Love performing live in Brooklyn, New York, 2012
|Born||Courtney Michelle Harrison
July 9, 1964 
San Francisco, California, U.S.
|Residence||Los Angeles, California, U.S.|
|Alma mater||Portland State University|
|Occupation||Singer, songwriter, musician, actress, visual artist|
|Spouse(s)||James Moreland (m. 1989–89)
Kurt Cobain (m. 1992–94)
|Children||Frances Bean Cobain|
|Relatives||Linda Carroll (mother)
Paula Fox (grandmother)
|Genres||Alternative rock, grunge, punk rock, power pop|
|Labels||Sympathy for the Record Industry, Sub Pop, Caroline, DGC, Virgin, Mercury, Kobalt|
|Associated acts||Hole, Faith No More, Sugar Babydoll, Pagan Babies, Italian Whorenuns, Bastard, Emilie Autumn, Lana Del Rey|
Fender Squier Venus
Courtney Michelle Love (born Courtney Michelle Harrison, July 9, 1964) is an American alternative rock singer, songwriter, musician, actress, and visual artist. Prolific in the punk and grunge scenes of the 1990s as the frontwoman of Hole, Love became a fixture in alternative music, drawing public attention for her uninhibited stage presence and confrontational lyrics, as well as her highly publicized personal life following her marriage to Kurt Cobain.
The daughter of psychotherapist Linda Carroll and publisher Hank Harrison, Love mainly grew up in Portland, Oregon, where she was in a series of short-lived bands before landing roles in films by British cult director Alex Cox. After forming Hole in 1989, Love received substantial attention from underground rock press for the group's debut album, produced by Kim Gordon, while their second release, Live Through This (1994), lent her a more high-profile renown, receiving critical accolades and going multi-platinum. In 1995, she returned to acting, earning a Golden Globe Nomination for her performance in Miloš Forman's The People vs. Larry Flynt (1996). Shortly after, Hole's third release, Celebrity Skin (1998), earned Love recognition as a mainstream musician, and was nominated for multiple Grammy Awards.
Love continued to work as an actress, appearing in big-budget pictures such as Man on the Moon (1999) and Trapped (2002), and released her first solo album, America's Sweetheart, in 2004. In 2010, she released Nobody's Daughter under the Hole moniker with a reformed band. Love debuted a new solo single in early 2014, and also saw a return to acting after being cast in the FX series Sons of Anarchy, the Fox series Empire, and the ABC series Revenge. On December 1, 2014, it was announced that Love would be touring with Lana Del Rey as an opening act for Del Rey's Endless Summer Tour in 2015.
In addition to music and film, Love has had ventures in modeling and visual art, and has advocated for victims of sexual abuse and domestic violence, AIDS research, and LGBT rights. She has one daughter, Frances Bean Cobain, from her marriage to Kurt Cobain.
- 1 Early life
- 2 Career
- 3 Musical style
- 4 Personal life
- 5 Charitable work
- 6 Cultural impact
- 7 Discography
- 8 Filmography
- 9 Accolades
- 10 References
- 11 External links
Love was born Courtney Michelle Harrison in San Francisco, California, to psychotherapist Linda Carroll (née Risi) and Hank Harrison, a publisher who briefly managed the Grateful Dead. Love's mother is the daughter of novelist Paula Fox and an unidentified father, who is rumored to be Marlon Brando. Love is of Cuban, Welsh, Irish, German, English and Jewish descent. Her parents divorced in 1969 and her father's custody was withdrawn after her mother alleged that he had fed LSD to Love as a toddler. In 1970, her mother moved the family to the rural community of Marcola, Oregon, where they lived on a commune. Love was legally adopted by her stepfather, Frank Rodriguez, with whom her mother had Love's two half-sisters and adopted a brother; another male half-sibling died in infancy of a heart defect when Love was ten. Love attended elementary school in Eugene, where she struggled academically and had trouble making friends, though was described as a "creative" child. At age nine, she was diagnosed with mild autism.
In 1972, Love's mother divorced Rodriguez and moved the family to New Zealand, where she enrolled Love at Nelson College for Girls, but Love was ultimately sent back to live in Portland, Oregon, with her former stepfather and numerous family friends. She auditioned for the The Mickey Mouse Club at age twelve, only to be rejected after reading a Sylvia Plath poem for her audition, and also took a film class in Portland with then-unknown director Gus Van Sant. At age fourteen, Love was arrested for shoplifting a T-shirt and was sent to Hillcrest Correctional Facility. She spent the following several years in foster care before becoming legally emancipated at age sixteen. Love supported herself by working as a stripper at Mary's Club in Portland and as a disc jockey; she also worked various odd jobs, including picking berries at a farm in Troutdale, Oregon. She intermittently took classes at Portland State University studying English and philosophy. Love has said that she "didn't have a lot of social skills," and that she learned them while frequenting gay clubs in Portland.
In 1981, Love was granted a small trust fund through her adoptive grandparents, which she used to travel to Dublin, Ireland, where her father was living. While there, she audited courses at Trinity College, studying theology for two semesters. In the United Kingdom, she became acquainted with musician Julian Cope in Liverpool and moved into his house briefly before returning to the United States. She later took stint jobs doing erotic dancing in Japan.
1982–88: Early projects
Love initially began several music projects in the 1980s, first forming Sugar Babydoll in Portland with friends Ursula Wehr and Robin Barbur. In 1982, Love attended a Faith No More concert in San Francisco, and "convinced" the members to let her join as a singer. The group recorded material with Love as a vocalist, but, according to Roddy Bottum, wanted a "male energy," and Love was subsequently kicked out of the band; she and Bottum, however, maintained a friendship in the years after. Love later formed the Pagan Babies with friend Kat Bjelland, whom she met at the Satyricon club in Portland in 1984: "The best thing that ever happened to me in a way, was Kat," Love said. Love asked Bjelland to start a band with her as a guitarist, and the two moved to San Francisco in June 1985, where they recruited Love's friend, bassist Jennifer Finch, and drummer Janis Tanaka. According to Bjelland, "[Courtney] didn't play an instrument at the time" aside from keyboards, so Bjelland would transpose Love's musical ideas on guitar for her. The group played several house shows and recorded one 4-track demo before disbanding in late 1985. Following Pagan Babies, Love moved to Minneapolis where Bjelland had formed the group Babes in Toyland, and briefly worked as a concert promoter before returning to California.
Love then enrolled at the San Francisco Art Institute, where she studied film with George Kuchar and was featured in one of his short films, titled Club Vatican. In 1985, she submitted an audition tape for the role of Nancy Spungen in the Sid Vicious biopic Sid and Nancy (1986), and was given a minor supporting role by director Alex Cox. Love then moved to New York City, where she worked at a peep show in Times Square and squatted at the ABC No Rio social center. Cox then cast her in a leading role in his following film, Straight to Hell (1987), which caught the attention of artist Andy Warhol. That year, Love appeared in an episode of Andy Warhol's Fifteen Minutes with Robbie Nevil in a segment titled "C'est la Vie". She also had a part in the 1988 Ramones music video for "I Wanna Be Sedated," appearing as a bride among dozens of party guests. In 1989, Love aborted her acting career and left New York to move to Alaska: "I decided to move to Alaska because I needed to get my shit together and learn how to work," Love said in retrospect. "So I went on this sort of vision quest. I got rid of all my earthly possessions. I had my bad little strip clothes and some big sweaters, and I moved into a trailer with a bunch of other strippers."
1989–93: Hole, Pretty on the Inside
In 1989, Love taught herself to play guitar and relocated to West Hollywood, where she placed an ad in a local music zine, reading: "I want to start a band. My influences are Big Black, Sonic Youth, and Fleetwood Mac." Love recruited lead guitarist Eric Erlandson; Lisa Roberts, her neighbor, as bassist; and drummer Caroline Rue. Love named the band Hole after a line from Euripedes' Medea. Hole played their first show in November 1989 at Raji's after three months of rehearsal. The band's debut single, "Retard Girl", was issued in April 1990 through the Long Beach indie label Sympathy for the Record Industry, and was given air-time by Rodney Bingenheimer's local station, KROQ. The following year, the band released their second single, "Dicknail" through Sub Pop Records.
With no wave, noise rock and grindcore bands being major influences on Love, Hole's first studio album, Pretty on the Inside, captured a particularly abrasive sound and contained disturbing lyrics, described by Q magazine as "confrontational [and] genuinely uninhibited." The record was released in September 1991 on Caroline Records, produced by Kim Gordon of Sonic Youth, with assistant production from Gumball's Don Fleming. Though Love would later say it was "unlistenable" and "[un]melodic," the album received generally positive critical reception from indie and punk rock critics and was labeled one of the twenty best albums of the year by Spin Magazine. It also gained a following in the United Kingdom, charting at 59 on the UK Albums Chart, as well as its lead single, "Teenage Whore" entering the country's indie chart at number one. The underlying pro-feminist slant of the album's songs led many to mistakenly tag the band as being part of the riot grrl movement, a movement that Love did not associate with. In support of the record, the band toured in Europe headlining with Mudhoney, and extensively in the United States opening for The Smashing Pumpkins, including shows at the Whisky A Go Go opening for Sonic Youth, and performances at CBGB. Love designed and distributed flyers promoting the shows, which included cutouts of women and young girls, as well as scattered lyrics and quotes from poems.
