Crailsheim

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Crailsheim
The Johanneskirche, built between 1398 and 1440, is one of the oldest buildings in Crailsheim
The Johanneskirche, built between 1398 and 1440, is one of the oldest buildings in Crailsheim
Coat of arms of Crailsheim
Coat of arms
Location of Crailsheim within Schwäbisch Hall district
Crailsheim in SHA.svg
Crailsheim is located in Germany
Crailsheim
Crailsheim
Crailsheim is located in Baden-Württemberg
Crailsheim
Crailsheim
Coordinates: 49°08′05″N 10°04′14″E / 49.13472°N 10.07056°E / 49.13472; 10.07056Coordinates: 49°08′05″N 10°04′14″E / 49.13472°N 10.07056°E / 49.13472; 10.07056
CountryGermany
StateBaden-Württemberg
Admin. regionStuttgart
DistrictSchwäbisch Hall
SubdivisionsCore city and 8 districts
Government
 • Lord MayorDr. Christoph Grimmer (no partyruling_party1 =)
Area
 • Total109.08 km2 (42.12 sq mi)
Elevation
414 m (1,358 ft)
Population
 (2017-12-31)[1]
 • Total34,130
 • Density310/km2 (810/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
74564
Dialling codes07951
Vehicle registrationSHA / CR
Websitewww.crailsheim.de

Crailsheim is a town in the German state of Baden-Württemberg. Incorporated in 1338, it lies 32 kilometres (20 miles) east of Schwäbisch Hall and 40 km (25 mi) southwest of Ansbach in the Schwäbisch Hall district. The city's main attractions include two Evangelical churches, a Catholic church, and the 67 metre tower of its town hall.

History[edit]

Crailsheim is famed for withstanding a siege by forces of three imperial cities - Schwäbisch Hall, Dinkelsbühl, and Rothenburg ob der Tauber - lasting from 1379 until 1380, a feat which it celebrates annually. Crailsheim became a possession of the Burgrave of Nuremberg following the siege. In 1791 it became part of the Prussian administrative region, before returning to Bavaria in 1806 and becoming a part of Württemberg in 1810.

Crailsheim's railroad and airfield were heavily defended by the Waffen-SS in 1945 (World War II). Following an American Army assault in mid-April 1945 the town was occupied briefly by US forces before being lost to German counter-offensive. Intense US bombing and artillery shelling during a second US conquest destroyed much of the city, with subsequent fires consuming its historic inner city. Only the Johanneskirche (St. John's Church) escaped unharmed.[2]

Crailsheim became the postwar home to the U.S. Army's McKee Barracks until the facility closed in January 1994.[3]

Major employers in the Crailsheim area include:

The following boroughs comprise the Crailsheim municipality: Altenmünster, Erkenbrechtshausen, Tiefenbach, Onolzheim, Roßfeld, Jagstheim, Westgartshausen, Goldbach, Triensbach and Beuerlbach.

Transportation[edit]

Crailsheim is served by the Upper Jagst Railway.

Twin towns[edit]

Crailsheim is twinned with

Crailsheim Merlins[edit]

The Crailsheim Merlins are the city's basketball team. Founded in 1986, they originally played in lower leagues. In 1995 they moved into a new sports hall, improved, and were promoted in 2001 to the 2.German Bundes League of basketball. In 2009 they rose to the ProA league, fielding seventeen players. www.crailsheim-merlins.de

Personalities[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung nach Nationalität und Geschlecht am 31. Dezember 2017". Statistisches Landesamt Baden-Württemberg (in German). 2018.
  2. ^ "HyperWar: The Last Offensive [Chapter 18]". www.ibiblio.org.
  3. ^ Conversion and restoration
  4. ^ "Home - Schubert Group - Schubert Group". www.schubert.group.

External links[edit]