Cowper ministry (1857–59)
|Second Cowper ministry|
|4th cabinet of the Colony of New South Wales|
|Date formed||7 September 1857|
|Date dissolved||26 October 1859|
|People and organisations|
|Head of government||Charles Cowper|
|Head of state||Queen Victoria (represented by William Denison)|
|No. of ministers||6|
|Status in legislature||Minority government|
Cowper was elected in the first free elections for the New South Wales Legislative Assembly held in March 1856, and fought unsuccessfully with Stuart Donaldson to form Government. When Donaldson's Government faltered a little over two months after it was formed, Cowper formed Government on the first occasion, but he also lost the confidence of the Assembly a few months later. Henry Parker formed Government, lasting a little under twelve months, until it lost an electoral bill, when Cowper was again asked to form Government.
The title of Premier was widely used to refer to the Leader of Government, but not enshrined in formal use until 1920.
There was no party system in New South Wales politics until 1887. Under the constitution, ministers were required to resign to recontest their seats in a by-election when appointed. These by-elections are only noted when the minister was defeated; in general, he was elected unopposed.
This ministry covers the period from 7 September 1857 until on 26 October 1859, when Cowper resigned his commission, having lost an educational bill. Cowper resigned from the Assembly on the next day. During the period of this ministry, there were a large number of arrangements, with no fewer than 13 men holding the seven positions in its life of just over two years.
Composition of ministry
|Portfolio||Minister||Term start||Term end||Term length|
|Hon. Charles Cowper MLA||7 September 1857||26 October 1859||2 years, 49 days|
|Colonial Treasurer||Hon. Richard Jones, MLA||3 January 1858||118 days|
|Hon. Robert Campbell MLA||4 January 1858||30 March 1859||1 year, 85 days|
|Hon. Elias Weekes MLA||18 April 1859||26 October 1859||191 days|
|Secretary for Lands and Works||Hon. Terence Murray MLA||7 September 1857||12 January 1858||127 days|
|Hon. John Robertson MLA||13 January 1858||30 September 1859||2 years, 49 days|
|Secretary for Lands||1 October 1859||26 October 1859|
|Secretary for Public Works||Hon. Edward Flood MLA||25 days|
|Attorney-General||Hon. James Martin MLA||7 September 1857||8 November 1858||1 year, 62 days|
|Hon. Lyttleton Bayley MLA||21 February 1859||26 October 1859||247 days|
|Hon. Alfred Lutwyche MLA||15 November 1858||21 February 1859||1 year, 167 days|
|Solicitor-General||7 September 1857||14 November 1858|
|Hon. William Dalley MLA||15 November 1858||11 February 1859||88 days|
|Hon. John Hargrave MLA||21 February 1859||26 October 1859||247 days|
|Representative of the Government in Legislative Council||Hon. John Dickson, MLC|
- Charles Cowper - second Premier of New South Wales
- Self-government in New South Wales
- Members of the New South Wales Legislative Assembly, 1856–1858
- Members of the New South Wales Legislative Assembly, 1858–1859
- First Cowper ministry (1856)
- Third Cowper ministry (1861–1863)
- Fourth Cowper ministry (1865–1866)
- Fifth Cowper ministry (1870)
- Serle, Percival. "Parker, Sir Henry Watson (1808-1881)". Dictionary of Australian Biography. Project Gutenberg Australia. Retrieved 26 February 2007.
- Serle, Percival. "Cowper, Sir Charles (1807 - 1875)". Dictionary of Australian Biography. Project Gutenberg Australia. Retrieved 15 February 2007.
- "Former Members - Chronological List of Ministries 1856 to 2009 (requires download)". Project for the Sesquicentenary of Responsible Government in NSW. Parliament of New South Wales. Archived from the original (Excel spreadsheet) on 15 March 2011. Retrieved 2 January 2010.
|Second Cowper ministry