Crónán of Roscrea
|Born||Ely O'Carroll, Ireland|
|Died||28 April 640
|Venerated in||Roman Catholicism|
Saint Crónán (died 640) was the abbot-bishop and patron of the diocese of Roscrea (a see later incorporated into the diocese of Killaloe), Ireland. He is not to be confused with his contemporary Saint Crónán Mochua (died 637).
Crónán was born in the territory of Ely O'Carroll, Ireland. His father’s name was Odhran, while his mother came from west Clare.  After spending his youth in Connacht, he returned to his native district about the year 610 and founded Roscrea Abbey, where he established a school. Previously he settled at a place known as Sean Ros or Loch Cre, which was a wooded morass far from the haunts of men; in fact, it was utterly wild, so much so, that pilgrims would get lost, so St. Crónán abandoned it and moved to the wood of Cre, that is Ros Cre, County Tipperary.
Like those of so many other Irish saints the Acts of St. Crónán abound in miracles. The most surprising, perhaps, is the legend as to the transcribing of the Four Gospels by one of his monks, named Dimma, which is associated with the manuscript now known as the Book of Dimma. It appears that Dimma could only undertake one day's task, from sunrise to sunset. Crónán, however, bade him write, and then Dimma set to work, never ceasing until he had finished the Four Gospels, the sun continuing to shine for the space of forty days and forty nights - the scribe himself being unconscious that the work occupied more than one day. The scribe, Dimma MacNathi, signs his name at the conclusion of each of the Gospels, and he has been identified with Dimma, subsequently Bishop of Connor, who is mentioned with Crónán in the letter of Pope John IV in 640, in regard to Pelagianism in Ireland, but this identification cannot be sustained.
The case containing the Book of Dimma was richly gilt by order of O'Carroll, Lord of Ely, in the twelfth century. Notwithstanding the conflicting statements arising from the number of contemporary Irish saints bearing the name Crónán, it is more than probable that St. Crónán of Roscrea, as les Petits Bollandistes say, lived as late as the year 640, and his death occurred on 28 April of that year.
His feast is celebrated on 28 April and as such is included in all the Irish calendars, as also in the Kalendar of Drummond.
- Grattan-Flood, William. "Cronan." The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 4. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1908. 14 Jan. 2013
- "St. Cronan", Roscrea Online
- Reeves, William, Ecclesiastical Antiquities of Down, Connor, and Dromore (1847), p. 148 online at books.google.com