Cranford St John
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Cranford St John is an English village near Kettering in Northamptonshire. It is in the southern half of the civil parish of Cranford , next to Cranford St Andrew - both named after the two parish churches. The two settlements are divided by the River Ise; the derivation of the name is "ford frequented by cranes or herons".
The only public house left is the Red Lion in Cranford St John. The old station house is the station building of the Kettering to Cambridge standard gauge railway that used to run along the side of the village.
The Church was largely built in the thirteenth century, including the tower, but there is an early Norman archway in the north arcade, possibly moved from the original tower, and the rest of the arcade is late twelfth century. The south aisle was built in 1842.
The former Sunday school has been converted into a residential property.
Cranford St John SSSI is a geological Site of Special Scientific Interest which exposes rocks dating to the Jurassic period. It is the remains of an iron ore quarry which closed in 1969. Limestone and, more especially, iron ore were once quarried extensively in the area. The limestone and ore was taken from the quarries and mines by tramway to two sidings on the railway for transport to iron works elsewhere. One of the sidings were close to the east of the station. The other was further away to the west. The limestone quarries were to the south east and south west of the village, on the south side of the railway. They operated between 1880 and 1894. Much of this ground is now covered by the new A14 road. 
The last remaining chimney just outside the village was demolished during the building of the A14 road (which was built on a large section of the old railway line by Cranford).
- Mills, A.D. (1998). A Dictionary of English Place-names. Second Edition. Oxford University Press, Oxford. p100. ISBN 0-19-280074-4
- Pevsner, Nikolaus (1973) . Cherry, Bridget, ed. Northamptonshire. Buildings of England (Second ed.). London: Penguin. pp. 167–8. ISBN 0 14 0710 22 1.
- Tonks, Eric (1991). The Ironstone Quarries of the Midlands: part V the Ketttering Area. Cheltenham: Runpast. pp. 30 to 36. ISBN 1-870754-05-0.
Media related to Cranford St John at Wikimedia Commons
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