Coventry armoured car
|Coventry Armoured Car|
|Weight||10.35 tonnes (11.41 short tons; 10.19 long tons)|
|Length||4.71 m (15 ft 5 in)|
|Width||2.64 m (8 ft 8 in)|
|Height||2.35 m (7 ft 9 in)|
|Crew||Mk I: 4, Mk II: 3|
|Armour||up to 14 mm (0.55 in)|
|Mk I: 2 pounder QF
Mk II: 75 mm QF
|1 BESA machine gun (coaxial)|
|Engine||Hercules RXLD 6-cylinder petrol engine
175 hp (130 kW)
|400 km (250 mi)|
|Speed||68 km/h (42 mph)|
The Coventry armoured car (AFVW19) was a British four wheel drive (4X4) armoured fighting vehicle developed at the end of World War II as a potential replacement for the lighter Humber and Daimler armoured cars.
The Coventry was a combined effort between Daimler and the Rootes group to produce a standard armoured car design.
The Coventry was an advanced design and featured a similar layout to the more compact Daimler, but with a more conventional suspension and drive system. It included duplicate driving controls to allow rapid disengagement in combat. There were two production versions. The Mark 1 employed a three man turret with a 2-pdr gun and a 7.92 mm coaxial Besa machine gun.
The prototypes from Daimler and Humber were produced with a 2 pounder gun. In, 1943 orders were placed for 1,700 vehicles which were to be able to carry the 6 pounder gun. A version - AFVW90 - with a larger turret with a 75 mm gun but one less crewman was planned and 900 of these ordered.
Deliveries of the Coventry Mk 1, from the Humber assembly line, began in June 1944 and 63 vehicles had been produced by the end of the year. It was decided, in 1943, that instead of replacing the Daimler production of that armoured car would be continued. As a result the order for the 2 pdr Coventry was reduced to 300 and that they would be sent to India. The 75 mm armed Mark II did not enter production.
Output concluded with a further 220 vehicles in 1945. The Coventry was deployed by the British Army, but they arrived too late for wartime service. Some of these units were sold to France and later saw action against the Viet Minh in French Indochina.
- Fletcher Universal Tank, p. 40
- Fletcher, David (1989). Universal Tank: British Armour in the Second World War - Part 2. HMSO. ISBN 0-11-290534-X.
- Leland Ness (2002) Jane's World War II Tanks and Fighting Vehicles: The Complete Guide, Harper Collins, London and New York, ISBN 0-00-711228-9
- (French) Photo gallery at chars-francais.net