Magazine also gave the album three out of five stars, saying "It's Marianne Faithfull's substance-ravaged voice that comes to mind most often while listening to songs like "Honey" and "For Once in Your Life." The latter track is, in fact, one of Love's most raw and vulnerable vocal performances to date ... the song offers a rare glimpse into the mind of a woman who, for the last 15 years, has been as famous for being a rock star as she's been for being a victim." Love and the band toured internationally from 2010 into late 2012 promoting the record, after which she dropped the Hole name and returned to a solo career.
2012–17: Art and fashion; return to acting
In May 2012, Love debuted an art collection at Fred Torres Collaborations in New York titled "And She's Not Even Pretty", which contained over forty drawings and paintings by Love composed in ink, colored pencil, pastels, and watercolors. She then collaborated with Michael Stipe on the track "Rio Grande" for Johnny Depp's sea shanty album Son of Rogues Gallery and also contributed guest vocals and co-wrote a track on Fall Out Boy's album, Save Rock and Roll (2013).
After solo performances in December 2012 and January 2013, Love appeared in advertisements for Yves Saint Laurent alongside Kim Gordon and Ariel Pink. Love completed a solo tour of North America in the summer of 2013, which was purported to be in promotion of an upcoming solo album; however, it was ultimately dubbed a "greatest hits" tour, and featured songs from Love's and Hole's back catalogue. Love told Billboard at the time that she had recorded eight songs in the studio. "[These songs] are not my usual (style)," Love said. "I don't have any Fleetwood Mac references on it. Usually I always have a Fleetwood Mac reference as well as having, like, Big Black references. These are very unique songs that sort of magically happened."
On April 22, 2014, Love debuted the song "You Know My Name" on BBC Radio 6 to promote her tour of the United Kingdom. It was released as a double A-side single with the song "Wedding Day" on May 4, 2014 on her own label Cherry Forever Records via Kobalt Label Services. The tracks were produced by Michael Beinhorn, and feature Tommy Lee on drums. In an interview with the BBC, Love revealed that she and former Hole guitarist Eric Erlandson had reconciled, and had been rehearsing new material together, along with former bassist Melissa Auf der Maur and drummer Patty Schemel, though she did not confirm a reunion of the band. On May 1, 2014, in an interview with Pitchfork, Love commented further on the possibility of Hole reuniting, saying: "I'm not going to commit to it happening, because we want an element of surprise. There's a lot of i's to be dotted and t's to be crossed."
In 2014, Love was cast in several television series in supporting parts, including the FX series Sons of Anarchy, Revenge, and in Lee Daniels' network series Empire in a recurring guest role as Elle Dallas. The track "Walk Out on Me" featuring Love was included on the Empire: Original Soundtrack from Season 1 album, which debuted at number 1 on the Billboard 200. Alexis Petridis of The Guardian praised the track, saying: "The idea of Courtney Love singing a ballad with a group of gospel singers seems faintly terrifying ... the reality is brilliant. Love's voice fits the careworn lyrics, effortlessly summoning the kind of ravaged darkness that Lana Del Rey nearly ruptures herself trying to conjure up."
In addition to television acting, Love collaborated with theater producer Todd Almond, starring in Kansas City Choir Boy, a collaborative "pop opera" which showed at the Manhattan arts center Here during their annual Prototype festival in January 2015. The show toured later in the year, with performances in Boston and Los Angeles. In the spring of 2015, Love joined Lana Del Rey on her Endless Summer Tour, performing as an opener on the tour's eight west coast shows. During her tenure on Del Rey's tour, Love debuted a new single, "Miss Narcissist," released on Wavves' independent label Ghost Ramp. She also was cast in a supporting role in James Franco's film The Long Home, based on William Gay's novel of the same name, marking her first film role in over ten years. In January 2016, Love released a clothing line in collaboration with Sophia Amoruso titled "Love, Courtney," featuring eighteen pieces reflecting Love's style over the course of her career.
In May 2016, it was announced that Love was cast in a lead role in The Possibility of Fireflies, an adaptation of the novel by Dominique Paul, directed by Deborah Chow. In November 2016, Love began filming the pilot for A Midsummer's Nightmare, a Shakespeare anthology series adapted for Lifetime.
Love has been candid about her diverse musical influences, the earliest being Patti Smith and the Pretenders, whom she discovered while in juvenile hall. As a teenager, she named Flipper, Kate Bush, Soft Cell, Joni Mitchell, Lou Reed, and Dead Kennedys among her favorite artists, as well as several new wave and post-punk bands, such as Echo and the Bunnymen, The Smiths, Siouxsie and the Banshees, Television, Bauhaus, and Joy Division. While in Ireland at age fifteen, she saw The Virgin Prunes perform live in Dublin, which heavily influenced her. Her varying genre interests were illustrated in a 1991 interview with Flipside, in which she stated: "There's a part of me that wants to have a grindcore band and another that wants to have a Raspberries-type pop band". Love also embraced the influence of experimental artists and punk rock groups, including Sonic Youth, Swans, Big Black, Diamanda Galás, the Germs, and The Stooges. While writing Celebrity Skin, Love was mainly influenced by Neil Young and My Bloody Valentine. She also cited her contemporary PJ Harvey as an influence, saying, "The one rock star that makes me know I'm shit is Polly Harvey. I'm nothing next to the purity that she experiences."
Songwriting and lyrics
from Live Through This illustrates Love's raw and expansive contralto range and lyrics.
|Problems playing this file? See media help.|
Spin's October 1991 review of Hole's first album noted Love's layering of harsh and abrasive riffs buried more sophisticated musical arrangements. In 1998, Love stated that Hole had "always been a pop band. We always had a subtext of pop. I always talked about it, if you go back ... what'll sound like some weird Sonic Youth tuning back then to you was sounding like the Raspberries to me, in my demented pop framework". Love's lyrical content is composed from a female's point of view, and her lyrics have been described as "literate and mordant" and noted by scholars for "articulating a third-wave feminist consciousness." According to a 2014 interview, lyrics have remained the most important component of songwriting for Love: "I want it to look just as good on the page as it would if it was in a poetry book". A great deal of her songwriting has been diaristic in nature. Common themes present in Love's songs during her early career included body image, rape, suicide, conformity, elitism, pregnancy, prostitution, and death. In a 1991 interview with Everett True, Love said: "I try to place [beautiful imagery] next to fucked up imagery, because that's how I view things ... I sometimes feel that no one's taken the time to write about certain things in rock, that there's a certain female point of view that's never been given space".
Critics have noted that Love's later musical work is more lyrically introspective. Celebrity Skin and America's Sweetheart are lyrically centered on celebrity life, Hollywood, and drug addiction, while continuing Love's interest in vanity and body image. Nobody's Daughter was lyrically reflective of Love's past relationships and her struggle for sobriety, with the majority of its lyrics written while she was in rehab in 2006. Poetry has often been a major influence on her writing; Love said she had "always wanted to be a poet, but there was no money in it." She has named the works of T.S. Eliot and Charles Baudelaire as influential.
Voice and instruments
Love possesses a contralto vocal range, and her vocal style has been described as "raw and distinctive." According to Love, she never wanted to be a singer, but rather aspired to be a skilled guitarist: "I'm such a lazy bastard though that I never did that," she said. "I was always the only person with the nerve to sing, and so I got stuck with it". She has been regularly noted by critics for her husky vocals as well as her "banshee[-like]" screaming abilities. Her vocals have been compared to those of Johnny Rotten, and David Fricke of Rolling Stone described them as "lung-busting" and "a corrosive, lunatic wail." Upon the release of Hole's 2010 album, Nobody's Daughter, Amanda Petrusich of Pitchfork compared Love's raspy, unpolished vocals to those of Bob Dylan.
Love has played a variety of Fender guitars throughout her career, including a Jaguar and a vintage 1965 Jazzmaster; the latter was purchased by the Hard Rock Cafe and is on display in New York City. Love is seen playing her Jazzmaster in the music video for "Miss World." Earlier in Hole's career, between 1989 and 1991, Love primarily played a Rickenbacker 425 because she "preferred the 3/4 neck," but she destroyed the guitar onstage at a 1991 concert opening for The Smashing Pumpkins. In the mid-1990s, she often played a guitar made by Mercury, an obscure company that manufactured custom guitars, as well as a Univox Hi-Flier. Fender's Vista Venus, designed by Love in 1998, was partially inspired by Rickenbacker guitars as well as her Mercury. During her 2010 and more recent tours, Love has played a Rickenbacker 360 onstage. She has referred to herself as "a shit guitar player," further commenting in a 2014 interview: "I can still write a song, but [the guitar playing] sounds like shit ... I used to be a good rhythm player but I am no longer dependable." Love's setup has included Fender tube gear, Matchless, Ampeg, Silvertone and a solid-state 1976 Randall Commander.
