|Traded as||NASDAQ: CBRL|
S&P 400 Component
|Founded||September 19, 1969|
Number of locations
|James Bradford (Director and executive chairman) |
Sandra B. Cochran (President and CEO)
|Revenue||US$3.07 billion (FY 2019)|
|US$282.84 million (FY 2019)|
|US$223.40 million (FY 2019)|
|Total assets||US$1.58 billion (FY 2019)|
|Total equity||US$604.71 million (FY 2019)|
Number of employees
|Subsidiaries||Logan's Roadhouse (1999-2006) |
Rocking Chair, Inc. (2002-present)
Maple Street Biscuit Company (2019-present)
Cracker Barrel Old Country Store, Inc. is an American chain of combined restaurant and gift stores with a Southern country theme. The company was founded by Dan Evins in 1969; its first store was in Lebanon, Tennessee. The corporate offices are located at a different facility in the same city. The chain's stores were at first positioned near Interstate highway exits in the Southeastern and Midwestern United States, but has expanded across the country during the 1990s and 2000s. As of September 1, 2019[update], the chain operates 660 stores in 45 states.
Cracker Barrel's menu is based on traditional Southern cuisine, with appearance and decor designed to resemble an old-fashioned general store. Each restaurant features a front porch lined with wooden rocking chairs, a stone fireplace, and decorative artifacts from the local area. Cracker Barrel partners with country music performers. It engages in charitable activities, such as its assistance of victims of Hurricane Katrina and injured war veterans. Employees there wear a choice of either white, yellow, blue or pink shirts.
During the early 1990s, the company became the subject of controversy when founder and then-CEO Dan Evins instituted an official company policy prohibiting the hiring of any individual whose "sexual preferences fail to demonstrate normal heterosexual values." Following massive public backlash and large shareholders such as the New York City Employee Retirement System threatening to vote out the entirety of upper management, the company reversed the policy. For the next decade, Cracker Barrel would continue to spark controversy through Evin's public and private encouragement of discriminatory practices against female and minority employees, practices which violated the company's own non-discrimination policy. In July 2001, shareholders stripped Evins of his position as President and CEO of the company, replacing him with Michael A. Woodhouse, who at the time was serving as the company's Chief Operating Officer. Evins was allowed to maintain his position as Chairman of the Board. The same year, shareholders forced the Company's board to vote unanimously to add sexual orientation to Cracker Barrel's non-discrimination policy, with the term officially being added the following year.
In May 2004, the U.S. Department of Justice (USDOJ) announced it had settled a lawsuit alleging that Cracker Barrel employees at approximately 50 of the company's 500 locations discriminated against minority customers. In the preceding months, the Department of Justice conducted interviews with approximately 150 current and former employees and customers, and filed a lawsuit alleged that 50 stores located in Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, Tennessee, and Virginia engaged in various discriminatory policies including racially segregated seating and service quality. In an agreement with the Department of Justice settled out of court, Cracker Barrel pledged to implement a series of changes, including to strengthen and make public the company's non-discrimination policies, retrain and/or terminate employees in violation of the new policies, and pledged to focus on improving minority representation and civic involvement. A few months following the announcement, the company's board of Directors (with the backing of shareholders), quietly voted to adopt a mandatory retirement age of 70 for all Cracker Barrel Executives and board members. The implementation of this rule prompted company founder Dan Evins, who was 69 at the time, to announce his retirement as Chairman of the Company's board. At the Company's 2004 annual meeting, shareholders voted to reelect Michael A. Woodhouse as CEO, while also granting him Evin's title as Chairman of the Board, effectively merging the roles.
- 1 History
- 2 Restaurants
- 3 Leadership
- 4 Corporate Affairs
- 5 Controversies
- 6 Legal disputes
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- 9 External links
First location and early company history
Cracker Barrel was founded in 1969 by Dan Evins, a sales representative for Shell Oil, who developed the restaurant and gift store concept initially as a plan to improve gasoline sales. Designed to resemble the traditional country store that he remembered from his childhood, with a name chosen to give it a Southern country theme, Cracker Barrel was intended to attract the interest of highway travelers. The first restaurant was built close to Interstate 40, in Lebanon, Tennessee. It opened in September 1969, serving Southern cuisine including biscuits, grits, country ham, and turnip greens.
