Torryburn

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Tuilyies standing stones, beside the A985 road above Torryburn

Torryburn is a village and parish in Fife,Scotland, lying on the north shore of the Firth of Forth. It is one of a number of old port communities on this coast and at one point served as port for Dunfermline.[1] It lies in the Bay of Torry in South Western Fife.


The civil parish has a population of 1,587 (in 2011).[2]

History[edit]

Torryburn Parish Church

Torryburn grew around coal mining in the 19th century.[3] An early example of a colliery pumping engine designed by James Watt was set going here in 1778.[4]

Edited from Westwood's Directory for the counties of Fife & Kinross published 1862: "Torryburn parish is bounded by the Firth of Forth, Perthshire, Saline, Carnock and Dunfermline. It measures about 5 miles by 3. There are small piers at Crombie and Torryburn, but their importance is not so great as when they formed the port for Dunfermline. The village of Torryburn stands on the coast. A number of the inhabitants are weavers, producing damasks for Dunfermline and cotton goods for Glasgow. The parish church is at Torryburn, and there is a Free Church at Torry."

In 2013 the parish church was put up for sale.

Miscellaneous[edit]

In 1822 Alison Cunningham was born in Torryburn. She later became the nurse to Robert Louis Stevenson.[3]

Craigflower Preparatory School was based at Craigflower House in Torryburn, from 1923 until its closure in 1979. Craigflower House is a protected ("listed") building.[5]

Torry Bay is designated as a Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI) Intertidal mudflats are an important estuarine habitat for birds and thousands are attracted to the reserve every year. The apparent barrenness of the shore is deceiving. It has been estimated that one square metre of mud may contain up to 60,000 Laver Spire Snails or thousands of Ragworms. These invertebrates provide essential food for the birds that overwinter at Torry Bay. In the winter you can see large numbers of Great Crested Grebe, Shelduck, Wigeon, Curlew, Redshank and Dunlin. Others like Sandwich Tern, Ringed Plover, Ruff and Greenshank occur on migration during the Autumn. Washed up on the beach, you can also find Cockles, Mussels, Periwinkles and Tellins. Rockpools often contain Butterfish, Gobies, Sea Anemones, Shore Crabs and Shrimps. Pockets of Saltmarsh contain colourful flowers such as Sea Aster, Thrift and Scurvy Grass. One plant that grows in the soft mud is the uncommon Eelgrass, an important food source for the Wigeon.

See also[edit]

Coordinates: 56°03′N 3°33′W / 56.050°N 3.550°W / 56.050; -3.550

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gazetteer for Scotland - [1]
  2. ^ Census of Scotland 2011, Table KS101SC – Usually Resident Population, publ. by National Records of Scotland. Web site http://www.scotlandscensus.gov.uk/ retrieved March 2016. See “Standard Outputs”, Table KS101SC, Area type: Civil Parish 1930
  3. ^ a b Gazetteer for Scotland
  4. ^ "Industrial Revolution: A Documentary History. Series One: The Boulton & Watt Archive and the Matthew Boulton Papers from Birmingham Central Library". Marlborough: Adam Matthew Publications. Retrieved 2016-01-21. 
  5. ^ List of listed buildings in Torryburn, Fife

External links[edit]