Love's personal struggles with addiction and legal problems have been publicized over the course of her career. She has admitted to struggling with substance abuse problems throughout her life. She became addicted to heroin in the early 1990s, and her addiction was placed in the media spotlight in 1992 when Vanity Fair published an article by journalist Lynn Hirschberg which stated that Love was addicted to heroin during her pregnancy. This resulted in the custody of Love and Cobain's newborn daughter, Frances, being temporarily awarded to Love's sister. Love claimed she was misquoted in the piece, and asserted that she had immediately quit using the drug during her first trimester after she discovered she was pregnant.
During Hole's 1994 and 1995 tours, Love's erratic behavior and suspected drug problems were subject to major publicity. On July 4, 1995 at the Lollapalooza Festival in George, Washington, Love punched musician Kathleen Hanna in the face after alleging she had made a joke about her daughter. Love was charged with assault, to which she pleaded guilty, and was sentenced to anger management classes. The same year, she was arrested in Melbourne for disrupting a Qantas Airlines flight after getting into an argument with a stewardess. Journalist Neil Strauss characterized the public's interest in Love in a 1995 New York Times article, writing:
After the suicide of her husband, Kurt Cobain, 10 months ago, Courtney Love acquired a strange distinction reserved for Presidents, major felons and celebrity widows: every word she said and wrote became newsworthy. Her postings on the computer bulletin board America Online were repeated word for word in magazines; her arrests, scandals and the drug overdose of the bassist in her band, Hole, made national headlines. Her travels to Buddhist monasteries and lingerie shops were followed in gossip columns, and speculation about her dalliances and the upbringing of her 2-year-old daughter became a voracious hobby among fans and detractors ... People have trouble accepting Ms. Love because in her odd way she fits the classic model of the controversial celebrity. She is both fan and star, heroine and villainess, celebrity and pest, sex symbol and homely urchin, critical darling and tabloid pariah.
In 1996, Love went through rehabilitation and quit using heroin at the insistence of director Miloš Forman, who cast her in a leading role in The People vs. Larry Flynt. She was ordered to take multiple urine tests under the supervision of Columbia Pictures while filming the movie, and passed all of them. During this period, and after the release of Hole's Celebrity Skin, Love maintained a more polished public image, though she attracted public attention after punching Los Angeles Times journalist Belissa Cohen in the face at a party; the suit was settled out of court for an undisclosed sum. In February 2003, Love was banned from Virgin Airlines by founder Richard Branson after being arrested at Heathrow Airport for disrupting a flight. The same year, in October, in the midst of what Love would later admit was a serious cocaine and prescription drug addiction, she was arrested in Los Angeles after breaking several windows of her producer and then-boyfriend James Barber's home, and was charged with being under the influence of a controlled substance; the ordeal resulted in her losing custody of her daughter. On March 18, 2004, Love was arrested in New York City for allegedly striking a 24-year-old male fan with a microphone stand at a concert at the Bowery Ballroom. Two days later, on March 22, Love called in multiple times to the Howard Stern Show, making various claims and speaking erratically; in broadcast conversations with Stern, she claimed that the incident with the fan had not occurred, and that Natasha Lyonne, who was at the concert, was told by the alleged victim that he had been paid $10,000 to file a false claim leading to Love's arrest. She pled guilty to disorderly conduct in October 2004.
On July 9, 2004, Love's 40th birthday, she attempted to commit suicide at her Manhattan apartment, and was taken to Bellevue Hospital, allegedly incoherent, and put on a 72-hour watch. According to police, she was believed to be a potential "danger to herself," but was deemed mentally sound and released to a rehab facility two days later. In 2005 and 2006, after making several public appearances clearly intoxicated (on the Late Show with David Letterman and the Comedy Central Roast of Pamela Anderson) and suffering drug-related arrests and probation violations, Love was sentenced to six months in lockdown rehab due to struggles with prescription drugs and cocaine. She has stated she has been sober since 2007, and in May 2011, confirmed her sobriety.
In 2009, fashion designer Dawn Simorangkir brought a libel suit against Love concerning a defamatory post Love made on her Twitter account, which was settled for $450,000. Six years later, Simorangkir filed another lawsuit against Love for further defamatory Twitter posts, and Love paid a further $350,000 in recompense. A similar suit was brought against Love by her former attorney Rhonda Holmes in 2014, who also accused Love of online defamation, seeking $8 million in damages. It was the first case of alleged Twitter-based libel in U.S. history to make it to trial. The jury, however, found in Love's favor.
She was briefly married to James Moreland (vocalist of The Leaving Trains) in 1989 for several months, but has said that Moreland was a transvestite and that their marriage was "a joke", ending in an annulment filed by Love. After forming Hole in 1989, Love and bandmate Eric Erlandson had a romantic relationship for over a year, and she also briefly dated Billy Corgan in 1991, with whom she has maintained a volatile friendship over the years.
Her most documented romantic relationship was with Kurt Cobain. It is uncertain when they first met; according to Love, she first met Cobain at a Dharma Bums show in Portland where she was doing a spoken word performance. According to Michael Azerrad, the two met at the Satyricon nightclub in Portland in 1989, though Cobain biographer Charles Cross stated the date was actually February 12, 1990, and that Cobain playfully wrestled Love to the floor after she commented to him in passing that he looked like Dave Pirner of Soul Asylum. Love's bandmate Eric Erlandson said that both he and Love were formally introduced to Cobain in a parking lot after a Butthole Surfers concert at the Hollywood Palladium in 1991. The two later became reacquainted through Jennifer Finch, one of Love's longtime friends and former bandmates.
Love and Cobain began dating in the fall of 1991, and were married on Waikiki Beach in Honolulu, Hawaii, on February 24, 1992. Love wore a satin and lace dress once owned by actress Frances Farmer, and Cobain wore green pajamas. Six months later, on August 18, the couple's only child, a daughter, Frances Bean Cobain, was born. In April 1994, Cobain died of a self-inflicted gunshot wound in their Seattle home while Love was in rehab in Los Angeles. During their marriage, and after Cobain's death, Love became something of a hate-figure among some of Cobain's fans. In reflecting on their relationship, Love said: "I think that it looked like it was headed for doom, but it didn't feel like it was headed for doom on a daily basis. We went mountain biking; we would go camping. We were damn normal." After his cremation, Love divided portions of Cobain's ashes; she kept some in a teddy bear and some in an urn. Another portion of his ashes was taken by Love to the Namgyal Buddhist Monastery in Ithaca, New York in 1994, where they were ceremonially blessed by Buddhist monks and mixed into clay which was made into memorial sculptures.
Love has practiced several religions, including Catholicism, Episcopalianism and New Age religions, but has said that Buddhism is the "most transcendent" path for her. She has studied and practiced both Tibetan and Nichiren Buddhism since 1989, and is a member of the Soka Gakkai International, a global lay Buddhist organization.
Love is a supporter of the Democratic Party, and in 2016 she endorsed Hillary Clinton's campaign for the US presidency. In 2000, Love gave a speech at the Million Mom March to advocate stricter gun control laws in the United States, calling the country's gun laws "nihilistic and barbaric", and urging stringent registration of guns, licensing of gun owners, and thorough evaluation of legal and mental health records. Love has also consistently advocated for LGBT rights, and identifies as a feminist.
In 2000, Love publicly advocated for reform of the record industry in a personal letter published by Salon. In the letter, Love said: "It's not piracy when kids swap music over the Internet using Napster or Gnutella or Freenet or iMesh or beaming their CDs into a My.MP3.com or MyPlay.com music locker. It's piracy when those guys that run those companies make side deals with the cartel lawyers and label heads so that they can be "the labels' friend," and not the artists." In a subsequent interview with Carrie Fisher, Love said that she was interested in starting a union for recording artists, and also discussed race relations in the music industry, advocating for record companies to "put money back into the black community [whom] white people have been stealing from for years." She also cited Limp Bizkit's Fred Durst as an example of "a white guy [getting] to express a black man's rage with all the privileges of [being] a white guy."
In 1993, Love and husband Kurt Cobain performed an acoustic set together at the Rock Against Rape benefit in Los Angeles, which raised awareness and provided resources for victims of sexual abuse. Love has also contributed to amfAR's AIDS research benefits and held live musical performances at their events. In 2009, Love performed a benefit concert for the RED Campaign at Carnegie Hall alongside Laurie Anderson, Rufus Wainwright, and Scarlett Johansson, with proceeds going to AIDS research. In May 2011, she attended Mariska Hargitay's Joyful Heart Foundation event for victims of child abuse, rape, and domestic violence, donating six of her husband Kurt Cobain's personal vinyl records for auction.