Evins incorporated Cracker Barrel in February 1970, and soon opened more locations. In the early 1970s, the firm leased land on gasoline station sites near interstate highways to build restaurants. These early locations all featured gas pumps on-site; during gasoline shortages in the mid to late 1970s, the firm began to build restaurants without pumps. Into the early 1980s, the company reduced the number of gas stations on-site, eventually phasing them out altogether as the company focused on its restaurant and gift sales revenues. Cracker Barrel became a publicly traded company in 1981 to raise funds for further expansion. It floated more than half a million shares, raising $4.6 million. Following the initial public offering, Cracker Barrel grew at a rate of around 20 percent per year; by 1987, the company had become a chain of more than 50 units in eight states, with annual net sales of almost $81 million.
New markets and refocus
The company grew consistently through the 1980s and 1990s, attaining a $1 billion market value by 1992. In 1993, the chain's revenue was nearly twice that of any other family restaurant.
In 1994, the chain tested a carry-out-only store, Cracker Barrel Old Country Store Corner Market, in suburban residential neighborhoods. In addition, it expanded into new markets through the establishment of more traditional Cracker Barrel locations, the majority of them outside the South, and tested alterations to its menus to adapt to new regions. The chain added regional dishes to its menus, including eggs and salsa in Texas and Reuben sandwiches in New York, but continued to offer its original menu items in all restaurants.
By September 1997, Cracker Barrel had 314 restaurants, and aimed to increase the number of stores by approximately 50 per year over the following five years. The firm closed its Corner Market operations in 1997 and refocused on its restaurant and gift store locations.The company's then-president, Ron Magruder, stated that the chain was concentrating on strengthening its core theme, offering traditional foods and retail in a country store setting, with good service and country music. The chain opened its first restaurant and gift store not located near a highway in 1998, in Dothan, Alabama. In the 2000s, in the wake of incidents including charges of racial discrimination and controversy over its policy of firing gay employees, the firm launched a series of promotional activities including a nationwide book drive and a sweepstakes with trips to the Country Music Association Awards and rocking chairs among the prizes.
In 2019 Cracker Barrel purchased Maple Street Biscuit Company for $36 million cash.
The number of combined restaurants and stores owned by Cracker Barrel increased between 1997 and 2000, to more than 420 locations. In 2000 and 2001, the company addressed staffing and infrastructure issues related to this rapid growth by implementing a more rigorous recruitment strategy and introducing new technology, including an order-placement system. From the late 1990s to the mid-2000s, the company focused on opening new locations in residential areas to attract local residents and workers as customers. It updated its marketing in 2006 to encourage new customers, changing the design of its highway billboard advertisements to include images of menu items. Previously the signs had featured only the company's logo. By 2011, Cracker Barrel had opened more than 600 restaurants in 42 states. On January 17, 2012, company founder Dan Evins died of bladder cancer.
Food and gift shop
As a Southern-themed chain, Cracker Barrel serves traditional Southern comfort food often described as "down-home" country cooking and sells gift items including simple toys representative of the 1950s and 1960s, toy vehicles, puzzles, and woodcrafts. Also sold are country music CDs, DVDs of early classic television, cookbooks, baking mixes, kitchen novelty decor, and early classic brands of candy and snack foods. Breakfast is served all day, and there are two menus: one for breakfast, the other for lunch and dinner. Since the first restaurant opened, the menu has featured Southern specialties, including biscuits, fried chicken, and catfish; seasonal and regional menu items were added during the 1980s and 1990s. In 2007, Cracker Barrel announced plans to remove artificial trans fats from its menu items.
Locations, service, and decor
For much of its early history, Cracker Barrel decided to locate its restaurants along the Interstate Highway System, and the majority of its restaurants remain close to interstate and other highways. Cracker Barrel is known for the loyalty of its customers, particularly travelers who are likely to spend more at restaurants than locals.
The locations are themed around the idea of a traditional Southern U.S. general store. Items used to decorate each store are authentic artifacts, including everyday objects from the early 1900s and after. Each restaurant features a front porch lined with wooden rocking chairs, a wooden peg solitaire game on every table, and a stone fireplace with a deer head displayed above the mantel. In fact, each location has five common items: a shotgun, a cookstove, a deer head, a telephone, and a traffic light. The peg games have been present in Cracker Barrel since the opening of the first store, and continue to be produced by the same family in Lebanon, Tennessee. The decor at each location typically includes artifacts related to the local history of the area, including antique household tools, old wall calendars and advertising posters, and antique photographs; these are centrally stored in a warehouse in Tennessee, where they are cataloged and stockpiled for future use by individual store locations.
