|Airport type||Private, former RAF Station|
|Serves||Bedford, Milton Keynes|
|Elevation AMSL||358 ft / 109 m|
Cranfield Airport (ICAO: EGTC) is an airfield just outside the village of Cranfield, 7 NM (13 km; 8.1 mi) south-west of Bedford in Bedfordshire, England. It was originally a World War II aerodrome, RAF Cranfield.
RAF Cranfield was built by John Laing & Son on 100 acres (0.40 km2) of farmland acquired by the Air Ministry in 1935 as Britain re-armed to face the growing threats on the continent. It was formally opened on 1 June 1937 and initially became the base for No. 62 Squadron RAF and No. 82 Squadron RAF of No. 1 (Bomber) Group, flying the already obsolete Hawker Hind biplanes.
Both squadrons converted to Blenheim 1s in 1938. 62 Squadron was moved to Singapore in August 1939 where it was destroyed by the invading Japanese. RAF Cranfield's grass airstrip was replaced with three hardened runways in the winter of 1939 and spring of 1940 and became a target for enemy action in the late summer of that year, with mines, bombs and incendiaries dropped on it and the nearby village of Cranfield.
August 1941 saw the fast developing station become a night fighter training centre with the arrival of No. 51 Night fighter Operational Training Unit. This was disbanded after the end of the war in Europe in June 1945 and the airfield became the site for a new College of Aeronautics (now Cranfield University). This college helped develop the highly successful Harrier Jump Jet and has serviced the Hurricanes and Spitfires of the Battle of Britain Memorial Flight. The UK's sole remaining airworthy Avro Lancaster was based at Cranfield until 1964.
Cranfield Aerodrome has a CAA Ordinary Licence (number P803) that allows flights for the public transport of passengers or for flying instruction as authorised by the licensee (Cranfield University) situated next to the site.
The airfield is used for a small amount of university-related flights in addition to an ever-decreasing number of flying schools and private owners. One of the Met Office research aircraft (a BAE 146), operated under the Facility for Airborne Atmospheric Measurements, is usually based on the airfield.
Although the length of the runway means that Cranfield can handle commercial aircraft (up to the size of a Boeing 757), the remaining infrastructure is not suitable for scheduled passenger flights or for the handling of such aircraft.
Navigation aids include:
- NDB 'CIT' which is located 3.5 NM (6.5 km; 4.0 mi) to the north-east of the aerodrome
- ILS/DME equipment for runway 21
- GNSS approaches to both runways
Partial closure and future plans
On 13 September 2016 the airport announced to operators that with immediate effect, a raft of restrictions would be introduced; these included closure on every weekend for the "foreseeable future", closure on some weekdays, limitations on opening hours and "flow control" arrangements. Many operators and private owners have been forced to relocate elsewhere.
However, in early 2018 plans were announced to expand the airport, targeting business aviation and to rename the airport to London Cranfield Airport.
- Cranfield - EGTC
- Ritchie, Berry (1997). The Good Builder: The John Laing Story. James & James. p. 91.
- "Cranfield College of Aeronautics history" (PDF). p. 4. Retrieved 17 April 2010.[permanent dead link]
- "Cranfield College of Aeronautics history" (PDF). Cranfield University. pp. 3–4. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 December 2010. Retrieved 16 March 2009.
- "Battle of Britain Memorial Flight - Lancaster history". RAF. Retrieved 2009-08-05.
- "Civil Aviation Authority Aerodrome Ordinary Licences" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-06-28.
- "Lightning T.5".
- "Cranfield Airport – pilot information".
- "Cranfield airport in crisis". Flyer Magazine.
- "Bizjets encouraged at 'London' Cranfield Airport". Flyer Magazine.
- Ritchie, Berry (1997). The Good Builder: The John Laing Story. James & James.
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