Love has also participated with LGBT youth charities, specifically with the Los Angeles Gay and Lesbian Center, where she has taken part in performances at the center's "An Evening with Women" events. The proceeds of the event help provide food and shelter for homeless youth; services for seniors; legal assistance; domestic violence services; health and mental health services, and cultural arts programs. Love participated with Linda Perry for the event again in 2012, relating her experiences as a nomadic teenager and having to live on the street:
This really resonates with me, [because] I was a kid from Oregon, and I came to Hollywood like a lot of people do, and you know, what happens is that we end up on the street ... and if you're gay, or lesbian, or transgendered— the more "outside" you are, the more screwed you are in a lot of ways ... Seven thousand kids in Los Angeles a year go out on the street, and forty percent of those kids are gay, lesbian, or transgendered. They come out to their parents, and become homeless. [The charity helps them] get sent to the right foster care, they can get medical help, food, clothing ... and for whatever reason, I don't really know why, but gay men have a lot of foundations, I've played many of them— but the lesbian side of it doesn't have as much money and/or donors, so we're excited that this has grown to cover women and women's affairs.
Love had a significant impact on female-fronted alternative acts and performers. She has been cited as a particular influence on young female instrumentalists, once infamously proclaiming: "I want every girl in the world to pick up a guitar and start screaming." "I strap on that motherfucking guitar and you cannot fuck with me. That's my feeling," she said. In The Electric Guitar: A History of an American Icon, it is noted that,
"[Love] truly lived up to Paul Westerberg's (The Replacements) assessment of pretty girls 'playing makeup/wearing guitar' ... She frequently stood on stage, microphone in hand and foot on monitor, and simply let her Fender guitar dangle around her neck. She truly embodied the empowerment that came with playing the electric guitar ... Love depended heavily upon her male lead guitar foil Eric Erlandson, but the rest of her band remained exclusively female throughout several lineup changes."
Having sold over 3 million records in the United States alone, Hole became one of the most successful rock bands of all time fronted by a woman. In 2015, the Phoenix New Times declared Love the number one greatest female rock star of all time, saying: "To build a perfect rock star, there are several crucial ingredients: musical talent, physical attractiveness, tumultuous relationships, substance abuse, and public meltdowns, just to name a few. These days, Love seems to have rebounded from her epic tailspin and has leveled out in a slightly more normal manner, but there's no doubt that her life to date is the type of story people wouldn't believe in a novel or a movie." Simon Castles of The Sydney Morning Herald commented on Love's cultural status and media ridicule, writing: "[She] has been painted as part grunge Baby Jane, part Yoko Ono for Generation X, and part Lady Macbeth ... what Courtney Love did do was live wild. She took drugs and trusted others could look after themselves. She flirted with self-destruction. She got into fights. She burned with ambition. She flaunted her sexuality and was upfront with her desire."
Among the alternative musicians who have cited Love as an influence are Scout Niblett; Brody Dalle of The Distillers; Dee Dee Penny of Dum Dum Girls; and Nine Black Alps. Contemporary female pop artists Lana Del Rey, Avril Lavigne, Tove Lo, and Sky Ferreira have also cited Love as an influence. Love has frequently been recognized as the most high-profile contributor of feminist music during the 1990s, and for "subverting [the] mainstream expectations of how a woman should look, act, and sound." According to music journalist Maria Raha, "Hole was the highest-profile female-fronted band of the '90s to openly and directly sing about feminism." Patti Smith, a major influence of Love's, also praised her, saying: "I hate genderizing things ... [but] when I heard Hole, I was amazed to hear a girl sing like that. Janis Joplin was her own thing; she was into Big Mama Thornton and Bessie Smith. But what Courtney Love does, I'd never heard a girl do that."
She has also been noted as a gay icon since the mid-1990s, and has jokingly referred to her fanbase as consisting of "females, gay guys, and a few advanced, evolved heterosexual men". Love's aesthetic image, particularly in the early 1990s, also became influential, and was dubbed "kinderwhore" by critics and media. The subversive fashion mainly consisted of thrift shop babydoll dresses accompanied by smeared makeup and red lipstick; MTV reporter Kurt Loder described Love as looking like "a debauched rag doll" onstage. Love later said she had been influenced by the fashion of Chrissy Amphlett of the Divinyls.
The artist Barbara Kruger used one of Love's quotes on her NYC bus project. Indie pop punk band The Muffs named their second album, Blonder and Blonder (1995) after a quote by Love, and a recording of her talking about a stolen dress appears as the track "Love" on the band's 2000 compilation album Hamburger. She was also the basis of an eponymous character in Michael Hornburg's novel Bongwater (1995), which would be made into a film of the same name in 1998; the novel and film, set in Portland, Oregon, are based on Hornburg's teenage years living there, where he had known Love. There is also a band named after her.
- Courtney Love
- America's Sweetheart (2004)
- Levy, Stu; Love, Courtney (2004). Princess Ai: Destitution. 1. Tokyopop [Japan: Shinshokan]. ISBN 978-1-59182-669-9.
- Levy, Stu; Love, Courtney (2005). Princess Ai: Lumination. 2. Tokyopop [Japan: Shinshokan]. ISBN 978-1-59182-670-5.
- Levy, Stu; Love, Courtney (2006). Princess Ai: Evolution. 3. Tokyopop [Japan: Shinshokan]. ISBN 978-1-59182-671-2.
- Love, Courtney (2006). Dirty Blonde: The Diaries of Courtney Love. Faber & Faber. ISBN 978-0-86547-959-3.
- McCormack, Peter. "Hole's Courtney Love with a 425 Fireglo". RickResource.com. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved November 11, 2011.
- Yarm 2012, p. 353.
- "Courtney Love (Hole) Jazzmaster Fender Guitar – Hard Rock Cafe NYC". Flickr. Archived from the original on November 11, 2016.
- "Secrets of Celebrity Skin". Guitar World. January 1999. Archived from the original on November 27, 1999. Retrieved October 29, 2011.
- "Courtney M. Harrison, Born 07/09/1964 in San Francisco County, California". The California Birth Index. Retrieved January 23, 2016.
- "Courtney Love". Behind the Music. Viacom Media Networks. June 21, 2010. VH1.
- Hunter & Segalstad 2009, p. 197.
- Edroso 2003, p. 499.
- Rocco & Rocco 1999, p. 224.
- "Courtney Loveless: Family Tree Remains Mystery as Feud with Grandma Sizzles". The New York Observer. April 16, 2013. Archived from the original on July 16, 2015. Retrieved March 16, 2014.
- Garratt, Sheryl (April 1, 2010). "Courtney Love: damage limitation". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on November 18, 2015. Retrieved March 16, 2014.
- EW Staff (March 22, 2002). "Love is a Battlefield". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on November 19, 2015. Retrieved August 13, 2015.
- "Interview with Courtney Love". Conversations from the Edge with Carrie Fisher. March 3, 2002. Oxygen.
- Jung 2010, pp. 188–189.
- Ladd-Taylor & Umanski 1998, p. 327.
- Selvin, Joel (May 11, 1995). "Courtney and Dad -- No Love Lost / He downplays estrangement, she won't see him". SF Gate. Archived from the original on August 18, 2015. Retrieved November 17, 2016.
- Halperin & Wallace 2004, p. 31.
- Appelo, Tim (October 9, 2006). "Courtney's Family Curse". The Seattle Weekly. Archived from the original on March 3, 2016. Retrieved January 22, 2016.
- Brite 1998, p. 24.
- Carroll 2005, p. 230.
- Brite 1998, p. 25.
- "Courtney Love". The E! True Hollywood Story. October 5, 2003. E!.
- Carroll 2005, p. 250.
- Marks, Craig (February 1995). "Endless Love". SPIN. SPIN Media LLC (Vol. 10, No. 11). Retrieved October 29, 2011.
- Brite 1998, p. 32.
- Staff (February 23, 2008). "Girls on the rise". The Nelson Mail. Stuff. Retrieved March 12, 2016.
One such incident was celebrity Courtney Love declaring that New Zealand's boarding school system had made her what she was. The troubled rock star, who spent one term at the preparatory school, later asked if she could speak to the college — months after having been accused of shooting up heroin while pregnant.
- Reisfeld 1996, p. 67.
- "Episode 49: Courtney Love". Unqualified (Interview). Interview with Anna Faris. August 23, 2016. Retrieved August 24, 2016.
I grew up in Portland ...
- Iley, Chrissy (October 22, 2006). "Courting disaster". The Times. London. Retrieved January 23, 2011. "'I talked one of my mother's gurus, of which she had many, into letting me live with him. He got $3,000 a month from my trust fund, which he'd spend on boys, and I went to the junior high, where my friends were teenage prostitutes. They were so glamorous, I just wanted to hang out with them. Melissa, Melinda and Melody. I ended up going through the juvenile system with them because I got arrested shoplifting a Kiss T-shirt'. She was 13".
- Love 2006, pp. 29–31.
- "History". Mary's Club. Retrieved March 10, 2011.
- Sessums, Kevin (June 1995). "Love Child". Vanity Fair. Retrieved May 3, 2012.
