Craig Anthony Raine, FRSL (born 3 December 1944) is an English contemporary poet. Along with Christopher Reid, he is the best-known exponent of Martian poetry, a movement that expresses alienation with the world, society and objects, sometimes to a metaphysical degree, but tending towards being simplistic. He was a fellow of New College, Oxford from 1991 to 2010 and is now emeritus professor. He has been the editor of Areté since 1999.
Raine was born in Bishop Auckland, County Durham, the son of Norman Edward and Olive Marie Raine. His father was the North of England amateur boxing champion in 1937. He then worked as a bomb armourer for the RAF, until forced to retire due to epilepsy caused by a skull fracture. After the RAF his father worked as a pub landlord. He was raised in a "bookless" prefab in Shildon, a town near Bishop Auckland. He won a scholarship to Barnard Castle School, then a direct grant school, where he lived as a boarder. Of his time there he has recalled that it seemed that everyone else's parents seemed to be:
accountants or surgeons or something. I couldn't say my father was an ex-boxer who did faith healing, had epileptic fits and lived off a pension. So for a while I said he was a football manager. But by the end I was inviting my friends home and they thought he was just as terrific as I did.
Raine has commented on his education: "At Barnard Castle I was taught by an absolutely remarkable English teacher, Arnold Snodgrass, a friend of W. H. Auden at Oxford [and later Robert Graves]. There was no question that he altered my mindset on things and made me very critical." At school he wrote "pimply Dylan Thomas" poems, some of which he sent to Philip Toynbee, then lead reviewer at The Observer.
He taught at Oxford and followed a literary career as book editor for New Review, editor of Quarto, and poetry editor at the New Statesman. He became poetry editor at publishers Faber and Faber in 1981, and has been a fellow of New College, Oxford, since 1991, retiring from his post as tutor in June 2010.
In 1972 he married Ann Pasternak Slater, a now retired fellow of St Anne's College, Oxford. They have one daughter and three sons. Moses Raine is a playwright and Nina Raine a director and playwright.
Craig Raine is founder and editor of the literary magazine Areté and a frequent contributor. His works include a number of poetry collections: The Onion, Memory (1978), A Martian Sends a Postcard Home (1979), A Free Translation (1981), Rich (1984), History: The Home Movie (1994), and Clay. Whereabouts Unknown (1996). His reviews and essays are collected in two anthologies: Haydn and the Valve Trumpet (1990) and In Defence of T. S. Eliot (2000). A short critical-biographical study of Eliot, T. S. Eliot: Image, Text and Context, was published in 2007.
- The Onion, Memory, Oxford University Press, 1978. ISBN 0-19-211877-3.
- A Journey to Greece, Sycamore Press, 1979
- A Martian Sends a Postcard Home, Oxford University Press, 1979. ISBN 0-19-211896-X.
- A Free Translation, Salamander, 1981
- Rich, Faber and Faber, 1984
- History: The Home Movie, Penguin, 1994
- Change, Prospero Poets, 1995
- Clay: Whereabouts Unknown, Penguin, 1996
- Collected Poems 1978-1999, Picador, 1999
- A la recherche du temps perdu, Picador, 2000
- How Snow Falls, 2010
- Heartbreak, Atlantic, 2010
- The Divine Comedy, Atlantic, 2012
- 1953: A Version of Racine's Andromaque, Faber and Faber, 1990
- The Electrification of the Soviet Union, Faber and Faber, 1986, opera by Nigel Osborne
- Atonement, opera based on Ian McEwan's novel, music by Michael Berkeley, 2013
- Haydn and the Valve Trumpet, Faber and Faber, 1990
- In Defence of T. S. Eliot, Picador, 2000
- T. S. Eliot: Image, Text and Context, Oxford University Press, 2007
- More Dynamite: Essays 1990-2012, Atlantic, 2013
- A Choice of Kipling's Prose, Faber and Faber, 1987
- Rudyard Kipling: Selected Poems, Penguin, 1992
- New Writing 7, (co-editor) Vintage, 1998
- British Council: Biography Archived 22 November 2009 at WebCite – "It is worth recalling how The Onion, Memory (1978) and A Martian Sends a Postcard Home (1979), Raine’s first two poetry collections, made such a spectacular impact on the then becalmed world of British poetry, seeming to set off a stylistic revolution of visual similes, wordplay and punning – even if in the long run it turned out to be a fashion. 'The Martian School', so-called by his friend James Fenton and inaugurated with another, Christopher Reid, had a widespread effect on readers and young poets alike, spawning a host of imitators."
- ‘RAINE, Craig Anthony’, Who's Who 2012, A & C Black, 2012; online edn, Oxford University Press, Dec 2011 ; online edn, Nov 2011 accessed 20 April 2012
- "Ex-boxer fined £100 on liquor charges". Newcastle Journal. 6 January 1945.
- FATE PLAYS AN ELECTRIFYING HAND, The Northern Echo, 28 October 2002
- Interview: Craig Raine, author - News - Scotsman.com
- A life in writing | Books | The Guardian
- British Council: Biography Archived 22 November 2009 at WebCite
- Nielsen Book Data at 27 November 2008
- "We’ve had the book and film, now it’s Atonement the opera" by Ben Hoyle, The Times (London), 19 March 2010. Retrieved 19 March 2010
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Craig Raine|
- British Council profile
- Portraits at the National Portrait Gallery
- "Bad Language: Poetry, Swearing and Translation" article by Craig Raine in Thumbscrew magazine, No 1 - Winter 1994-5
- "A life in writing", interview by Nicholas Wroe, The Guardian (17 October 2009)
- "The Books Interview: Craig Raine" The New Statesman 5 July 2010
- 'Heartache in his Head', review of How Snow Falls in The Oxonian Review