Coventry railway station

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Coventry National Rail
Three trains stopped at Coventry railway station - geograph.org.uk - 1597063.jpg
View of platforms
Location
Place Coventry
Local authority City of Coventry
Coordinates 52°24′03″N 1°30′51″W / 52.400874°N 1.514053°W / 52.400874; -1.514053Coordinates: 52°24′03″N 1°30′51″W / 52.400874°N 1.514053°W / 52.400874; -1.514053
Grid reference SP33057822
Operations
Station code COV
Managed by Virgin Trains
Number of platforms 4
DfT category B
Live arrivals/departures, station information and onward connections
from National Rail Enquiries
Annual rail passenger usage*
2012/13 Increase 5.640 million
– Interchange  Increase 0.288 million
2013/14 Increase 5.961 million
– Interchange  Increase 0.330 million
2014/15 Increase 6.252 million
– Interchange  Increase 0.340 million
2015/16 Increase 6.921 million
– Interchange  Increase 0.401 million
2016/17 Increase 7.378 million
– Interchange  Increase 0.447 million
Passenger Transport Executive
PTE Transport for West Midlands
Zone 5
History
1838
1962
Opened
Rebuilt
Listed status
Listed feature Coventry Station, including attached platform structures
Listing grade Grade II listed
Entry number 1242849[1]
Added to list 24 November 1995
National RailUK railway stations
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
* Annual estimated passenger usage based on sales of tickets in stated financial year(s) which end or originate at Coventry from Office of Rail and Road statistics. Methodology may vary year on year.
170433 at Edinburgh Waverley.JPG UK Railways portal

Coventry railway station is the main railway station serving the city of Coventry, West Midlands, England.[2] It is situated about 250 yards to the south of junction 6 of the inner ring road. The station is on the Birmingham loop of the West Coast Main Line (WCML), and is at the centre of a junction where the lines to Nuneaton, and to Leamington converge.

Coventry station has regular services between London Euston and Birmingham New Street on the WCML. Other services are extended to/from Wolverhampton, Shrewsbury, Preston, Glasgow and Edinburgh Waverley. There are also long distance CrossCountry services to Manchester to the north, and Oxford and Bournemouth to the south. Local services also operate between Coventry-Nuneaton, Northampton and Leamington Spa.

The station has the PlusBus scheme where train and bus tickets can be bought together at a saving.

History[edit]

The original station was built in 1838 as part of the London and Birmingham Railway and could be entered from Warwick Road, where two flights of stairs took the passengers down to the platform. Within two years it had been replaced, with a new larger station, a few hundred feet nearer to Rugby, this time, accessed via Eaton Road. In the late 19th century the Coventry tram network extended to the station at Eaton Road. The original station remained in service as the station masters offices, until the station was redeveloped in the early 1960s by the London Midland Region of British Railways.

Coventry station in 1962, shortly after being rebuilt

The new 1840 station saw a significant number of modifications and extensions over the years, there was an engine shed, water column and turntable, in its later days an inclined walkway from the platform directly to Warwick Road for summer excursions, and a parcel depot formed from old carriages. However, the station was constrained by bridges at either end of the station, Stoney Road Bridge to the south, and Warwick Road bridge to the north. The bridges effectively restricted the station to two lines, and prevented the platforms from being extended.

In the early 1960s both bridges were widened, and the old station finally demolished and re-built, this time with room for four platforms instead of two. At the time it was demolished in 1960, some parts of the old station were 120 years old. The station comprises a two-storey height booking hall with reinforced concrete frame, linked across an adjoining platform by a bridge to an island platform and a single sided platform. It was built to the designs of W R Headley, Regional Architect of the London Midland Region of British Railways and Derrick Shorten, the project architect.[1] It was formally reopened on 1 May 1962.[3][4][5] In 1995 it became a Grade II listed building.[1][6][7]

The new station featured a new parcel depot, used to manage the large number of mail order catalogue packages coming into Coventry at the time. The depot was serviced by its own platforms from the Rugby end. The depot has now been replaced by a multi-storey car park, although some of the platforms and an electrification gantry remain.

A £91 million redevelopment of the station is proposed to commence in 2019.[8]

Motive Power Depot[edit]

The London and Birmingham Railway opened a small motive power depot at the west end of the station in 1838. This was replaced by a larger depot in the fork between the Leamington and Rugby lines, in 1866. This was enlarged in 1897 and rebuilt in 1957 but closed 17 November 1958 and was demolished.[9] Locomotives were then serviced at the former Great Western Railway depot at Leamington Spa.