After the release of Pretty on the Inside, Love began dating Kurt Cobain and became pregnant, which temporarily put her music career on hold. During Love's pregnancy, Hole recorded a cover of "Over the Edge" for a Wipers tribute album, and recorded their fourth single, "Beautiful Son", which was released in April 1993. On September 8, 1993, Love and husband Kurt Cobain made their only public performance together at the Rock Against Rape benefit in Hollywood, California, performing two duets, both acoustic versions, of "Pennyroyal Tea" and "Where Did You Sleep Last Night." Love also performed electric versions of two of Hole's new songs, "Doll Parts" and "Miss World," both of which were written for the band's upcoming second release.
1994–97: Live Through This, acting career
In October 1993, Hole recorded their second album, titled Live Through This, in Atlanta, Georgia. The album featured a new lineup, with bassist Kristen Pfaff and drummer Patty Schemel. Live Through This was released on Geffen's subsidiary DGC label in April 1994, four days after Love's husband, Cobain, was found dead of a self-inflicted shotgun wound in their home. Two months later, in June 1994, bassist Kristen Pfaff died of a heroin overdose, and Love recruited Melissa Auf der Maur for the band's impending tour. Throughout the months preceding the tour, Love was rarely seen in public, spending time at her Seattle home, or visiting the Namgyal Buddhist Monastery in New York.
Live Through This was a commercial and critical success, hitting platinum sales in April 1995 and receiving unanimous critical accolades. The success of the record combined with Cobain's suicide resulted in a high level of publicity for Love, and she was featured on Barbara Walters' 10 Most Fascinating People in 1995. At Hole's performance of August 26, 1994 at the Reading Festival— Love's first public performance following her husband's death— she appeared onstage, tear-drenched, with outstretched arms, mimicking crucifixion. John Peel wrote in The Guardian that Love's disheveled appearance "would have drawn whistles of astonishment in Bedlam," and that her performance "verged on the heroic ... Love steered her band through a set which dared you to pity either her recent history or that of the band ... the band teetered on the edge of chaos, generating a tension which I cannot remember having felt before from any stage." The band performed a series of riotous concerts during the tour, with Love frequently appearing hysterical onstage, flashing crowds, and getting into fights with audience members.
In February 1995, Hole performed a well-reviewed acoustic set on MTV Unplugged at the Brooklyn Academy of Music, and continued to tour late into the year, concluding their world tour with an appearance at the 1995 MTV Video Music Awards, in which they performed "Violet," and were nominated for Best Music Video for "Doll Parts."
After Hole's world tour concluded in 1996, Love made a return to acting; first in small roles in Basquiat and Feeling Minnesota (1996), before landing the co-starring role of Larry Flynt's wife, Althea, in Miloš Forman's critically acclaimed 1996 film The People vs. Larry Flynt. Despite Columbia Pictures' reluctance toward hiring her due to her low profile and "troubled" past, Love received critical acclaim for her performance in the film after its release in December 1996, earning a Golden Globe nomination for Best Actress, and a New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Supporting Actress. Roger Ebert called her work in the film "quite a performance; Love proves she is not a rock star pretending to act, but a true actress." She won several other awards from various film critic associations for the film, and consequently adopted a more polished public image; during this time, she also became involved in fashion and modeled for Versace advertisements.
1998–2002: Mainstream success
In late 1997, Hole released a compilation album, My Body, the Hand Grenade as well as an EP titled The First Session which consisted of the band's earliest recordings. In September 1998, Hole released their third studio album, Celebrity Skin, which marked something of a transformation for Love, featuring a stark power pop sound as opposed to the group's earlier punk rock influences. Love divulged her ambition of making an album where "art meets commerce ... there are no compromises made, it has commercial appeal, and it sticks to the [our] original vision." She claimed to have been influenced by Neil Young, Fleetwood Mac, and My Bloody Valentine when writing the album. Celebrity Skin was well received by critics; Rolling Stone called the album "accessible, fiery and intimate—often at the same time ... a basic guitar record that's anything but basic." Celebrity Skin went on to go multi-platinum, and topped "Best of Year" lists at Spin, the Village Voice, and other periodicals. The album garnered the band their only No. 1 hit single on the Modern Rock Tracks chart with the title track "Celebrity Skin". The band made various appearances promoting the album, including MTV performances and at the 1998 Billboard Music Awards. Hole toured with Marilyn Manson on the Beautiful Monsters Tour in 1999, but dropped out of the tour nine dates in after a dispute over production costs between Love and Manson; Hole resumed touring with Imperial Teen.
Prior to the release and promotion of Celebrity Skin, Love and Fender designed a low-priced Squier brand guitar, called Vista Venus. The instrument featured a shape inspired by Mercury, Stratocaster, and Rickenbacker's solidbodies and had a single-coil and a humbucker pickup, and was available in 6-string and 12-string versions. In an early 1999 interview, Love said about the Venus: "I wanted a guitar that sounded really warm and pop, but which required just one box to go dirty (... ) And something that could also be your first band guitar. I didn't want it all teched out. I wanted it real simple, with just one pickup switch." During this time, she also landed a role opposite Jim Carrey in the Andy Kaufman biopic Man on the Moon (1999), which was followed with a role as Joan Vollmer in Beat (2000) alongside Kiefer Sutherland.
After touring for Celebrity Skin finished, Auf der Maur left the band to tour with the Smashing Pumpkins; Hole's touring drummer Samantha Maloney left soon after. Love and Erlandson released the single "Be A Man"— an outtake from the Celebrity Skin sessions— for the soundtrack of the Oliver Stone film Any Given Sunday (1999). The group became dormant in the following two years, and Love starred in several more films, including leading role in Julie Johnson (2001) as Lili Taylor's lesbian lover, for which she won an Outstanding Actress award at L.A.'s Outfest, and another leading part in the thriller Trapped (2002), alongside Kevin Bacon and Charlize Theron. In May 2002, Hole officially announced their breakup amid continuing litigation with Universal Music Group over their record contract.
2003–07: Solo career, America's Sweetheart
With Hole in disarray, Love began a "punk rock femme supergroup" called Bastard during autumn 2001, enlisting Schemel, Veruca Salt co-frontwoman Louise Post, and bassist Gina Crosley. Though a demo was completed, the project never reached fruition.
In 2002, Love began composing an album with Linda Perry, titled America's Sweetheart, also reuniting with drummer Patty Schemel. Love signed with Virgin Records to release it, and initially recorded it in France, but was forced by the label to re-record the entire album in the summer of 2003. America's Sweetheart was released in February 2004, and was embraced by critics with mixed reviews. Spin called it a "jaw-dropping act of artistic will and a fiery, proper follow-up to 1994's Live Through This" and awarded it eight out of ten stars, while Rolling Stone suggested that, "for people who enjoy watching celebrities fall apart, America's Sweetheart should be more fun than an Osbournes marathon." The album sold 86,000 copies in its first three months, with the singles "Mono" and "Hold on to Me", both of which earned competent spots on album charts. Love has publicly expressed her regret over the record several times, calling it "a crap record" and reasoning that her drug issues at the time were to blame. Shortly after the record was released, Love told Kurt Loder on TRL: "I cannot exist as a solo artist. It's a joke." Love also collaborated on a manga comic titled Princess Ai, illustrated by Misaho Kujiradou and Ai Yazawa, which was released in July 2004.
In 2006, Love released a memoir, titled Dirty Blonde, and started recording what was going to be her second solo album, How Dirty Girls Get Clean, collaborating again with Perry and Billy Corgan in the writing and recording. Love had written several songs, including an anti-cocaine song titled "Loser Dust", during her time in rehab in 2005. Love told Billboard: "My hand-eye coordination was so bad [after the drug use], I didn't even know chords anymore. It was like my fingers were frozen. And I wasn't allowed to make noise [in rehab] ... I never thought I would work again." Some tracks and demos from the album (initially planned for release in 2008) were leaked on the internet in 2006, and a documentary entitled The Return of Courtney Love, detailing the making of the album, aired on the British television network in the fall of that year. A rough acoustic version of "Never Go Hungry Again", recorded during an interview for The Times in November, was also released. Incomplete audio clips of the song "Samantha", originating from an interview with NPR, were also distributed on the internet in 2007.
2008–2011: Hole reformation
On June 17, 2009, NME reported that Hole would be reuniting. Former Hole guitarist Erlandson stated in Spin magazine that contractually no reunion can take place without his involvement; therefore Nobody's Daughter would remain Love's solo record, as opposed to a "Hole" record. Love responded to Erlandson's comments in a Twitter post, claiming "he's out of his mind, Hole is my band, my name, and my Trademark". Nobody's Daughter was released worldwide as a Hole album on April 27, 2010. For the new line-up, Love recruited guitarist Micko Larkin, Shawn Dailey (bass guitar), and Stu Fisher (drums, percussion). Nobody's Daughter featured a great deal of material written and recorded for Love's aborted solo album, How Dirty Girls Get Clean, including "Pacific Coast Highway", "Letter to God", "Samantha", and "Never Go Hungry", although they were re-produced with Larkin. The first single from Nobody's Daughter was "Skinny Little Bitch", which became a hit on alternative rock radio in early March 2010.
The album received mixed reviews. Rolling Stone gave the album three out of five stars, saying that Love "worked hard on these songs, instead of just babbling a bunch of druggy bullshit and assuming people would buy it, the way she did on her 2004 flop, America's Sweetheart." Slant Magazine also gave the album three out of five stars, saying "It's Marianne Faithfull's substance-ravaged voice that comes to mind most often while listening to songs like "Honey" and "For Once in Your Life." The latter track is, in fact, one of Love's most raw and vulnerable vocal performances to date. Co-penned by Linda Perry, the song offers a rare glimpse into the mind of a woman who, for the last 15 years, has been as famous for being a rock star as she's been for being a victim." The album's subject matter was largely centered on Love's tumultuous life between 2003 and 2007, and featured a polished folk-rock sound with much more acoustic work than previous Hole albums. Love and the band toured internationally from 2010 into late 2012 promoting the record, after which she dropped the Hole name and returned to a solo career.