Destinations magazine has presented the chain with awards for best chain restaurant, and in 2010 and 2011, the Zagat survey named it the "Best Breakfast". The chain was selected by the Outdoor Advertising Association of America as the 2011 OBIE Hall of Fame Award recipient for its long-standing use of outdoor advertising. It was also named the "Best Family Dining" restaurant by a nationwide "Choice in Chains" consumer poll in Restaurants & Institutions magazine for 19 consecutive years.
|Sandra B. Cochran||President and Chief Executive Officer||CEO of Cracker Barrel|||
|Doug Couvillion||Senior Vice President||SVP, Sourcing and Supply Chain|||
|Laura Daily||Senior Vice President||SVP, Retail|||
|Jill Golder||Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer||Chief Financial Officer of Cracker Barrel|||
|Michael Hackney||Senior Vice President||SVP, Restaurant and Retail Operations|||
|Richard Wolfson||Senior Vice President, General Counsel, and Corporate Secretary||General Counsel and Corporate Secretary of Cracker Barrel|||
Leaders of Subsidiaries
|Scott Moore||Chief Executive Officer||CEO of Maple Street Biscuit Company|||
|Michael Chissler||President and COO||President and Chief Operating Officer of Holler and Dash|||
Board of Directors
The company is run by a board of directors made up of mostly company outsiders, as is customary for publicly traded companies. Board members are elected every year at the annual shareholders' meeting using a majority vote system. There are five committees within the board which oversee specific matters. These committees include the Audit Committee, which handles accounting issues with the company including auditing and reporting; the Compensation Committee, which approves compensation for the CEO and other employees of the company; the Governance and Nominating Committee, which handles various corporate matters including nomination of the board; the Executive Committee, whose Chairperson is ex officio the Chairman of the Board; and the Public Responsibility Committee, which works to ensure the company remains compliant with all local, state, and federal laws, in addition to ensuring the company remains neutral in American politics.
Investment and business model
Cracker Barrel restaurants are aimed at the family and casual dining market as well as retail sales. The chain also advertises to people traveling on the interstate highways, as the majority of its locations are close to highway exits. The company has promoted its cost controls to investors. The company has stated its goals are to keep employee turnover low and to provide better trained staff. Since the 1980s, the firm has offered a formal training program with benefits for progressing through it to all of its employees.
Cracker Barrel has supported a wide range of charities through one-off donations, promotional events, and partnerships with charitable organizations. The chain has supported charities and causes in communities where its restaurants are located, including the Gulf Coast after Hurricane Katrina in 2005 and Nashville after severe flooding in 2010. In the same year, Cracker Barrel established Cracker Barrel Cares Inc., an employee-funded non-profit organization that provides support to Cracker Barrel employees. Cracker Barrel has also formed a partnership with the Wounded Warrior Project, a charity for injured veterans. In attempts to rebuild its image after several race-related controversies, the firm has provided a scholarship through the National Black MBA Association, and job skills programs and sponsorships with 100 Black Men of America and the Restaurant and Lodging Association.
Cracker Barrel sponsored the NASCAR Atlanta 500 race at Atlanta Motor Speedway from 1999 to 2001 and the Grand Ole Opry from 2004 to 2009. The company was the first presenting sponsor of the Grand Ole Opry. This sponsorship allowed the company to make connections within the Nashville music industry, following which it entered into partnership with a number of country music performers. The chain has established partnerships with artists including Alison Krauss, Charlie Daniels, Josh Turner, Kenny Rogers, Dolly Parton, Alan Jackson, and Alabama, to offer CD releases and merchandise.
In 1997, the company purchased the Mitchell House in Lebanon, Tennessee. The house had been the elementary dormitory and school for Castle Heights Military Academy which both Dan Evins and his son attended. The school had closed in 1986 and the building had sat empty since then. Cracker Barrel spent two million dollars to restore the home and used it as its corporate headquarters from 1999 to 2013.
Conflict with Biglari Holdings
The board of directors of Cracker Barrel has repeatedly been at odds with the largest shareholder, Biglari Holdings Inc. The owner of Biglari Holdings, Sardar Biglari, controls a 19.9% share of the company, just short of the 20% needed to trigger a shareholder rights plan, more commonly termed a "poison pill". The poison pill was adopted after Biglari Holdings sought approval to purchase a 49.99% share of the company and join the board of directors.
Biglari Holdings purchased shares of Cracker Barrel in 2011, and has often been critical of the transparency to shareholders, overspending on advertising, lack of customer value, capital funds mismanagement, and not maximizing shareholder value. Biglari has requested to be on the board of directors three times, and has been denied each time by a vote of shareholders. Biglari Holdings has also put forward a request for a one-time $20/share dividend to address perceived overly conservative capitalization, which was also rejected by shareholders. Cracker Barrel has responded by claiming Biglari has a "hidden agenda" and a conflict of interest by holding shares in other restaurant chains such as Steak 'n Shake.