- Jones, Cat (March 25, 2016). "A Trip to Courtney Love's Old Strip Club with The Body to Talk About Pop Music". Noisey. Vice. Retrieved February 5, 2017.
- "Courtney posts: Archives". Marilyn's Shampoo Word Press. July 27, 1994. Archived from the original on May 3, 2016. Retrieved January 1, 2015.
Hole sells a lot of records and I'm comfortable if not (compared to berry picking for Fuji Farms in Oregon or stripping at Jumbo's Clown Room) really well off from music
- Love, Courtney (1995). "Courtney Love: Super Rock Interview". MTV (Interview). Interview with Farry, Jackie. New York City.
- Brite 1998, p. 60.
- Brite 1998, p. 63.
- Kennedy, Dana (August 12, 1994). "The Power of Love". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on October 18, 2014. Retrieved October 20, 2010.
- Love, Courtney (September 26, 2006). The Return of Courtney Love (Documentary). Los Angeles: Channel 4.
- Brite 1998, pp. 44–46.
- Brite 1998, p. 51.
- Brite 1998, p. 52.
- "Courtney Love receives honorary university award". Yahoo. October 19, 2011. Retrieved May 7, 2016.
- "Courtney Love - Surprising honorary degree recipients". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on March 21, 2016. Retrieved February 29, 2016.
- Brite 1998, p. 55.
- Amoruso, Sophia (January 6, 2016). "Courtney Love - Nasty Galaxy" (Interview). #Girlboss Radio. Interview with Courtney Love. Panoply Media.
- Cope, Julian. "Julian Cope Presents Head Heritage: Drudical Q&A Miscellaneous". HeadHeritage.co.uk. Archived from the original on April 8, 2009. Retrieved October 3, 2011.
Q: Is Courtney Love the adolescent??? (Jeanette) A: Oh yes.
- O'Connor, Brendan; Love, Courtney (October 15, 2011). The Saturday Night Show. RTÉ One.
- Brite 1998, pp. 47–48.
- Roshan, Maer (May 26, 2011). "The Courtney Chronicles". The Fix. Archived from the original on March 25, 2016. Retrieved May 27, 2011.
- Brite 1998, p. 79.
- "Faith No More biography". FNM.com. Archived from the original on April 6, 2016. Retrieved June 26, 2013.
- Sutton, Michael and Torreano, Bradley. "Courtney Love > Biography". AllMusic. Retrieved on November 4, 2007.
- Garis, Mary Grace (July 9, 2014). "The Evolution of Courtney Love". Elle. Retrieved July 23, 2014.
- Interview with Kat Bjelland. Edited by Liz Evans. Women, Sex and Rock'N'Roll: In Their Own Words. Rivers Orum Press/Pandora List, 1994.
- "Pagan Babies". Katbjelland.com. Archived from the original on September 5, 2007. Retrieved February 10, 2010.
- Grow, Kory (May 7, 2012). "Inside Courtney Love's 'And She's Not Even Pretty' Art Exhibit". Spin. Archived from the original on October 4, 2015. Retrieved November 10, 2013.
- Korn, Jon (September 7, 2011). "Prolific, Profane and Profound: George Kuchar (1942–2011)". The Bay Citizen. Archived from the original on December 3, 2013. Retrieved November 18, 2013.
- "Rest in peace, George Kuchar". Harvard Film Archive Collections. September 7, 2011. Archived from the original on September 25, 2015. Retrieved July 16, 2013.
- "Club Vatican (1984)". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved July 16, 2013.
- Krahn, Angelina (April 8, 2010). "Corruption of the damned: A conversation with George Kuchar". A.V. Club. Archived from the original on November 5, 2013. Retrieved October 31, 2013.
Courtney Love and Devendra Banhart appeared in Kuchar's class pictures before they were famous.
- Lamble, David (April 15, 2010). "Beyond the Planet of the Kuchars". The Bay Area Reporter. Retrieved July 16, 2013.
- "Courtney Love: Force of Nature". BBC News Worldwide. February 4, 2003. Archived from the original on March 6, 2016. Retrieved April 14, 2014.
- "It Came From Kuchar". A.V. Club. June 15, 2010. Archived from the original on November 4, 2013. Retrieved November 3, 2013.
- Scordelis, Alex (September 1, 2014). "Courtney Love Brings Anarchy to Hollywood". Paper Magazine. Archived from the original on October 8, 2015. Retrieved August 28, 2014.
- Brite 1998, p. 93.
- Davies 2003, p. 187.
- Brite 1998, p. 89.
- "Courtney on Andy Warhol's 15 Minutes presented by Debbie Harry". YouTube. 1987. Retrieved June 7, 2012.
- "Andy Warhol's Fifteen Minutes (1985–1987)". Warhol Stars. Archived from the original on April 9, 2016. Retrieved November 9, 2015.
- "Rescate emotivo: "I Wanna Be Sedated" de Ramones". Rolling Stone Argentina. September 14, 2012. Archived from the original on March 24, 2016. Retrieved March 7, 2014.
- Mitchell & Reid-Walsh 2007, p. 409.
- "Courtney Love blasts UK music scene and slags off 'America's Sweetheart' during Oxford Union speech". NME. UK. February 13, 2010. Archived from the original on June 23, 2016. Retrieved February 24, 2011.
- Brite 1998, p. 94.
- Halperin & Wallace 2004, p. 39.
- Al & Gus (September 1990). "Hole". Flipside. Los Angeles, California (68).
- Raphael 1996, p. 2.
- France, Kim (June 3, 1996). "Feminism Amplified". New York. K-III Magazine Corporation: 41. Retrieved October 11, 2016.
- Reisfeld 1996, p. 64.
- Lecaro, Lina (August 26, 2013). "Courtney Love Talks About Her L.A. Stripper Days, and Her Brawl with a Weekly Writer". LA Weekly. Retrieved February 29, 2016.
- Greg, Hughes; Cumia, Anthony (May 30, 2013). "Courtney Love in Studio" (Interview). Opie and Anthony. Interview with Courtney Love. Sirius Satellite Radio.
- Brite 1998, p. 103.
- "Hole: Dicknail/Burn Black". Sub Pop Records. Archived from the original on March 2, 2016. Retrieved November 9, 2015.
- Q Magazine Review: Pretty on the Inside by Hole. 1995–10. p. 138
- "Sonic Youth: 11/01/90 - Los Angeles, California at The Whiskey". Sonic Youth Official Website. Archived from the original on March 17, 2016. Retrieved November 17, 2016.
- Love 2006, p. 116.
- Cooper, Leonie (March 24, 2011). "10 Things We Learn About Kurt Cobain And Courtney Love From Hit So Hard". nme.com. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016.
- Brite 1998, p. 114.
- Lauren Spencer (December 1991). "20 Best Albums of the Year". SPIN. p. 122.
- "Indie Charts: September 28, 1991". The ITV Chart Show. September 28, 1991. Channel 4. Video on YouTube
- "Indie Charts: September 28, 1991". The ITV Chart Show. September 28, 1991. Channel 4. 
- Bogdanov, Erlewine & Woodstra 2002, p. 532.
- Reilly, Phoebe (October 2005). "Courtney Love: Let the healing begin". Spin: 70–72.
Look, you've got these highly intelligent imperious girls, but who told them it was their undeniable American right not to be offended? Being offended is part of being in the real world. I'm offended every time I see George Bush on TV! And, frankly, it wasn't very good music.
- Brite 1998, p. 117.
- Cromelin, Richard (December 19, 1991). "POP MUSIC REVIEWS: Pumpkins, Hole Unleash Frustrations". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved November 26, 2013.
- Richin, Leslie (December 23, 2014). "CBGB: 10 Classic Moments That Helped Define the Birthplace of Punk". Billboard. Archived from the original on December 7, 2015. Retrieved November 9, 2015.
- Ask For It (Media notes). Hole. Caroline Records. 1995. CAROL 1470-1.
- Media, Spin L.L.C. (December 1993). "The Ballad of Kurt and Courtney". Spin: 46.
- Tyrangiel, Josh (November 13, 2006). "The All-TIME 100 Albums: Live Through This by Hole". Time. Archived from the original on February 2, 2011. Retrieved June 25, 2013.
- Levy 2005, p. 460.
- Schippers 2002, p. 154.
- Brite 1998, p. 213.
- Aaron, Charles (November 1994). "Hole: Live". Spin: 90.
- Irvin 2008, p. 609.
- Peel, John (August 30, 1994). "Hole at Reading". The Guardian.
Courtney's first appearance backstage certainly caught the attention. Swaying wildly and with lipstick smeared on her face, hands and, I think, her back, as well as on the collar of her dress, the singer would have drawn whistles of astonishment in Bedlam. After a brief word with supporters at the foot of the stage, she reeled away, knocking over a wastebin, and disappeared. Minutes later she was onstage giving a performance which verged on the heroic ... Love steered her band through a set which dared you to pity either her recent history or that of the band ... the band teetered on the edge of chaos, generating a tension which I cannot remember having felt before from any stage.
