|Look up crab mentality in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.|
Crab mentality, also known as crab theory, crabs in a bucket (also barrel, basket, or pot) mentality, or the crab-bucket effect, is a way of thinking best described by the phrase "if I can't have it, neither can you". The metaphor is derived from a pattern of behavior noted in crabs when they are trapped in a bucket. While any one crab could easily escape, its efforts will be undermined by others, ensuring the group's collective demise.
The analogy in human behavior is claimed to be that members of a group will attempt to reduce the self-confidence of any member who achieves success beyond the others, out of envy, resentment, spite, conspiracy, or competitive feelings, to halt their progress.
Effect on performance
Crab mentality affects performance in an organization as humans behave in similar manner as the crabs particularly within social teams. The impact of crab mentality on performance was quantified by a New Zealand study in 2015 which demonstrated up to an 18% average exam result improvement for students when their grades were reported in a way that prevented others from knowing their position in published rankings.
- Mae Lentz, Ella (2006). "The Crab Theory Revisited". Retrieved November 4, 2020.
- Henry, Elizabeth. "FAQ: Crab Theory". LibGuides.
- L. Douglas Wilder (October 1, 2015). Son of Virginia: A Life in America's Political Arena. Lyons Press. p. 185. ISBN 978-1-4930-1952-6.
- Low Robin Boon Peng (2016). Good Intentions Are Not Enough: Why We Fail At Helping Others. World Scientific. p. 104. ISBN 978-981-320-059-3.
- Sudipta Sarangi (April 1, 2013). "Capturing Indian 'Crab' Behaviour". The Hindu. Retrieved December 1, 2015.
- Miller, Carliss D. (January 2015). "A Phenomenological Analysis of the Crabs in the Barrel Syndrome". Academy of Management Proceedings. 2015 (1): 13710. doi:10.5465/AMBPP.2015.13710abstract.
- Adams, Frank Patrick (December 2019). Does the Crab Theory Hold Water? Investigating Intragroup Discriminatory Attitudes within the Deaf Community (PDF) (PhD). Gallaudet University. OCLC 1226710162.
- Manuel B. Dy (March 3, 1994). Values in Philippine Culture and Education. Council for Research in Values and Philosophy. p. 40. ISBN 978-1-56518-041-3.
- Herbert A. Leibowitz (December 31, 1994). Parnassus: Twenty Years of Poetry in Review. University of Michigan Press. p. 262. ISBN 978-0-472-06577-6.
- Albert Shanker (June 19, 1994). "Where We Stand: The Crab Bucket Syndrome". The New York Times. Retrieved December 1, 2015.
- David, E. J. R. (2013). Brown Skin, White Minds: Filipino / American Postcolonial Psychology. Charlotte, NC: Information Age Publishing. p. 119. ISBN 978-1-62396-209-8.
- Dietrich, David M.; Kenworthy, Michael; Cudney, Elizabeth A. (2019). Additive Manufacturing Change Management: Best Practices. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press. p. 44. ISBN 978-0-367-15207-9.
- Spacey, Simon (2015). "Crab Mentality, Cyberbullying and "Name and Shame" Rankings". Waikato University, New Zealand. S2CID 38442243. Retrieved April 19, 2015. Cite journal requires
- Aydin, Gizem Zevde; Oğuzhan, Gülpembe (2019). "The 'Crabs in a Bucket' Mentality in Healthcare Personnel: A Phenomenological Study". Hitit Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi. 12 (2): 618–630.
- Caples, Ceo (14 February 2018). "Does the 'Crabs in a Bucket Syndrome' still exist?". Medium.
- Bergthold, Linda (1984). "Crabs in a Bucket: The Politics of Health Care Reform in California". Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law. 9 (2): 203–222. doi:10.1215/03616878-9-2-203. PMID 6386960.
- Sampath, Niels (June 1997). "'Crabs in a bucket': Reforming male identities in Trinidad". Gender & Development. 5 (2): 47–54. doi:10.1080/741922352. PMID 12292616.
- Klein, Alan (2020). "'Crabs in a Bucket': Envy and Egalitarianism in a Lakota World". Lakota Hoops. pp. 156–173. doi:10.36019/9781978804081-008. ISBN 978-1-9788-0408-1. S2CID 225035235.
- Bulloch, Hannah C. M. (April 2017). "Ambivalent moralities of cooperation and corruption: Local explanations for (under)development on a Philippine island". The Australian Journal of Anthropology. 28 (1): 56–71. doi:10.1111/taja.12173.
- Rosas-Martinez, Victor H. (18 June 2015). "On Behavioral Macroeconomics, Globalization, and Economic Growth". Cite journal requires
- Thibodeau, Regan (2019). Dynamics of Deaf Leadership: A Theoretical Model (Thesis). OCLC 1109395250.