In early 1991, an intra-company memo called for employees to be dismissed if they did not display "normal heterosexual values". According to news reports, at least 11 employees were fired under the policy on a store-by-store basis from locations in Georgia and other states. After demonstrations by gay rights groups, the company ended its policy in March 1991 and stated it would not discriminate based on sexual orientation. The company's founder, Dan Evins, subsequently described the policy as a mistake. From 1992 onward, the New York City Employees Retirement System, then a major shareholder, put forward proposals to add sexual orientation to the company's non-discrimination policy. An early proposal in 1993 was defeated, with 77 percent against and only 14 percent in support, along with 9 percent abstaining. It was not until 2002 that the proposals were successful; 58 percent of company shareholders voted in favor of the addition.
Cracker Barrel achieved the lowest score (15 out of 100) of all rated food and beverage companies in the Human Rights Campaign's 2008 Corporate Equality Index, a measure of LGBT workplace equality. Their score for 2011 had increased to a 55. The 2011 survey noted that the firm had established a non-discrimination policy and had introduced diversity training that included training related to sexual orientation. However, the company's score for 2013 dropped to a 35 out of 100, not having obtained the points related to non-discrimination toward gender identity and health benefits for partners of LGBT employees and transgender-inclusive benefits.
On December 20, 2013, Cracker Barrel announced it would no longer sell certain Duck Dynasty products which it was "concerned might offend some of [its] guests" after Phil Robertson, a star of the reality TV show, remarked in a GQ interview
Don't be deceived. Neither the adulterers, the idolaters, the male prostitutes, the homosexual offenders, the greedy, the drunkards, the slanderers, the swindlers—they won't inherit the kingdom of God. Don't deceive yourself. It's not right.— Duck Dynasty's Phil Robertson
Robertson also made "comments likening homosexuality to terrorism and bestiality" in the interview, and expressed views about race which attracted criticism. On December 22, less than two days after pulling the products from its shelves, Cracker Barrel reversed its position after protests from customers.
Race- and gender-based discrimination lawsuits
In July 1999, a discrimination lawsuit was filed against Cracker Barrel by a group of former employees, who claimed that the company had discriminated against them on the grounds of race. In December 2001, twenty-one of the restaurant's customers, represented by the same attorneys, filed a separate lawsuit, alleging racial discrimination in its treatment of guests. Regarding both accusations, Cracker Barrel officials disputed the claims and stated that the company was committed to fair treatment of its employees and customers.
In 2004, an investigation by the U.S. Justice Department found evidence that Cracker Barrel had been segregating customer seating by race; seating or serving white customers before seating or serving black customers; providing inferior service to black customers, and allowing white servers to refuse to serve black customers. The Justice Department determined that the firm had violated Title II of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. The company was required to sign a five-year agreement to introduce "effective nondiscrimination policies and procedures." The terms included new equal opportunity training; the creation of a new system to log, investigate, and resolve complaints of discrimination; and the publicizing of its non-discrimination policies. They were required to hire an outside auditor to ensure compliance with the terms of the settlement.
In 2006, Cracker Barrel paid a $2 million settlement to end a lawsuit alleging race and sexual harassment at three Illinois restaurants. Cracker Barrel stores subsequently began displaying a sign in the front foyer explaining the company's non-discrimination policy, and added to its website and menu the policy and details on how to make a complaint.
Since the early 2000s, Cracker Barrel has provided training and resources to minority employees, to improve its image on diversity. These efforts involved outreach to minority employees, along with testing a training plan to help employees whose first language is Spanish to learn English. As of 2002[update], minorities made up 23 percent of the company's employees, including over 11 percent of its management and executives.
Cracker Barrel is on the Corporate Advisory Board for the Texas Conference of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), and is a corporate sponsor of the NAACP Leadership 500 Summit. The company has been praised for its gender diversity, particularly on its board of directors, which includes three women out of eleven total board members. Its chief executive officer (CEO), Sandra Cochran, is the second woman in Tennessee to hold that office in a publicly traded company.
Kraft Foods vs. Cracker Barrel
In November 2012, Cracker Barrel licensed its name to Smithfield Foods' John Morrell Division in a deal to create a line of meat products to be sold in supermarkets and through other retail channels. In response, Kraft Foods filed a trademark-infringement lawsuit in February 2013. Kraft has sold cheese in retail stores under their Cracker Barrel brand since 1954. The corporation said that Cracker Barrel stores have not made significant sales of retail food products beyond their restaurant menu, and asked that the Smithfield Foods deal be nullified by the U.S. District Court in the Northern District of Illinois.
