Coutances

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Coutances
Coutances Cathedral
Coutances Cathedral
Coat of arms of Coutances
Location of Coutances
Coutances is located in France
Coutances
Coutances
Coutances is located in Normandy
Coutances
Coutances
Coordinates: 49°03′N 1°26′W / 49.05°N 1.44°W / 49.05; -1.44Coordinates: 49°03′N 1°26′W / 49.05°N 1.44°W / 49.05; -1.44
CountryFrance
RegionNormandy
DepartmentManche
ArrondissementCoutances
CantonCoutances
IntercommunalityCoutances Mer et Bocage
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Jean-Dominique Bourdin[1]
Area
1
12.51 km2 (4.83 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2019)[2]
8,408
 • Density670/km2 (1,700/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
50147 /50200
Elevation12–150 m (39–492 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Coutances (French pronunciation: [kutɑ̃s] (listen)) is a commune in the Manche department in Normandy in north-western France.

History[edit]

American armored and infantry forces pass through Coutances, France, in July 1944

Capital of the Unelli, a Gaulish tribe, the town was given the name of Constantia in 298 during the reign of Roman emperor Constantius Chlorus. The surrounding region, called in Latin the pagus Constantinus, subsequently became known as the Cotentin Peninsula.

The town was destroyed by invading Normans in 866; they later established settlements and incorporated the whole peninsula into the Duchy of Normandy in 933.

On 17 July 1944, during the Battle of Normandy during World War II, the city was bombed during the Allied offensive against the occupying Germans.

Geography[edit]

Climate[edit]

Coutances has a oceanic climate (Köppen climate classification Cfb). The average annual temperature in Coutances is 11.2 °C (52.2 °F). The average annual rainfall is 1,061.2 mm (41.78 in) with December as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 17.5 °C (63.5 °F), and lowest in January, at around 5.5 °C (41.9 °F). The highest temperature ever recorded in Coutances was 38.9 °C (102.0 °F) on 5 August 2003; the coldest temperature ever recorded was −14.4 °C (6.1 °F) on 17 January 1985.

Climate data for Coutances (1981–2010 averages, extremes 1974−present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 15.5
(59.9)
21.5
(70.7)
24.6
(76.3)
26.9
(80.4)
30.5
(86.9)
34.4
(93.9)
37.0
(98.6)
38.9
(102.0)
33.0
(91.4)
28.5
(83.3)
21.9
(71.4)
16.6
(61.9)
38.9
(102.0)
Average high °C (°F) 8.4
(47.1)
8.9
(48.0)
11.5
(52.7)
13.7
(56.7)
17.3
(63.1)
20.1
(68.2)
22.0
(71.6)
22.1
(71.8)
19.9
(67.8)
16.1
(61.0)
11.9
(53.4)
8.9
(48.0)
15.1
(59.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 5.5
(41.9)
5.7
(42.3)
7.8
(46.0)
9.6
(49.3)
12.9
(55.2)
15.5
(59.9)
17.5
(63.5)
17.5
(63.5)
15.4
(59.7)
12.4
(54.3)
8.7
(47.7)
6.0
(42.8)
11.2
(52.2)
Average low °C (°F) 2.6
(36.7)
2.4
(36.3)
4.1
(39.4)
5.5
(41.9)
8.5
(47.3)
11.0
(51.8)
13.1
(55.6)
12.9
(55.2)
10.9
(51.6)
8.6
(47.5)
5.4
(41.7)
3.1
(37.6)
7.4
(45.3)
Record low °C (°F) −14.4
(6.1)
−13.0
(8.6)
−5.4
(22.3)
−2.5
(27.5)
−1.1
(30.0)
2.7
(36.9)
4.6
(40.3)
3.9
(39.0)
0.5
(32.9)
−2.8
(27.0)
−5.5
(22.1)
−7.1
(19.2)
−14.4
(6.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 105.0
(4.13)
82.6
(3.25)
79.8
(3.14)
71.3
(2.81)
69.2
(2.72)
67.1
(2.64)
68.4
(2.69)
70.2
(2.76)
86.9
(3.42)
118.6
(4.67)
115.8
(4.56)
126.3
(4.97)
1,061.2
(41.78)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 16.4 12.9 13.5 11.5 10.1 9.5 10.1 9.6 11.4 14.8 16.3 16.3 152.5
Source: Meteociel[3]

Population[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1968 9,061—    
1975 9,869+1.23%
1982 9,930+0.09%
1990 9,715−0.27%
1999 9,522−0.22%
2007 9,483−0.05%
2012 9,114−0.79%
2017 8,501−1.38%
Source: INSEE[4]

Sights[edit]

Coutances Cathedral is one of the major buildings of Norman architecture and contains a chapel and stained glass dedicated to Saint Marcouf. The bishop of Coutances exercised ecclesiastical jurisdiction over the Channel Islands until the Reformation, despite the secular division of Normandy in 1204. The final rupture occurred definitively in 1569.

Coutances houses a well-known botanical garden and an art museum.

Jazz festival[edit]

Coutances is the location of Jazz sous les pommiers ("Jazz under the apple trees"), an annual jazz festival held since 1982. The festival traditionally takes place during the week of Ascension.

International relations[edit]

Coutances is twinned with:

Heraldry[edit]

Arms of Coutances
The arms of Coutances are blazoned :
Azure, in fess 3 columns argent, and on a chief gules, a leopard Or armed and langued azure.



See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Répertoire national des élus: les maires" (in French). data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises. 13 September 2022.
  2. ^ "Populations légales 2019". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 29 December 2021.
  3. ^ "Normales et records pour Coutances (50)". Meteociel. Retrieved 7 June 2022.
  4. ^ Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE
  5. ^ "British towns twinned with French towns [via WaybackMachine.com]". Archant Community Media Ltd. Archived from the original on 5 July 2013. Retrieved 2013-07-20.
  6. ^ "Ilkley and Coutances celebrate twin-ship". Ilkley Gazette. Newsquest Media Group. 29 May 2009. Retrieved 2009-06-27.