2012–present: Solo work, acting
In May 2012, Love debuted an art collection at Fred Torres Collaborations in New York titled "And She's Not Even Pretty", which contained over forty drawings and paintings by Love composed in ink, colored pencil, pastels, and watercolors. She then collaborated with Michael Stipe on the track "Rio Grande" for Johnny Depp's sea shanty album Son of Rogues Gallery and also contributed guest vocals and co-wrote a track on Fall Out Boy's album, Save Rock and Roll (2013). A music video, starring Love and the band, was released for the song in March 2014.
After solo performances in December 2012 and January 2013, Love appeared in advertisements for Yves Saint Laurent alongside Kim Gordon and Ariel Pink. Love completed a solo tour of North America in the summer of 2013, which had initially been conceived to promote Love's new album; however, due to the impending release of new material, it was dubbed a "greatest hits" tour. Love told Billboard at the time that she had recorded eight songs in the studio. "[These songs] are not my usual (style)," Love said. "I don't have any Fleetwood Mac references on it. Usually I always have a Fleetwood Mac reference as well as having, like, Big Black references. These are very unique songs that sort of magically happened."
On April 22, 2014, Love debuted the song "You Know My Name" on BBC Radio 6 to promote her tour of the United Kingdom. It was released as a double A-side single with the song "Wedding Day" on May 4, 2014 on her own label Cherry Forever Records via Kobalt Label Services. The tracks were produced by Michael Beinhorn, and feature Tommy Lee on drums.
In an April 2014 interview with BBC, Love revealed that she and former Hole guitarist Eric Erlandson had reconciled, and had been rehearsing new material together, along with former bassist Melissa Auf der Maur and drummer Patty Schemel, though did not confirm a reunion of the band. On May 1, 2014, in an interview with Pitchfork, Love commented further on the possibility of Hole reuniting, saying: "I'm not going to commit to it happening, because we want an element of surprise. There's a lot of i's to be dotted and t's to be crossed."
In July 2014, Love landed a minor role on the final season of the FX series Sons of Anarchy which began filming in the summer. On October 2, 2014, it was announced that Love had landed a leading role in "Kansas City Choir Boy," a "pop opera" which showed at the Manhattan arts center Here during their annual Prototype festival in January 2015. She was subsequently cast in Lee Daniels' network series Empire in a recurring guest role.
Songwriting and voice
It was remarked in an October 1991 review of Hole's first album that Love's layering of harsh and abrasive riffs buried more sophisticated musical arrangements. In 1998, Love stated that Hole had "always been a pop band. We always had a subtext of pop. I always talked about it, if you go back ... what'll sound like some weird Sonic Youth tuning back then to you was sounding like the Raspberries to me, in my demented pop framework."
from Live Through This illustrates Love's raw and expansive contralto range.
|Problems playing this file? See media help.|
Love writes from a female's point of view, and her lyrics have been described as "literate and mordant" and noted by scholars for "articulating a third-wave feminist consciousness." She has repeatedly stated that lyrics are the most important component of songwriting for her, saying: "I want it to look just as good on the page as it would if it was in a poetry book." A great deal of her songwriting has been diaristic in nature. Common themes present in Love's songs during her early career included body image, rape, suicide, conformity, elitism, pregnancy, prostitution, and death. In a 1991 interview with Everett True, Love said: "I try to place [beautiful imagery] next to fucked up imagery, because that's how I view things ... I sometimes feel that no one's taken the time to write about certain things in rock, that there's a certain female point of view that's never been given space." Her later work was more lyrically introspective. Celebrity Skin and America's Sweetheart deal with celebrity life, Hollywood, and drug addiction, while continuing Love's interest in vanity and body image. Nobody's Daughter was lyrically reflective of Love's past relationships and her struggle to sobriety, with the majority of its lyrics having been written while she was in rehab in 2006. Poetry has often been a major influence on her writing; Love claimed she had "always wanted to be a poet, but there was no money in it." She has named the work of T.S. Eliot and Charles Baudelaire as influential.
Love possesses a contralto vocal range, and her vocal style has been described as "raw and distinctive." She has referred to herself as "a shit guitar player," further commenting: "I can write a song, but I have trouble with the execution of it." According to Love, she never wanted to be a singer, but rather aspired to be a skilled guitarist: "I'm such a lazy bastard though that I never did that," Love said. "I was always the only person with the nerve to sing, and so I got stuck with it." She has been regularly noted by critics for her husky vocals as well as her "banshee[-like]" screaming abilities. Her vocals have been compared to those of Johnny Rotten, and Rolling Stone described them as "lung-busting" and "a corrosive, lunatic wail." Upon the release of Hole's 2010 album, Nobody's Daughter, Amanda Petrusich of Pitchfork compared Love's raspy, unpolished vocals to those of Bob Dylan.
Love has been candid about her diverse musical influences, the earliest being Patti Smith and the Pretenders, whom she discovered while in juvenile hall. As a teenager, she named Flipper, Kate Bush, Soft Cell, Lou Reed, and Dead Kennedys among her favorite artists, as well as several new wave and post-punk bands, such as Echo and the Bunnymen, The Smiths, The Teardrop Explodes, Bauhaus, and Joy Division. While in Ireland at age fifteen, she saw the The Virgin Prunes perform live in Dublin, and said the experience "framed her [music career]." Her varying genre interests were illustrated in a 1991 interview with Flipside, in which she stated: "There's a part of me that wants to have a grindcore band and another that wants to have a Raspberries-type pop band." Love also embraced the influence of experimental artists and punk rock groups, including Sonic Youth, Swans, Big Black, Diamanda Galás, The Germs, and The Stooges. While writing Celebrity Skin, Love was namely influenced by Neil Young and My Bloody Valentine. She also cited her contemporary PJ Harvey as an influence, saying, "The one rock star that makes me know I'm shit is Polly Harvey. I'm nothing next to the purity that she experiences."
Love has often played Fender guitars throughout her career, including a Jaguar and a vintage 1965 Jazzmaster, the latter of which was purchased by the Hard Rock Cafe and is on display in New York City. Love is seen playing her Jazzmaster in the music video for "Miss World." Earlier in Hole's career, between 1989 and 1991, Love primarily played a Rickenbacker 425 because she "preferred the 3/4 neck," but she destroyed the guitar onstage at a 1991 concert opening for The Smashing Pumpkins. She also often played a guitar made by Mercury, an obscure company that manufactured custom guitars, which she purchased in 1992. Fender's Vista Venus, designed by Love in 1998, was partially inspired by Rickenbacker guitars as well as her Mercury. Love's setup has included Fender tube gear, Matchless, Ampeg, Silvertone and a solid-state 1976 Randall Commander. During her 2010 and more recent tours, Love has played a Rickenbacker 360 onstage.
Love has practiced several religions, including Catholicism, Episcopalianism, and New Age religions, but has said that Buddhism is the "most transcendent" path for her. She has studied and practiced both Tibetan and Nichiren Buddhism since 1989, and is a member of Sōka Gakkai, an international lay Buddhist organization. Love is a Democrat. In 2000, she gave a speech at the Million Mom March to advocate stricter gun control laws in the United States, calling the country's gun laws "nihilistic and barbaric," and urging stringent registration of guns, licensing of gun owners, and thorough evaluation of legal and mental health records. Love has also consistently advocated for LGBT rights. Love identifies as a feminist.
Love has a chain of clovers tattooed around her left ankle, and several cherry blossoms tattooed across her chest and arms, each representing a person she's "truly loved." She has the phrase "Let It Bleed" tattooed across her right arm, and has a letter "K" tattooed in the center of her abdomen which she had partially faded, representing husband Kurt Cobain. She also has the phrase "Don't dream it, be it" tattooed on her right wrist, referencing The Rocky Horror Picture Show. She also had an angel tattooed on the back of her right shoulder in the late 1990s, which she had removed in recent years.
Love has struggled with substance abuse problems for a great deal of her life. She took numerous opiates in her early adult years, and tried cocaine at age 19. She became addicted to heroin in the early 1990s, and was infamously thrust into the media spotlight in 1992 when Vanity Fair published an article by journalist Lynn Hirschberg which stated that Love was addicted to heroin during her pregnancy; this resulted in the custody of Love and Cobain's newborn daughter, Frances, being temporarily withdrawn in a Los Angeles County court and placed with Love's sister. Love claimed she was misquoted in the piece, and asserted that she had immediately quit using the drug during her first trimester after she discovered she was pregnant. Love quit using heroin in 1996 at the insistence of director Miloš Forman when she landed a leading role in The People vs. Larry Flynt. Love was ordered to take multiple urine tests under the supervision of Columbia Pictures while filming the movie, and passed all of them. On July 9, 2004, Love's 40th birthday, she attempted to commit suicide at her Manhattan apartment, and was taken to Bellevue Hospital, allegedly incoherent, and put on a 72-hour watch. According to police, she was believed to be a potential "danger to herself", but was deemed mentally sound and released to a rehab facility two days later. In 2005 and 2006, after making several public appearances clearly intoxicated (namely on the Late Show with David Letterman and the Comedy Central Roast of Pamela Anderson) and suffering drug-related arrests and probation violations, Love was sentenced to six months in lock down rehab due to struggles with prescription drugs and cocaine. She has stated she has been sober since 2007, and in May 2011, confirmed her sobriety.