On November 14, 2013, in a unanimous ruling authored by Judge Richard Posner, the Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals upheld a ruling by a lower District Court judge granting an injunction against the sale of Cracker Barrel's meat products to be sold in stores. The Seventh Circuit upheld the injunction based on the combined similarity of the parties’ marks, goods, and channels of trade: "It's not the fact that the parties' trade are so similar that is decisive, nor even the fact that the products are similar (low-cost packaged food items). It is those similarities coupled with the fact that, if [Cracker Barrel] prevails in this suit, similar products with confusingly similar trade names will be sold through the same distribution channel – grocery stores, and often the same grocery stores – and advertised together." In Judge Posner's estimation, these similarities – despite the differences in the parties’ respective logos and regardless of where the products are located in relation to each other in grocery stores – might lead consumers to "think all the Kraft products bearing the 'Cracker Barrel' name were produced in association with the Defendant." In economics this behavior is referred to as 'traditional forward confusion.' The court further concluded the likelihood of confusion was exacerbated by the fact that both products at issue were inexpensive; thus, consumers were unlikely to scrutinize their respective labels. In response to the ruling, Kraft Foods and Cracker Barrel made an agreement regarding the use of the Cracker Barrel name. In exchange for Kraft dropping the trademark-infringement lawsuit, Cracker Barrel agreed to sell its products under the brand name "CB Old Country Store." 
- "Cracker Barrel Old Country Store Set to Join the S&P MidCap 400; Marten Transport to be Added to S&P SmallCap 600". June 29, 2015. Retrieved December 22, 2016.
- "Cracker Barrel Old County Store - Annual Report (2019)". Cracker Barrel. p. 8. Retrieved November 1, 2019.
- "James Bradford, Cracker Barrel Board of Directors". Cracker Barrel. Retrieved November 1, 2019.
- "Management". investor.crackerbarrel.com. Cracker Barrel Old Country Store. Archived from the original on September 13, 2011. Retrieved September 16, 2011.
- "Cracker Barrel Old Country Store". Fortune. Retrieved 2019-03-17.
- "Cracker Barrel Old Country Store Inc Company Profile". money.msn. MSN. Archived from the original on February 18, 2013. Retrieved December 31, 2012.
- Rahmena, Shireen B. "The SEC's reversal of Cracker Barrel: A Return to Uncertainty". University of Miami Law School. Retrieved October 29, 2019.
- "Justice Department settles race discrimination lawsuit against Cracker Barrel". United States Department of Justice. May 3, 2004. Retrieved October 29, 2019.
- "Cracker Barrel Old Country Store - Annual Report (2004)". Cracker Barrel. Retrieved October 29, 2019.
- Rhein, Liz (June 10, 1987). "Along the interstate with Cracker Barrel". Restaurant Business (V86). p. 112. ISSN 0097-8043. Retrieved January 25, 2012.
- Carlino, Bill (September 20, 1993). "Dan W. Evins: barreling toward the top". Nation's Restaurant News (V27). p. 115. ISSN 0028-0518. Archived from the original on February 6, 2016. Retrieved January 21, 2012.
- Gutner, Toddi (April 27, 1992). "Nostalgia sells". Forbes. p. 102. Retrieved January 25, 2012.
- Adler Thorp, Susan (April 28, 1986). "Summer Tourists Improve Picture for Cracker Barrel". Memphis Business Journal. p. 10. Retrieved January 25, 2012.
- Strother, Susan G. (February 1, 1998). "President: Cracker Barrel is Rolling Along". Orlando Sentinel (Florida). p. H1. Retrieved January 21, 2012.
- Brooks, Steve (March 1, 1996). "A barrel full of questions". Restaurant Business. p. 48. Archived from the original on November 27, 2014. Retrieved January 21, 2012.
- Moritz, Gwen (April 25, 1994). "Off the interstate and to the 'burbs". Nashville Business Journal (V10). p. 33. Retrieved January 25, 2012.
- Tarquinio, J. Alex (September 25, 1997). "Cracker Barrel Customizes Menus, Changes Reflect Regional Tastes". The Capital Times. Archived from the original on April 2, 2015. Retrieved January 21, 2012.
- Jackovics, Ted (June 26, 2005). "Cracker Barrel opens new restaurants away from interstates". Tampa Tribune. Retrieved January 21, 2012.
- Hartmann, Stacey (May 21, 1999). "Cracker Barrel celebrates 30th with book drive, sweepstakes". The Tennessean. p. 6E. Retrieved January 25, 2012.
- Luna, Nancy (October 11, 2019). "Cracker Barrel buys Maple Street for $36M". Nations Restaurant News. Retrieved October 11, 2019.