- Smith, Ethan (July 28, 1995). "Love's Hate Fest". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on December 7, 2014. Retrieved August 15, 2014.
- "Courtney Love Rant in Boston, 1994". Celebrate Boston. CelebrateBoston.com. Retrieved November 21, 2016.
- Reisfeld 1996, p. 74.
- "1995 Video Music Awards". MTV. September 7, 1995. Archived from the original on May 10, 2016. Retrieved November 9, 2015.
- Brite 1998, p. 204.
- Moran, Caitlin (September 1999). "The girl who wanted to be God". Select. p. 92.
- "Milos Forman (The People vs Larry Flynt)". Industry Central. Archived from the original on July 9, 2015. Retrieved January 5, 2011.
- Brite 1998, p. 227.
- "The People Vs. Larry Flynt – Rotten Tomatoes". rottentomatoes.com. 2011. Retrieved November 1, 2011.
- Ebert, Roger (December 27, 1996). "People vs. Larry Flynt: Review by Roger Ebert". Chicago Sun Times. Archived from the original on December 24, 2012. Retrieved October 13, 2010.
- "The People vs. Larry Flynt (1996) awards". The New York Times. Archived from the original on March 6, 2016. Retrieved November 16, 2013.
- Brite 1998, pp. 227–228.
- Avedon, Richard (April 6, 1998). "Versace advertising spread featuring Courtney Love". The New Yorker. p. 49. Archived from the original on March 6, 2016.
- Persad, Michelle (July 9, 2013). "Courtney Love Is Fashion's Biggest Badass". The Huffington Post. Retrieved November 10, 2013.
- O'Neill, Anne-Marie (November 2, 1998). "Altered States". People. 50. Retrieved November 10, 2013.
- "Courtney Love". Vogue Italia. Archived from the original on June 3, 2016. Retrieved May 6, 2016.
- The Interview (CD). Hole. Geffen. 1998. PRO-CD-1232.
- Hole et al. 1999, p. 3.
- Hunter, James (September 1, 1998). "James Hunter reviews Celebrity Skin". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on April 26, 2016. Retrieved February 10, 2010.
- "Alternative Songs: Top Alternative Songs Chart". Billboard. November 7, 1998. Archived from the original on November 9, 2016. Retrieved November 9, 2015.
- Bell, Carrie (December 5, 1998). "DGC's Hole Harnessing a 'Newfound Energy'". Billboard: 89. Retrieved November 9, 2015.
- "Hole Walks Out on Tour, Manson Injury Postpones Several Dates". MTVNews.com. March 15, 1999. Archived from the original on December 3, 2013. Retrieved March 7, 2011.
- "Marilyn Manson Says Hole's Departure From Tour "Not A Personal Thing"". MTVNews.com. March 15, 1999. Archived from the original on December 3, 2013. Retrieved March 7, 2011.
- "Fender Squier Vista Venus". Drown Soda. Archived from the original on January 30, 2016. Retrieved February 10, 2010.
- Bacon 2012, p. 106.
- "Hole Tones: The Secrets Of Celebrity Skin's Smooth Sound". Guitar World. January 1999. Archived from the original on October 26, 2009. Retrieved June 7, 2012.
- "Brian Setzer, Courtney Love, John Fogerty, Lisa Loeb Honored at 1999 Gibson Guitar Awards". MTV. February 24, 1999. Archived from the original on February 14, 2016. Retrieved September 1, 2014.
- Hemmer 2006, p. 35.
- "CNN – 1999 Grammy Awards – The Big Picture". CNN. February 24, 1999. Archived from the original on May 14, 2001. Retrieved December 1, 2013.
- Saraceno, Christina (May 24, 2002). "Hole Call It Quits". Rolling Stone. Retrieved June 26, 2013.
- Kowalski, Eileen (July 23, 2001). "Outfest fetes 'G-d,' 'L.I.E.'". Variety. Archived from the original on February 2, 2016. Retrieved January 22, 2016.
- Holden, Stephen (September 21, 2002). "Trapped (2002) FILM REVIEW; When a Perfect Scheme Doesn't Work Perfectly". The New York Times. Archived from the original on March 6, 2016. Retrieved November 16, 2013.
- Levy, Doug (December 30, 2002). CMJ New Music Report. p. 6.
- Edroso 2003, p. 500.
- Weston, Colin (May 4, 2001). "Sort The 'Bastard' Out". Drowned in Sound. Archived from the original on October 6, 2008. Retrieved February 10, 2010.
- "Reviews for America's Sweetheart by Courtney Love". Metacritic. Archived from the original on March 15, 2016. Retrieved November 9, 2015.
- Charles Aaron. "Courtney Love, America's Sweetheart Review". Archived from the original on September 17, 2015.
- Phillips, Amy (February 23, 2004). "A big juicy fuckup for hissyfit-having little girls who hate being little girls". The Village Voice. Archived from the original on March 7, 2004. Retrieved November 9, 2015.
- Love, Courtney. Interview with Kurt Loder, 2004. Total Request Live on MTV
- Balog, Kathy (July 15, 2004). "USATODAY.com – Courtney Love: Cartoon character". USA Today. McLean, VA: Gannett. ISSN 0734-7456. Archived from the original on August 14, 2009. Retrieved October 29, 2011.
- Yadao 2009, p. 54.
- Lash, Jolie (February 3, 2006). "Courtney Is Cleared, Ready To Rock". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on June 10, 2016. Retrieved February 10, 2010.
- "Love Wants Her Throne Back on New Album". Billboard. October 20, 2006. Archived from the original on January 22, 2016. Retrieved November 9, 2015.
- Ulaby, Neda (May 15, 2007). "Rebuilding Courtney Love, One Song at a Time". NPR. Archived from the original on September 8, 2016. Retrieved February 10, 2010.
- Graham, Mark (June 17, 2009). "Courtney Love Ready to Re-form Hole". Vulture. Retrieved November 9, 2015.
- Peisner, David (July 9, 2009). "Q&A: Hole's Eric Erlandson". Spin. Retrieved November 9, 2015.
- Hyclak, Anna (July 16, 2009). "Courtney Love to Eric Erlandson: "Hole Is MY Band!"". Spin. Retrieved November 9, 2015.
- Star-Ledger Staff (April 23, 2010). "New releases from Courtney Love, Nick Cave and others". NJ. Retrieved May 6, 2016.
- Caldwell, Michael (June 12, 2010). "Nobody's Daughter". San Diego Reader. Retrieved November 16, 2013.
Despite the heaviness in Beinhorn and Hole's respective pasts, most of the tracks here are singer-songwriterly, where acoustics provide the backbone. This provides an intimate vibe to the proceedings.
- Kreps, Daniel (March 26, 2010). "Hole Reveal Track List, Cover for April 27's "Nobody's Daughter"". Rolling Stone. Retrieved November 9, 2015.
- "Reviews for Nobody's Daughter by Hole". Metacritic. Retrieved November 9, 2015.
- Sheffield, Robert (April 26, 2010). "Nobody's Daughter by Hole". Rolling Stone. Retrieved June 26, 2013.
- Cinquemani, Sal (April 21, 2010). "Hole: Nobody's Daughter". Slant. Retrieved June 25, 2013.
- Steven J. Horowitz (October 16, 2012). "Stevie Nicks Headlines Elton John's AIDS Foundation Gala in New York". Rolling Stone. Retrieved October 16, 2012.
- LoBasso, Randy (June 19, 2013). "Love Child: Grunge goddess Courtney Love opens up". Philadelphia Weekly. Archived from the original on October 16, 2013. Retrieved June 19, 2013.
- Yaeger, Lynn (May 1, 2012). ""And She's Not Even Pretty"; Courtney Love's Autobiographical Art Show Opens Tomorrow". Vogue. Retrieved June 10, 2012.
- Ng, David (April 30, 2012). "Courtney Love attempts her first gallery show". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved May 2, 2012.
- McGovern, Kyle (December 5, 2012). "Johnny Depp Ropes Tom Waits, Courtney Love, Iggy Pop for Pirate-Themed Album". Spin. Retrieved March 22, 2013.
- Kaufman, Gil (March 22, 2013). "Fall Out Boy Joined By Courtney Love On 'Save Rock And Roll'". MTV. Retrieved March 22, 2013.
- Buchanan, Brett (December 30, 2012). "Courtney Love performs impromptu acoustic set in New York". Grunge Report. Archived from the original on January 18, 2013. Retrieved January 19, 2013.
- Marikar, Sheila (January 25, 2013). "In a Cloud of Crazy, Courtney Love Rocks On". ABC. Retrieved November 9, 2015.
- Alexander, Ella (April 3, 2013). "Saint Laurent Unveils Music Project". Vogue UK. Retrieved August 15, 2014.
