Crabronidae

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Crabronidae
Tachysphex specie edit1.jpg
Tachysphex sp.
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Suborder: Apocrita
Superfamily: Apoidea
Family: Crabronidae
Latreille, 1802
Subfamilies

Astatinae
Bembicinae
Crabroninae
Mellininae
Pemphredoninae
Philanthinae

The Crabronidae are a large paraphyletic group (nominally a family) of wasps, including nearly all of the species formerly comprising the now-defunct superfamily Sphecoidea. It collectively includes well over 200 genera, containing well over 9000 species. Crabronids were originally a part of Sphecidae, but the latter name is now restricted to a separate family based on what was once the subfamily Sphecinae. As this change is very recent, the subfamilies of Crabronidae likely will each eventually be treated as families in their own right, as they have been treated as such by many authorities in the past (as in the catalog linked below).

Phylogeny[edit]

This cladogram is based on Debevic et al 2012, which used molecular phylogeny to demonstrate that the bees (Anthophila) arose from deep within the Crabronidae, which is therefore paraphyletic. The Heterogynaidae is also broken up.[1] The small subfamily Mellininae was not included in their analysis.

Apoidea

Ampulicidae




"Heterogynaidae" (part)





Sphecidae (sensu stricto)



Crabroninae (part of "Crabronidae")



(rest of "Crabronidae")

Bembicini





Nyssonini, Astatinae



"Heterogynaidae" (part)





Pemphredoninae, Philanthinae



Anthophila (bees)








Subgroups[edit]

Sand wasp in its habitat, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

References[edit]

  1. ^ Debevec, Andrew H.; Cardinal, Sophie; Danforth, Bryan N. (2012). "Identifying the sister group to the bees: a molecular phylogeny of Aculeata with an emphasis on the superfamily Apoidea" (PDF). Zoologica Scripta 41 (5): 527–535. doi:10.1111/j.1463-6409.2012.00549.x. 

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]