Cranborne Priory

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The surviving priory church, St Mary and St Bartholomew

Cranborne Priory was a priory in Cranborne in Dorset, England. The priory church survives as Cranborne's parish church, the Church of St Mary and St Bartholomew, and is a Grade I listed building, with parts of the building dating back to the 12th century.[1]

History[edit]

The monastery of Cranborne is said to have been founded as an abbey for Benedictine monks about the year 980. The chronicle of Tewkesbury states that it was founded around that time by a knight known by the name of Haylward Snew (otherwise known as Aethelweard Maew)[2] and made it the parent house of Tewkesbury.[3] In 1102, Robert Fitz Hamon greatly enlarged the church of Tewkesbury and transferred the community from Cranborne there, leaving only a prior and two monks, and so transformed Cranborne Abbey into a priory making it subject to Tewkesbury Abbey.[3] From that time the priory was fully subject to Tewkesbury, until the dissolution of the abbey in 1540.[3]

The monastic buildings were demolished in 1703.[4] The priory church of St Mary and St Bartholomew survives as the parish church of Cranborne.[4]

The Church[edit]

The church is a Grade I listed building, having been so designated on 18 March 1955. The oldest parts of the building are the north doorway and parts of the south arcade which date from the twelfth century. The main structure, including the nave and aisles, is fourteenth century. The church is constructed of flint and rubble stone with ashlar dressings, and the roof is tiled and leaded. The tower is at the west end and the porch on the north side. The interior features fifteenth century plastered wagon-roofs, fourteenth century wall paintings, a fourteenth or fifteenth century oak pulpit, and a thirteenth century font with an octagonal bowl. There are a number of monuments in the church, and a recess in the wall of the north chancel may have been an Easter Sepulchre.[5]

Known priors[edit]

  • Giraldus, Abbot of Cranbourne, founded the present abbey in 1092.
  • Gerold, abbot of Cranborne, transferred the abbey to Tewkesbury 1102.[6][7]
  • Adam de Preston, died 1262.[8]
  • Walter de Appleleigh, occurs 1314 [9]
  • Peter de Broadway, occurs 1329 and 1332.[10]
  • Henry Bromall, occurs 1535[11]
  • William Dydcotte, last prior 1540.[12][13]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Mary and St Bartholomew (1120181)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 July 2015. 
  2. ^ See, The Saxon Origins of Bristol, <www.buildinghistory.org/bristol/origins.shtml>Jean Manco in discussion with Mick Aston, Joseph Bettey, Robert Jones, & Roger Leach
  3. ^ a b c The priories of Cranbourne and Horton, Victoria History of the County of Dorset: Volume 2 (pp. 70-73)
  4. ^ a b Cranborne, Dorset Historic Churches Trust
  5. ^ "Church of St Mary and St Bartholomew, Cranborne". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 24 August 2016. 
  6. ^ Ann. Mon. (Rolls Ser.), i, 44.
  7. ^ William Page, 'Houses of Benedictine monks: The priories of Cranbourne and Horton', A History of the County of Dorset: Volume 2 (1908), pp. 70-73..
  8. ^ Ann. Mon. (Rolls Ser.), i, 169.
  9. ^ Hoare, Modern Wilts. Hund. of S. Damerham, 30.
  10. ^ Pat. 3 Edw. III, pt. 1, m. 21; 6 Edw. III, pt. 3, m. 4.
  11. ^ Valor Eccl. (Rec. Com.), ii, 485.
  12. ^ L. and P. Hen. VIII, xv, 49.
  13. ^ Page William, 'Houses of Benedictine monks: The priories of Cranbourne and Horton', A History of the County of Dorset: Volume 2 (1908), pp. 70-73.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 50°55′07″N 1°55′26″W / 50.918653°N 1.923785°W / 50.918653; -1.923785 (Cranborne Priory)