- Farkas, David (May 1, 2000). "Fixing the Fixin's". Chain Leader. p. 96. ISSN 1528-4999. Archived from the original on June 10, 2014. Retrieved January 21, 2012.
- French, Rose (November 23, 2006). "Cracker Barrel overhauls billboards". The Houston Chronicle. p. 5. Retrieved February 3, 2012.
- "Cracker Barrel Fiscal 2011 Fourth Quarter Conference Call on the Internet" (Press release). Cracker Barrel Old Country Store. August 30, 2011. Archived from the original on April 2, 2015. Retrieved September 15, 2011.
- "Cracker Barrel names McCarten as a board member". Yahoo! News. Associated Press. August 10, 2011. Archived from the original on December 24, 2013. Retrieved January 12, 2012.
- "Cracker Barrel Reports Fourth Quarter and Full Year Fiscal 2011 Results And Provides Guidance for Fiscal 2012" (Press release). Cracker Barrel Old Country Store. September 13, 2011. Archived from the original on April 8, 2012. Retrieved January 21, 2012.
- Alan Liddle (January 17, 2012). "Cracker Barrel founder Dan Evins dies at 76". The Daily Meal. Retrieved November 24, 2018.
- Hoover, Ken (April 25, 2005). "Cracker Barrel Served Up Piping Hot Profit". Investor's Business Daily. p. B20. Retrieved January 21, 2012.
- Papiernik, Richard L (November 27, 1995). "Down-home image can't hide Cracker Barrel's fine tuned focus". Nation's Restaurant News. p. 11. ISSN 0028-0518. Retrieved January 21, 2012.
- "Cracker Barrel to eliminate trans fats". Ocala Star Banner. May 18, 2007. Retrieved January 24, 2012.
- "Cracker Barrel Old Country Store to eliminate trans fats". Associated Press. May 17, 2007. Retrieved January 24, 2012.
- Russell, Keith (July 5, 2002). "Travelers taking to highways". The Tennessean. p. 1E. Retrieved January 25, 2012.
- Kappes, Keith (August 16, 2011). "It's official: Cracker Barrel coming to Morehead!". The Morehead News. Retrieved August 18, 2011.
- Wadhwani, Anita (March 13, 2011). "Cracker Barrel tries out new strategies". The Tennessean. Retrieved January 25, 2012.
- Loew, Karen (June 25, 2003). "Toys in the Attic". The Tennessean. p. 1W. Retrieved January 25, 2012.
- Hall, Jason (July 12, 1999). "Cracker Barrel: country-fried success since 1999". Sarasota Herald-Tribune. p. 10. Retrieved October 31, 2011.
- "Cracker Barrel turns 40". The Tennessean. August 31, 2009. Retrieved February 4, 2012.[permanent dead link]
- Williams, G. Chambers III (September 3, 2013). "Cracker Barrel 'pickers' were years ahead of TV reality shows". The Tennessean. Archived from the original on November 25, 2015.
- "Local". crackerbarrel.com. Cracker Barrel Old Country Store. Archived from the original on August 20, 2011. Retrieved August 21, 2011.
- Richards, Gregory (January 27, 2003). "Cracker Barrel Chain Makes an Art out of Decoration". Florida Times-Union. Archived from the original on June 10, 2014. Retrieved January 21, 2012.
- Rutledge, K Dawn (August 27, 2003). "Restaurant company continues to strengthen its business through Outreach". Westside Gazette. p. 1B. Archived from the original on June 10, 2014. Retrieved February 3, 2012.
- Hieb, Dan (August 18, 2010). "Zagat gives thumbs up to Cracker Barrel". Nashville Business Journal. Retrieved August 18, 2011.
- Polis, Carey (September 6, 2011). "Five Guys, Subway Top In-N-Out, Taco Bell In Zagat's Fast Food Survey". The Huffington Post. Retrieved October 31, 2011.
- "Cracker Barrel Secures OBIE Hall of Fame Award". Manufacturing Close-Up. March 1, 2011. Archived from the original on June 10, 2014. Retrieved February 3, 2012.
- "Leadership". investors.crackerbarrel.com. Cracker Barrel. Retrieved November 1, 2019.
- Theresa Stepzinski (October 12, 2019). "Maple Street Biscuit Company founded in Jacksonville sold for 36 million to Cracker Barrel". The Florida Times Union. Retrieved November 4, 2019.
- Patt, Rebecca (January 22, 2018). "Chat with Michael Chissler, President and COO of Holler and Dash". Linkedin. Retrieved November 4, 2019.
- "Cracker Barrel Corporate Governance Guidelines". Cracker Barrel. Retrieved November 4, 2019.
