Cozumel Island coati

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Cozumel Island coati
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Procyonidae
Genus: Nasua
Species:
Subspecies:
N. n. nelsoni
Trinomial name
Nasua narica nelsoni
Merriam, 1901
Cozumel Raccoon area.png
Cozumel Island coati range
Cozumel Island Coati Family at Fury Beach. Mexico
Cozumel Island Coati taken Jan 2020
Cozumel Island Coati Family at Fury Beach, Mexico

The Cozumel Island coati (Nasua narica nelsoni) is a coati from the Mexican island of Cozumel. It is in the family Procyonidae, which also includes raccoons, olingos, and kinkajous. It has been treated as a species, but the vast majority of recent authorities treat it as a subspecies of the white-nosed coati.[1][2][3][4] Cozumel Island coatis are slightly smaller than the white-nosed coatis of the adjacent mainland (N. n. yucatanica); but, when compared more widely to white-nosed coatis, the difference in size is not as clear.[5] The level of other differences also support its status as a subspecies rather than a separate species.[5]

It has been speculated that it is the result of an ancient introduction to Cozumel by the Mayans.[6] Although not rated by the IUCN (where included in the widespread white-nosed coati),[4] it is believed that the Cozumel Island coati is highly threatened and close to extinction.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wozencraft, W.C. (2005). "Order Carnivora". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M (eds.). Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 625–626. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494.
  2. ^ Kays, R. (2009). White-nosed Coati (Nasua narica), pp. 527-528 in: Wilson, D. E., and R. A. Mittermeier, eds. (2009). Handbook of the Mammals of the World. Vol. 1, Carnivores. ISBN 978-84-96553-49-1
  3. ^ Reid, Fiona A. (1997). A Field Guide to the Mammals of Central America and Southeast Mexico. pp. 259–260. ISBN 0-19-506400-3. OCLC 34633350.
  4. ^ a b Samudio, R.; Kays, R.; Cuarón, A.D.; Pino, J.L. & Helgen, K. (2008). "Nasua narica". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2008. Retrieved 6 May 2012.
  5. ^ a b Decker, D. M. (1991). Systematics Of The Coatis, Genus Nasua (Mammalia, Procyonidae) Archived 2014-10-06 at the Wayback Machine. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 104: 370-386
  6. ^ Nowak, R., eds. (1999). Walker's Mammals of the World. Vol. 1, p. 700. Baltimore, Maryland: The Johns Hopkins University Press University Press. ISBN 0-8018-5789-9
  7. ^ McFadden, K. W.; García-Vasco. D.; Cuarón, A. D.; Valenzuela-Galván, D.; Medellín, R. A.; Gompper, M. E. (2009-08-15). "Vulnerable island carnivores: the endangered endemic dwarf procyonids from Cozumel Island" (PDF). Biodiversity and Conservation. 19 (2): 491–502. doi:10.1007/s10531-009-9701-8. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-06-25. Retrieved 2012-05-06.

External links[edit]