Craig House, Edinburgh

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Craig House
Craighouse Campus - geograph.org.uk - 12528.jpg
New Craig House
LocationEdinburgh, Scotland
Listed Building – Category A
Official nameCraig House (Old)
Designated14 December 1970
Reference no.LB28046
Listed Building – Category A
Official nameCraig House
Designated28 August 1979
Reference no.LB27736

Craig House is a historic house and estate located on Easter Craiglockhart Hill, between the Craiglockhart and Morningside areas of Edinburgh, Scotland. Old Craig House dates from the 16th century, and succeeded an earlier building. In the late 19th century it was purchased by the Royal Edinburgh Hospital, and the site was developed as Craig House Hospital, a psychiatric hospital, including substantial new buildings. Following refurbishment, the site was opened in 1996 as the Craighouse Campus of Edinburgh Napier University.

History[edit]

Craig House is recorded in the reign of King David II, and in 1528 the Abbot of Newbattle granted a charter here. The original house was burned down by the Earl of Hertford in 1544, during the Rough Wooing.[1]

Old Craig House[edit]

Old Craig House

The present Old Craig House is dated 1565, although the architecture suggests a later date.[2] It was built for the Symsounes of Craighouse. It later belonged to the Dick family, and was extended to the north-west around 1746. The historian John Hill Burton (1809–1881) lived at Craig House.[3] In the 1880s it was described as "a weird-looking mansion, alleged to be ghost-haunted" in Cassell's Old and New Edinburgh.[4]

Craig House Hospital[edit]

Stairway in the main hospital block

In the 1880s, Dr Thomas Clouston, Physician Superintendent of the Edinburgh Lunatic Asylum (later the Royal Edinburgh Hospital), oversaw the purchase of Craig House by the managers of the Asylum in 1878.[5] The site was intended for paying patients, and development was funded through the sale of land at the existing Asylum in Morningside.[6] The new buildings at Craig House were planned by Clouston, and designed under the control of architect Sydney Mitchell in 1887 (whose father Dr Arthur Mitchell was on the board of directors at the asylum). The actual job architect responsible for the design was Charles Henry Greig rather than Mitchell himself, despite Mitchell being widely credited for the design.[7] Work began in 1889 on the large main building, a hospital block, and three detached villas, all of which were complete by 1894. The main building, New Craig House, was intentionally grand, resembling a country house or hotel rather than an institution, and is reminiscent of the Viceregal lodge in Shimla. It is designed in a picturesque "free Renaissance" style, with elements taken from French Renaissance architecture. The interiors include a great hall and a billiard room.[6]

From 1906 to 1914 work was executed by Mitchell's assistant Ernest Auldjo Jamieson (acting as sole partner from 1909).[8]

The hospital was renamed the Thomas Clouston Clinic in 1972 but, after the introduction of Care in the Community in the early 1980s, the hospital went into a period of decline and closed in the early 1990s.[9]

Craighouse Campus[edit]

In 1994, Edinburgh Napier University purchased the 60 acres (24 ha) estate, and commenced a £14 million refurbishment, funded by a Historic Building Grant. The new campus opened in September 1996.[10] The campus was home to the social science and communication arts courses, as well as the Ian Tomlin School of Music.[11]

In March 2011, Edinburgh Napier University sold the campus for residential development, and had moved out completely by 2013.[12] The students and staff who were based at the Craighouse campus were moved to Edinburgh Napier University's Sighthill, Merchiston and Craiglockhart campuses.[13] Coordinates: 55°55′23″N 3°13′41″W / 55.92306°N 3.22806°W / 55.92306; -3.22806

Redevelopment[edit]

The Craighouse estate had been acquired by Mountgrange Real Estate Opportunity Fund (MoREOF) through Craighouse Limited (Isle of Man) with the MoREOF fund being administered by Mountgrange Investment Management LLP.[14][15] A consortium was formed by Edinburgh Napier University, Mountgrange and Sundial Properties for the purpose of undertaking development on the estate.[16] The planned development comprised renovation of the existing buildings and extensive residential new build throughout the grounds of the estate, totaling approximately 116 new units.[17][18]

New Craig
South Craig

The proposals as advanced by The Craighouse Partnership met with considerable opposition due to the plans to build on the open green space within the estate. The Friends of Craighouse,[19] a campaign group opposing any new build at Craighouse, collected some 5,000 signatures on a petition against new build development.[20] However, the development went ahead and the first residents moved into the building in July 2019.[21]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "The Napier Estate past and present" (PDF). Edinburgh Napier University. 2007. p. 4. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 February 2009. Retrieved 9 July 2010.
  2. ^ "Old Craig House". CANMORE. Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland. Retrieved 28 April 2010.
  3. ^ Historic Environment Scotland. "Craig House, Napier University, Craighouse Road and Morningside Drive (Category A Listed Building) (LB27736)". Retrieved 18 March 2019.
  4. ^ Grant, James (1880). Old and New Edinburgh. 5. Cassel. pp. 53–54. Retrieved 28 April 2010.
  5. ^ "History of the Royal Edinburgh Hospital". Lothian Health Service Archive. Retrieved 28 April 2010.
  6. ^ a b Historic Environment Scotland. "Craig House (Old) off Craighouse Road, Napier University (Category A Listed Building) (LB28046)". Retrieved 18 March 2019.
  7. ^ "Dictionary of Scottish Architects - DSA Architect Biography Report (August 2, 2020, 3:42 pm)". www.scottisharchitects.org.uk.
  8. ^ "Dictionary of Scottish Architects - DSA Architect Biography Report (August 2, 2020, 3:42 pm)". www.scottisharchitects.org.uk.
  9. ^ "Sir Thomas Clouston". Gazetteer for Scotland. Retrieved 28 April 2010.
  10. ^ "The Napier Estate past and present" (PDF). Edinburgh Napier University. 2007. p. 13. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 February 2009. Retrieved 9 July 2010.
  11. ^ "£750k gift to the classical musicians of the future". Edinburgh Napier University. 11 May 2017. Retrieved 23 January 2019.
  12. ^ "Napier Uni campus sold for flats". The Scotsman. 25 March 2011. Retrieved 8 January 2015.
  13. ^ "Edinburgh Napier sells Craighouse Campus". The Edinburgh Reporter. 2011. Retrieved 9 November 2018.
  14. ^ "Craighouse Campus". Andy Wightman, Land Matters. 2012. Retrieved 26 May 2012.
  15. ^ "Seeker Craighouse". Mountgrange. Retrieved 26 May 2012.
  16. ^ "Craighouse Partnership Website, About us". The Craighouse Partnership. Archived from the original on 31 July 2012. Retrieved 26 May 2012.
  17. ^ "Craighouse Partnership Website, Proposal". The Craighouse Partnership. Archived from the original on 29 July 2012. Retrieved 26 May 2012.
  18. ^ "Edinburgh Evening News, Row brews over Craighouse campus plans". 24 May 2012. Retrieved 26 May 2012.
  19. ^ "Friends of Craighouse Website". Friends of Craighouse.
  20. ^ "Petition reaches the 5000 mark". Friends of Craighouse. 7 May 2012. Retrieved 26 May 2012.
  21. ^ "First residents moving in at Craighouse". Edinburgh Reporter. 12 July 2019. Retrieved 2 August 2020.

References[edit]

  • "New Craig House". CANMORE. Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland. Retrieved 9 July 2010.