- "10-Q: Cracker Barrel Old Country Store, Inc" (Press release). Edgar Online 10-K, 10-Q Glimpse Feed (USA). February 21, 2012. Archived from the original on December 24, 2013. Retrieved December 23, 2013.
- McCain, Randy (May 3, 2009). "Core values are at heart of Cracker Barrel's rise". The Tennessean. Retrieved January 25, 2012.
- Carlson, Kathy (October 27, 2003). "At Cracker Barrel, training is a specialty". The Tennessean. p. 1E. Archived from the original on February 1, 2004.
- "Cracker Barrel Donates to Civil Rights Fund". The Tennessee Tribune. November 1, 2007. p. 5. ISSN 1067-5280. Retrieved January 25, 2012.
- "Cracker Barrel donates $1 million worth of food to Gulf". Nation's Restaurant News. October 17, 2005. p. 22. ISSN 0028-0518. Archived from the original on February 6, 2016. Retrieved February 2, 2012.
- Elan, Elissa (May 31, 2010). "A flood of support: restaurateurs pitch in to raise funds for Nashville disaster victims; Community". Nation's Restaurant News. Retrieved February 2, 2012.
- Richardson, Hamilton (May 30, 2009). "CD sales support injured vets". The Montgomery Advertiser. Retrieved January 25, 2012.
- French, Rose (June 18, 2005). "Cracker Barrel Rebuilds Image". The Post and Courier. p. 9B–10B. Archived from the original on January 24, 2013. Retrieved January 21, 2012.
- "Cracker Barrel Old Country Store offers $25,000 scholarship through National Black MBA program". Chicago Defender. October 1, 2002. p. 2. ISSN 0745-7014. Archived from the original on June 10, 2014. Retrieved February 2, 2012.
- "100 Partners For Student Leadership". Atlanta Inquirer. November 19, 2005. p. 5. Archived from the original on March 29, 2015. Retrieved February 2, 2012.
- Brown, Will (November 13, 2008). "Cracker Barrel serves up funding". Tallahassee Democrat. p. 5A. Retrieved January 25, 2012.
- Russell, Keith (August 18, 2001). "Atlanta Motor Speedway". The Tennessean. p. 1A. Retrieved January 25, 2012.
- Naujeck, Jeanne Anne (October 2, 2004). "'Opry' adds Cracker Barrel to name". The Tennessean. p. 1E. Retrieved January 25, 2012.
- "Cracker Barrel banks on CD deals". The Tennessean. November 11, 2007. Retrieved January 25, 2012.
- "Daniels follows Krauss to Cracker Barrel". Billboard. July 12, 2005. Retrieved January 21, 2012.
- "Cracker Barrel offers bacon, eggs and CDs". The Bismarck Tribune. December 24, 2010. p. 1C. Retrieved November 3, 2011.
- Felkins, Jared (November 8, 2013). "Cracker Barrel sells Mitchell House to fraternity". Lebanon Democrat. Lebanon, Tennessee. Archived from the original on August 7, 2017. Retrieved May 2, 2018.
- "Mitchell House, Cracker Barrell". Manous Design.
- Ruggless, Ron (November 13, 2013). "Cracker Barrel shareholders reject third Biglari board bid". Nation's Restaurant News. Retrieved December 23, 2013.
- Duprey, Rich (December 20, 2013). "Biglari Takes Another Crack at Cracker Barrel". The Motley Fool. Retrieved December 23, 2013.
- "Cracker Barrel Adopts Poison Pill". The New York Times. September 23, 2011. Retrieved December 23, 2013.
- Heller, Jonathan (August 21, 2013). "Food Fight: Biglari Makes Another Run at Cracker Barrel". The Street. Retrieved December 23, 2013.
- Ruggless, Ron (September 17, 2013). "Biglari requests $20 dividend from Cracker Barrel". Retrieved December 23, 2013.
- Jefferson, Greg (November 17, 2013). "Biglari trying to push dividend, debt at Cracker Barrel". San Antonio Express News. Retrieved December 23, 2013.
- "Cracker Barrel Urges Shareholders to Reject Biglari Nomination to Board of Directors" (Press release). Business Wire. November 4, 2013. Archived from the original on April 2, 2015. Retrieved December 23, 2013.
- Williams III, G. Chambers (December 30, 2013), "Cracker Barrell rejects latest attempts to force a sale", USA Today
- Price, Deb (December 23, 2002). "Perseverance gains Cracker Barrel gift". The Detroit News. p. 11A. Retrieved January 25, 2012.