Love has publicly acknowledged her estrangement from her parents, Linda Carroll and Hank Harrison, as well as her maternal grandmother, Paula Fox, who gave up Love's mother Linda for adoption after having her out of wedlock. According to Love, she has not been in contact with her father since age fifteen, and has "never forgiven" her mother over the way she was raised; she has, however, maintained relationships with her half-siblings.
She was briefly married to James Moreland (vocalist of The Leaving Trains) in 1989 for several months, but has said that Moreland was a transvestite and that their marriage was "a joke", ending in an annulment filed by Love. After forming Hole in 1989, Love and bandmate Eric Erlandson had a romantic relationship for over a year, and she also briefly dated Billy Corgan in 1991, with whom she has maintained a volatile friendship over the years.
Her most documented romantic relationship was with Kurt Cobain. It is uncertain when they first met; according to Love, she first met Cobain at a Dharma Bums show in Portland where she was doing a spoken word performance. According to Michael Azerrad, the two met at the Satyricon nightclub in Portland in 1989, though Cobain biographer Charles Cross stated the date was actually February 12, 1990, and that Cobain playfully wrestled Love to the floor after she commented to him in passing that he looked like Dave Pirner of Soul Asylum. Love's bandmate Eric Erlandson stated that both he and Love were formally introduced to Cobain in a parking lot after a Butthole Surfers concert at the Hollywood Palladium in 1991. The two later became reacquainted through Jennifer Finch, one of Love's longtime friends and former bandmates. Love and Cobain officially began dating in the fall of 1991 during Hole's Pretty on the Inside tours, and were married on Waikiki Beach in Honolulu, Hawaii, on February 24, 1992. Love wore a satin and lace dress once owned by actress Frances Farmer, and Cobain wore green pajamas. Six months later, on August 18, the couple's only child, a daughter, Frances Bean Cobain, was born. In April 1994, Cobain committed suicide in their Seattle home while Love was in rehab in Los Angeles. During their marriage, and after Cobain's death, Love became something of a hate-figure among some of Cobain's fans. After his cremation, Love divided portions of Cobain's ashes, some of which she kept in a teddy bear and in an urn. Another portion of his ashes was taken by Love to the Namgyal Buddhist Monastery in Ithaca, New York in 1994, where they were ceremonially blessed by Buddhist monks and mixed into clay which was made into memorial sculptures.
In 1993, Love and husband Kurt Cobain performed an acoustic set together at the Rock Against Rape benefit in Los Angeles, California, which raised awareness and provided resources for victims of sexual abuse. Love has also contributed to amfAR's AIDS research benefits and held live musical performances at their events. In 2009, Love performed a benefit concert for the RED Campaign at Carnegie Hall alongside Laurie Anderson, Rufus Wainwright, and Scarlett Johansson, with proceeds going to AIDS research. In May 2011, she attended Mariska Hargitay's Joyful Heart Foundation event for victims of child abuse, rape, and domestic violence, donating six of husband Kurt Cobain's personal vinyl records for auction.
Love has also worked with LGBT and LGBT youth charities; specifically with the Los Angeles Gay and Lesbian Center, where she has taken part in performances at the center's "An Evening with Women", where she headlined the event's debut in 2007. The proceeds of the event help provide food and shelter for homeless youth; services for seniors; legal assistance; domestic violence services; health and mental health services, and cultural arts programs. Love participated with Linda Perry for the event again in 2012, relating her experiences as a nomadic teenager and having to live on the street:
This really resonates with me, [because] I was a kid from Oregon, and I came to Hollywood like a lot of people do, and you know, what happens is that we end up on the street ... and if you're gay, or lesbian, or transgendered— the more "outside" you are, the more screwed you are in a lot of ways ... Seven thousand kids in Los Angeles a year go out on the street, and forty percent of those kids are gay, lesbian, or transgendered. They come out to their parents, and become homeless. [The charity helps them] get sent to the right foster care, they can get medical help, food, clothing ... and for whatever reason, I don't really know why, but gay men have a lot of foundations, I've played many of them— but the lesbian side of it doesn't have as much money and/or donors, so we're excited that this has grown to cover women and women's affairs.
Love had a significant impact on female-fronted alternative acts and performers, particularly the Riot grrrl movement, with Hole's first album, Pretty on the Inside. She has been cited as particularly influential to young female instrumentalists, once infamously proclaiming: "I want every girl in the world to pick up a guitar and start screaming." "I strap on that motherfucking guitar and you cannot fuck with me. That's my feeling," she said. In The Electric Guitar: A History of an American Icon, it is noted that, "[Love] truly lived up to Paul Westerberg's (The Replacements) assessment of pretty girls 'playing makeup/wearing guitar' [...] She frequently stood on stage, microphone in hand and foot on monitor, and simply let her Fender guitar dangle around her neck. She truly embodied the empowerment that came with playing the electric guitar[...] Love depended heavily upon her male lead guitar foil Eric Erlandson, but the rest of her band remained exclusively female throughout several lineup changes." Time deemed Hole's Live Through This to be supplemented by "primal guitar riffs and high-IQ lyrics." Having sold over 3 million records in the United States alone, Hole became one of the most successful rock bands of all time fronted by a woman.
Among the alternative musicians who have cited Love as an influence are: Scout Niblett; Brody Dalle of The Distillers; Dee Dee Penny of Dum Dum Girls; and Nine Black Alps. Contemporary female pop artists Lana Del Rey and Sky Ferreira have also cited Love as influential. Love has frequently been recognized as the most high-profile contributor of feminist music during the 1990s, and for "subverting [the] mainstream expectations of how a woman should look, act, and sound." According to music journalist Maria Raha, "Whether you love Courtney [Love] or hate her, Hole was the highest-profile female-fronted band of the '90s to openly and directly sing about feminism." She has also been noted as a gay icon since the mid-1990s, and has jokingly referred to her fanbase as consisting of "females, gay guys, and a few advanced, evolved heterosexual men." 
Love's aesthetic image, particularly in the early 1990s, also became influential, and was dubbed "kinderwhore" by critics and media. The subversive fashion mainly consisted of thrift shop babydoll dresses accompanied by smeared makeup and red lipstick; MTV reporter Kurt Loder described Love as looking like "a debauched rag doll" onstage. Love later claimed to have been influenced by the fashion of Chrissy Amphlett of the Divinyls.
The artist Barbara Kruger used one of Love's quotes on her NYC bus project. Indie pop punk band The Muffs named their second album, Blonder and Blonder (1995) after a quote by Love, and a recording of Love talking about a stolen dress appears as the track "Love" on the band's 2000 compilation album Hamburger. There is also a band named after her.
- Courtney Love
- America's Sweetheart (2004)
- "Retard Girl" (1990)
- "Dicknail" (1991)
- "Teenage Whore" (1991)
- "Beautiful Son" (1992)
- "Miss World" (1994)
- "Doll Parts" (1994)
- "Violet" (1995)
- "Softer, Softest" (1995)
- "Gold Dust Woman" (1996)
- "Celebrity Skin" (1998)
- "Malibu" (1998)
- "Awful" (1999)
- "Be a Man" (2000)
- "Skinny Little Bitch" (2010)
- Courtney Love
- Nominated: Grammy Award, Best Rock Song, "Celebrity Skin" (Hole), 1999
- Nominated: Grammy Award, Best Rock Vocal Performance by a Duo or Group, "Celebrity Skin" (Hole), 1999
- Nominated: Grammy Award, Best Rock Album, Celebrity Skin (Hole), 1999
- Won: Orville H. Gibson Guitar Awards, Best Rock Guitarist (Female), 1999
- Nominated: Grammy Award, Best Rock Vocal Performance by a Duo or Group, "Malibu" (Hole), 2000
- "Courtney M Harrison, Born 07/09/1964 in California". California Birth Index. Retrieved July 8, 2013.
- "Courtney Michelle Harrison – California Birth Index, 1905–1995 – Ancestry.co.uk". search.ancestry.co.uk. 2011. Retrieved October 29, 2011.
- True, Everett (2006). Nirvana: True Story. Music Sales Group. p. 46. ISBN 978-1-84449-640-2. Retrieved October 29, 2011. which matches the California Birth Index.
- Peter McCormack. "Hole's Courtney Love with a 425 Fireglo". RickResource.com. Retrieved November 11, 2011.
- Bacon, Tony (2011). Squier Electrics: 30 Years of Fender's Budget Guitar Brand. Backbeat. ISBN 978-1-61713-022-9.
I was talking with Chad Zaemisch, tech for Courtney and bassist Melissa Auf der Maur, and we realised that Courtney could be pretty destructive on stage— and that she only had a couple guitars that were still usable. One was a vintage Jaguar that Eric had found for her, and the other an unusual guitar called a Mercury, built by Danny Babbitt and Tim George in Atlanta. She was really attached to the Mercury— but, that said, it didn't keep her from throwing it into the crowd on a regular basis.
- "Courtney Love (Hole) Jazzmaster Fender Guitar – Hard Rock Cafe NYC". Flickr.
- "Secrets of Celebrity Skin". Guitar World. January 1999. Archived from the original on November 27, 1999. Retrieved October 29, 2011.
- "Courtney Love's New Rickenbacker". Chicago Music Exchange. July 10, 2010. Retrieved March 10, 2011.
