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Coxiella refers to a genus of Gram-negative bacteria in the family Coxiellaceae. It is named after Harold Herald Rea Cox (1907–1986), an American bacteriologist. It is one of the Gammaproteobacteria.
Coxiella burnetii is the only member of this genus. It is an intracellular bacterium and it survives within the phagolysosomes of its host. It causes Q fever.
- Coxiella genomes and related information at PATRIC, a Bioinformatics Resource Center funded by NIAID