- Hayes, Jack (March 4, 1991). "Cracker Barrel comes under fire for ousting gays". Nation's Restaurant News (V25). p. 1. ISSN 0028-0518. Archived from the original on February 6, 2016. Retrieved February 3, 2012.
- McCann, Michelle (July 1, 1998). "Shareholder Proposal Rule: Cracker Barrel in Light of Texaco". Boston College Law Review. Boston College Law School. 39 (4). Retrieved January 24, 2012.
- Staff writer (November 24, 1993). "Restaurant Bias Ban Loses". The New York Times. Retrieved May 1, 2012.
- "2008 Corporate Equality Index" (PDF). Human Rights Campaign. 2007. Retrieved January 12, 2012.
- "Corporate Equality Index 2011". Issuu. Human Rights Campaign. October 4, 2010. Retrieved August 5, 2011.
- "Corporate Equality Index 2013" (PDF). Corporate Equality Index. Human Rights Campaign. 2012. Retrieved June 4, 2013.
- Starnes, Todd (December 21, 2013). "Cracker Barrel pulls 'Duck Dynasty' merchandise". Fox News.
- Magary, Drew (January 2014), "What the Duck?", GQ, retrieved December 23, 2013
- Fields, Liz (December 22, 2013). "Cracker Barrel Flipflops on Nixing 'Duck Dynasty' Items From Shelves". ABC News.
- Subramanian, Courtney (December 22, 2013), Cracker Barrel Pulls About Face on "Duck Dynasty" Merchandise, Time, retrieved December 23, 2013
- Kyles, Kyra (December 19, 2013), Duck Dynasty Dad on Blacks, Welfare, Jet, retrieved December 23, 2013,
A&E announced Wednesday that Duck Dynasty star Phil Robertson was suspended indefinitely after making disparaging comments about gays and Blacks. [...] We think he may want to leave the topic of race relations out of his duck-summoning mouth.
- Hill, Shelley (October 5, 1999). "NAACP seeks class action in discrimination case against Cracker Barrel". Associated Press. Retrieved February 3, 2012.
- "Cracker Barrel denies it discriminates against black employees". Associated Press. November 4, 1999. Retrieved January 25, 2012.
- Poole, Sheila M. (October 16, 1999). "Plaintiffs seek to expand Cracker Barrel wage suit". The Atlanta Journal and Constitution. Retrieved January 25, 2012.
- "Cracker Barrel Hit With $100M Racism Suit". Newsday. December 13, 2001. p. A78. Retrieved February 3, 2012.
- McCampbell, Candy (December 14, 2001). "Patrons accuse Cracker Barrel of bias". The Tennessean. p. 1E. Retrieved January 25, 2012.
- Russell, Keith; Bivins, Larry (April 12, 2002). "Executives say racist charges are unfounded". The Tennessean. p. 1E. Retrieved January 25, 2012.
- Schmidt, Julie; Copeland, Larry (May 7, 2004). "Cracker Barrel customer says bias was 'flagrant'". USA Today. Retrieved January 23, 2012.
- "Justice Department Settles Race Discrimination Lawsuit Against Cracker Barrel Restaurant Chain". United States Department of Justice. May 3, 2004. Retrieved January 20, 2012.
- "Cracker Barrel To Pay $2 Million For Race And Sexual Harassment At Three Illinois Restaurants". LawMemo. March 10, 2006. Retrieved January 12, 2012.
- Pallasch, Abdon M. (March 12, 2006). "Cracker Barrel settles Illinois workers' harassment claims". Chicago Sun Times. Archived from the original on April 2, 2015. Retrieved January 23, 2012.
- DuPlessis, Jim (October 21, 2006). "Discrimination claims hurt business even if false". The State. p. B8. Retrieved January 25, 2012.
- "Corporate Advisory". texasnaacp.org. Texas Conference of the NAACP. Retrieved February 6, 2016.
- "Sponsors". NAACP Leadership 500 Summit. NAACP. May 2015. Retrieved February 6, 2016.
- Allyn, Bobby (August 2, 2011). "Cracker Barrel says 'goodbye, glass ceiling'". The Tennessean. Retrieved February 2, 2012.[permanent dead link]
- "Kraft sues Cracker Barrel restaurants over trademark". Chicago Tribune. February 1, 2013. Retrieved February 14, 2013.
- United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit (November 14, 2013). "Kraft Foods vs. Cracker Barrel Old Country Store Inc". Retrieved February 2, 2019.
- Maze, Johnathan (October 4, 2013). "Cracker Barrel Kraft Settle Differences". Rest Finance. Retrieved February 2, 2019.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Cracker Barrel.|
- Official website
- Business data for Cracker Barrel Old Country Store, Inc.: