Clement in 1978
|Birth name||Jack Henderson Clement|
|Also known as||"Cowboy" Jack Clement|
April 5, 1931|
Memphis, Tennessee, US
|Died||August 8, 2013
Nashville, Tennessee, U.S.
|Genres||Rock and roll, country, folk, rockabilly|
|Occupation(s)||Singer, songwriter, record producer|
|Labels||Sun, RCA, J-M-I|
Jack Henderson Clement (April 5, 1931 – August 8, 2013) was an American singer, songwriter, and record and film producer.
Raised and educated in Memphis, Clement was performing at an early age, playing guitar and Dobro. Before embarking on a career in music, he served in the United States Marines. In 1953, he made his first record for Sheraton Records in Boston, Massachusetts, but he did not immediately pursue a full-time career in music, instead choosing to study at Memphis State University from 1953 to 1955. Nicknamed "Cowboy" Jack Clement, during his student days, he played steel guitar with a local band. In 1956 he was part of one of the seminal events in rock and roll history when he went to work as a producer and engineer for Sam Phillips at Sun Records. There, Clement worked with future stars such as Roy Orbison, Carl Perkins and Johnny Cash. Most importantly, he discovered and recorded Jerry Lee Lewis while Sam Phillips was away on a trip to Florida. One of those recordings, "Whole Lotta Shakin' Goin' On", was selected in 2005 for permanent preservation in the National Recording Registry at the Library of Congress.
In 1957, Clement wrote the song "Ballad of a Teenage Queen", which became a crossover hit for Johnny Cash. Other Cash hits written by Clement included "Guess Things Happen That Way", which was number 1 on the country chart and number 11 on the pop chart in 1958, and the humorous "The One on the Right Is on the Left", which was a number 2 country and number 46 pop hit in 1966. He produced Cash's number 1 hit "Ring of Fire" in 1963. Clement performed "Guess Things Happen That Way" on the "Johnny Cash Memorial Tribute" show on CMT (Country Music Television) in November 2003.
In 1959, Clement accepted an offer to work as a producer at RCA in Nashville, then the most important label in the industry. In 1961, he moved to Beaumont, Texas, joining the producer and publisher Bill Hall in opening Gulf Coast Recording Studio and the Hall-Clement publishing company. He returned to Nashville permanently in 1965, becoming a significant figure in the country music business, establishing a publishing business, and founding a recording studio, making records for stars such as Charley Pride and Ray Stevens. In 1971, he co-founded the J-M-I Record Company.
Clement wrote a number of highly successful songs that have been recorded by singing stars such as Johnny Cash, Dolly Parton, Ray Charles, Carl Perkins, Bobby Bare, Elvis Presley, Jim Reeves, Jerry Lee Lewis, Cliff Richard ("It'll Be Me"), Charley Pride, Tom Jones, Dickey Lee and Hank Snow. He was inducted into the Nashville Songwriters Hall of Fame in 1973. He also produced albums by Townes Van Zandt and Waylon Jennings.
In 1987, Clement was approached by U2 to record at Sun Studio in Memphis. He had never heard of U2 but took the session upon the urging of someone in his office. The result was a portion of the U2 album Rattle and Hum ("When Love Comes to Town", with BB King; "Angel of Harlem", a tribute to Billie Holiday; and "Love Rescue Me", with backing vocals by Bob Dylan), as well as the Woody Guthrie song "Jesus Christ", which was included on the 1988 album Folkways: A Vision Shared—A Tribute to Woody Guthrie & Leadbelly. Portions of the two sessions also appear in the film Rattle and Hum.
In 2005, a documentary about Clement, Shakespeare Was a Big George Jones Fan, was created by Robert Gordon and Morgan Neville, pieced together from Clement's home videos and interviews with peers, including Jerry Lee Lewis and Bono.
Clement hosted a weekly program on Sirius XM Satellite Radio.
On June 25, 2011, a fire destroyed his home and studio on Belmont Boulevard in Nashville. Clement was unhurt, but many priceless recordings and memorabilia were lost.
On August 8, 2013, Clement died at his home in Nashville, Tennessee. He had suffered from liver cancer. He had two children, a daughter, Alison, also a singer and writer, and a son, Niles, an engineer and photographer.
- "Country Hall of Fame Elects Kenny Rogers, Bobby Bare, Jack Clement". CMT News. cmt.com. April 10, 2013. Retrieved April 13, 2013.
- Billboard, June 2, 1958. p. 48: "Jack Clement ... has made his vocal debut on Sun with "Ten Years" and "Your Lover Boy",
- Morris, Edward (August 8, 2013). "Cowboy Jack Clement, a Nashville Music Legend, Dies at Age 82". CMT. Retrieved August 9, 2013.
- Jack Clement at the Internet Movie Database
- Official website
- 3 part video interview with Jack Clement
- Music Row legend's home destroyed in fire
|AMA Lifetime Achievement Award for Songwriting