- Baltin, Steve (June 24, 2013). "Q&A With Courtney Love: On Her Memoir and 'I'm Still Alive' Tour". rollingstone.com.
- Adams, Gregory (May 21, 2013). "Courtney Love Extends North American Tour, Adds Vancouver Date". Exclaim. Retrieved May 23, 2013.
- "Courtney Love announces solo tour dates". 98.7fm. May 10, 2013. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
- Gamboa, Glenn (June 18, 2013). "Courtney Love, on a small tour, hits Brooklyn, Huntington". Newsday. Retrieved June 25, 2013.
- Jones, Steve (July 18, 2013). "Courtney Love has new album and memoir in the works". USA Today. Retrieved July 30, 2013.
- "Steve Lamacq, 22/04/2014". BBC Radio 6 Music. British Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved April 22, 2014.
- Feeley, Nolan (April 22, 2014). "Hear Courtney Love Howl on "You Know My Name"". Retrieved April 22, 2014.
- Lee, Tommy (April 23, 2014). "Here's some new jams I recorded with CL". Facebook. Retrieved November 16, 2015.
- Love, Courtney (April 1, 2014). "Woman's Hour, Courtney Love; game changing politics; Lauren Owen". British Broadcasting Company (Interview). Interview with Jane Garvey. BBC. Retrieved April 1, 2014.
- Pelly, Jenn (May 1, 2014). "Interviews: Courtney Love". Pitchfork. Archived from the original on March 14, 2016. Retrieved May 2, 2014.
- "Courtney Love changes mind, will not reunite Hole's classic lineup". Consequences of Sound. July 23, 2014. Retrieved July 23, 2014.
- Johns, Nikara (July 8, 2014). "Courtney Love Joins 'Sons of Anarchy' for Final Season". Variety. Archived from the original on October 10, 2016. Retrieved July 9, 2014.
- Bricker, Tierney (March 11, 2015). "Courtney Love's TV Takeover Continues on Revenge and You Won't Believe Who She's Playing". E! Online. Retrieved January 21, 2016.
- O'Connell, Michael (October 23, 2014). "Courtney Love Joins Fox's 'Empire'". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on February 1, 2017. Retrieved October 31, 2014.
- Caulfield, Keith (March 17, 2015). "'Empire' Soundtrack Debuts at No. 1 on Billboard 200 Chart, Madonna Arrives at No. 2". Billboard. Retrieved February 9, 2016.
- Petridis, Alexis (May 21, 2015). "Various Artists: Empire Season 1 Original Soundtrack review – pretend stars get properly famous with Timbaland's help". The Guardian. Retrieved February 9, 2016.
- Kozinn, Allan (October 2, 2014). "Forget Neterbko. Here's an Opera With Courtney Love". The New York Times. Retrieved October 2, 2014.
- Goodwin, Jeremy D. (October 5, 2015). "Courtney Love is attraction, but songs carry 'Choir Boy'". The Boston Globe. Retrieved May 6, 2016.
- Payne, Chris (December 1, 2014). "Lana Del Rey Announces 2015 Tour Dates With Courtney Love". Billboard. Retrieved December 2, 2014.
- Camp, Zoe (May 18, 2015). "Courtney Love Releases "Miss Narcissist" on Wavves' Ghost Ramp Label". Pitchfork. Retrieved May 29, 2015.
- Maas, Jennifer (May 4, 2015). "Casting Net: Courtney Love, Timothy Hutton, Giancarlo Esposito join James Franco's The Long Home". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved July 23, 2015.
- McKenzie, Lesley (January 14, 2016). "Courtney Love, Sophia Amoruso Fete Their Nasty Gal Collab". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved January 23, 2016.
- Lincoln, Ross A. (May 12, 2016). "Courtney Love & Joey King To Topline '80s Drama 'The Possibility Of Fireflies' – Cannes". Deadline. Retrieved May 12, 2016.
- Wagmeister, Elizabeth (November 3, 2016). "Courtney Love Joins Lifetime's Shakespeare Anthology 'A Midsummer's Nightmare'". Variety. Retrieved November 18, 2016.
- Raphael 1996, p. 3.
- Love, Courtney (September 1, 1994). "The Hole Story". MTV Networks (Interview). Interview with Loder, Kurt.
- Love 2006, p. 35.
- "Courtney Love Interview" (Interview). Interview with Courtney Love. San Diego, California: 91X FM. December 12, 1994.
- Hole covered Joy Division "She's lost Control"
- Staff (October 5, 2009). "Gavin Friday & friends (U2, Courtney Love, Lady Gaga, Antony, Lou Reed, Rufus Waniwright, and many, many more) played Carnegie Hall". Brooklyn Vegan. Archived from the original on November 12, 2016. Retrieved November 9, 2016.
- Wuelfing, Howard (January 6, 1997). "Swans Song". Addicted To Noise.
The group count the likes of Metallica's Kirk Hammet, Henry Rollins, Courtney Love and even Jeff Buckley among its admirers.
- "Ask Courtney Love". Clash. February 23, 2010. Retrieved July 8, 2014.
- Stern, Howard (May 30, 2013). "The Howard Stern Show" (Interview). Interview with Courtney Love. New York: Sirius XM Radio. Accessed July 10, 2013.
The Stooges were a really big deal to me
- Peisner, David. "Let It Bleed: The Oral History of PJ Harvey's 'Rid of Me'". Spin. Archived from the original on September 17, 2015. Retrieved July 24, 2014.
- Von Furth, Daisy (October 1991). "Hole Lotta Love". Spin. p. 32.
- "Grey Presents Courtney Love at Cannes in 8th Annual Music Legends Seminar". PR Newswire. June 13, 2014. Archived from the original on June 24, 2016. Retrieved July 25, 2014.
- Morris, Matthew (November 11, 2009). "Writing (Courtney) Love into the History of Rhetoric: Articulation of a Feminist Consciousness in Live Through This". National Communication Association. Retrieved November 15, 2010.
- Love, Courtney (August 11, 2014). "Courtney Love on Lyrics". YouTube. Retrieved August 12, 2014.
- Hole interviewed at Big Day Out tour (1999). Ground Zero. 
- True, Everett (June 15, 1991). "Hole in Sidelines". Melody Maker. p. 8.
- Heller, Jason (April 27, 2010). "Hole: Nobody's Daughter". The A.V. Club. Retrieved September 20, 2011.
- Love, Courtney. Interview with Barbara Walters. ABC News. 1995.
- "Audio of Baudelaire's Fleurs du Mal". Fleurs du Mal.org. Retrieved July 8, 2014.
- "Courtney Love – America's Sweetheart". Punknews.org. March 16, 2004. Retrieved May 11, 2013.
- Surmani 1997, p. 4.
- Fortini, Amanda (April 7, 2004). "Love Me, Love My Tantrums". Slate. Retrieved November 3, 2013.
- Feeney, Nolan (April 22, 2014). "Hear Courtney Love Howl on "You Know My Name"". Time. Retrieved July 29, 2014.
- Fricke, David (April 12, 1994). "Live Through This". Rolling Stone. Retrieved December 2, 2012.
- Browne, David (April 15, 1994). "Live Through This Review". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved December 2, 2012.
- Petrusich, Amanda (April 27, 2010). "Hole: Nobody's Daughter". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved January 10, 2015.
- "Courtney Love's Univox Hi-Flier". Equipboard. Retrieved February 6, 2017.
- Ford, Kim. "Courtney Love at Shepherds Bush Empire". Rockshot. Archived from the original on November 12, 2016. Retrieved November 9, 2015.
- Andrews, Charlotte Richardson (May 8, 2014). "Courtney Love: I wrote the Kurt Cobain 'bitch with zits' note". The Guardian. Archived from the original on November 4, 2016. Retrieved February 5, 2017.
- Spin Staff (December 12, 2006). "Courtney Love: Free at Last". Spin. Retrieved January 22, 2016.
- Nicolini 1995.
- "Courtney Love's Trip Back From the Bottom". NBC News. October 31, 2006. Retrieved February 15, 2010.
- Harris, Chris (December 14, 2009). "Courtney Love Loses Temporary Legal Control of Frances Bean". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on April 15, 2016. Retrieved May 17, 2014.
- Yarm 2012, p. 367.
- Love, Courtney. MTV Interview, 1994: "If you read Vanity Fair, you probably think I swig Jack Daniel's first thing in the morning, after I smoke my crack and don't see my daughter for ten days."
- Barton, Laura (December 11, 2006). "Love me do". The Guardian. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved November 3, 2013.
- Sirota, Peggy (November 13, 1997). "Women of Rock: Courtney Love". Rolling Stone (773): 163.
- Strauss, Neil (February 18, 1995). "CRITIC'S NOTEBOOK; A Singer Spurns The Role Of Victim". The New York Times. Archived from the original on September 27, 2016. Retrieved September 25, 2016.