- "Courtney Love". Behind the Music. 2010-06-21. Vh1. 
- McLeod, Kembrew (2002). "Courtney Love". St. James Encyclopedia of Popular Culture. Retrieved June 7, 2012.
- Eric Segalstad, Josh Hunter (2009). The 27s: The Greatest Myth of Rock & Roll. Samadhi Creations. p. 197. ISBN 978-0-615-18964-2. Retrieved October 30, 2011.
- "Courtney Loveless: Family Tree Remains Mystery as Feud with Grandma Sizzles". The New York Observer. April 16, 2013. Retrieved March 16, 2014.
- Garratt, Sheryl (April 1, 2010). "Courtney Love: damage limitation". The Telegraph. Retrieved March 16, 2014.
- "Courtney Love". Conversations from the Edge with Carrie Fisher. 2002-03-03. Oxygen.
- Berrin, Danielle (January 28, 2009). "Courtney Love Enters the Tribe". The Jewish Journal of Greater Los Angeles. Retrieved April 28, 2015.
- "How Jewish is Courtney Love?". The Jewish Chronicle. June 6, 2008. Retrieved April 28, 2015.
- Jung, K Elan (2010). Sexual Trauma: A Challenge Not Insanity. The Hudson Press. pp. 188–189. ISBN 978-0-9831448-0-9. Retrieved October 30, 2011.
- Poppy Z. Brite (1997). Courtney Love: The Real Story. Simon & Schuster. pp. 44–46.
- "Courtney Love". The E! True Hollywood Story. October 5, 2003. E!.
- Linda Carroll (2005). Her Mother's Daughter. Doubleday.
- Poppy Z. Brite. Courtney Love: The Real Story. Simon & Schuster. p. 25. ISBN 978-0-684-84800-6.
Most of the other children shied away from her, and she from them. She was diagnosed by one of her therapists as mildly autistic. To Linda, Courtney seemed to be in pain most of the time: hating to be touched, seething with silent rages, withdrawing into a world where no one else could go.
- Marks, Craig (Feb 1995). "Endless Love". SPIN (SPIN Media LLC) (Vol. 10, No. 11). Retrieved October 29, 2011.
- "People: Courtney Love". Lodi News-Sentinel. June 15, 1996. Retrieved March 20, 2014.
- Scordelis, Alex (September 1, 2014). "Courtney Love Brings Anarchy to Hollywood". Paper Magazine. Retrieved August 28, 2014.
- Dirty Blonde: The Diaries of Courtney Love. Simon & Schuster. pp. 29–31.
- "History". Mary's Club. Retrieved March 10, 2011.
- Kevin Sessums (June 1995). "Love Child". Vanity Fair. Retrieved May 3, 2012.
- "Courtney posts: Archives". Marilyn's Shampoo Word Press. July 27, 1994. Retrieved January 1, 2015.
- Love, Courtney (1995). Courtney Love: Super Rock Interview. Interview with Farry, Jackie. MTV. New York City, New York.
- Dana Kennedy (August 12, 1994). "The Power of Love". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved October 20, 2010.
- "Portland State University: Notable Alumni". Portland State University Blog. January 28, 2008. Retrieved November 24, 2010.
- "Game Daily: Top five, bottom five: Portland State". The Daily. University of Washington. September 14, 2012. Retrieved November 10, 2013.
- "Portland State University". The Collegiate Licensing Company. Retrieved November 10, 2013.
- Love, Courtney (September 26, 2006). The Return of Courtney Love (Documentary). Los Angeles, California, U.S.: Channel 4.
- Chrissy Iley (October 22, 2006). "Courting disaster". The Times (London). Retrieved January 23, 2011. "'I talked one of my mother's gurus, of which she had many, into letting me live with him. He got $3,000 a month from my trust fund, which he'd spend on boys, and I went to the junior high, where my friends were teenage prostitutes. They were so glamorous, I just wanted to hang out with them. Melissa, Melinda and Melody. I ended up going through the juvenile system with them because I got arrested shoplifting a Kiss T-shirt.' She was 13."
- Love, Courtney. "So, he [Hank Harrison] said he'd get me into Trinity in Dublin [Ireland]. So, I took two semesters there. And I started taking photos for Hot Press, and I met eh, Julian Cope one night, and uh, and uh, and uh ... these crazy things happened. And he said, "come live in my house" and he gave me his keys." Interview on Later ... with Jools Holland. May 2, 1995.
- Cope, Julian (2000). Head-On/Repossessed. Thorsons Publishers. ISBN 0-7225-3882-0. Cope doesn't use her name in the book, only referring to Love as "the adolescent".
- Julian Cope. "Julian Cope Presents Head Heritage: Drudical Q&A Miscellaneous". HeadHeritage.co.uk. Retrieved October 3, 2011.
Q: Is Courtney Love the adolescent??? (Jeanette) A: Oh yes.
- Maer Roshan (May 26, 2011). "The Courtney Chronicles". The Fix. Retrieved May 27, 2011.
- "Faith No More biography". FNM.com. Retrieved June 26, 2013.
- Sutton, Michael and Torreano, Bradley. "Courtney Love > Biography". AllMusic. Retrieved on November 4, 2007.
- Garis, Mary Grace (July 9, 2014). "The Evolution of Courtney Love". Elle. Retrieved July 23, 2014.
- Interview with Kat Bjelland. Edited by Liz Evans. Women, Sex and Rock'N'Roll: In Their Own Words. Rivers Orum Press/Pandora List, 1994.
- "Pagan Babies". Katbjelland.com. Archived from the original on September 5, 2007. Retrieved February 10, 2010.
- Grow, Kory (May 7, 2012). "Inside Courtney Love's 'And She's Not Even Pretty' Art Exhibit". Spin. Retrieved November 10, 2013.
- "Club Vatican (1984)". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved July 16, 2013.
- Angelina Krahn (April 8, 2010). "Corruption of the damned: A conversation with George Kuchar". A.V. Club. Archived from the original on November 5, 2013. Retrieved October 31, 2013.
- "Rest in peace, George Kuchar". Harvard Film Archive Collections. September 7, 2011. Retrieved July 16, 2013.
- David Lamble (April 15, 2010). "Beyond the Planet of the Kuchars". The Bay Area Reporter. Retrieved July 16, 2013.
- "Courtney Love: Force of Nature". BBC News Worldwide. February 4, 2003. Retrieved April 14, 2014.
- "It Came From Kuchar". A.V. Club. June 15, 2010. Archived from the original on November 4, 2013. Retrieved November 3, 2013.
- Jon Korn (September 7, 2011). "Prolific, Profane and Profound: George Kuchar (1942–2011)". The Bay Citizen. Retrieved November 18, 2013.
- Davies, Steven Paul (2003). A-Z of cult films and film-makers. Batsford. p. 187. ISBN 978-0-7134-8704-6. Retrieved November 1, 2011.
- "Courtney on Andy Warhol's 15 Minutes presented by Debbie Harry". YouTube. 1987. Retrieved June 7, 2012.
- "Andy Warhol's TV and Fifteen Minutes". Warhol Stars. Retrieved July 1, 2011.
- "Rescate emotivo: "I Wanna Be Sedated" de Ramones". Rolling Stone Argentina. September 14, 2012. Retrieved March 7, 2014.
- Claudia Mitchell; Jacqueline Reid-Walsh. Girl Culture: An Encyclopedia, Volume 1. Greenwood Publishing. p. 409. ISBN 978-0-313-33909-7.
- "Courtney Love blasts UK music scene and slags off 'America's Sweetheart' during Oxford Union speech". NME. UK. February 13, 2010. Retrieved February 24, 2011.
- Who Killed Kurt Cobain?: The Mysterious Death of an Icon (pg. 54)
- Love, Courtney (1995). "Courtney Love and Hole". Later... with Jools Holland. London, United Kingdom.
- "Flipside Interview from issue #68, September/October 1990". The First Session (Media notes). Hole. Sympathy for the Record Industry, Flipside Magazine. 1995.
- Q Magazine Review: Pretty on the Inside by Hole. 1995–10. p. 138
- Leonie Cooper (March 24, 2011). "10 Things We Learn About Kurt Cobain And Courtney Love From Hit So Hard". nme.com.
- Lauren Spencer (December 1991). "20 Best Albums of the Year". SPIN. p. 122.
- "Indie Charts: September 28, 1991". The ITV Chart Show (in English). September 28, 1991. Channel 4. Video on YouTube
- "Indie Charts: September 28, 1991". The ITV Chart Show (in English). September 28, 1991. Channel 4. 
- Bogdanov, Vladimir; Woodstra, Chris; Erlewine, Stephen Thomas (2002). All music guide to rock: the definitive guide to rock, pop, and soul. Hal Leonard Corporation/Backbeat Books. p. 532. ISBN 978-0-87930-653-3.
- Reilly, Phoebe (October 2005). "Courtney Love: Let the healing begin". Spin: 70–72.
Look, you've got these highly intelligent imperious girls, but who told them it was their undeniable American right not to be offended? Being offended is part of being in the real world. I'm offended every time I see George Bush on TV! And, frankly, it wasn't very good music
- Brite, Poppie Z (1998). Courtney Love: The Real Story. Touchstone. p. 117. ISBN 0-684-84800-7.
She told Melody Maker that she feared Riot Grrrl had become too "teensy weensy, widdle cutie. I think the reason the media is so excited about it is because it's saying females are inept, females are naive, females are innocent, clumsy, bratty ... [But] I wore those small dresses [too], and sometimes I regret it.
