March 31, 1932|
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
|Died||May 9, 2010
Angeles City, Philippines
|Known for||Sculpture, painting|
|Movement||Minimalism, Vacuum Forms, Light and Space|
Craig Kauffman (March 31, 1932 – May 9, 2010) was an artist who has exhibited since 1951. Kauffman’s primarily abstract paintings and wall relief sculptures are included in over 20 museum collections, including the Museum of Modern Art, the Whitney Museum of American Art, the Tate Modern, the Louisiana Museum of Modern Art, the Art Institute of Chicago, the Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Seattle Art Museum, and the Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles.
Life and career
Kauffman first exhibited at the Felix Landau Gallery in Los Angeles, and was included in other Los Angeles group exhibits during the early 1950s. He was a member of the original group of artists at the Ferus Gallery (founded in 1957 by Edward Kienholz and Walter Hopps), and had a one-person show at that gallery in 1958. According to critic and historian Peter Plagens, the 1958 paintings were:
…Abstract Expressionist but contain the first evidence of a Los Angeles sensibility: Tell Tale Heart (1958) is structured superficially along the lines of a second-generation New York painting, but it reveals the original stem-and-bulb shapes that Kauffman was later to translate into Plexiglas. The ‘clean’ Abstract Expressionist work of Craig Kauffman could be the point at which Los Angeles art decided to live on its own life-terms, instead of those handed down from Paris, New York, or even San Francisco.
In several series of wall relief sculptures made between 1964 and 1970, Kauffman pioneered the use of acrylic plastic as a support for painting. Craig Kauffman’s wall relief sculptures are his most well known work. Throughout his career, Kauffman has explored the use of unorthodox materials. Art historian Susan C. Larsen notes:
Kauffman’s work has maintained its radiant color and its emphasis on certain sensuous physical properties of his materials.
Through his integration of sprayed color and shape, Kauffman achieved the visual presence of his vacuum formed acrylic wall reliefs. Works from the late 1960s have been described by former Whitney museum curator Richard Armstrong as:
Glossy and symmetrical, the work’s visually wet surface engenders anatomical, sometimes overtly sexual, comparisons.
Curators and historians now regard Kauffman’s works from the late 1960s in relation to the art movement known as Minimalism. Susan L. Jenkins wrote:
…his works, as well as others associated with the L.A. Look, can nevertheless be thought of as possessing a relatively Minimalist sensibility. Like Judd’s ‘specific objects’, Kauffman’s vacuum-formed plastic works exist in a space between painting and sculpture.
Kauffman continued painting after that period, and his works have been included in exhibitions such as Time and Place: Los Angeles 1957-1968, at the Moderna Museet in Stockholm in 2008, Los Angeles 1955-1985: A Birth of an Artistic Capital at the Centre Georges Pompidou in Paris, and A Minimal Future? Art as Object 1958-1968, The Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, 2004.
- Plagens, Peter. Sunshine Muse, University of California Press, 1974.
- Larsen, Susan C. Sunshine and Shadow: Recent Painting in Southern California, Fellows of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, 1986.
- Armstrong, Richard. Craig Kauffman: Wall Reliefs from the Late 1960s, Whitney Museum of American Art, 1987.
- Jenkins, Susan L., essay. A Minimal Future? Art as Object 1958-1968, The Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, 2004.
- Armstrong, Richard. Drawings by Painters. Long Beach, California: Long Beach Museum of Art, 1982.
- Baker, Hilary, Julia Couzens and others. Sexy: Sensual Abstraction in California 1950's-1990's. Pasadena, CA: Armory Center for the Visual Arts, 1996. 13.
- Barron, Stephanie, Sheri Bernstein and Ilene Susan Fort. Made in California: Art Image and Identity, 1900-2000. Los Angeles: Los Angeles County Museum of Art, 2000.
- Battcock, Gregory. Minimal Art, A Critical Anthology. New York: Dutton Publishers, 1968. 428.
- Belloli, Jay. Craig Kauffman: A Retrospective of Drawings. Pasadena, CA: Amory Center for the Arts, 2008.
- Davis, Douglas. Art and the Future. New York: Frederick A. Praeger Publishers, 1973. 12.
- Drohojowska-Philp, Hunter. Craig Kauffman. Santa Monica, CA: Frank Lloyd Gallery, 2008.
- Fujinami, Noriko. Abstraction, 5 Artists. Nagoya, Japan: Nagoya City Art Museum, 1991. 47-61, 89-100 (illus.)
- Goldstein, Ann. A Minimal Future? Art as Object 1958-1968. Los Angeles: Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, 2004: 263-265.
- Grenier, Catherine, et al. Los Angeles: 1955-1985: Birth of an Art Capital. Paris: Centre Pompidou, 2006. 152, 170.
- Hopkins, Henry T. 20 American Artists. San Francisco, California: San Francisco Museum of Art, 1980. 26-27.
- Hunter, Sam. American Art of the 20th Century. New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc., 1972. 324, 432.
- Kienholtz, Ed. Craig Kauffman. Hope, Idaho: The Faith and Charity in Hope Gallery, 1983.
- Larsen, Susan. Sunshine and Shadow: Recent Painting in Southern California. Los Angeles, California: University of Southern California 1985. 46.
- Lucie-Smith, Edward. Late Modern. New York: Frederick A Praeger Publisher, 1969. 267, 227.
- Martin, Julie, and Barbara Rose. Pavilions' Experiments in Art and Technology. New York: Dutton Publisher, 1972.
- McDonald, Robert. Craig Kauffman: A Comprehensive Survey 1957-1980. Los Angeles: Fellows of Contemporary Art, 1981.
- Newman, Thelma R. Plastics as Sculpture. Rodnor: Pennsylvania Book Company,1974. 74
- Nittve, Lars and Cécile Whiting, eds. Time & Place: Los Angeles 1957-1968. Stockholm, Sweden: Moderna Museet, 2008. 27-28, 46, 52, 60-63, 93, 124
- Plagens, Peter. Sunshine Muse: Contemporary Art on the West Coast. New York: Frederick A Praeger Publisher, 1974. 105, 115, 120, 121, and pl. 7, 12, 13, 16.
- Prown, Jules David, and Barbara Rose. American Painting. New York: Rizzoli Books, 1977. 223, 224.
- Rose, Barbara. American Art Since 1900. New York: Frederick A. Praeger Publishers, 1975. 225-226.
- Strick, Jeremy, Ann Goldstein, Rebecca Morse and Paul Schimmel. This is Not to be Looked At: Highlights from the Permanent Collection of the Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles. Los Angeles: Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, 2008. 146, 147.
- Wortz, Melinda. The Carolyn and Jack Farris Collection. La Jolla, California: Museum of Contemporary Art San Diego, 1983. 63.
- Craig Kauffman bio and list of exhibitions
- Interview of Craig Kauffman, part of Los Angeles Art Community - Group Portrait, Center for Oral History Research, UCLA Library Special Collections, University of California, Los Angeles.
- LA Times obituary
- Frank Lloyd Gallery, tribute