Covington town square
Fountain County's location in Indiana
|• Mayor||Bradley D. Crain (R)|
|• Total||1.18 sq mi (3.06 km2)|
|• Land||1.18 sq mi (3.06 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Elevation||564 ft (172 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||2,634|
|• Density||2,241.5/sq mi (865.4/km2)|
|Time zone||EST (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0433050|
Fountain County was formed on April 1, 1826. Later that year, the county seat was established at Covington, and a two-story frame courthouse was built in 1827. The location of the county seat was a point of contention for some years, as Covington was not centrally located in the county. In 1831 an act was passed that called for the relocation of the county seat, but after further discussion it was decided that it should remain where it was. Eventually the coming of the railroads helped to alleviate the geographical concern. A brick courthouse was completed in 1833.
The Carnegie Library of Covington, Covington Courthouse Square Historic District, Covington Residential Historic District, Fountain County Clerk's Building, Fountain County Courthouse, and William C.B. Sewell House are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Covington is located at  It lies in the west part of Fountain County along the Wabash River, where U.S. Route 136 crosses the river. Interstate 74 passes about 0.5 miles (0.80 km) to the south of the city.(40.140518, -87.393106).
According to the 2010 census, Covington has a total area of 1.18 square miles (3.06 km2), all land.
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 2,645 people, 1,120 households, and 712 families residing here. The population density was 2,249.3 inhabitants per square mile (868.5/km2). There were 1,197 housing units at an average density of 1,017.9 per square mile (393.0/km2). The racial makeup was 97.6% white, 0.5% American Indian, 0.3% Asian, 0.2% black or African American, 0.4% from other races, and 1.1% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.1% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 23.0% were German, 13.6% were Irish, 13.4% were American, and 12.9% were English.
Of the 1,120 households, 28.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.8% were married couples living together, 11.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.4% were non-families, and 32.8% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.25 and the average family size was 2.83. The median age was 44.0 years.
The median income for a household was $47,545 and the median income for a family was $60,913. Males had a median income of $41,354 versus $33,551 for females. The per capita income for was $24,694. About 4.0% of families and 6.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.1% of those under age 18 and 7.3% of those age 65 or over.
The Covington Community School Corporation consists of one elementary school, one middle school, and one high school, all located within Covington.
Interstate 74 passes by the south edge of Covington, traveling east toward Indianapolis, Indiana, and west toward Champaign, Illinois. U.S. Route 136 passes through the middle of town, traveling west toward Danville, Illinois, and east toward Veedersburg.
- Dale Grubb, former member of the Indiana House of Representatives.
- Cecil M. Harden, United States Representative.
- Eugene Savage, painter and sculptor.
- Wilber Moore Stilwell, painter.
- Lew Wallace, Union Army general and author of Ben Hur.
- Susan Wallace, author and poet and wife to Lew Wallace.
- "G001 - Geographic Identifiers - 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-28.
- "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-11.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 17, 2013. Retrieved 2013-06-25.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Clifton 1913, p. 63–65.
- Staff (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- "National Register of Historic Places Listings". Weekly List of Actions Taken on Properties: 9/14/15 through 9/18/15. National Park Service. 2015-09-25.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 11, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-11.
- "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-11.
- "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-11.
- "Covington Community School Corporation". Retrieved 2012-07-04.
- Beckwith, H. W. (1881). History of Fountain County, together with historic notes on the Wabash Valley. Chicago: H. H. Hill and N. Iddings, Publishers.
- Clifton, Thomas, ed. (1913). Past and Present of Fountain and Warren Counties Indiana. Indianapolis: B. F. Bowen and Company. pp. 25–200. Retrieved 2010-09-19.