- Smith, Ethan (July 28, 1995). "Courtney Love causes trouble at Lollapolooza". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on May 11, 2016. Retrieved January 22, 2016.
- "Lollapalooza Back Biting: Thurston Squeals on Courtney". MTV. July 9, 1995. Archived from the original on December 10, 2015. Retrieved February 4, 2017.
- Ceasar, Jennifer. "The 8 worst rock-star airplane freakouts". The New York Post. Archived from the original on December 21, 2015.
- Roshan, Maer (May 22, 2011). "Courtney Love Comes Clean". The Fix. Archived from the original on April 5, 2016. Retrieved May 31, 2013.
- Rush, George; Molloy, Joanna; Baram, Marcus (May 31, 1998). "War of the Rosses: What's Value of Splitsville Stock?". The New York Daily News. Archived from the original on March 7, 2016. Retrieved February 5, 2017.
- "Love blames 'potty mouth' for arrest". BBC News. February 5, 2003. Archived from the original on October 3, 2016.
- Roshan, Maer (May 24, 2011). "The Courtney Love Chronicles (Part 2)". The Fix. Retrieved September 25, 2013.
- Smolowe, Jill (November 3, 2003). "When Love Isn't Enough". People. Retrieved January 22, 2016.
- Kaufman, Gil (October 24, 2003). "Courtney Love Trades Blows With Kurt Cobain's Mom, Admits to Oxycontin OD". MTV. Retrieved May 25, 2011.
- "Rock star Love arrested after gig". BBC News. March 18, 2004. Retrieved February 10, 2010.
- "Courtney Love call". The Howard Stern Show (Interview). Interview with Courtney Love. New York City, New York. March 22, 2004.
- Mercer, Mark (January 25, 2006). "For the week of 3/22/2004 to 3/26/2004". Marks Friggin. Howard Stern. Retrieved October 3, 2016.
- Tavernise, Sabrina (October 21, 2004). "Courtney Love Enters Plea, and Nobody Else Gets Hurt". The New York Times. Retrieved November 9, 2016.
- Susman, Gary (July 14, 2004). "Live Through This". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved May 31, 2013.
- Chung, Jen (July 10, 2004). "Courtney Love Finally Goes to Bellevue". The Gothamist. Retrieved May 31, 2013.
- Chonin, Neva (October 25, 2004). "Nothing stops Courtney Love – she's been arrested, hauled off to Bellevue, but she hasn't quit speaking her mind". San Francisco Gate. Retrieved May 31, 2013.
- Kaufman, Gil (April 28, 2010). "Courtney Love Recalls Hazy "Letterman Years"". MTV. Retrieved March 1, 2011.
- Vineyard, Jennifer (March 18, 2004). "Courtney Love Arrested After Allegedly Striking Fan With Mic Stand". MTV. Retrieved February 10, 2010.
- Sanneh, Kelefa (March 20, 2004). "ROCK REVIEW; Love Lives Through This, Rasping 'Take Care of Me'". The New York Times. Retrieved July 18, 2014.
- "Courtney Love Arrested in New York". MSNBC. March 25, 2004. Retrieved June 26, 2013.
- "Courtney Love Says 'Letterman Years' Were Caused By Cocaine". MTV. April 28, 2010. Retrieved December 23, 2011.
- "Courtney Love: Stop calling me a 'drug freak'". US Weekly/MSNBC. June 25, 2013. Archived from the original on October 1, 2012. Retrieved May 25, 2011.
- Grebey, James (August 31, 2015). "Courtney Love Pays $350,000 to Settle Twitter-Based Defamation Lawsuit". Spin. Retrieved January 22, 2016.
- Knoll, Corina (January 24, 2014). "Singer-actress Courtney Love wins landmark Twitter libel case". The Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on June 17, 2016. Retrieved January 23, 2016.
- McCoy, Kevin (January 25, 2014). "Courtney Love tweets after Twitter trial win". USA Today. Retrieved January 29, 2016.
- Apter, Jeff. "Courtney Love: The Life of Love". NY Rock. Retrieved May 13, 2011.
- Bush, John. The Leaving Trains at AllMusic
- Erlandson 2012, p. 7.
- Yarm 2012, pp. 297–298.
- Cross, Charles (April 5, 2014). "The Moment Kurt Cobain Met Courtney Love". The Daily Beast. Retrieved October 29, 2014.
- Green 2003, pp. 69–70.
- Yarm 2012, p. 294.
- Brite 1998, p. 99.
- Green 2003, p. 70.
- Yarm 2012, p. 299.
- Loder, Kurt (September 1, 1994). "The Hole Story". MTV (Interview). Interview with Love, Courtney. Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
- Dickinson, Amy (February 1996). "Kurt Cobain's Final Tour". Esquire.
- Moran, Caitlin (November 9, 2006). "Love, actually". The Times. London. Retrieved December 16, 2007.
- Rush & Molloy (March 14, 2010). "Courtney Love Says Edward Norton is Mediator Between her and Daughter Frances Bean". NY Daily News. New York. Retrieved January 19, 2011.
- Kirkham, Sophie (August 25, 2005). "Courtney Love 'expecting Steve Coogan's baby'". The Guardian. London. Retrieved February 16, 2011.
- Alan Carr: Chatty Man. Courtney Love Interview. February 25, 2010. Channel 4 (UK)
- "Enduring Love: Jolie Lash meets Courtney Love". The Guardian. London. November 18, 2005. Retrieved January 5, 2011.
- "Courtney Love: Chanting Buddhist". Huffington Post. December 9, 2007. Retrieved May 25, 2011.
- "The Chanting Buddhas". BBC. January 10, 2007. Retrieved September 8, 2012.
- Love, Courtney. Interview with David Letterman promoting Celebrity Skin. CBS Broadcasting. May 20, 1999.
- Vazquez, Maegan (April 12, 2016). "Grunge Rocker Courtney Love Makes Her Presidential Endorsement Clear With One Simple Tweet". Independent Journal. Retrieved May 7, 2016.
- Margolis, Bob (May 15, 2000). "Courtney Love Among 'Million Moms' Calling for Tighter Gun Control". MTV. Retrieved November 9, 2015.
- VH1 Fashion Awards. 1997-10-28. VH1.
I think that great personal style is being true to yourself and speaking your mind, which, since I'm up here, I'm going to do. I feel that keeping gay people in the closet with our attitudes and our actions is cruel, and it's tacky, and most of all, it's boring. I think that we really need to respect each other and ourselves, and respect who we are and what we are, and not be afraid to be what we are, whether we're gay, or straight, or insane ... It's 1997, and respecting each other's sexuality is about the coolest thing I can think of.
- Levy, Lisa (November 6, 2006). "The people vs. Courtney Love". Salon. Archived from the original on April 24, 2015. Retrieved January 10, 2011.
- Heywood & Drake 1997, p. 4.
- Courtney Love (May 14, 2000). "Courtney Love does the math (unedited speech transcript)". Salon. Retrieved August 1, 2010.
- "24 Hours of Love". MTV Specials. New York City. September 21, 2002. MTV2.
- "Sharon Stone, Kylie Minogue, Dita von Teese, Courtney Love, Kenneth Cole, and Kevin Huvane Join For amfAR Inspiration Gala in Los Angeles". amfAR. October 28, 2010. Retrieved December 21, 2013.
- Ayers, Michael D. (September 15, 2009). "U2, Scarlett Johansson, Courtney Love Set For AIDS Charity Concert". Billboard. Retrieved December 21, 2013.
- Weiss, Sabrina Rojas (May 18, 2011). "Courtney Love, Patti Smith Bring Punk Cred To Mariska Hargitay's Charity Event". MTV. Retrieved December 22, 2013.
- Rudolph, Christopher (August 26, 2013). "Courtney Love Discusses Gay Fans In 'Vanity Fair' Article". Huffington Post. Retrieved December 21, 2013.
- Balkin, Steve (May 14, 2012). "Courtney Love, Linda Perry Team Up for Gay Rights". Rolling Stone. Retrieved December 21, 2013.
- Carson, Lewis & Shaw 2004, pp. 89–90.
- Carson, Lewis & Shaw 2004, p. 90.
- Millard 2004, p. 195.
- Millard 2004, pp. 195–96.
- Millard 2004, p. 196.
- As of 2003, Pretty on the Inside had sold over 200,000 copies in the U.S.; Live Through This, 1,600,000; Celebrity Skin, 1,400,000.
- Harding, Cortney (April 2, 2010). "Courtney Love: Fixing a Hole". Billboard. Retrieved October 21, 2013.
- Chesler, John (April 28, 2015). "The 10 Greatest Female Rock Stars of All Time". Phoenix New Times. Retrieved December 8, 2015.
- Castles, Simon (April 5, 2014). "Love and loathing: the price Courtney Love paid for a wild life". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved May 7, 2016.
