Crabtree, Quebec

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Crabtree
Municipality
Municipal library and community centre
Municipal library and community centre
Location within Joliette RCM.
Location within Joliette RCM.
Crabtree is located in Central Quebec
Crabtree
Crabtree
Location in central Quebec.
Coordinates: 45°58′N 73°28′W / 45.967°N 73.467°W / 45.967; -73.467Coordinates: 45°58′N 73°28′W / 45.967°N 73.467°W / 45.967; -73.467[1]
Country  Canada
Province  Quebec
Region Lanaudière
RCM Joliette
Settled 1790s
Constituted October 23, 1996
Government[2]
 • Mayor Denis Laporte
 • Federal riding Joliette
 • Prov. riding Joliette
Area[2][3]
 • Total 26.10 km2 (10.08 sq mi)
 • Land 25.07 km2 (9.68 sq mi)
Population (2011)[3]
 • Total 3,887
 • Density 155.0/km2 (401/sq mi)
 • Pop 2006-2011 Increase 13.0%
 • Dwellings 1,645
Time zone UTC−5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Postal code(s) J0K 1B0
Area code(s) 450 and 579
Highways Route 158
Website www.municipalite
crabtree.qc.ca

Crabtree is a municipality in the Lanaudière region of Quebec, Canada, part of the Joliette Regional County Municipality. It is located along the Ouareau River, a right tributary of the L'Assomption River.

The most interesting local attraction is the Trou de Fée (lit. "Fairy Hole"), a cave on the west bank of the Ouareau River.[4]

History[edit]

The area began to be populated at the end of the 18th century.[4] In 1845, the first saw mills were built along the Ouareau River, but didn't survive for long as they were washed away by spring floods.[5]

The real impetus for the town's development came in 1905 when Edwin Crabtree bought land in what would become the centre of the municipality to build a paper mill. He founded the Edwin Crabtree and Sons Ltd. and built the mill also along the Ouareau River to take advantage of its hydraulic power.[5] A year later, the post office opened under the name "Crabtree Mills".[4]

In 1912, the mill was destroyed by fire, but was rebuilt within a year. Gradually a small village grew near the mill, including the so-called "English Street" (la rue des Anglais) with its residences for the managers, boarding house, the entertainment hall "Beaver S Club", tennis court and park. A dam on the Ouareau River was built in 1917-18. Edwin Crabtree and Sons Ltd. joined the Howard Smith Paper Mills group (subsequently bought by Domtar), and the plant was modernized.[6] Today Kruger Products operates the mill.

In 1921, the Parish of Sacré-Cœur-de-Jésus was formed, and on December 27 of that year, it was also civilly incorporated as the Parish Municipality of Sacré-Cœur-de-Jésus. Kay Crabtree was the first mayor. On July 1, 1922, the School Commission of the Parish of Sacré-Cœur-de-Jésus-de-Crabtree was established. On March 9, 1930, the mill workers formed the Syndicat National des Travailleurs de la Pulpe et du Papier ("National Union of Pulp and Paper Workers"), one of the oldest unions affiliated with the paper and forestry sector of the Confederation of National Labour Unions.[6]

For a long time the place was also identified with the extended name Sacré-Cœur-de-Jésus-de-Crabtree-Mills. In 1945, the village itself separated from the parish municipality and was incorporated as the Municipality of Crabtree. In 1991, Sacré-Cœur-de-Jésus was renamed to Sacré-Cœur-de-Crabtree to avoid confusion with a municipality in the Beauce by the same name. On October 23, 1996, both places were merged into the new Municipality of Crabtree.[4]

Demographics[edit]

Population trend:[7]

  • Population in 2011: 3887 (2006 to 2011 population change: 13.0%)
  • Population in 2006: 3441
  • Population in 2001: 3330
  • Population in 1996:
    • Crabtree: 2339
    • Sacré-Coeur-de-Crabtree: 1160
  • Population in 1991:
    • Crabtree: 2157
    • Sacré-Coeur-de-Crabtree: 1143

Private dwellings occupied by usual residents: 1573 (total dwellings: 1645)

Mother tongue:

  • English as first language: 1.5%
  • French as first language: 97.7%
  • English and French as first language: 0.5%
  • Other as first language: 0.3%

Education[edit]

Commission scolaire des Samares operates francophone public schools, including:

  • École Sacré-Coeur-de-Jésus[8]

The Sir Wilfrid Laurier School Board operates anglophone public schools, including:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Reference number 324647 of the Commission de toponymie du Québec (in French)
  2. ^ a b "Crabtree". Répertoire des municipalités (in French). Ministère des Affaires municipales, des Régions et de l'Occupation du territoire. Retrieved 2011-11-21.
  3. ^ a b Statistics Canada 2011 Census - Crabtree census profile
  4. ^ a b c d "Crabtree (Municipalité)" (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec. Retrieved 2009-10-05.
  5. ^ a b "Histoire de Crabtree" (in French). Municipalité de Crabtree. Retrieved 2009-10-05.
  6. ^ a b "Croissance et solidarité" (in French). Municipalité de Crabtree. Retrieved 2009-10-05.
  7. ^ Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census
  8. ^ "Sacré-Coeur-de-Jésus." Commission scolaire des Samares. Retrieved on September 23, 2017.
  9. ^ "JOLIETTE ELEMENTARY ZONE." Sir Wilfrid Laurier School Board. Retrieved on September 17, 2017.
  10. ^ "Joliette High School Zone Sec 1-5." Sir Wilfrid Laurier School Board. Retrieved on September 5, 2017.