- Ask For It (Media notes). Hole. Caroline Records. 1995. CAROL 1470-1.
- Media, Spin L.L.C. (December 1993). "The Ballad of Kurt and Courtney". Spin: 46.
- Josh Tyrangiel (November 13, 2006). "The All-TIME 100 Albums: Live Through This by Hole". Time. Retrieved June 25, 2013.
- "Rolling Stone's Greatest Albums of All Time". Rolling Stone. Retrieved June 26, 2013.
- Claudia A. Mitchell, Jacqueline Reid-Walsh (December 2007). Girl Culture: An Encyclopedia. Greenwood. p. 409.
- Charles Aaron (November 1994). "Hole: Live". Spin: 90.
- Jim Irvin, ed. (February 18, 2008). The Mojo Collection (Fourth ed.). Canongate U.S. p. 609. ISBN 978-1-84767-020-5.
It may have marked the hedonistic birth of Britpop, but 1994 was also the year that rock music embraced chronic dysfunction: Kurt Cobain's suicide; Courtney Love's tear-drenched appearance at the Reading Festival; Richey Edwards' descent into a breakdown ...
- John Peel (August 30, 1994). "Hole at Reading". The Guardian.
Courtney's first appearance backstage certainly caught the attention. Swaying wildly and with lipstick smeared on her face, hands and, I think, her back, as well as on the collar of her dress, the singer would have drawn whistles of astonishment in Bedlam. After a brief word with supporters at the foot of the stage, she reeled away, knocking over a wastebin, and disappeared. Minutes later she was onstage giving a performance which verged on the heroic ... Love steered her band through a set which dared you to pity either her recent history or that of the band ... the band teetered on the edge of chaos, generating a tension which I cannot remember having felt before from any stage.
- Smith, Ethan (July 28, 1995). "Love's Hate Fest". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved August 15, 2014.
- Randi Reisfeld (May 1, 1996). This Is the Sound: The Best of Alternative Rock. Simon Pulse. pp. 71–76. ISBN 978-0-689-80670-4.
- "Milos Forman (The People vs Larry Flynt)". Industry Central. Retrieved January 5, 2011.
- "The People Vs. Larry Flynt – Rotten Tomatoes". rottentomatoes.com. 2011. Retrieved November 1, 2011.
- Roger Ebert (December 27, 1996). "People vs. Larry Flynt: Review by Roger Ebert". Chicago Sun Times. Retrieved October 13, 2010.
- "The People vs. Larry Flynt (1996) awards". The New York Times. Retrieved November 16, 2013.
- Avedon, Richard (April 6, 1998). "Versace advertising spread featuring Courtney Love". The New Yorker. p. 49.
- Persad, Michelle (July 9, 2013). "Courtney Love Is Fashion's Biggest Badass". The Huffington Post. Retrieved November 10, 2013.
- O'Neill, Anne-Marie (November 2, 1998). "Altered States". People 50. Retrieved November 10, 2013.
- The Interview (CD). Hole. Geffen. 1998. PRO-CD-1232.
- Hole: Celebrity Skin (songbook). Cherry Lane Music. March 1, 1999. ISBN 978-1-57560-137-3.
- James Hunter (September 1, 1998). "James Hunter reviews Celebrity Skin". Rolling Stone. Retrieved February 10, 2010.
- "Erlandson also declared that Patty". Celebrity Hollywood News. October 10, 2008. Retrieved February 10, 2010.
- "Hole Walks Out on Tour, Manson Injury Postpones Several Dates". MTVNews.com. March 15, 1999. Retrieved March 7, 2011.
- "Marilyn Manson Says Hole's Departure From Tour "Not A Personal Thing"". MTVNews.com. March 15, 1999. Retrieved March 7, 2011.
- "Fender Squier Vista Venus". Drown Soda. Retrieved February 10, 2010.
- Tony Bacon. The Ultimate Guitar Sourcebook. Race Point Publishing. p. 106. ISBN 978-1-937994-04-4.
- "Hole Tones: The Secrets Of Celebrity Skin's Smooth Sound". Guitar World. January 1999. Retrieved June 7, 2012.
- "CNN – 1999 Grammy Awards – The Big Picture". CNN. February 24, 1999. Archived from the original on July 27, 2001. Retrieved December 1, 2013.
- Christina Saraceno (May 24, 2002). "Hole Call It Quits". Rolling Stone. Retrieved June 26, 2013.
- Stephen Holden (September 21, 2002). "Trapped (2002) FILM REVIEW; When a Perfect Scheme Doesn't Work Perfectly". The New York Times. Retrieved November 16, 2013.
- Doug Levy (December 30, 2002). CMJ New Music Report. p. 6.
- Roy Edroso (2003). The Rough Guide to Rock. Rough Guides. p. 500. ISBN 978-1-84353-105-0.
- Weston, Colin (May 4, 2001). "Sort The 'Bastard' Out". Drownedinsound.com. Retrieved February 10, 2010.
- Roger Friedman (May 20, 2004). "Courtney Love: Did Virgin Records Use Her?". Fox News. Retrieved June 26, 2013.
- Charles Aaron. "Courtney Love, America's Sweetheart Review".
- "Courtney Love blasts UK music scene and slags off 'America's Sweetheart' during Oxford Union speech". NME. UK. February 13, 2010. Retrieved January 23, 2011.
- Love, Courtney. Interview with Kurt Loder, 2004. Total Request Live on MTV
- Balog, Kathy (July 15, 2004). "USATODAY.com – Courtney Love: Cartoon character". USA Today (McLean, VA: Gannett). ISSN 0734-7456. Retrieved October 29, 2011.
- Yadao, Jason S. (2009). The Rough Guide to Manga. Dorling Kindersley Ltd. p. 54. ISBN 978-1-85828-561-0. Retrieved October 29, 2011.
- Dirty Blonde: The Diaries of Courtney Love. Simon & Schuster. p. I.
- Jolie Lash (February 3, 2006). "Courtney Is Cleared, Ready To Rock". Rolling Stone. Retrieved February 10, 2010.
- "Love Wants Her Throne Back on New Album". Billboard. 2007.
- Ulaby, Neda (May 15, 2007). "Rebuilding Courtney Love, One Song at a Time". Npr.org. Retrieved February 10, 2010.
- CourtneyLoveUK (verified account) Twitter posting (June 18, 2009).
- "Skinny Little Bitch, most added song on alternative radio". courtney-love.org. March 15, 2010. Retrieved November 4, 2010.
- Robert Sheffield (April 26, 2010). "Nobody's Daughter by Hole". Rolling Stone. Retrieved June 26, 2013.
- Sal Cinquemani (April 21, 2010). "Hole: Nobody's Daughter". Slant. Retrieved June 25, 2013.
- Michael Caldwell (June 12, 2010). "Nobody's Daughter". San Diego Reader. Retrieved November 16, 2013.
Despite the heaviness in Beinhorn and Hole's respective pasts, most of the tracks here are singer-songwriterly, where acoustics provide the backbone. This provides an intimate vibe to the proceedings.
- Steven J. Horowitz (October 16, 2012). "Stevie Nicks Headlines Elton John's AIDS Foundation Gala in New York". Rolling Stone. Retrieved October 16, 2012.
- Randy LoBasso (June 19, 2013). "Love Child: Grunge goddess Courtney Love opens up". Philadelphia Weekly. Retrieved June 19, 2013.
- Lynn Yaeger (May 1, 2012). ""And She's Not Even Pretty"; Courtney Love's Autobiographical Art Show Opens Tomorrow". Vogue. Retrieved June 10, 2012.
- David Ng (April 30, 2012). "Courtney Love attempts her first gallery show". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved May 2, 2012.
- Kyle McGovern (December 5, 2012). "Johnny Depp Ropes Tom Waits, Courtney Love, Iggy Pop for Pirate-Themed Album". Spin. Retrieved March 22, 2013.
- Gil Kaufman (March 22, 2013). "Fall Out Boy Joined By Courtney Love On 'Save Rock And Roll'". MTV. Retrieved March 22, 2013.
- Brett Buchanan (December 30, 2012). "Courtney Love performs impromptu acoustic set in New York". Grunge Report. Retrieved January 19, 2013.
- "Courtney Love to perform live during Sundance". Market Watch. January 18, 2013. Retrieved January 19, 2013.
- Alexander, Ella (April 3, 2013). "Saint Laurent Unveils Music Project". Vogue UK. Retrieved August 15, 2014.
- Steve Baltin (June 24, 2013). "Q&A With Courtney Love: On Her Memoir and 'I'm Still Alive' Tour". rollingstone.com.
- Gregory Adams (May 21, 2013). "Courtney Love Extends North American Tour, Adds Vancouver Date". Exclaim. Retrieved May 23, 2013.
- "Courtney Love announces solo tour dates". 98.7fm. May 10, 2013. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
- Glenn Gamboa (June 18, 2013). "Courtney Love, on a small tour, hits Brooklyn, Huntington". Newsday. Retrieved June 25, 2013.
- Steve Jones (July 18, 2013). "Courtney Love has new album and memoir in the works". USA Today. Retrieved July 30, 2013.
- "Steve Lamacq, 22/04/2014". BBC Radio 6 Music. British Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved April 22, 2014.
- Feeley, Nolan (April 22, 2014). "Hear Courtney Love Howl on "You Know My Name"". Retrieved April 22, 2014.
- Love, Courtney (April 1, 2014). Woman's Hour, Courtney Love; game changing politics; Lauren Owen. Interview with Jane Garvey. British Broadcasting Company. BBC. Retrieved April 1, 2014.
