Covert medication

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Covert medication (also hidden medication) is the intentional[1] "administration of medication to patients without their knowledge".[2] To increase compliance, medications may be administered surreptitiously in food or drink.[3]

Covert medication is practiced in psychiatric applications,[2] and in long-term care.[4][5][6][7] According to Hung et al (2012), it is a "practice surrounded by clinical, legal, ethics-related, and cultural controversy".[2] In some countries, the practice is not addressed by laws covering healthcare.[3]


  1. ^ Farrar HM, Stewart C, Sturdevant D (August 2012). "Covert medication administration: the practice of hiding medications in long-term care settings". J Gerontol Nurs. 38 (8): 14–20. doi:10.3928/00989134-20120703-06. PMID 22800405. 
  2. ^ a b c Hung EK, McNiel DE, Binder RL (2012). "Covert medication in psychiatric emergencies: is it ever ethically permissible?". J. Am. Acad. Psychiatry Law. 40 (2): 239–45. PMID 22635297. 
  3. ^ a b Latha KS (January 2010). "The noncompliant patient in psychiatry: the case for and against covert/surreptitious medication". Mens Sana Monogr. 8 (1): 96–121. doi:10.4103/0973-1229.58822. PMC 3031933Freely accessible. PMID 21327173. 
  4. ^ "HEALTH | Rules on 'hidden' medication". BBC News. 2001-09-05. Retrieved 2013-11-10. 
  5. ^ "UK | Scotland | Carers warned over 'hiding' drugs". BBC News. 2006-12-21. Retrieved 2013-11-10. 
  6. ^ "Fears on secret drugs for elderly prompt new guideline plan". The Scotsman. 2006-05-04. Retrieved 2013-11-10. 
  7. ^ John Carvel, social affairs editor (2002-04-24). "Fear over covert drugs for patients | UK news". The Guardian. Retrieved 2013-11-10.