Services[edit]

The station is served by CrossCountry, West Midlands Trains and Virgin Trains. In the past, it has also been served by Silverlink, but these routes were transferred to Central Trains in 2004. Central Trains and Virgin CrossCountry services were respectively transferred to London Midland and CrossCountry in 2007.

There is a small yard at the Birmingham end of the station, in front of the shopping centre that was once part of Coventry's yard, that is used by London Midland for the stabling of electric traction units, no heavy work is carried out at Coventry as that is done at either Soho TMD (for Class 323s) or Northampton Siemens depot (Class 350s). All diesel units are stabled at Tyseley TMD where they are cleaned, maintained and refuelled. These units are only used on the local service to Nuneaton.

Until 2004, Coventry had a direct service to Nottingham via Leicester, but this was discontinued because Network Rail took away the ability for trains coming from Coventry to cross to the Leicester line at Nuneaton.

Also, when CrossCountry was handed over to Arriva, the route via Wigan and Preston was excluded from the franchise and was included in the InterCity West Coast franchise. Subsequently, CrossCountry now uses the route via York to get to Scotland so Coventry lost its few direct trains to places in the North West besides Manchester.

From the December 2013 timetable change however, the city's links to the northwest and Scotland have been restored following a timetable recast by Virgin Trains and Network Rail. Some of the current Euston to Wolverhampton and New Street to Glasgow and Edinburgh services have been combined into through Euston – Birmingham – Glasgow/Edinburgh workings, giving regular links from here to Glasgow and Edinburgh via Crewe and the northern end of the WCML.[10]

The current day time service:

Preceding station National Rail National Rail Following station
Leamington Spa   CrossCountry
Bournemouth-Manchester
via Coventry to Leamington Line
  Birmingham International
Rugby   London Northwestern Railway
Euston or Northampton – Birmingham
  Canley
Terminus   West Midlands Railway
Rugby-Birmingham-Stafford Line
  Canley
Terminus   West Midlands Railway
Coventry to Nuneaton Line
  Coventry Arena
Terminus   West Midlands Railway
Coventry-Leamington line
  Kenilworth
Rugby or
Milton Keynes Central or
Watford Junction or
London Euston
  Virgin Trains
London-West Midlands
  Birmingham International
Milton Keynes Central   Virgin Trains
West Coast Main Line
  Birmingham International
Rugby or
Watford Junction
  Virgin Trains
London-Shrewsbury
  Birmingham International

In addition to the usual ticket office, the station has a travel centre for information, tickets for advance travel, ferry services, for rail passes, and other services.

Opening times Ticket Office Travel Centre
Monday-Friday 05:00–21:30 08:30–18:30
Saturday 05:15–21:00 08:00–17:30
Sunday 07:30–21:30 10:30–18:00

(Information about the Travel Centre is not included in the External Link 'station information' below)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Historic England, "Coventry Station, including attached platform structures (1242849)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 25 January 2017 
  2. ^ AA Street by Street. Coventry Rugby (2nd ed.). AA Publishing. May 2003. p. 2. ISBN 0-7495-3973-9. 
  3. ^ "Coventry Station Reconstruction" Railway Gazette 13 March 1959 page 316
  4. ^ "New Station at Coventry" Railway Gazette 4 May 1962 page 526
  5. ^ "Rebuilding Coventry Station" Railway Gazette 11 May 1962 page 544
  6. ^ "Around the Regions" Rail Magazine issue 250 12 April 1995 page 46
  7. ^ "1960s railway structures given listed status" The Railway Magazine issue 1137 January 1996 page 11
  8. ^ Revealed: First look at £82m Coventry station masterplan Coventry Telegraph 24 January 2017
  9. ^ Roger Griffiths and Paul Smith, The directory of British engine sheds:1 (Oxford Publishing Co., 1999), p.163. ISBN 0 86093 542 6.
  10. ^ GB National Rail Timetable December 2015 – May 2016, Table 65
  11. ^ GB National Rail Timetable May 2016, Table 51
  12. ^ GB National Rail Timetable May 2016, Table 63
  • An Historical Survey Of Selected LMS Stations Vol. One Dr R Preston and R Powell Hendry. Oxford Pub. Co. (1982, Reprinted in 2001) ISBN 0-86093-168-4

External links[edit]