- Pelly, Jenn (May 1, 2014). "Interviews: Courtney Love". Pitchfork. Retrieved May 2, 2014.
- "Courtney Love changes mind, will not reunite Hole's classic lineup". Consequences of Sound. July 23, 2014. Retrieved July 23, 2014.
- Johns, Nikara (July 8, 2014). "Courtney Love Joins 'Sons of Anarchy' for Final Season". Variety. Retrieved July 9, 2014.
- Kozinn, Allan (October 2, 2014). "Forget Neterbko. Here's an Opera With Courtney Love". The New York Times. Retrieved October 2, 2014.
- O'Connell, Michael (October 23, 2014). "Courtney Love Joins Fox's 'Empire'". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved October 31, 2014.
- Payne, Chris (December 1, 2014). "Lana Del Rey Announces 2015 Tour Dates With Courtney Love". Billboard. Retrieved December 2, 2014.
- Daisy Von Furth (October 1991). "Hole Lotta Love". Spin. p. 32.
- "Grey Presents Courtney Love at Cannes in 8th Annual Music Legends Seminar". PR Newswire. June 13, 2014. Retrieved July 25, 2014.
- Matthew Morris (November 11, 2009). "Writing (Courtney) Love into the History of Rhetoric: Articulation of a Feminist Consciousness in Live Through This". National Communication Association. Retrieved November 15, 2010.
- Love, Courtney (August 11, 2014). "Courtney Love on Lyrics". YouTube. Retrieved August 12, 2014.
- Hole interviewed at Big Day Out tour (1999). Ground Zero. 
- Everett True (June 15, 1991). "Hole in Sidelines". Melody Maker. p. 8.
- Jason Heller (April 27, 2010). "Hole: Nobody's Daughter". The A.V. Club. Retrieved September 20, 2011.
- Love, Courtney. Interview with Barbara Walters. ABC News. 1995.
- "Audio of Baudelaire's Fleurs du Mal". Fleurs du Mal.org. Retrieved July 8, 2014.
- "Courtney Love – America's Sweetheart". Punknews.org. March 16, 2004. Retrieved May 11, 2013.
- Karen Farnum Surmani (1997). BASIX Rock Singing Techniques. Rock Singing Techniques (Alfred Music). p. 4. ISBN 978-0-88284-763-4.
- Amanda Fortini (April 7, 2004). "Love Me, Love My Tantrums". Slate. Retrieved November 3, 2013.
- Feeney, Nolan (April 22, 2014). "Hear Courtney Love Howl on "You Know My Name"". Time. Retrieved July 29, 2014.
- David Fricke (April 12, 1994). "Live Through This". Rolling Stone. Retrieved December 2, 2012.
- David Browne (April 15, 1994). "Live Through This Review". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved December 2, 2012.
- Amanda Petrusich (April 27, 2010). "Hole: Nobody's Daughter". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved January 10, 2015.
- Love, Courtney (September 1, 1994). The Hole Story. Interview with Loder, Kurt. MTV Networks.
- Craig Jones (May 10, 2010). "Hole/Little Fish – Brixton Academy". EGigs.
- Doll Parts single. 1995 DGC/Geffen Records. "Do It Clean" lyrics by Echo and the Bunnymen
- "Courtney Love's Introduction to The Virgin Prunes". GavinFriday.com. October 12, 2009. Retrieved November 20, 2012.
- Howard Wuelfing (January 6, 1997). "Swans Song". Addicted To Noise.
The group count the likes of Metallica's Kirk Hammet, Henry Rollins, Courtney Love and even Jeff Buckley among its admirers.
- "Ask Courtney Love". Clash. February 23, 2010. Retrieved July 8, 2014.
- Stern, Howard (May 30, 2013). The Howard Stern Show. Interview with Courtney Love. Sirius XM Radio. New York.
The Stooges were a really big deal to me
- Peisner, David. "Let It Bleed: The Oral History of PJ Harvey's 'Rid of Me'". Spin. Retrieved July 24, 2014.
- Cromelin, Richard (December 19, 1991). "POP MUSIC REVIEWS: Pumpkins, Hole Unleash Frustrations". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved November 26, 2013.
- Moran, Caitlin (November 9, 2006). "Love, actually". The Times (London). Retrieved December 16, 2007.
- "Enduring Love: Jolie Lash meets Courtney Love". The Guardian (London). November 18, 2005. Retrieved January 5, 2011.
- "Courtney Love: Chanting Buddhist". Huffington Post. December 9, 2007. Retrieved May 25, 2011.
- "The Chanting Buddhas". BBC. January 10, 2007. Retrieved September 8, 2012.
- Love, Courtney. Interview with David Letterman promoting Celebrity Skin. CBS Broadcasting. May 20, 1999.
- "Courtney Love Among 'Million Moms' Calling for Tighter Gun Control". VH1. May 15, 2000. Retrieved December 16, 2010.
- Courtney Love (May 14, 2000). "Courtney Love does the math (unedited speech transcript)". Salon. Retrieved August 1, 2010.
- "1997 VH1 Fashion Awards". 1997-10-28. VH1.
I think that great personal style is being true to yourself and speaking your mind, which, since I'm up here, I'm going to do. I feel that keeping gay people in the closet with our attitudes and our actions is cruel, and it's tacky, and most of all, it's boring. I think that we really need to respect each other and ourselves, and respect who we are and what we are, and not be afraid to be what we are, whether we're gay, or straight, or insane ... It's 1997, and respecting each other's sexuality is about the coolest thing I can think of.Missing or empty
- Nicolini, Kim (April 1995). "Staging the Slut: Hyper-Sexuality in Performance". Bad Subjects (20). Retrieved October 29, 2011.
- Lisa Levy (November 6, 2006). "The people vs. Courtney Love". Salon. Retrieved January 10, 2011.
- Leslie Heywood; Jennifer Drake. Third Wave Agenda: Being Feminist, Doing Feminism. University of Minnesota Press. ISBN 0-8166-3005-4.
- "Topless Courtney Love Shows Off New Tattoos on Twitter". The Huffington Post. March 18, 2010. Retrieved July 6, 2014.
- "Courtney Love on Love: "the more you love yourself the more you can be loved."". Conversations with Bianca. March 17, 2014. Retrieved July 5, 2014.
- Bonghi, Gabrielle (June 17, 2013). "Courtney Love talks tattoos, Rolling Stones, TV and Philly memories". Philly.com. Retrieved July 6, 2014.
- Thompson, Jody (September 22, 2010). "Courtney falls out of Love with her shoulder tattoo". The Daily Mail. Retrieved July 6, 2014.
- "Courtney Love's Trip Back From the Bottom". NBC News. October 31, 2006. Retrieved February 15, 2010.
- Harris, Chris (December 14, 2009). "Courtney Love Loses Temporary Legal Control of Frances Bean". Rolling Stone. Retrieved May 17, 2014.
- Love, Courtney. MTV Interview, 1994: "If you read Vanity Fair, you probably think I swig Jack Daniel's first thing in the morning, after I smoke my crack and don't see my daughter for ten days."
- Thomas, Sasha (January 2009). "Truly Madly Courtney: Up All Night With Rock's Coolest Blonde". Elle Magazine UK.
- Barton, Laura (December 11, 2006). "Love me do Rock | Guardian Unlimited Music". London: Music.guardian.co.uk. Retrieved May 16, 2009.
- Sirota, Peggy (November 13, 1997). "Women of Rock: Courtney Love". Rolling Stone (773): 163.
- Maer Roshan (May 22, 2011). "Courtney Love Comes Clean". The Fix. Retrieved May 31, 2013.
- Maer Roshan (May 24, 2011). "The Courtney Love Chronicles (Part 2)". The Fix. Retrieved September 25, 2013.
- Gary Susman (July 14, 2004). "Live Through This". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved May 31, 2013.
- Jen Chung (July 10, 2004). "Courtney Love Finally Goes to Bellevue". The Gothamist. Retrieved May 31, 2013.
- Neva Chonin (October 25, 2004). "Nothing stops Courtney Love – she's been arrested, hauled off to Bellevue, but she hasn't quit speaking her mind". San Francisco Gate. Retrieved May 31, 2013.
- "Most Shocking Music Moments". VH1's 100 Most Shocking Moments. 2009-12-21. VH1.
- Gil Kaufman (April 28, 2010). "Courtney Love Recalls Hazy "Letterman Years"". MTV. Retrieved March 1, 2011.
- Vineyard, Jennifer (March 18, 2004). "Courtney Love Arrested After Allegedly Striking Fan With Mic Stand". Mtv. Retrieved February 10, 2010.
- Sanneh, Kelefa (March 20, 2004). "ROCK REVIEW; Love Lives Through This, Rasping 'Take Care of Me'". The New York Times. Retrieved July 18, 2014.
- "Courtney Love Arrested in New York". MSNBC. March 25, 2004. Retrieved June 26, 2013.
- "Rock star Love arrested after gig". BBC News. March 18, 2004. Retrieved February 10, 2010.
- "Courtney Love Says 'Letterman Years' Were Caused By Cocaine". MTV. April 28, 2010. Retrieved December 23, 2011.
- Gil Kaufman (October 24, 2003). "Courtney Love Trades Blows With Kurt Cobain's Mom, Admits to Oxycontin OD". MTV. Retrieved May 25, 2011.
- "Courtney Love: Stop calling me a 'drug freak'". US Weekly/MSNBC. June 25, 2013. Retrieved May 25, 2011.
