Craniofacial abnormality

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"Orafacial abnormality" redirects here. For other orofacial abnormalities, see Mouth disease.
Craniofacial abnormality
Human skull side simplified (bones).svg
Human skull
Classification and external resources
Specialty medical genetics
ICD-10 Q75
ICD-9-CM 756.0
MeSH D019465

Craniofacial abnormalities are congenital musculoskeletal disorders which primarily affect the cranium and facial bones.[1]

They are associated with the development of the pharyngeal arches.[2] Approximately, 5% of the UK or USA population present with dentofacial deformities requiring Orthognathic surgery, jaw surgery, and Orthodontics, brace therapy, as a part of their definitive treatment.[3] [4]

Example[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "WHO – Craniofacial abnormalities". 
  2. ^ "Craniofacial Abnormalities: Congenital Craniofacial and Musculoskeletal Abnormalities: Merck Manual Professional". 
  3. ^ Posnick, Jeffrey C. (September 2013). Orthognatic Surgery: Principles and Practice. Amsterdam: Elsevier. pp. 61–68. doi:10.1016/B978-1-4557-2698-1.00003-4. ISBN 978-145572698-1. 
  4. ^ Harrington C, Gallagher JR, Borzabadi-Farahani A. (2015). "A retrospective analysis of dentofacial deformities and orthognathic surgeries using the index of orthognathic functional treatment needs (IOFTN).". Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 79 (7): 1063–6. PMID 25957779. 

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