- Conner, Shawn (August 21, 2013). "Scout Niblett (Interview)". The Snipe News.
I was 17 when I first heard it. I definitely think they had a huge role in that. For me, the thing that I loved about them and her was the anger, and aggressiveness, along with the tender side. That was something I hadn't seen before in a woman playing music. That was hugely influential and really inspiring. Women up 'til then were kind of one-dimensional, twee, sweet, ethereal, and that annoys the shit out of me.
- Diehl 2007, pp. 93–94.
- Moran, Rob (April 30, 2010). "DUM THINGS". Vice. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved July 21, 2014.
I played out their cassette tapes in about 6th or 7th grade. But I definitely thank Courtney Love for existing because she was one of my formative inspirations and one of the reasons that I play in a band now.
- Griffiths, Daniel (September 8, 2009). "Quick & Dirty – Nine Black Alps". SoundProof Magazine: 1.
- "Lana Del Rey is inspired by Courtney Love". Virgin Media. June 23, 2014. Archived from the original on July 21, 2015. Retrieved July 21, 2014.
- Soghomonian, Talia. "Interview: Avril Lavigne". musicOMH. Archived from the original on December 29, 2010. Retrieved May 13, 2015.
- Moss, Rebecca (April 30, 2014). "Why Swedes Make the Best Breakup Music". Elle. Retrieved June 5, 2015.
- Ferreira, Sky (April 2014). "Sky Ferreira for Interview Magazine". Interview Magazine (Interview). Interview with Diehl, Matt.
There are a lot of artists that speak to me in the way [Fiona Apple] does. Elliott Smith is one. I also remember when I discovered Hole. I knew Nirvana, and obviously Kurt Cobain was an amazing lyricist, but I remember when I first heard Hole's Live Through This —like, really listened to it—I was like, "Oh, my god! They get me!"
- Schippers 2002, p. 93.
- Jackson 2005, pp. 264–265.
- Lankford 2009, pp. 73–96.
- Fricke, David (July 11, 1996). "Patti Smith: Family Life, Recent Loss, and New Album 'Gone Again'". Rolling Stone. Retrieved November 15, 2016.
- Finlay, Jennifer; Don Romesburg (August 17, 1997). "Events that shaped the under-30 mind". The Advocate. p. 10. Retrieved July 21, 2014.
- Hit So Hard: The Life and Near Death of Patty Schemel (Motion picture). Well Go USA. 2011.
- Klaffke 2003, p. 116.
- Loder, Kurt (April 22, 2008). "Courtney Love Opens Up About Kurt Cobain's Death (The Loder Files)". MTV. Retrieved June 26, 2012.
- Wilson, Cintra (September 17, 2008). "You Just Can't Kill It". NYTimes.com. Retrieved June 25, 2013.
- Booth, Emily (April 26, 2013). "In Memoriam – Chrissy Amphlett: Only You". The AU Review. Archived from the original on July 22, 2015. Retrieved October 21, 2013.
- Pasori, Cedar (August 21, 2012). "Interview: Barbara Kruger Talks Her New Installation And Art In The Digital Age". Complex. Retrieved July 21, 2014.
- Rogatis 2003, p. 128.
- Stanford, Sheril. "The Muffs". Anti-Music. Retrieved September 1, 2014.
- Jacobs, A.J. (March 17, 1995). "Love Letters". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on February 5, 2017. Retrieved January 22, 2017.
- Brite 1998, p. 154.
- Bacon, Tony (2012). The Ultimate Guitar Sourcebook. Race Point Publishing. ISBN 978-1-937994-04-4.
- Bogdanov, Vladimir; Erlewine, Stephen Thomas; Woodstra, Chris (2002). All music guide to rock: the definitive guide to rock, pop, and soul. Hal Leonard Corporation/Backbeat Books. ISBN 978-0-87930-653-3.
- Brite, Poppy Z. (1998). Courtney Love: The Real Story. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 978-0-684-84800-6.
- Carroll, Linda (2005). Her Mother's Daughter: A Memoir of the Mother I Never Knew and of My Daughter, Courtney Love. Broadway Books. ISBN 978-0-7679-1788-9.
- Carson, Mina Julia; Lewis, Tisa; Shaw, Susan Maxine (2004). Girls rock!: fifty years of women making music. University Press of Kentucky. ISBN 978-0-8131-2310-3.
- Davies, Steven Paul (2003). A-Z of cult films and film-makers. Batsford. ISBN 978-0-7134-8704-6.
- Diehl, Matt (2007). My So-Called Punk. St. Martin's Griffin. ISBN 978-0-312-33781-0.
- Edroso, Roy (2003). The Rough Guide to Rock. Rough Guides. ISBN 978-1-84353-105-0.
- Erlandson, Eric (2012). Letters to Kurt. Akashic Books. ISBN 978-1-61775-083-0.
- Green, Joey (2003). How they met: fateful encounters of famous lovebirds, rivals, partners in crime. Black Dog Publishing. ISBN 978-1-4223-6673-8.
- Halperin, Ian; Wallace, Max. Love & Death: The Murder of Kurt Cobain. Atria Books. ISBN 978-0-7434-8484-8.
- Hemmer, Kurt (2006). Encyclopedia of Beat Literature. Facts on File. ISBN 978-0-8160-4297-5.
- Heywood, Leslie; Drake, Jennifer (1997). Third Wave Agenda: Being Feminist, Doing Feminism. University of Minnesota Press. ISBN 0-8166-3005-4.
- Hole; et al. (March 1, 1999). Hole: Celebrity Skin (songbook). Cherry Lane Music. ISBN 978-1-57560-137-3.
- Hunter, Josh; Segalstad, Eric (2009). The 27s: The Greatest Myth of Rock & Roll. Samadhi Creations. ISBN 978-0-615-18964-2.
- Irvin, Jim (ed.) (2008). The Mojo Collection (Fourth ed.). Canongate U.S. ISBN 978-1-84767-020-5.
- Jackson, Buzzy (2005). A Bad Woman Feeling Good: Blues and the Women Who Sing Them. W. W. Norton & Company. pp. 264–65. ISBN 978-0-393-05936-6.
- Jung, K Elan (2010). Sexual Trauma: A Challenge Not Insanity. The Hudson Press. ISBN 978-0-9831448-0-9.
- Klaffke, Pamela (2003). Spree: A Cultural History of Shopping. Arsenal Pulp Press. ISBN 978-1-55152-143-5.
- Ladd-Taylor, Molly; Umanski, Lauri (January 1, 1998). Bad Mothers: The Politics of Blame in Twentieth-Century America. NYU Press. ISBN 978-0-8147-5120-6.
- Lankford, Ronald D. Jr. (November 25, 2009). Women Singer-Songwriters in Rock: A Populist Rebellion in the 1990s. Scarecrow Press. ISBN 978-0-8108-7268-4.
- Levy, Joe (ed.) (November 16, 2005). The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time. Wenner. ISBN 978-1-932958-01-0.
- Love, Courtney (2006). Dirty Blonde: The Diaries of Courtney Love. MacMillan. ISBN 978-0-330-44546-7.
- Millard, André, ed. (June 15, 2004). The Electric Guitar: A History of an American Icon. Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN 978-0-8018-7862-6.
- Mitchell, Claudia; Reid-Walsh, Jacqueline (December 30, 2007). Girl Culture: An Encyclopedia (Two Volumes). Greenwood Publishing. ISBN 978-0-313-33908-0.
- Nicolini, Kim (1995). "Staging the Slut: Hyper-Sexuality in Performance". Bad Subjects (20).
- Raphael, Amy (1996). Grrrls: Viva Rock Divas. St. Martin's Griffin. ISBN 978-0-312-14109-7.
- Reisfeld, Randi (May 1, 1996). This Is the Sound: The Best of Alternative Rock. Simon Pulse. ISBN 978-0-689-80670-4.
- Rocco, John M.; Rocco, Brian, eds. (December 31, 1999). Dead Reckonings: The Life And Times Of The Grateful Dead. Schirmer Books. ISBN 978-0-8256-7174-6.
- Rogatis, Jim (2003). Milk It!: Collected Musings on the Alternative Music Explosion of the 90s. Da Capo Press. ISBN 978-0-306-81271-2.
- Schippers, Mimi A. (2002). Rockin' out of the Box: Gender Maneuvering in Alternative Hard Rock. Rutgers University Press. ISBN 978-0-8135-3075-8.
- Surmani, Karen Farnum (1997). BASIX Rock Singing Techniques. Rock Singing Techniques. Alfred Music. ISBN 978-0-88284-763-4.
- Yadao, Jason S. (2009). The Rough Guide to Manga. Dorling Kindersley Ltd. ISBN 978-1-85828-561-0.
- Yarm, Mark (March 13, 2012). Everybody Loves Our Town: A History of Grunge. Three Rivers Press. ISBN 978-0-307-46444-6.