- Nancy Jo Sales (November 2011). "Love in a Cold Climate". Vanity Fair. Retrieved December 1, 2013.
- "Interview with Courtney Love". Late Show with David Letterman. March 17, 2004. CBS.
- Jeff Apter. "Courtney Love: The Life of Love". NY Rock. Retrieved May 13, 2011.
- Bush, John. The Leaving Trains at AllMusic
- Eric Erlandson. Letters to Kurt. Akashic Books. p. 7. ISBN 978-1-61775-083-0.
My girlfriend and bandmate at the time, Courtney Love, and I were introduced to him in the parking lot after a Butthole Surfers show at the Hollywood Palladium ... We had kept our relationship a secret. Courtney did not want our band to lose its sex appeal. She believed that couple bands were too unavailable. The fact was, for more than a year, we had shared a deep and powerful, if codependent, bond.
- "Courtney Love: The Life of Love (NY Rock Book Review)". Nyrock.com. Retrieved May 16, 2009.
- Cross, Charles (April 5, 2014). "The Moment Kurt Cobain Met Courtney Love". The Daily Beast. Retrieved October 29, 2014.
- "Courtney Love". On The Record. May 10, 2010. Fuse. Retrieved August 13, 2012.
- Joey Green. How they met: fateful encounters of famous lovebirds, rivals, partners in crime. Black Dog Publishing. pp. 69–70.
- Gillian G. Gaar (June 1, 2009). The Rough Guide to Nirvana. Rough Guide. ISBN 978-1-85828-945-8.
- Laura Barton (December 10, 2006). "Love me do". The Guardian. Retrieved November 3, 2013.
- Dickinson, Amy (February 1996). "Kurt Cobain's Final Tour". Esquire.
- Rush & Molloy (March 14, 2010). "Courtney Love Says Edward Norton is Mediator Between her and Daughter Frances Bean". NY Daily News (New York). Retrieved January 19, 2011.
- Sophie Kirkham (August 25, 2005). "Courtney Love 'expecting Steve Coogan's baby'". The Guardian (London). Retrieved February 16, 2011.
- Alan Carr: Chatty Man. Courtney Love Interview. February 25, 2010. Channel 4 (UK)
- "Sharon Stone, Kylie Minogue, Dita von Teese, Courtney Love, Kenneth Cole, and Kevin Huvane Join For amfAR Inspiration Gala in Los Angeles". amfAR. October 28, 2010. Retrieved December 21, 2013.
- Michael D. Ayers (September 15, 2009). "U2, Scarlett Johansson, Courtney Love Set For AIDS Charity Concert". Billboard. Retrieved December 21, 2013.
- Sabrina Rojas Weiss (May 18, 2011). "Courtney Love, Patti Smith Bring Punk Cred To Mariska Hargitay's Charity Event". MTV. Retrieved December 22, 2013.
- Christopher Rudolph (August 26, 2013). "Courtney Love Discusses Gay Fans In 'Vanity Fair' Article". Huffington Post. Retrieved December 21, 2013.
- Steve Balkin (May 14, 2012). "Courtney Love, Linda Perry Team Up for Gay Rights". Rolling Stone. Retrieved December 21, 2013.
- Carson, Mina Julia; Lewis, Tisa; Shaw, Susan Maxine. Girls rock!: fifty years of women making music. University Press of Kentucky. pp. 89–90. ISBN 978-0-8131-2310-3.
- Millard, André, ed. (June 15, 2004). The Electric Guitar: A History of an American Icon. Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN 978-0-8018-7862-6.
- Farley, Christopher John; Lisa McLaughlin. Time Magazine (1994), p. 134, Cited in Girls rock!: fifty years of women making music, 
- As of 2003, Pretty on the Inside had sold over 200,000 copies in the U.S.; Live Through This, 1,600,000; Celebrity Skin, 1,400,000.
- Harding, Cortney (April 2, 2010). "Courtney Love: Fixing a Hole". Billboard. Retrieved October 21, 2013.
- Conner, Shawn (August 21, 2013). "Scout Niblett (Interview)". The Snipe News.
I was 17 when I first heard it. I definitely think they had a huge role in that. For me, the thing that I loved about them and her was the anger, and aggressiveness, along with the tender side. That was something I hadn't seen before in a woman playing music. That was hugely influential and really inspiring. Women up 'til then were kind of one-dimensional, twee, sweet, ethereal, and that annoys the shit out of me.
- Diehl, Matt. My So-Called Punk. pp. 93–94. ISBN 978-0-312-33781-0.
- Moran, Rob (April 30, 2010). "DUM THINGS". Vice. Retrieved July 21, 2014.
I played out their cassette tapes in about 6th or 7th grade. But I definitely thank Courtney Love for existing because she was one of my formative inspirations and one of the reasons that I play in a band now.
- Griffiths, Daniel (September 8, 2009). "Quick & Dirty – Nine Black Alps". SoundProof Magazine: 1.
- Shine, Matt (June 23, 2014). "Lana Del Rey is Inspired by Courtney Love". Female First. Retrieved June 23, 2014.
- "Lana Del Rey is inspired by Courtney Love". Virgin Media. June 23, 2014. Retrieved July 21, 2014.
- Ferreira, Sky (April 2014). Sky Ferreira for Interview Magazine. Interview with Diehl, Matt. Interview Magazine.
There are a lot of artists that speak to me in the way [Fiona Apple] does. Elliott Smith is one. I also remember when I discovered Hole. I knew Nirvana, and obviously Kurt Cobain was an amazing lyricist, but I remember when I first heard Hole's Live Through This —like, really listened to it—I was like, "Oh, my god! They get me!"
- Mimi A. Schippers (2002). Rockin' out of the Box: Gender Maneuvering in Alternative Hard Rock. Rutgers University Press. p. 93. ISBN 978-0-8135-3075-8.
- Jackson, Buzzy (February 17, 2005). A Bad Woman Feeling Good: Blues and the Women Who Sing Them. W. W. Norton & Company. pp. 264–65. ISBN 978-0-393-05936-6.
- Lankford, Ronald D. Jr. (November 25, 2009). Women Singer-Songwriters in Rock: A Populist Rebellion in the 1990s. Scarecrow Press. pp. 73–96. ISBN 978-0-8108-7268-4.
- Finlay, Jennifer; Don Romesburg (August 17, 1997). "Events that shaped the under-30 mind". The Advocate. p. 10. Retrieved July 21, 2014.
- Hit So Hard: The Life and Near Death of Patty Schemel (Motion picture). Well Go USA. 2011.
- Klaffke, Pamela (2003). Spree: A Cultural History of Shopping. Arsenal Pulp Press. p. 116. ISBN 978-1-55152-143-5.
- Loder, Kurt (April 22, 2008). "Courtney Love Opens Up About Kurt Cobain's Death (The Loder Files)". MTV. Retrieved June 26, 2012.
- Wilson, Cintra (September 17, 2008). "You Just Can't Kill It". NYTimes.com. Retrieved June 25, 2013.
- Snyder, R. Claire (2008). "What is Third Wave Feminism? A New Directions Essay". Signs (University of Chicago Press) 34 (1). JSTOR 588436.
- Booth, Emily (April 26, 2013). "In Memoriam – Chrissy Amphlett: Only You". The AU Review. Retrieved October 21, 2013.
- Pasori, Cedar (August 21, 2012). "Interview: Barbara Kruger Talks Her New Installation And Art In The Digital Age". Complex. Retrieved July 21, 2014.
- Rogatis, Jim (2003). Milk It!: Collected Musings on the Alternative Music Explosion of the 90s. Da Capo Press. p. 128. ISBN 978-0-306-81271-2.
- Stanford, Sheril. "The Muffs". Anti-Music. Retrieved September 1, 2014.
- "Courtney Love: Golden Globes Awards". GoldenGlobes.com. Retrieved September 1, 2014.
- "Brian Setzer, Courtney Love, John Fogerty, Lisa Loeb Honored at 1999 Gibson Guitar Awards". MTV. February 24, 1999. Retrieved September 1, 2014.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Courtney Love.|
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Courtney Love|
- Brite, Poppy Z.. Courtney Love: The Real Story, Simon & Schuster, 1998
- Carson, Mina Julia; Lewis, Tisa; Shaw, Susan Maxine. Girls rock!: fifty years of women making music. University Press of Kentucky. pp. 89–90. ISBN 978-0-8131-2310-3.
- Davies, Steven Paul. A-Z of cult films and film-makers, Batsford, 2003
- Green, Joey. How they met, Black Dog & Leventhal Publishers, 2003
- Heywood, Leslie; Jennifer Drake. Third Wave Agenda: Being Feminist, Doing Feminism, University of Minnesota Press, 1997
- Love, Courtney. Dirty Blonde: The Diaries of Courtney Love, Macmillan, 2007. Google Books
- Millard, André, ed. (June 15, 2004). The Electric Guitar: A History of an American Icon. Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN 978-0-8018-7862-6.
- Mitchell, Claudia; Jacqueline Reid-Walsh. Girl Culture: An Encyclopedia, Volume 1, Greenwood Publishing, 2008
- Schippers, Mimi A.. Rockin' out of the Box: Gender Maneuvering in Alternative Hard Rock, Rutgers University Press, 2002
- Nicolini, Kim (April 1995). "Staging the Slut: Hyper-Sexuality in Performance". Bad Subjects (20).
- Snyder, R. Claire (2008). "What is Third Wave Feminism? A New Directions Essay". Signs (University of Chicago Press) 34 (1). JSTOR 588436.