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Cozbi (Biblical Hebrew: כָּזְבִּי‎, tr. Kozbī; Akkadian: Kuzābatum) is mentioned in Numbers 25 in the Hebrew Bible as "[the] daughter of Zur", a prominent Midianite, and a wife or concubine of the Israelite Zimri,[1] son of Salu. The Lord objected to the mixing of the Israelite people with the local Midianites, and the resultant worshiping of Baal, and instructed Moses to slay all the Israelites who had worshiped Baal.[2]

"And behold, one of the people of Israel came and brought a Mid'ianite woman to his family, in the sight of Moses and in the sight of the whole congregation of the people of Israel, while they were weeping at the door of the tent of meeting. When Phin'ehas the son of Elea'zar, son of Aaron the priest, saw it, he rose and left the congregation, and took a spear in his hand and went after the man of Israel into the inner room, and pierced both of them, the man of Israel and the woman, through her body. Thus the plague was stayed from the people of Israel. Nevertheless those that died by the plague were twenty-four thousand." Numbers 25:6-9 (Revised Standard Version)

Phinehas son of Eleazar (son of Aaron) picked up a spear and killed Zimri and Cozbi with one thrust.[3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Sivan, H. Z. (2001). "The Rape of Cozbi (Numbers Xxv)". Vetus Testamentum. 51: 69. doi:10.1163/156853301300102219.
  2. ^ Sicherman, Max (2008). "The political side of the Zimri-Cozbi affair" (PDF). Jewish Bible Quarterly. 36 (1): 22–25. ISSN 0792-3910.
  3. ^ Lutzky, H. C. (1997). "The Name "Cozbi" (Numbers XXV 15, 18)". Vetus Testamentum. 47 (4): 546–549. doi:10.1163/1568533972650901. JSTOR 1535280.